Place:Wiltshire, England

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NameWiltshire
Alt namesWILsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002).
Wiltesciresource: Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
Wiltssource: Wikipedia
Wiltunscirsource: Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.32°N 2.209°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Unknown
St. Thomas
Civil parish
Ashton-Keynes
Corsham
Ebbesborne-Wake
Kingswood ( - 1844 )
Marlborough
Stourton
Deserted settlement
Old Sarum ( - 1875 )
Hamlet
Gasper ( 1895 - )
Inhabited place
Ablington
Aldbourne
Alderbury
All Cannings
Allington
Alton
Amesbury
Ashton-Keynes
Avebury
Avon
Axford
Barford St Martin
Baydon
Beechingstoke
Berwick Bassett
Biddestone
Bishops Cannings
Blunsdon
Box
Boyton
Bradford on Avon
Broad Chalke
Broad Hinton
Bromham
Broughton Gifford
Burbage
Buttermere
Calne
Castle Combe
Charlton
Cherhill
Chilton Foliat
Chippenham
Chirton
Chiseldon
Christian-Malford
Chute Forest
Chute
Clyffe Pypard
Codford Saint Peter
Collingbourne Ducis
Collingbourne Kingston
Collingbourne
Compton Bassett
Coombe Bissett
Corsham
Cricklade
Devizes
Dilton Marsh
Dinton
Donhead St. Mary
Downton
Durrington
East Kennett
East Knoyle
Easterton
Easton Grey
Easton Royal
Ebbesborne-Wake
Enford
Erlestoke
Etchilhampton
Everleigh
Fittleton
Fonthill Gifford
Foxley
Froxfield
Fyfield
Grafton
Great Bedwyn
Great Cheverell
Ham
Heytesbury
Highworth
Hindon
Huish
Hullavington
Imber
Kingswood ( - 1844 )
Kington Langley
Kington Saint Michael
Lacock
Landford
Larkhill
Little Cheverell
Little London
Lockeridge
Luckington
Ludgershall
Lydiard Tregoze
Lyneham
Malmesbury
Market Lavington
Marlborough
Melksham
Mere
Mildenhall
Nether Avon
North Tidworth
Odstock
Orcheston
Petersfinger
Pewsey
Potterne
Purton
Ramsbury ( 500 - )
Rockley
Roundway
Rowde
Salisbury ( 1220 - )
Shalbourne
Sherston
Shrewton
South Tidworth
Southwick
Stanton Fitzwarren
Steeple Ashton
Stockton
Stratton Saint Margaret
Sutton Veny
Swindon
Tiddleywink
Tidworth
Tisbury
Tollard Royal
Trowbridge
Upavon
Wanborough
Warminster
West Cholderton
West Dean
West Lavington
West Overton
Westbury Leigh
Westbury
Whiteparish
Wilsford
Wilton
Winterbourne Bassett
Winterbourne Gunner
Winterslow
Wootton Bassett
Wootton-Rivers
Wroughton
Yarnbrook
Locality
Ashridge ( - 1844 )
Parish
Bishopstone (near Salisbury)
Lydiard Tregoze
Orcheston-St. Mary
Stratford-St. Anthony
Tollard Royal
Unknown
Alderton
Alton-Priors
Alvesdiston
Anstey
Ashley
Atworth
Bapton
Baverstock
Baycliff
Beanacare
Bearfield
Bemerton
Berwick-St. James
Berwick-St. John
Berwick-St. Leonard
Birdbush
Bishops-Fonthill
Bishopstone (near Shrivenham)
Bishopstrow
Blackland
Blackmore
Blunsdon-St. Andrew
Boreham
Boscombe
Bottlesford
Bower-Chalk
Bradenstoke
Bramshaw
Bratton
Braydon
Bremhill
Bremilham
Brinkworth
Britford
Brixton-Deverill
Broad-Chalk
Broad-Town
Brokenborough
Broughton-Gifford
Bulford
Bulkington
Burcombe
Calstone-Wellington
Cannonhold
Castle-Eaton
Chapmanslade
Charlcott
Charlton-All Saints
Chicklade
Chilmark
Chilton-Foliatt
Chisenbury
Chisledon
Chitterne-All-Saints
Chitterne-St. Mary
Chittoe
Christchurch-Derryhill
Clack
Clarendon Park
Cleaverton
Cleverton
Cliffe-Pypard
Cocklebury
Codford-St. Mary
Colerne
Compton-Chamberlain
Corsley
Corston
Corton
Crockerton
Crudwell
Dauntsey
Derry Hill
Deverill-Hill
Deverill-Kingston
Deverill-Longbridge
Deverill-Monckton
Dilton
Ditteridge
Donhead-St. Andrew
Draycot-Cerne
Draycott-Foliatt
Durnford
Earldoms
East Coulston
East Grimstead
East Harnham
East Kennet
East Tisbury
East Tytherton
Edington
Eisey
Elston
Farley
Fifield-Bavant
Figheldean
Fisherton-Anger
Fisherton-De-La-Mere
Fosbury
Fovant
Foxham
Fugglestone-St. Peter
Garsdon
Great Bedwin
Great Chalfield
Great Hinton
Great Somerford
Great Wishford
Grey Easton
Grittleton
Grovely Wood
Hankerton
Hannington
Hardenhuish
Hazelbury
Heddington
Heywood
Highway
Hilcott
Hillmarton
Hilperton
Hippenscombe
Holt
Homington
Horningsham
Idmiston
Inglesham
Keevil
Kellaways
Kemble
Knook
Langley-Burrell
Langley-Wood
Latton
Laverstock
Lea
Leigh
Leigh-Delamere
Liddiard-Millicent
Liddiard-Treegooze
Liddington
Limpley Stoke
Little Bedwin
Little Chalfield and Cottles
Little Hinton
Little Langford
Little Somerford
Littleton-Drew
Long Newnton
Maddington
Maiden-Bradley
Malmsbury
Manningford-Abbotts
Manningford-Bohun
Manningford-Bruce
Marden
Marston
Marston-Maisey
Martin
Melchet Park
Midgehall
Milford
Milston
Milton-Lilborne
Minety
Monkton-Farleigh
Neston
Nether Hampton
Nettleton
Newton-Toney
No-Mans-Land
North Bradley
North Newnton
North Savernake
North Wraxall
Norton-Bavant
Norton-Coleparle
Nunton-with-Bodenham
Oaksey
Oare
Ogbourne-St. Andrew
Ogbourne-St. George
Orcheston-St. George
Overton
Overton-Heath
Patney
Pertwood
Pewsham
Pitton
Plaitford ( - 1932 )
Poole-Keynes
Porton
Poulshot
Preshute
Quidhampton
Redlynch
Road-Hill
Rodborne
Rodborne-Cheney
Rollstone
Rushall
Savernake Forest
Savernake
Seagry
Sedghill
Seend
Semington
Semley
Sevenhampton
Shalbourn
Shaw and Whitley
Sherrington
Sherston-Magna
Sherston-Parva
Shorncote
Slaughterford
Somerford-Keynes
Sopworth
South Damerham
South Marston
South Newton
South Savernake-with-Brimslade and Cadley
South Wraxall
Southbroom
Standlinch
Stanton-St. Bernard
Stanton-St. Quintin
Stapleford
Startley
Staverton
Steeple-Langford
Stert
Stratford-under-the-Castle
Studley
Sutton-Benger
Sutton-Mandeville
Swallowcliffe
Swindon-St. Barnabas
Teffont-Evias
Teffont-Magna
Tidcombe
Tilshead
Tockenham
Tytherington
Tytherton-Lucas
Upton-Lovell
Upton-Scudamore
Urchfont
Wardour
West Ashton
West Grimstead
West Harnham
West Kington
West Knoyle
West Tisbury
West Wellow
Westport-St. Mary
Westwood-cum-Iford
Whaddon
Wilcot
Wilsford (near Pewsey)
Wingfield
Winsley
Winterbourne
Winterbourne-Dantsey
Winterbourne-Earls
Winterbourne-Monkton
Winterbourne-Stoke
Woodborough
Woodfalls
Woodford
Woodrow
Woolmore
Worton
Wylye
Yarnfield
Yatesbury
Yatton-Keynell
Zeals
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wiltshire ( or , formerly ; or the County of Wilts) is a ceremonial county in South West England. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and West Berkshire. It contains the unitary authority of Swindon and covers . The ancient county town was Wilton, but since 1930 Wiltshire County Council and its successor Wiltshire Council (from 2009) have been based at Trowbridge.

Wiltshire is characterised by its high downland and wide valleys. Salisbury Plain is famous as the location of the Stonehenge and Avebury stone circles and other ancient landmarks and as the main training area in the UK of the British Army. The city of Salisbury is notable for its mediaeval cathedral. Important country houses open to the public include Longleat, near Warminster, and the National Trust's Stourhead, near Mere.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wiltshire is notable for its pre-Roman archaeology. The Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age people that occupied southern Britain built settlements on the hills and downland that cover Wiltshire. Stonehenge and Avebury are perhaps the most famous Neolithic sites in the UK.

In the 6th and 7th centuries Wiltshire was at the western edge of Saxon Britain, as Cranborne Chase and the Somerset Levels prevented the advance to the west. The Battle of Bedwyn was fought in 675 between Escuin, a West Saxon nobleman who had seized the throne of Queen Saxburga, and King Wulfhere of Mercia. In 878 the Danes invaded the county. Following the Norman Conquest, large areas of the country came into the possession of the crown and the church.

At the time of the Domesday Survey the industry of Wiltshire was largely agricultural; 390 mills are mentioned, and vineyards at Tollard and Lacock. In the succeeding centuries sheep-farming was vigorously pursued, and the Cistercian monasteries of Kingswood and Stanley exported wool to the Florentine and Flemish markets in the 13th and 14th centuries.

In the 17th century English Civil War Wiltshire was largely Parliamentarian. The Battle of Roundway Down, a decisive Royalist victory, was fought near Devizes.

In 1794 it was decided at a meeting at the Bear Inn in Devizes to raise a body of ten independent troops of Yeomanry for the county of Wiltshire, which formed the basis for what would become the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry, who served with distinction both at home and abroad, during the Boer War, World War I and World War II. The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry currently lives on as A (RWY) Squadron of the Royal Yeomanry, based in Swindon, and B (RWY) Squadron of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry, based in Salisbury.

Around 1800 the Kennet and Avon Canal was built through Wiltshire providing a route for transporting cargoes from Bristol to London until the development of the Great Western Railway.

Information on the 261 civil parishes of Wiltshire is available on the Wiltshire Community History website, run by the Libraries and Heritage services of Wiltshire County Council. This site includes maps, demographic data, historic and modern pictures and short histories.

The Moonrakers

The local nickname for Wiltshire natives is "moonrakers." This originated from a story of smugglers who managed to foil the local Excise men by hiding their alcohol, possibly French brandy in barrels or kegs, in a village pond. When confronted by the excise men they raked the surface in order to conceal the submerged contraband with ripples, and claimed that they were trying to rake in a large round cheese visible in the pond, really a reflection of the full moon. The officials took them for simple yokels or mad and left them alone, allowing them to continue with their illegal activities. Many villages claim the tale for their own village pond, but the story is most commonly linked with The Crammer in Devizes.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Wiltshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.