Place:Letchworth, Hertfordshire, England

Alt namesLecewordesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 137
Lechewrdesource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 296
Letchworth Garden Citysource: Wikipedia
Luchewrthsource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 296
Luchewrthiasource: Oxford: English Place Names (1960) p 296
TypeTown, Parish, Urban district
Coordinates51.977°N 0.23°W
Located inHertfordshire, England
See alsoNorth Hertfordshire (district), Hertfordshire, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area since 1974
Contained Places
Norton ( 1908 - present )
Willian ( 1930 - present )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Letchworth, officially Letchworth Garden City, is a town in Hertfordshire, England, with a population of 33,600. It is a former civil parish, abolished on 31 March 2013.

The town's name is taken from one of the three villages it surrounded (the other two being Willian and Norton) – all of which featured in the Domesday Book. The land used was purchased by Quakers who had intended to farm the area and build a Quaker community. The town was laid out by Raymond Unwin as a demonstration of the principles established by Ebenezer Howard who sought to create an alternative to the industrial city by combining the best of town and country living. It is also home to the United Kingdom's first roundabout, which was built in 1909.

As one of the world's first new towns and the first garden city it had great influence on future town planning and the New Towns movement; it influenced Welwyn Garden City, which used a similar approach and inspired other projects around the world including Canberra, the Australian capital, Hellerau, Germany, small village of Tapanila, Finland, and Mežaparks in Latvia.) There is a link to town planning in the Soviet Union Stalingrad through the architect Semionov and a curious, possible if improbable, account of Lenin visiting the town when he visited England for a congress of the Russian Bolshevik party, then banned in Russia,.

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