Place:Barnet, Hertfordshire, England

Alt namesLyonsdownsource: ecclesiastical parish
New Barnetsource: settlement in parish
Chipping Barnetsource: Family History Library Catalog
High Barnet
TypeParish, Urban district
Coordinates51.653°N 0.201°W
Located inHertfordshire, England     ( - 1965)
See alsoCashio Hundred, Hertfordshire, Englandhundred in which it was located
East Barnet, Hertfordshire, Englandancient parish of which Chipping Barnet was a part (prior to 1500), later an urban district
Hadley, Hertfordshire, Englandparish neighbouring Chipping Barnet which joined it in 1894
South Mimms Urban, Hertfordshire, Englandparish neighbouring Chipping Barnet which joined it in 1894
Arkley, Hertfordshire, Englandparish which broke off from Chipping Barnet in 1894 and rejoined in 1905
Barnet Vale, Hertfordshire, Englandparish which transferred from Chipping Barnet to East Barnet Urban District in 1894
Barnet (London Borough), Greater London, EnglandLondon Borough into which it was absorbed in 1965
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

Barnet, also known as Chipping Barnet, was historically a chapelry of the parish of East Barnet, and became a separate parish by 1500. Although East Barnet was the parent parish, Barnet was the main town (Chipping means "market") and grew up at a major junction one of the main roads out of London to the north.

From an early time the town straddled three parishes - Barnet parish covered the southern parts of the town whilst the north-east fell into Monken Hadley parish and the north-west was in South Mimms parish, both of which were in Middlesex, whereas Barnet was in Hertfordshire.

In 1894 the town was unified when Monken Hadley and South Mimms parishes were both split, creating new parishes called Hadley and South Mimms Urban respectively, which both joined Barnet to become the Barnet Urban District. At the same time, two sections of Barnet parish were made separate parishes: Arkley, covering a rural area to the west of the town, and Barnet Vale, covering the growing suburban area to the east of the town. Arkley's independence was shortlived - it was absorbed into Barnet Urban District in 1905. Barnet Vale was never administered separately - from its creation in 1894 it was part of East Barnet Urban District. Both Barnet and East Barnet Urban Districts were abolished (with all their constituent parishes) in 1965, becoming parts of the London Borough of Barnet along with Finchley, Friern Barnet and Hendon.


the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia but reordered chronologically

In Saxon times the site was part of an extensive wood called Southaw, belonging to the Abbey of St Albans. The name of the town appears in early deeds as 'Bergnet' - the Saxon word 'Bergnet' meant a little hill (monticulus). Barnet's elevated position is also indicated in one of its alternative names ('High Barnet'), which appears in many old books and maps, and which the railway company restored. The area was historically a common resting point on the traditional Great North Road between the City of London and York and Edinburgh.

The famous Barnet Market is now over 810 years old. On 23 August 1199 King John issued a charter for a market at Barnet to the Lord of the Manor, the Abbot of St. Albans, John de Cella.

This was the site of the Battle of Barnet in 1471 (more accurately, Hadley), where Yorkist troops led by King Edward IV killed the rebellious "Kingmaker" Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Warwick's brother, John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu. This was one of the most important battles of the Wars of the Roses. Barnet Hill is said to be the hill mentioned in the nursery rhyme "The Grand Old Duke of York".

It is also the site of an ancient and well-known horse fair, whence comes the rhyming slang of Barnet Fair or barnet for 'hair'. The fair dates back to 1588 when Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the Lord of the Manor of Barnet to hold a twice yearly fair.

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