Place:Oxfordshire, England

NameOxfordshire
Alt namesOXFsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Oxfordsource: Family History Library Catalog
Oxonsource: Wikipedia
Oxoniasource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.75°N 1.167°W
Located inEngland
See alsoBerkshire, Englandparts of Berkshire transferred to Oxfordshire in 1974
Contained Places
Civil parish
Abingdon St. Helen Without ( 1974 - )
Appleford ( 1974 - )
Appleton-with-Eaton ( 1974 - )
Ardington ( 1974 - )
Ashbury ( 1974 - )
Baulking ( 1974 - )
Besselsleigh ( 1974 - )
Blewbury ( 1974 - )
Bourton ( 1974 - )
Brightwell-cum-Sotwell ( 1974 - )
Buckland ( 1974 - )
Buscot ( 1974 - )
Charney Bassett ( 1974 - )
Childrey ( 1974 - )
Chilton ( 1974 - )
Coleshill ( 1974 - )
Compton Beauchamp ( 1974 - )
Cumnor ( 1974 - )
Denchworth ( 1974 - )
Drayton ( 1974 - )
East Challow ( 1974 - )
East Hanney ( 1974 - )
East Hendred ( 1974 - )
East Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Eaton Hastings ( 1974 - )
Enstone
Fernham ( 1974 - )
Frilford ( 1974 - )
Fyfield and Tubney ( 1974 - )
Garford
Goosey ( 1974 - )
Goring-on-Thames
Great Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Great Faringdon ( 1974 - )
Grove ( 1974 - )
Harwell ( 1974 - )
Hatford ( 1974 - )
Hinton Waldrist ( 1974 - )
Kennington ( 1974 - )
Kingston Bagpuize with Southmoor ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Bassett ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Regis ( 1974 - )
Little Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Longcot ( 1974 - )
Longworth ( 1974 - )
Lyford ( 1974 - )
Marcham ( 1974 - )
Milton ( 1974 - )
North Hinksey ( 1974 - )
Pusey ( 1974 - )
Radley ( 1974 - )
Shellingford ( 1974 - )
South Hinksey ( 1974 - )
Sparsholt ( 1974 - )
Stanford in the Vale ( 1974 - )
Steventon ( 1974 - )
Stokenchurch ( - 1895 )
Sunningwell ( 1974 - )
Swalcliffe
Towersey ( 1934 - )
Uffington ( 1974 - )
Upton ( 1974 - )
Watchfield ( 1974 - )
West Challow ( 1974 - )
West Hanney ( 1974 - )
West Hendred ( 1974 - )
West Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Wootton ( 1974 - )
Deserted settlement
Alchester
District municipality
South Oxfordshire ( 1974 - )
Vale of White Horse ( 1974 - )
Former parish
Bagley Wood ( 1974 - )
Fyfield ( 1974 - )
Kingston Bagpuize ( 1974 - )
Tubney ( 1974 - )
Former village
Eaton Hastings ( 1974 - )
Seacourt ( 1974 - )
Hamlet
Bayworth ( 1974 - )
Cleveley
Compton Beauchamp ( 1974 - )
Frilford ( 1974 - )
Henton
Idstone ( 1974 - )
Inhabited place
Abingdon ( 1974 - )
Adderbury
Adwell
Ambrosden
Appleton ( 1974 - )
Ardington ( 1974 - )
Ashbury ( 1974 - )
Aston Tirrold
Aston Upthorpe
Bampton
Banbury ( 1000 - )
Baulking ( 1974 - )
Benson
Berinsfield
Besselsleigh ( 1974 - )
Bicester
Blewbury ( 1974 - )
Bloxham
Botley ( 1974 - )
Bourton ( 1974 - )
Brightwell-cum-Sotwell ( 1974 - )
Brill
Brize Norton
Buckland ( 1974 - )
Burford
Buscot ( 1974 - )
Carterton
Cassington
Chadlington
Charlbury
Charney Bassett ( 1974 - )
Checkendon
Childrey ( 1974 - )
Chilton ( 1974 - )
Chinnor
Chipping Norton
Cholsey
Churchill
Claydon
Coleshill ( 1974 - )
Combe
Cornwell
Cowley
Cropredy
Crowmarsh Gifford
Culham ( 1974 - present )
Cumnor ( 1974 - )
Curbridge
Deddington
Denchworth ( 1974 - )
Didcot ( 1974 - )
Ditchley
Dorchester
Drayton ( 1974 - )
Ducklington
Duxford
East Challow ( 1974 - )
East Ginge
East Hagbourne ( 1974 - present )
East Hanney ( 1974 - )
East Hendred ( 1974 - )
East Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Eaton ( 1974 - )
Enstone
Epwell
Eynsham
Faringdon ( 1974 - )
Fawler
Fernham ( 1974 - )
Fyfield ( 1974 - )
Garford
Garsington
Goosey ( 1974 - )
Goring-on-Thames
Great Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Great Milton
Great Tew
Grove ( 1974 - )
Harwell ( 1974 - )
Hatford ( 1974 - )
Henley-on-Thames
Hinton Waldrist ( 1974 - )
Hook Norton
Hornton
Iffley
Islip
Kelmscot
Kelmscott
Kidlington
Kingsey ( - 1934 )
Kingston Bagpuize ( 1974 - )
Kingston Lisle ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Bassett ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Regis ( 1974 - )
Little Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Little Wittenham
Littlemore
Long Wittenham
Longcot ( 1974 - )
Longworth ( 1974 - )
Lyford ( 1974 - )
Marcham ( 1974 - )
Marston
Merton
Middle Barton
Milton ( 1974 - )
Minster Lovell
Nettlebed
Newington
North Hinksey ( 1974 - )
North Moreton
North Stoke
Nuneham Courtenay
Oddington
Oxford ( 500 - )
Pusey ( 1974 - )
Radford
Radley ( 1974 - )
Roke
Rotherfield Greys
Rousham
Sandford-on-Thames ( 1974 - )
Sarsden
Shellingford ( 1974 - )
Shilton
Shiplake
Shippon ( 1974 - )
Shipton-under-Wychwood
Shorthampton
Shrivenham ( 1974 - )
Shutford
Sibford Gower
Sonning Common
Sonning Eye
South Hinksey ( 1974 - )
South Leigh
South Moreton
South Newington
South Stoke
Southmoor ( 1974 - )
Sparsholt ( 1974 - )
Stanford in the Vale ( 1974 - )
Stanton Harcourt
Steeple Aston
Steventon ( 1974 - )
Stokenchurch ( - 1895 )
Stonesfield
Sunningwell ( 1974 - )
Sutton Courtenay ( 1974 - present )
Swalcliffe
Thame
Towersey ( 1934 - )
Tubney ( 1974 - )
Uffington ( 1974 - )
Upton ( 1974 - )
Wallingford ( 1974 - )
Wantage ( 1974 - )
Watchfield ( 1974 - )
Waterstock
Watlington
West Challow ( 1974 - )
West Ginge
West Hagbourne
West Hanney ( 1974 - )
West Hendred ( 1974 - )
West Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Wheatley
Whitchurch-on-Thames
Witney
Woodstock
Woolstone ( 1974 - )
Wootton ( 1974 - )
Wroxton
Wytham ( 1974 - )
Locality
Chandlings Farm ( 1974 - )
Draycot Moor ( 1974 - )
Sutton Wick ( 1974 - )
Rural district
Bullingdon Rural ( 1932 - 1974 )
Crowmarsh Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Culham Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Ploughley ( 1932 - 1974 )
Suburb
Botley ( 1974 - )
Caversham ( - 1911 )
Emmer Green ( - 1911 )
Unknown
Albury
Alkerton
Alvescott
Ardley
Arncott
Ascott
Ascott-under-Wychwood
Ashampstead
Asterley
Asthall
Aston-Rowant
Attington
Baldon-Marsh
Baldon-Toot
Balscott
Bampton Aston
Bampton Lew
Barton-Steeple
Barton-Westcot
Beckley
Begbrooke
Berrick-Salome
Bicester King's End
Binsey
Bix
Blackbourton
Blackthorn
Bladon
Blenheim Park
Bletchington
Bodicott
Bolney
Bourton
Brighthampton
Brightwell-Baldwin
Brightwell-Prior
Brightwell-Salome
Broadwell
Broughton
Broughton-Poggs
Bruern
Bucknell
Burcott
Caversfield
Chalford
Chalgrove
Charlton-upon-Otmoor
Chastleton
Chesterton
Chilworth
Chimney
Chippinghurst
Chislehampton
Clanfield
Clattercote
Clifton-Hampden
Coate and Aston
Cogges
Cornbury Park
Coton
Cottesford
Crawley
Crowell
Cuddesden
Cutteslowe
Cuxham
Dean
Denton
Drayton (near Banbury)
Drayton (near Wallingford)
Duns Tew
Easington
Elsfield
Emmington
Ewelme
Eye and Dunsden
Fencott and Murcott
Fifield
Filkins
Finmere
Finstock
Forest Hill with Shotover
Forest-Hill
Freeland
Fringford
Fritwell
Fulbrook
Fulwell
Glympton
Goddington
Goring-Heath
Gosford
Grafton
Great Bourton
Great Haseley
Great Rollright
Hagbourne ( 1974 - present )
Hailey
Hampton Gay
Hampton-Poyle
Handborough
Hanwell
Hardwick (near Bicester)
Hardwick (near Witney)
Harpsden
Headington
Heath
Hensington
Heythrop
Holton
Holwell
Horley
Horsepath
Horton-cum-Studley
Idbury
Ipsden
Kencott
Kiddington
Kingham
Kirtlington
Langford
Langley
Launton
Leadwell
Leafield
Lew
Lewknor
Lewknor-Uphill
Little Bourton
Little Faringdon
Little Milton
Little Rollright
Little Tew
Littlemoor
Long Combe
Lower Heyford
Lyneham
Maple-Durham
Middle-Aston
Middleton-Stoney
Milcombe
Milton (near Adderbury)
Milton (near Shipton)
Milton Common
Mixbury
Mollington
Mongewell
Neithrop
Nether Worton
Newnham-Murren
Newton-Purcell
Noke
North Aston
North Leigh
North Newington
Northmoor
Nuffield
Nuneham-Courtney
Osney Hill
Osney
Over Norton
Over Worton
Piddington
Pirton
Pishill
Prescott
Radcot
Ramsden
Rotherfield-Grays
Rotherfield-Peppard
Salford
Sandford (near Deddington)
Seacourt
Shelswell
Shenington
Shifford
Shipton-upon-Cherwell
Shirburn
Sibford Ferris
Sibford
Somerton
Souldern
South Hinksey
South Weston
Spelsbury
St. John-Barford
St. Michael-Barford
Stadhampton
Standlake
Stanton-St. John
Stoke-Lyne
Stoke-Talmage
Stokenchurch
Stonor
Stow-Wood
Stratton-Audley
Studley
Summertown
Swerford
Swinbrook
Swincombe
Sydenham
Tackley
Tadmarton
Taston
Taynton
Tetsworth
Thomley
Thrup
Tiddington
Tusmore
Upper Heyford
Upton and Signett
Warborough
Wardington
Warpsgrove
Water-Eaton
Waterperry
Wendlebury
Westcott-Barton
Weston-on-the-Green
Westwell
Wheatfield
Whitchurch
Widford
Wigginton
Wilcote
Williamscote
Wood-Eaton
Woodcote
Woodcott
Woolvercott
Wootton
Wychwood
Yarnton
Yelford
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Oxfordshire ( or ) archaically the County of Oxford; abbreviated to Oxon. from the Latin Comitia Oxoniae ("County of Oxford", whose city is Oxonia in the nominative case) is a county in the South East region of England, bordering on Warwickshire (to the north/northwest), Northamptonshire (to the north/northeast), Buckinghamshire (to the east), Berkshire (to the south), Wiltshire (to the southwest) and Gloucestershire (to the west).

The county has major education and tourist industries. The area is noted for the concentration of performance motorsport companies and facilities. Oxford University Press is the largest firm among a concentration of print and publishing firms; the University of Oxford is also linked to the concentration of local biotechnology companies.

The main centre of population is the city of Oxford. Other significant settlements are Banbury, Bicester, Kidlington, and Chipping Norton to the north of Oxford; Carterton and Witney to the west; Thame and Chinnor to the east; and Abingdon, Wantage, Didcot, Wallingford and Henley-on-Thames to the south. Future population growth in the county is hoped to be concentrated around Oxford, Banbury, Bicester, Didcot, Wantage and Witney, near the South Midlands growth area.

The highest point of the administrative county is White Horse Hill, in the Vale of White Horse, reaching . The highest point in the historic county is near Portobello Farm in the Chiltern Hills at .

Oxfordshire's county flower is the Snake's-head Fritillary.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Oxfordshire was recorded as a county in the early years of the 10th century and is situated on land between the River Thames to the south, the Cotswolds to the west, the Chilterns to the east and the Midlands to the north, with spurs running south to Henley-on-Thames and north to Banbury.

Historically the area has always had some importance, since it contains valuable agricultural land in the centre of the county. Largely ignored by the Romans, it was not until the formation of a settlement at Oxford in the eighth century that the area grew in importance. Alfred the Great was born across the Thames in Wantage in Berkshire. The University of Oxford was founded in 1096, though its collegiate structure did not develop until later on. The university in the county town of Oxford (whose name came from Anglo-Saxon Oxenaford = "ford for oxen") grew in importance during the Middle Ages and early modern period. The area was part of the Cotswolds wool trade from the 13th century, generating much wealth, particularly in the western portions of the county in the Oxfordshire Cotswolds. Morris Motors was founded in Oxford in 1912, bringing heavy industry to an otherwise agricultural county. The importance of agriculture as an employer has declined rapidly in the 20th century though; currently under one percent of the county's population are involved due to high mechanisation.

Throughout most of its history the county was divided into fourteen hundreds, namely Bampton, Banbury, Binfield, Bloxham, Bullingdon, Chadlington, Dorchester, Ewelme, Langtree, Lewknor, Pyrton, Ploughley, Thame and Wootton.

The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, the main army unit in the area, was based at the Barracks on Bullingdon Green, Cowley.

The Vale of the White Horse district and parts of the South Oxfordshire administrative district south of the River Thames were historically part of Berkshire, but were added to the administrative county of Oxfordshire in 1974. Conversely, the Caversham area of Reading, now administratively in Berkshire, was historically part of Oxfordshire as was the parish of Stokenchurch, now administratively in Buckinghamshire.

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