Place:Northamptonshire, England

Watchers


NameNorthamptonshire
Alt namesN'hantssource: Wikipedia
Nhantssource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002; UK Counties and Regions Abbreviations [web site] (1997-98) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Northantssource: Wikipedia
Northntssource: Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xviii
NTHsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Northamptonsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates52.333°N 0.917°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Administrative county
Soke of Peterborough ( 1889 - 1965 )
Borough (county)
Northampton ( 500 - )
Peterborough ( - 1965 )
Borough (municipal)
Brackley
Daventry
Higham Ferrers
Kettering
Civil parish
Abington
Ailsworth ( - 1965 )
Aldwincle
Althorp
Apethorpe
Appletree ( - 1935 )
Armston
Ashby St. Ledgers
Ashley
Ashton by Roade
Ashton near Oundle
Aston le Walls
Astwell and Falcott ( - 1935 )
Aynho
Badby
Bainton ( - 1965 )
Barby
Barford
Barnack ( 1011 - 1965 )
Barnwell All Saints ( - 1935 )
Barnwell St. Andrew ( - 1935 )
Barton Seagrave ( - 1935 )
Beanfield Lawns ( - 1935 )
Benefield
Billing ( 1935 - )
Blatherwycke
Boddington
Borough Fen ( - 1965 )
Boughton
Brafield on the Green
Brampton Ash
Braunston
Braybrooke
Brigstock
Brington
Brixworth
Brockhall
Broughton
Bugbrooke
Bulwick
Burton Latimer
Byfield
Canons Ashby
Castle Ashby
Castor ( - 1965 )
Catesby
Chalcombe
Chapel Brampton
Charwelton
Chelveston cum Caldecot
Chipping Warden
Church Brampton
Claycoton
Clipston
Clopton
Cogenhoe
Cold Ashby
Collingtree
Collyweston
Coton ( - 1935 )
Cotterstock
Cottesbrooke
Cottingham
Courteenhall
Cranford
Cransley
Crick
Croughton
Culworth
Dallington St. James ( 1895 - 1913 )
Dallington ( - 1932 )
Deene
Deenethorpe
Deeping Gate ( - 1965 )
Denford
Denton
Dingley
Dodford
Draughton
Duddington
Duston St. James
Duston
East Carlton
East Farndon
East Haddon
Easton on the Hill
Edgcote
Elkington
Etton ( - 1965 )
Evenley
Everdon
Eydon
Eye ( - 1965 )
Farthinghoe
Farthingstone
Fawsley
Faxton ( - 1935 )
Fineshade
Flore
Fotheringhay
Geddington
Glapthorn
Glendon ( - 1935 )
Glinton ( - 1965 )
Grafton Underwood
Great Addington
Great Billing ( - 1935 )
Great Creaton
Great Houghton
Great Oakley ( - 1935 )
Great Oxendon
Great Weldon
Greatworth
Gretton
Guilsborough
Gunthorpe ( - 1965 )
Hackleton
Hanging Houghton ( - 1935 )
Hannington
Hardingstone
Hargrave
Harlestone
Harpole
Harrington
Harringworth
Hartwell
Haselbech
Hellidon
Helmdon
Helpston ( - 1965 )
Hemington
Hinton in the Hedges
Holcot
Holdenby
Hollowell
Horton ( - 1935 )
Hothorpe ( - 1935 )
Islip
Kelmarsh
Kilsby
King's Cliffe
King's Sutton with Newbottle ( 1885 - 1896 )
King's Sutton
Kislingbury
Lamport
Laxton
Lilbourne
Lilford cum Wigsthorpe
Lilford-cum-Wigsthorpe and Thorpe Achurch
Little Addington
Little Billing
Little Houghton
Little Oakley ( - 1935 )
Little Weldon ( - 1935 )
Loddington
Long Buckby
Longthorpe ( - 1965 )
Lowick
Luddington
Lutton
Maidwell
Marholm ( - 1965 )
Marston St. Lawrence
Marston Trussell
Mawsley ( - 1935 )
Maxey ( - 1965 )
Middleton Cheney
Middleton
Milton Malsor
Morton Pinkney
Moulton Park
Moulton
Naseby
Nassington
Nether Heyford
Newborough ( - 1965 )
Newbottle
Newnham
Newton Bromswold
Newton
Northborough ( - 1965 )
Norton
Oakley ( 1935 - 1967 )
Old
Orton
Overstone
Paston ( - 1965 )
Peakirk ( - 1965 )
Peterborough Without ( - 1929 )
Piddington ( - 1935 )
Pilton
Pitsford
Polebrook
Preston Capes
Preston Deanery ( - 1935 )
Pytchley
Quinton
Radstone
Raunds
Ravensthorpe
Ringstead
Roade
Rothersthorpe
Rushton
Scaldwell
Sibbertoft
Slipton
Southorpe ( - 1965 )
Southwick
Spratton
Stamford Baron St. Martin's Without ( - 1965 )
Stanford
Stanion
Stanwick
Staverton
Steane ( - 1935 )
Stoke Albany
Stoke Doyle
Stowe Nine Churches
Stuchbury
Sudborough
Sulby
Sulgrave
Sutton Bassett
Sutton ( - 1965 )
Syresham
Tansor
Teeton ( - 1935 )
Thenford
Thornby
Thorpe Achurch
Thorpe Lubenham ( - 1935 )
Thorpe Malsor
Thorpe Mandeville
Thrapston
Thurning
Titchmarsh
Twywell
Ufford ( - 1965 )
Upper Heyford
Upton (near Castor) ( - 1965 )
Upton (near Northampton)
Wadenhoe
Wakerley
Walgrave
Walton ( - 1974 )
Wansford ( - 1965 )
Warkton
Warkworth
Warmington
Watford
Weedon Bec
Weekley
Welford
Welton
Werrington ( - 1965 )
West Haddon
Weston Favell
Weston by Welland
Whilton
Whiston ( - 1935 )
Whitfield
Wilbarston
Winwick
Wittering ( - 1965 )
Woodford cum Membris
Woodford
Woodnewton
Wootton
Wothorpe ( - 1965 )
Yardley Hastings
Yarwell
Yelvertoft
District municipality
Corby District ( 1974 - )
Daventry District ( 1974 - )
East Northamptonshire District ( 1974 - )
Kettering District ( 1974 - )
Northampton District ( 1974 - )
South Northamptonshire District ( 1974 - )
Wellingborough District ( 1974 - )
Hamlet
Appletree ( - 1935 )
Armston
Ashton near Oundle
Coton ( - 1935 )
Deenethorpe
Deeping Gate ( - 1965 )
Gunthorpe ( - 1965 )
Hackleton
Hanging Houghton ( - 1935 )
Hollowell
Hothorpe ( - 1935 )
Little Weldon ( - 1935 )
Marholm ( - 1965 )
Overthorpe
Preston Parva
Slipton
Sulby
Teeton ( - 1935 )
Upton (near Castor) ( - 1965 )
Walton ( - 1974 )
Inhabited place
Abthorpe
Achurch
Adstone
Aldwincle
Arthingworth
Barnwell ( 1935 - )
Caldecott
Cosgrove
Creaton
Eaglethorpe
Earls Barton
Easton Maudit
Edgcote
Etton ( - 1965 )
Eye ( - 1965 )
Glinton ( - 1965 )
Grafton Regis
Great Brington
Greens Norton
Grendon
Helpston ( - 1965 )
Irchester
Isham
Little Bowden ( - 1888 )
Little Brington
Longthorpe ( - 1965 )
Lower Catesby
Market Harborough ( 1894 - 1896 )
Maxey ( - 1965 )
Mears Ashby
Middleton Cheney
Murcott
Muscott
Nobottle
Northborough ( - 1965 )
Old Stratford
Peakirk ( - 1965 )
Peterborough ( - 1965 )
Potterspury
Rockingham
Silverstone
Stoke Bruerne
Thrapston
Towcester
Upper Catesby
Warmonds Hill
Weedon Beck
Weedon Lois
Weldon ( 1935 - )
Werrington ( - 1965 )
Westhorp
Weston
Whittlebury
Wigsthorpe
Wilby
Wollaston
Wood Burcote
Woodend
Woodwell
Yardley Gobion
Parish
Ailsworth ( - 1965 )
Ashton by Bainton ( - 1965 )
Bainton ( - 1965 )
Barnack ( 1011 - 1965 )
Borough Fen ( - 1965 )
Castor ( - 1965 )
Newborough ( - 1965 )
Pilsgate
Southorpe ( - 1965 )
Stamford Baron St. Martin's Without ( - 1965 )
Stamford Baron ( - 1894 )
Thornhaugh ( - 1965 )
Ufford ( - 1965 )
Wansford ( - 1965 )
Wittering ( - 1965 )
Wothorpe ( - 1965 )
Parish (ancient)
Abington
Apethorpe
Ashby St. Ledgers
Ashley
Ashton by Roade
Aston le Walls
Aynho
Badby
Barby
Barford
Barnwell All Saints ( - 1935 )
Barnwell St. Andrew ( - 1935 )
Barton Seagrave ( - 1935 )
Benefield
Blatherwycke
Boughton
Brafield on the Green
Brampton Ash
Braunston
Braybrooke
Brigstock
Brington
Brixworth
Brockhall
Broughton
Bugbrooke
Bulwick
Burton Latimer
Byfield
Canons Ashby
Castle Ashby
Catesby
Chalcombe
Charwelton
Chipping Warden
Church Brampton
Claycoton
Clipston
Clopton
Cogenhoe
Cold Ashby
Collingtree
Collyweston
Cotterstock
Cottesbrooke
Cottingham
Courteenhall
Cransley
Crick
Croughton
Culworth
Dallington ( - 1932 )
Deene
Denford
Dingley
Dodford
Draughton
Duston
East Farndon
East Haddon
Easton on the Hill
Elkington
Evenley
Everdon
Eydon
Farthinghoe
Farthingstone
Fawsley
Flore
Fotheringhay
Geddington
Glendon ( - 1935 )
Grafton Underwood
Great Addington
Great Billing ( - 1935 )
Great Creaton
Great Houghton
Great Oakley ( - 1935 )
Great Oxendon
Great Weldon
Greatworth
Gretton
Guilsborough
Hannington
Hardingstone
Hargrave
Harlestone
Harpole
Harrington
Harringworth
Haselbech
Hellidon
Helmdon
Hemington
Hinton in the Hedges
Holcot
Holdenby
Horton ( - 1935 )
Islip
Kilsby
King's Cliffe
King's Sutton
Kislingbury
Lamport
Laxton
Lilbourne
Lilford cum Wigsthorpe
Little Addington
Little Billing
Little Houghton
Little Oakley ( - 1935 )
Loddington
Long Buckby
Lowick
Luddington
Lutton
Maidwell
Marston St. Lawrence
Marston Trussell
Milton Malsor
Morton Pinkney
Moulton
Naseby
Nassington
Nether Heyford
Newbottle
Newnham
Newton
Norton
Old
Overstone
Pilton
Pitsford
Polebrook
Preston Capes
Preston Deanery ( - 1935 )
Pytchley
Quinton
Radstone
Raunds
Ravensthorpe
Ringstead
Roade
Rothersthorpe
Rushton
Scaldwell
Sibbertoft
Slipton
Southwick
Spratton
Stanford
Stanwick
Staverton
Steane ( - 1935 )
Stoke Albany
Stoke Doyle
Stowe Nine Churches
Stuchbury
Sudborough
Sulgrave
Syresham
Tansor
Thenford
Thornby
Thorpe Achurch
Thorpe Malsor
Thorpe Mandeville
Thrapston
Thurning
Titchmarsh
Twywell
Wadenhoe
Wakerley
Walgrave
Warkton
Warmington
Watford
Weedon Bec
Weekley
Welford
Welton
West Haddon
Weston Favell
Weston by Welland
Whilton
Whiston ( - 1935 )
Whitfield
Wilbarston
Winwick
Woodford cum Membris
Woodford
Wootton
Yardley Hastings
Yelvertoft
Registration district
Brackley Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Brixworth Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Corby Registration District ( 1974 - 2010 )
Daventry Registration District ( 1837 - 2010 )
Hardingstone Registration District ( 1837 - 1924 )
Kettering Registration District ( 1837 - 2010 )
Northampton Registration District (early) ( 1837 - 1924 )
Northampton Registration District (late) ( 1936 - 2010 )
Northampton and Hardingstone Registration District ( 1924 - 1936 )
Northamptonshire Registration District ( 2010 - )
Oundle Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Oundle and Thrapston Registration District ( 1974 - 2010 )
Peterborough Registration District ( 1837 - 1929 )
Potterspury Registration District ( 1837 - 1935 )
Thrapston Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Towcester Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Towcester and Brackley Registration District ( 2001 - 2010 )
Wellingborough Registration District ( 1837 - 2010 )
Rural district
Brackley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Brixworth Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Crick Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Daventry Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Easton on the Hill Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Gretton Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Hardingstone Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Kettering Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Middleton Cheney Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Northampton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Oundle Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Oundle and Thrapston Rural ( 1935 - 1974 )
Oxendon Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Potterspury Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Thrapston Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Towcester Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wellingborough Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Glinton ( - 1965 )
Gunthorpe ( - 1965 )
Kingsthorpe
Longthorpe ( - 1965 )
Paston ( - 1965 )
Peterborough Without ( - 1929 )
Walton ( - 1974 )
Werrington ( - 1965 )
Township
Middleton
Unitary authority
Peterborough ( - 1965 )
Unknown
Alderton
Blakesley
Blisworth
Bozeat
Bradden
Cold Higham
Cottesbrook
Danesholme
Deanshanger
Drayton
Easton Neston
Furtho
Gayton
Great Doddington
Great Harrowden
Hardwick
Haselbeech
Higham Park
Knuston
Litchborough
Little Harrowden
Maidford
Newark
Orlingbury
Passenham
Pattishall
Paulerspury
Plumpton
Shuttlehanger
Slapton
Stoneton
Strixton
Sywell
Tiffield
Wappenham
Wicken
Urban district
Corby
Desborough
Far Cotton
Finedon
Hardingstone
Irthlingborough
Kingsthorpe
Market Harborough ( 1894 - 1896 )
Oundle
Raunds
Rothwell
Rushden
Wellingborough
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

Image:419px-Northamptonshire UK district map (titled).png

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Northamptonshire ( or ; abbreviated Northants.) is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2011, it had a population of 629,000. The county is administered by Northamptonshire County Council and seven non-metropolitan district councils.

Covering an area of 2,364 square kilometres (913 sq mi), Northamptonshire is landlocked between eight other counties: Warwickshire to the west, Leicestershire and Rutland to the north, Cambridgeshire to the east, Bedfordshire to the south-east, Buckinghamshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the south-west and Lincolnshire to the north-east – England's shortest county boundary at .

Apart from the county town of Northampton, other large population centres include Kettering, Corby, Wellingborough, Rushden and Daventry. Northamptonshire's county flower is the cowslip.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Much of Northamptonshire’s countryside appears to have remained somewhat intractable with regards to early human occupation, resulting in an apparently sparse population and relatively few finds from the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods. In about 500 BC the Iron Age was introduced into the area by a continental people in the form of the Hallstatt culture, and over the next century a series of hill-forts were constructed at Arbury Camp, Rainsborough camp, Borough Hill, Castle Dykes, Guilsborough, Irthlingborough, and most notably of all, Hunsbury Hill. There are two more possible hill-forts at Arbury Hill (Badby) and Thenford.[1]

In the 1st century BC, most of what later became Northamptonshire became part of the territory of the Catuvellauni, a Belgic tribe, the Northamptonshire area forming their most northerly possession.[1] The Catuvellauni were in turn conquered by the Romans in 43 AD.

The Roman road of Watling Street passed through the county, and an important Roman settlement, Lactodorum, stood on the site of modern-day Towcester. There were other Roman settlements at Northampton, Kettering and along the Nene Valley near Raunds. A large fort was built at Longthorpe.[1]

After the Romans left, the area eventually became part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia, and Northampton functioned as an administrative centre. The Mercians converted to Christianity in 654 AD with the death of the pagan king Penda. From about 889 the area was conquered by the Danes (as at one point almost all of England was, except for Athelney marsh in Somerset) and became part of the Danelaw - with Watling Street serving as the boundary - until being recaptured by the English under the Wessex king Edward the Elder, son of Alfred the Great, in 917. Northamptonshire was conquered again in 940, this time by the Vikings of York, who devastated the area, only for the county to be retaken by the English in 942. Consequently, it is one of the few counties in England to have both Saxon and Danish town-names and settlements.

The county was first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1011), as Hamtunscire: the scire (shire) of Hamtun (the homestead). The "North" was added to distinguish Northampton from the other important Hamtun further south: Southampton - though the origins of the two names are in fact different.

Rockingham Castle was built for William the Conqueror and was used as a Royal fortress until Elizabethan times. In 1460, during the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Northampton took place and King Henry VI was captured. The now-ruined Fotheringhay Castle was used to imprison Mary, Queen of Scots, before her execution.


George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, was born into the Washington family who had migrated to America from Northamptonshire in 1656. George Washington's great-great-great-great-great grandfather, Lawrence Washington, was Mayor of Northampton on several occasions and it was he who bought Sulgrave Manor from Henry VIII in 1539. It was George Washington's great-grandfather, John Washington, who emigrated in 1656 from Northants to Virginia. Before Washington's ancestors moved to Sulgrave, they lived in Warton, Lancashire.

During the English Civil War, Northamptonshire strongly supported the Parliamentarian cause, and the Royalist forces suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Naseby in 1645 in the north of the county. King Charles I was imprisoned at Holdenby House in 1647.

In 1823 Northamptonshire was said to "[enjoy] a very pure and wholesome air" because of its dryness and distance from the sea. Its livestock were celebrated: "Horned cattle, and other animals, are fed to extraordinary sizes: and many horses of the large black breed are reared."

Nine years later, the county was described as "a county enjoying the reputation of being one of the healthiest and pleasantest parts of England" although the towns were "of small importance" with the exceptions of Peterborough and Northampton. In summer, the county hosted "a great number of wealthy families... country seats and villas are to be seen at every step." Northamptonshire is still referred to as the county of "spires and squires" because of the numbers of stately homes and ancient churches.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, parts of Northamptonshire and the surrounding area became industrialised. The local specialisation was shoemaking and the leather industry and by the end of the 19th century it was almost definitively the boot and shoe making capital of the world. In the north of the county a large ironstone quarrying industry developed from 1850. During the 1930s, the town of Corby was established as a major centre of the steel industry. Much of Northamptonshire nevertheless remains largely rural.

Corby was designated a new town in 1950 and Northampton followed in 1968. the government is encouraging development in the South Midlands area, including Northamptonshire.

Peterborough

The Soke of Peterborough was historically associated with and considered part of Northamptonshire, as the county diocese is focused upon the cathedral there. However, Peterborough had its own Quarter Sessions and, later, county council, and in 1965 it was merged with the neighbouring small county of Huntingdonshire. Under the Local Government Act 1972 the city of Peterborough became a district of Cambridgeshire.

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Northamptonshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.