Place:Peterborough, Northamptonshire, England

NamePeterborough
Alt namesMedeshamstedesource: Blue Guide: England (1980) p 483
Nassaburghsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeCity, Borough (county), Unitary authority
Coordinates52.573°N 0.239°W
Located inNorthamptonshire, England     ( - 1965)
Also located inSoke of Peterborough, England     (1889 - 1965)
Huntingdon and Peterborough, England     (1965 - 1974)
Cambridgeshire, England     (1974 - present)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names

Peterborough is a city with a cathedral dedicated to St Peter, St Paul and St Andrew (commonly known as St Peter's Cathedral. Historically the city was part of Northamptonshire, but when County Councils were created in 1889 Peterborough was made part of the Soke of Peterborough administrative county, which was nominally still part of Northamptonshire, but independent of Northamptonshire County Council.

The Soke of Peterborough was merged with Huntingdonshire in 1965 to form the modern county of Huntingdon and Peterborough, which was itself abolished in 1974 and absorbed into Cambridgeshire. Since 1998, Peterborough has been a unitary authority, although it remains part of the ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Peterborough ( or ) is a Cathedral City and Unitary Authority Area in the East of England, with an estimated population of 214,000.[1] 156,061 of which reside in the Urban part of the city. For ceremonial purposes it falls within the county of Cambridgeshire. It is the largest city in Cambridgeshire and the 27th largest in the United Kingdom (excluding urban zones). Situated north of London, the city stands on the River Nene which flows into the North Sea approximately to the north-east. The railway station is an important stop on the East Coast Main Line between London and Edinburgh.

The local topography is flat and low-lying, and in some places lies below sea level. The area known as the Fens is to the east of Peterborough. The City of Peterborough includes the outlying military installation of RAF Wittering, and as a unitary authority it borders Northamptonshire and Rutland to the west, Lincolnshire to the north, and Cambridgeshire to the south and east.

Human settlement in the area dates back to before the Bronze Age, as can be seen at the Flag Fen archaeological site to the east of the current city centre also with evidence of Roman occupation. The Anglo-Saxon period saw the establishment of a monastery, Medeshamstede, which later became Peterborough Cathedral. The population grew rapidly following the arrival of the railways in the 19th century, and Peterborough became an industrial centre, particularly noted for its brick manufacture.

Following the Second World War, growth was limited until designation as a New Town in the 1960s. Housing and population are expanding and a £1 billion regeneration of the city centre and immediately surrounding area is underway. In common with much of the United Kingdom, industrial employment has fallen, with a significant proportion of new jobs in financial services and distribution.

History

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Peterborough.

Administration

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Local Government in Peterborough.

Research Tips

  • If you are researching anyone whose lifetime preceded (or even mostly preceded) 1889 the places in which he or she lived are going to be in Northamptonshire rather than the Soke of Peterborough. The Soke of Peterborough was actually a section of Northamptonshire.
  • Original historical documents relating to the Soke of Peterborough are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Peterborough.
  • GENUKI does not provide webpages for the Soke of Peterborough and its provision for Northamptonshire is very limited.
  • The FamilyTree Wiki has a series of pages on Northamptonshire (including the Soke of Peterborough).
  • A Vision of Britain through Time, section "Units and Statistics" leads to analyses of population and organization of the county from 1889 through 1974. There are pages available for all civil parishes, municipal boroughs and other administrative divisions.
  • Map of Northamptonshire in 1900 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time shows the Soke of Peterborough (not labelled as such) in the top right hand corner.
  • Map of Northamptonshire divisions (including the Soke of Peterborough) in 1944 produced by UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by A Vision of Britain through Time
source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Peterborough. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.