Place:Buckinghamshire, England

NameBuckinghamshire
Alt namesBuckssource: post office abbreviation
BKMsource: Chapman County Code (GENUKI)
Buckinghamsource: BHA, Authority file (2003-)
Buckinghamsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.75°N 0.8°W
Located inEngland
See alsoBerkshire, Englandjurisdiction of Slough Borough and other parishes in its vicinity were transferred to Berkshire in 1974
Contained Places
Civil parish
Addington
Adstock
Akeley
Amersham
Ashendon
Ashley Green
Aston Abbotts
Aston Clinton
Aston Sandford
Astwood
Aylesbury
Barton Hartshorn
Beachampton
Biddlesden
Bierton-with-Broughton
Bledlow-cum-Saunderton ( 1934 - )
Boarstall
Bradwell Abbey
Bradwell
Brill
Broughton
Buckingham
Burnham
Calvert Green ( 2003 - )
Calverton
Castlethorpe
Chalfont St Giles
Chalfont St Peter
Charndon
Chartridge
Chearsley
Cheddington
Chenies
Chepping Wycombe Rural
Chesham Bois
Chesham
Chetwode
Chicheley
Chilton
Cholesbury-cum-St. Leonards
Clifton Reynes
Cold Brayfield
Coleshill ( 1844 - )
Creslow
Cublington
Cuddington
Datchet ( - 1974 )
Denham
Dinton-with-Ford and Upton
Dorney
Dorton
Downley
Drayton Beauchamp
Drayton Parslow
Dunton
East Claydon
Edgcott
Edlesborough
Ellesborough
Emberton
Eton ( - 1974 )
Fawley
Fingest
Fleet Marston
Foscott
Fulmer
Gayhurst
Gerrards Cross ( 1895 - )
Granborough
Great Brickhill
Great Horwood
Great Linford
Great Marlow
Great Missenden
Great and Little Hampden ( 1885 - )
Great and Little Kimble ( 1885 - )
Grendon Underwood
Haddenham
Halton
Hambleden
Hanslope
Hardmead
Hardwick
Haversham-cum-Little Linford ( 1934 - )
Hazlemere
Hedgerley
Hedsor
High Wycombe
Hillesden
Hoggeston
Hogshaw with Fulbrook
Horsenden
Horton ( - 1974 )
Hughenden
Hulcott
Ibstone
Ickford
Ivinghoe
Kingswood
Lacey Green
Lane End
Lathbury
Latimer
Lavendon
Leckhampstead
Lillingstone Dayrell with Luffield Abbey
Lillingstone Dayrell
Lillingstone Lovell
Linslade ( - 1965 )
Little Brickhill
Little Horwood
Little Marlow
Little Missenden
Long Crendon
Longwick-cum-Ilmer ( 1934 - )
Loughton
Ludgershall
Maids Moreton
Marlow Bottom
Marlow
Marsh Gibbon
Marsworth
Medmenham
Mentmore
Middle Claydon
Moulsoe
Mursley
Nash
Nether Winchendon
Newport Pagnell
Newton Longville
North Crawley
North Marston
Oakley
Olney
Oving
Penn
Piddington and Wheeler End
Pitchcott
Poundon
Preston Bissett
Princes Risborough
Quainton
Radclive-cum-Chackmore
Radnage
Ravenstone
Seer Green
Shabbington
Shalstone
Shenley Brook End
Shenley Church End
Sherington
Simpson
Slapton
Soulbury
Stantonbury
Steeple Claydon
Stewkley
Stoke Goldington
Stoke Hammond
Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Poges
Stokenchurch ( 1895 - )
Stone with Bishopstone and Hartwell
Stony Stratford
Stowe
Swanbourne
Taplow
The Lee
Thornborough
Thornton
Tingewick
Towersey ( - 1934 )
Turville
Turweston
Twyford
Tyringham and Filgrave
Tyringham-with-Filgrave
Waddesdon
Walton
Warrington
Water Stratford
Wavendon
Weedon
West Wycombe Rural ( 1934 - )
Westbury
Westcott
Weston Underwood
Wexham
Whaddon
Whitchurch
Wing
Wingrave-with-Rowsham
Winslow
Woburn Sands ( 1907 - )
Wolverton
Wooburn and Bourne End
Woodham
Woolstone cum Willen ( 1934 - )
Woughton on the Green
Wraysbury ( - 1974 )
District council
Aylesbury Vale ( 1974 - )
Chiltern ( 1974 - )
South Bucks ( 1974 - )
Wycombe ( 1974 - )
Former parish
Bierton
Bletchley
Boveney
Cholesbury
Eton Wick ( - 1974 )
Great Woolstone ( - 1934 )
Grove
Hartwell
Haversham
Hawridge
Hedgerley Dean ( - 1934 )
Hitcham ( - 1934 )
Langley Marish ( - 1974 )
Little Linford
Little Woolstone ( - 1934 )
Luffield Abbey
Milton Keynes (village)
Monks Risborough
Newton Blossomville
Petsoe Manor
Saunderton
Stone
Tattenhoe
Upton-cum-Chalvey ( - 1894 )
Willen ( - 1934 )
Former village
Fleet Marston
Stowe
Upton (near Slough) ( - 1974 )
Hamlet
Bishopstone
Bourton
Chackmore
Chalvey ( - 1974 )
Clifton Reynes
Creslow
Dadford
Ditton ( - 1974 )
Filgrave
Ford
Foscott
Fulbrook
Gawcott
Hogshaw
Ilmer
Kingswood
Lenborough
Little Hampden
Loosley Row
Lower Pollicott
Lye Green
Newton Blossomville
Northall
Owlswick
Penn Street
Petsoe Manor
Piddington
Poundon
Rowsham
Singleborough
Stantonbury
Stockholt
The Hale
Tyringham
Upper Pollicott
Upton (near Dinton)
Walton
Warrington
Wheeler End
Woburn Sands ( 1907 - )
Woodham
Hundred
Ashendon (hundred)
Aylesbury (hundred)
Buckingham (hundred)
Burnham (hundred)
Cottesloe (hundred)
Desborough (hundred)
Newport (hundred)
Stoke (hundred)
Inhabited place
Addington
Adstock
Akeley
Amersham
Ashendon
Ashley Green
Aston Abbotts
Aston Clinton
Aston Sandford
Astwood
Aylesbury
Beachampton
Beaconsfield
Bedgrove
Bellingdon
Biddlesden
Bierton
Bledlow Ridge
Bledlow
Bletchley
Boarstall
Bourne End
Boveney
Bow Brickhill
Bradenham
Bradwell
Brill
Broughton
Buckingham
Buckland Common
Buckland
Burnham
Calverton
Castlethorpe
Chalfont Common
Chalfont St Giles
Chalfont St Peter
Charndon
Chartridge
Chearsley
Cheddington
Chenies
Chesham Bois
Chesham
Chetwode
Chicheley
Chilton
Cholesbury
Cold Brayfield
Coleshill ( 1844 - )
Colnbrook ( - 1974 )
Crafton
Cublington
Cuddington
Dagnall
Datchet ( - 1974 )
Denham
Dinton
Dorney
Dorton
Downley
Drayton Beauchamp
Drayton Parslow
Dunton
Easington
East Burnham
East Claydon
Eaton Bray
Edgcott
Edlesborough
Ellesborough
Emberton
Eton Wick ( - 1974 )
Eton ( - 1974 )
Fairford Leys
Farnham Common
Farnham Royal
Fawley
Fenny Stratford
Fingest
Flackwell Heath
Fulmer
Gayhurst
Gerrards Cross ( 1895 - )
Granborough
Great Brickhill
Great Hampden
Great Horwood
Great Kimble
Great Linford
Great Missenden
Great Woolstone ( - 1934 )
Grendon Underwood
Grove
Haddenham
Halton
Hambleden
Hanslope
Hardmead
Hardwick
Hartwell
Haversham
Hawridge
Hedgerley
Hedsor
Helsthorpe Farm
High Wycombe
Hillesden
Hitcham ( - 1934 )
Hoggeston
Hollingdon
Holmer Green
Horn Hill
Horsenden
Horton ( - 1974 )
Hulcott
Hyde Heath
Ibstone
Ickford
Iver Heath
Iver
Ivinghoe Aston
Ivinghoe
Jordans
Kingsey ( 1934 - )
Lacey Green
Lamport
Lane End
Langley Marish ( - 1974 )
Lathbury
Latimer
Lavendon
Leckhampstead
Lillingstone Dayrell
Lillingstone Lovell
Little Brickhill
Little Chalfont
Little Horwood
Little Kimble
Little Kingshill
Little Linford
Little Marlow
Little Missenden
Littlecote
Long Crendon
Longwick
Loudwater
Loughton
Ludgershall
Luffield Abbey
Maids Moreton
Marlow Bottom
Marlow
Marsh Gibbon
Marsworth
Medmenham
Mentmore
Middle Claydon
Milton Keynes (village)
Milton Keynes ( 1967 - )
Monk's Risborough
Monks Risborough
Moulsoe
Mursley
Nash
Nether Winchendon
Nettleden ( - 1895 )
New Bradwell
Newport Pagnell
Newton Longville
North Crawley
North Marston
Oakley
Olney
Oving
Padbury
Penn
Pitchcott
Pitstone
Preston Bissett
Prestwood
Princes Risborough
Quainton
Quarrendon
Radclive
Radnage
Ravenstone
Salden
Saunderston
Saunderton
Seer Green
Shabbington
Shalstone
Shenley Brook End
Shenley Church End
Shenley
Sherington
Shipton Lee
Simpson
Slapton
Slough ( - 1974 )
Soulbury
Southcote ( - 1965 )
St Leonards
St. Leonards
Steeple Claydon
Stewkley
Stoke Goldington
Stoke Hammond
Stoke Mandeville
Stoke Poges
Stokenchurch ( 1895 - )
Stone
Stony Stratford
Swanbourne
Taplow
Tattenhoe
Tetchwick
The Lee
Thornborough
Thornton
Tingewick
Towersey ( - 1934 )
Turville
Turweston
Twyford
Tylers Green
Upper Winchendon
Waddesdon
Waldridge
Water Eaton
Water Stratford
Watermead
Wavendon
Weedon
Wendover
West Wycombe
Westbury
Westcott
Weston Turville
Weston Underwood
Wexham
Whaddon
Whelpleyhill
Whitchurch
Willen ( - 1934 )
Winchmore Hill
Wing
Wingrave
Winslow
Wolverton
Wooburn
Worminghall
Wotton Underwood
Woughton on the Green
Wraysbury ( - 1974 )
Rural district
Amersham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Aylesbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Buckingham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Eton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hambleden Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Long Crendon Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Newport Pagnell Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Stratford and Wolverton Rural ( 1894 - 1920 )
Wing Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Winslow Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wycombe Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Bierton-with-Broughton
Chalvey ( - 1974 )
Downley
Hazlemere
Upton (near Slough) ( - 1974 )
Unitary authority
Milton Keynes ( 1967 - )
Urban district
Aylesbury Borough ( 1894 - 1974 )
Beaconsfield Urban ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bletchley Urban ( 1911 - 1974 )
Buckingham Borough ( 1894 - 1974 )
Chesham Urban ( 1894 - 1974 )
Eton Urban ( 1894 - 1974 )
High Wycombe
Marlow Urban ( 1896 - 1974 )
Newport Pagnell Urban ( 1897 - 1974 )
Slough Borough ( 1863 - 1974 )
Wolverton Urban ( 1920 - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


Readers are reminded that the introductory Wikipedia article on Buckinghamshire reprinted below only refers to the organization of the county since 1974. Between 1889 and 1974, Buckinghamshire was divided into a number of Rural and Urban District Councils, each of which had the responsibility for a specific set of civil duties, while the County Council retained the responsibility for another set of duties. A discussion of the duties of Urban and Rural District Councils in England as a whole is to be found in Wikipedia.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Buckinghamshire ( or ; archaically the County of Buckingham; abbreviated Bucks) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan home county in South East England. The county town is Aylesbury, the largest town in the ceremonial county is Milton Keynes and largest town in the non-metropolitan county is High Wycombe.

The area under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council, or shire county, is divided into four districts—Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks and Wycombe. The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority and forms part of the county for various functions such as Lord Lieutenant but does not come under county council control. The ceremonial county, the area including Milton Keynes borough, borders Greater London (to the south east), Berkshire (to the south), Oxfordshire (to the west), Northamptonshire (to the north), Bedfordshire (to the north east) and Hertfordshire (to the east).

Sections of the county closer to London are part of the Metropolitan Green Belt, which limits development. It is the location of the nationally important Pinewood Studios and Dorney Lake, which held the rowing events at the 2012 Summer Olympics. It is also well known for the new town of Milton Keynes and the Chiltern Hills area of outstanding natural beauty.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The name Buckinghamshire is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means The district (scire) of Bucca's home. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, and is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner. The county has been so named since about the 12th century; however, the county has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia (585–919).

The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons perhaps had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is largely as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later the English Civil War was reputedly started by John Hampden in mid-Bucks.

Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work. Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; however, some pockets of relative deprivation remain.

Research Tips

Maps

  • An outline map of the current civil parishes of Buckinghamshire (post 1974 and omitting Milton Keynes unitary authority) is provided by the Boundaries Commission.
  • Another map which gives no source, appears to have been drawn to show the county in the late 19th century and labels the parishes directly. However, the map does not show towns and villages (unless they are parishes using the same name) and some parishes have been found to be missing from this map.
  • A map provided by the Open University (a British university based in Milton Keynes) gives the locations of the old civil parishes and the new communities that make up Milton Keynes. It can be expanded to read the labels.

Registration Offices

In Buckinghamshire, as with other counties in England and Wales, the location of offices where Births, Marriages and Deaths were registered has altered with other changes in local government. A list of the location of Registration Offices since civil registration began in 1837 has been prepared by GENUKI (Genealogy: United Kingdom and Ireland). The table also gives details of when each Registration Office was in existence. In the case of Buckinghamshire, the same registration offices were used for the censuses since 1851.

Nineteenth Century Local Administration

English Jurisdictions is a webpage provided by FamilySearch which analyses every ecclesiastical parish in England at the year 1851. It provides, with the aid of outline maps, the date at which parish records and bishops transcripts begin, non-conformist denominations with a chapel within the parish, the names of the jurisdictions in charge: county, civil registration district, probate court, diocese, rural deanery, poor law union, hundred, church province; and links to FamilySearch historical records, FamilySearch Catalog and the FamilySearch Wiki. Two limitations: only England, and at the year 1851.

During the 19th century two bodies, the Poor Law Union and the Sanitary District, had responsibility for governmental functions at a level immediately above that covered by the civil parish. In 1894 these were replace by Rural and Urban Districts. These were elected bodies, responsible for setting local property assessments and taxes as well as for carrying out their specified duties. Thses districts continued in operation until 1974. Urban districts for larger municipalities were called "Municipal Boroughs" and had additional powers and obligations.

Poor Law Unions, established nationally in 1834, combined parishes together for the purpose of providing relief for the needy who had no family support. This led to the building of '"union poorhouses" or "workhouses" funded by all the parishes in the union. The geographical boundaries established for the individual Poor Law Unions were employed again when Registration Districts were formed three years later. In 1875 Sanitary Districts were formed to provide services such as clean water supply, sewage systems, street cleaning, and the clearance of slum housing. These also tended to follow the same geographical boundaries, although there were local alterations caused by changes in population distribution.

Online Historical References

  • Local History Online provides a list of local historical organizations, each of which has its own website.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki on Buckinghamshire explains the jurisdictions relating to civil affairs, parishes and probate for each parish in the county and also outlines when these jurisdictions were in existence. The data does not cover the post-1974 period.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Buckinghamshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.