Place:Berkshire, England

Watchers
NameBerkshire
Alt namesBerkssource: old abbreviation
BRKsource: Chapman county code (GENUKI)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.517°N 1.333°W
Located inEngland
See alsoBuckinghamshire, Englandcounty from which Slough and Eton transferred 1974
Oxfordshire, Englandcounty to which Abingdon, Didcot and Wantage transferred 1974
Contained Places
Borough
Reading
Slough Borough ( 1974 - )
Windsor
Civil parish
Abingdon St. Helen Without ( 1894 - 1974 )
Appleford ( - 1974 )
Appleton-with-Eaton ( - 1974 )
Arborfield and Newland
Ardington ( - 1974 )
Ashampstead
Ashbury ( - 1974 )
Barkham
Basildon
Baulking ( - 1974 )
Besselsleigh ( - 1974 )
Binfield
Bisham
Blewbury ( - 1974 )
Bourton ( - 1974 )
Bracknell
Bray
Brightwell-cum-Sotwell ( - 1974 )
Buckland ( - 1974 )
Buscot ( - 1974 )
Charney Bassett ( - 1974 )
Charvil
Childrey ( - 1974 )
Chilton ( - 1974 )
Coleshill ( - 1974 )
Compton Beauchamp ( - 1974 )
Cookham
Cox Green
Crowthorne
Cumnor ( - 1974 )
Datchet ( 1974 - )
Denchworth ( - 1974 )
Drayton ( - 1974 )
Earley
East Challow ( - 1974 )
East Hanney ( - 1974 )
East Hendred ( - 1974 )
East Lockinge ( - 1974 )
Eaton Hastings ( - 1974 )
Eton ( 1974 - )
Fernham ( - 1974 )
Finchampstead
Frilford ( - 1974 )
Fyfield and Tubney ( 1952 - 1974 )
Garford ( - 1974 )
Goosey ( - 1974 )
Great Coxwell ( - 1974 )
Great Faringdon ( - 1974 )
Grove ( - 1974 )
Harwell ( - 1974 )
Hatford ( - 1974 )
Hinton Waldrist ( - 1974 )
Holybrook
Horton ( 1974 - present )
Hurley
Kennington ( 1936 - 1974 )
Kingston Bagpuize with Southmoor ( 1971 - 1974 )
Letcombe Bassett ( - 1974 )
Letcombe Regis ( - 1974 )
Little Coxwell ( - 1974 )
Longcot ( - 1974 )
Longworth ( - 1974 )
Lyford ( - 1974 )
Marcham ( - 1974 )
Milton ( - 1974 )
Newbury
North Hinksey ( - 1974 )
Old Windsor
Purley-on-Thames
Pusey ( - 1974 )
Radley ( - 1974 )
Remenham
Ruscombe
Sandhurst
Shellingford ( - 1974 )
Shinfield
Shottesbrooke
Sonning
South Hinksey ( - 1974 )
Sparsholt ( - 1974 )
St. Nicholas Hurst
Stanford in the Vale ( - 1974 )
Steventon ( - 1974 )
Sunningdale
Sunninghill and Ascot
Sunningwell ( - 1974 )
Swallowfield
Tilehurst
Twyford
Uffington ( - 1974 )
Upton ( - 1974 )
Waltham St. Lawrence
Warfield
Wargrave
Watchfield ( - 1974 )
West Challow ( - 1974 )
West Hanney ( - 1974 )
West Hendred ( - 1974 )
West Lockinge ( - 1974 )
White Waltham
Winkfield
Winnersh
Wokingham Without ( 1894 - )
Wokingham
Woodley and Sandford
Wootton ( - 1974 )
Wraysbury ( 1974 - )
District municipality
Bracknell District ( 1974 - 1998 )
Newbury District ( 1974 - 1998 )
Windsor and Maidenhead District ( 1974 - 1998 )
Wokingham District ( 1974 - 1998 )
Former parish
Bagley Wood ( - 1974 )
East Shefford
Easthampstead
Eton Wick ( 1974 - )
Fyfield ( - 1974 )
Kingston Bagpuize ( - 1974 )
Langley Marish ( 1974 - )
Tubney ( - 1974 )
Former village
Eaton Hastings ( - 1974 )
Seacourt ( - 1974 )
Hamlet
Bayworth ( - 1974 )
Braywoodside
Chalvey ( 1974 - )
Compton Beauchamp ( - 1974 )
Cookham Dean
Cookham Rise
Ditton ( 1974 - )
Frilford ( - 1974 )
Idstone ( - 1974 )
Littlewick Green
Shottesbrooke
Hundred
Beynhurst (hundred)
Bray (hundred)
Charlton (hundred)
Compton (hundred)
Cookham (hundred)
Faircross (hundred)
Faringdon (hundred)
Ganfield (hundred)
Hormer (hundred)
Kintbury Eagle (hundred)
Lambourn (hundred)
Moreton (hundred)
Ock (hundred)
Reading (hundred)
Ripplesmere (hundred)
Shrivenham (hundred)
Sonning (hundred)
Theale (hundred)
Wantage (hundred)
Wargrave (hundred)
Inhabited place
Abingdon ( 860 - 1974 )
Aldermaston Wharf
Aldermaston
Aldworth
Appleton ( - 1974 )
Arborfield
Ardington ( - 1974 )
Ascot
Ashampstead
Ashbury ( - 1974 )
Ashmore Green
Aston Tirrold
Aston Upthorpe
Avington
Bagnor
Barkham
Baulking ( - 1974 )
Beech Hill
Beedon
Beenham
Besselsleigh ( - 1974 )
Binfield
Bisham
Blewbury ( - 1974 )
Botley ( - 1974 )
Bourton ( - 1974 )
Boxford
Bracknell
Bradfield
Bray
Brightwalton
Brightwell-cum-Sotwell ( - 1974 )
Brimpton
Buckland ( - 1974 )
Burchett's Green
Burnt Hill
Buscot ( - 1974 )
California
Catmore
Chaddleworth
Charney Bassett ( - 1974 )
Charvil
Chieveley
Childrey ( - 1974 )
Chilton ( - 1974 )
Cholsey
Clewer
Cold Ash
Coleshill ( - 1974 )
Colnbrook ( 1974 - )
Combe
Compton
Cookham
Crookham
Crowthorne
Culham ( 860 - 1974 )
Cumnor ( - 1974 )
Curridge
Datchet ( 1974 - )
Dedworth
Denchworth ( - 1974 )
Didcot ( - 1974 )
Donnington
Drayton ( - 1974 )
Earley
East Challow ( - 1974 )
East Garston
East Hagbourne ( - 1974 )
East Hanney ( - 1974 )
East Hendred ( - 1974 )
East Ilsley
East Lockinge ( - 1974 )
Easthampstead
Eaton ( - 1974 )
Eddington
Eling
Enborne
Englefield
Eton Wick ( 1974 - )
Eton ( 1974 - )
Faringdon ( - 1974 )
Farnborough
Fawler
Fawley
Fernham ( - 1974 )
Finchampstead
Frilsham
Fyfield ( - 1974 )
Garford ( - 1974 )
George Green
Goosey ( - 1974 )
Great Coxwell ( - 1974 )
Great Shefford
Greenham
Grove ( - 1974 )
Halfway
Hampstead Norreys
Hamstead Marshall
Harwell ( - 1974 )
Hatford ( - 1974 )
Hell Corner
Hermitage
Hinton Waldrist ( - 1974 )
Holyport
Horton ( 1974 - present )
Hungerford
Hurley
Hurst
Hythe End
Inkpen
Kingscote
Kingston Bagpuize ( - 1974 )
Kingston Lisle
Kintbury
Lambourn
Langley Marish ( 1974 - )
Langley
Leckhampstead
Letcombe Bassett ( - 1974 )
Letcombe Regis ( - 1974 )
Leverton
Little Coxwell ( - 1974 )
Little Wittenham
Long Wittenham
Longcot ( - 1974 )
Longworth ( - 1974 )
Lyford ( - 1974 )
Maidenhead
Marcham ( - 1974 )
Marsh Benham
Martin's Heron
Midgham
Milton ( - 1974 )
Mortimer
Newbury
Newland
North Hinksey ( - 1974 )
North Moreton
Old Windsor
Padworth
Pangbourne
Peasemore
Pingewood
Poyle
Purley-on-Thames
Pusey ( - 1974 )
Radley ( - 1974 )
Reading
Remenham
Ruscombe
Sandford-on-Thames ( - 1974 )
Sandhurst
Scarlets
Shaw
Sheffield Bottom
Shellingford ( - 1974 )
Shinfield
Shippon ( - 1974 )
Shrivenham ( - 1974 )
Sindlesham
Slough ( 1974 - )
Sonning
South Fawley
South Hinksey ( - 1974 )
South Moreton
Southmoor ( - 1974 )
Sparsholt ( - 1974 )
Speen
Stanford Dingley
Stanford in the Vale ( - 1974 )
Steventon ( - 1974 )
Stockcross
Stratfield Mortimer
Streatley
Sulham
Sulhamstead
Sunningdale
Sunninghill
Sunningwell ( - 1974 )
Swallowfield
Thatcham
Theale
Three Mile Cross
Tidmarsh
Touchen End
Tubney ( - 1974 )
Twyford
Uffington ( - 1974 )
Ufton Nervet
Upper Basildon
Upper Lambourn
Upton ( - 1974 )
Wallingford ( - 1974 )
Waltham St. Lawrence
Wantage ( - 1974 )
Warfield
Wargrave
Wash Common
Wasing
Watchfield ( - 1974 )
Welford
West Challow ( - 1974 )
West Hanney ( - 1974 )
West Hendred ( - 1974 )
West Ilsley
West Lockinge ( - 1974 )
West Woodhay
Weston
Whistley Green
White Waltham
Whitley
Windsor
Winkfield
Winnersh
Winterbourne
Wokingham
Woodley
Woolhampton
Woolstone ( - 1974 )
Wootton ( - 1974 )
World's End
Wraysbury ( 1974 - )
Wytham ( - 1974 )
Yattendon
Locality
Ashridge ( 1844 - )
Chandlings Farm ( - 1974 )
Draycot Moor ( - 1974 )
Sutton Wick ( - 1974 )
Parish
Bucklebury
Burghfield
Clewer
Rural district
Abingdon Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bradfield Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Cookham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Easthampstead Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Faringdon Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Hungerford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Newbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wallingford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wantage Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Windsor Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wokingham Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Botley ( - 1974 )
Boyn Hill
Caversham ( 1911 - )
Chalvey ( 1974 - )
Cox Green
Emmer Green ( 1911 - )
Southcote
Tilehurst
Unitary authority
Bracknell Forest ( 1998 - )
Reading Borough ( 1974 - )
Slough Borough ( 1974 - )
West Berkshire ( 1998 - )
Windsor and Maidenhead ( 1998 - )
Wokingham Borough ( 1974 - )
Unknown
Bearwood
Benham
Brightwell
Broad-Hinton
Buckhold
Chandlings
Charlton
Draycot-Moor
Eastbury and Bockhampton
Grazeley
Hagbourne ( 860 - 1974 )
Hampstead-Marshall
Lambourn Woodlands
Littleworth
Moulsford
Oare
Prebendal
Purley
Sandleford
Shalford
Shaw-cum-Donnington
Sotwell
South Ascot
Speenhamland
Stubbings
Sulhampstead-Abbots
Sulhampstead-Bannister
Whistley-in-Hurst
Wickham
Wokefield
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Berkshire (abbreviated Berks) is a county in southeast England, located to the west of London. It has also been known as the Royal County of Berkshire since at the least the 19th century because of the presence of Windsor Castle; this was recognised by the Queen in 1957 and letters patent were issued confirming this in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin and is currently both a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. Berkshire County Council was the main county governing body from 1889 to 1998, but the County Borough of Reading was separately administered.

In 1974 the towns of Abingdon, Didcot and Wantage were transferred to Oxfordshire, and Slough (actually the Borough of Slough and Eton) was gained from Buckinghamshire. The separate administration of Reading ended. Since 1998 Berkshire has been governed by the six unitary authorities of Bracknell Forest, Reading, Slough, West Berkshire, Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. It borders the counties of Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Greater London, Surrey, Wiltshire and Hampshire.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The county is one of the oldest in England. It may date from the 840s, the probable period of the unification of "Sunningum" (East Berkshire) and "Ashdown" (the Berkshire Downs, probably including the Kennet Valley). The county is first mentioned by name in 860. According to Asser, it takes its name from a large forest of box trees that was called Bearroc (believed, in turn, to be a Celtic word meaning "hilly").

Berkshire has been the scene of many hot battles throughout history, during Alfred the Great's campaign against the Danes, including the Battle of Englefield, the Battle of Ashdown and the Battle of Reading. Newbury was the site of two Civil War battles, the First Battle of Newbury (at Wash Common) in 1643 and the Second Battle of Newbury (at Speen) in 1644. The nearby Donnington Castle was reduced to a ruin in the aftermath of the second battle. The Battle at Reading took place on 9 December 1688 in Reading. It was the only substantial military action in England during the Glorious Revolution and ended in a decisive victory for forces loyal to William of Orange. It was celebrated in Reading for hundreds of years afterwards.

Reading became the new county town in 1867, taking over from Abingdon which remained in the county. Under the Local Government Act 1888, Berkshire County Council took over functions of the Berkshire Quarter Sessions, covering an area known as the administrative county of Berkshire, which excluded the county borough of Reading. Boundary alterations in the early part of the 20th century were minor, with Caversham from Oxfordshire becoming part of the Reading county borough, and cessions in the Oxford area.

On 1 April 1974 Berkshire's boundaries changed under the Local Government Act 1972. Berkshire took over administration of Slough and Eton and part of the former Eton Rural District from Buckinghamshire.[1] The northern part of the county became part of Oxfordshire, with Faringdon, Wantage and Abingdon and hinterland becoming the Vale of White Horse district, and Didcot and Wallingford added to South Oxfordshire district.[1] 94 (Berkshire Yeomanry) Signal Squadron still keep the Uffington White Horse in their insignia, even though the White Horse is now in Oxfordshire. The original Local Government White Paper would have transferred Henley-on-Thames from Oxfordshire to Berkshire: this proposal did not make it into the Bill as introduced.

On 1 April 1998 Berkshire County Council was abolished under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, and the districts became unitary authorities. Unlike similar reforms elsewhere at the same time, the non-metropolitan county was not abolished. Signs saying "Welcome to the Royal County of Berkshire" have all but disappeared but may still be seen on the borders of West Berkshire District, on the east side of Virginia Water and on the M4 motorway. There are also signs at the south side of Sonning Bridge on the B478 and going north on the A33 at the start of the dual carriageway just past Stratfield Saye.

(footnote references may be found in Wikipedia)

Research Tips

The Berkshire Record Office, 9 Coley Avenue, Reading, Berkshire, RG1 6AF, continues to be maintained by the six unitary authorities that previously made up Berkshire. The Record Office houses archives covering the nearly 900 years of Berkshire's history.

The GENUKI pages on Berkshire hold a plethora of information. A lot of this has been provided by the Berkshire Family History Society.

Refer also to WeRelate's own England research guide

Research Tools

English Jurisdictions 1851

Family Search maps have provided this finding aid or "app". Type a location in the search box, select Parish, County, Civil Registration District, Diocese, Rural Deanery, Poor Law Uniion, Hundred or Division from the pulldown list and you are provided with a box locating the place on a Google map. The Info tab gives the dates of creation of the parish, its predecessor(s) and the availability of Parish Records and Bishops Transcripts. The Jurisdictions tab gives the Civil Registration District, the Probate Court, the Diocese, the Rural Deanery, the Poor Law Union, the Hundred and the Ecclesiastical Province. Under options you have a choice of listing contiguous parishes, doing a radius place search, searching the Family History Catalog, the Family History Historical Records, or the FamilySearch Research Wiki, or simply moving on to another search. A layer system allows you to search under more than one category at a time. Remember that history “stops” at 1851 on this finding aid.

source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Berkshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.