Place:West Hanney, Berkshire, England

NameWest Hanney
Alt namesWest Hanney, Oxfordshiresource: redirected
Hanneisource: Domesday Book (1985) p 37
TypeParish (ancient), Civil parish
Coordinates51.633°N 1.417°W
Located inBerkshire, England     ( - 1974)
Also located inOxfordshire, England     (1974 - )
See alsoOck Hundred, Berkshire, Englandhundred in which it was part located
Wantage Hundred, Berkshire, Englandhundred in which it was part located
Wantage Rural, Berkshire, Englandrural district in which West Hanney was located until 1974
Vale of White Horse District, Oxfordshire, Englandadministrative district in which West Hanney was located after 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

West Hanney is a village and civil parish about 3 miles (5 km) north of Wantage (formerly Berkshire, since 1974 Oxfordshire. The Victoria County History states that West Hanney and East Hanney were formerly a single ecclesiastical parish named Hanney. However, A Vision of Britain through Time (quoting F. Youngs, Local Administrative Units: Southern England (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979), p. 19.) considers West Hanney to have been the ancient parish. Wikipedia infers in its opening paragraph that only East Hanney was transferred to Oxfordshire in 1974, and the right-hand panel discusses East Hanney's position, not that of West Hanney.

One must assume that West Hanney was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred the parish to Vale of White Horse in Oxfordshire. The 2011 UK census recorded the parish's population as 490.

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of West Hanney from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"HANNEY (WEST), a village and a township in Wantage [registration] district, and a parish partly also in Abingdon [registration] district, Berks. The village stands between two affluents of the river Ock, near the Whitehorse vale, 1 mile N by W of Wantage Road [railway] station, and 3 N of Wantage; and has a post office under Wantage. The township comprises 1,390 acres. Real property: £3,360. Population: 384. Houses: 91. The parish contains also the township of East Hanney and the chapelry of Lyford. Acres: 3,060. Real property: £9,339. Population: 1,096. Houses: 271. The property is much subdivided. The living is a vicarage, united with the chapelry of East Hanney, in the diocese of Oxford. Value: £205. Patrons: the Dean and Chapter of Salisbury. The church is partly Norman, with square embattled tower; and has a brass of 1370, and several other brasses. The Vicarage of Lyford is a separate benefice. There are a national school, recently built, Ashcombe's alms houses, with £374, and other charities with £45."

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article West Hanney. Archaeological finds and description of the present village.

Research Tips


  • GENUKI's collection of maps for Berkshire. For basic reference are the two online maps Berkshire Parishes (highly recommended) and Berkshire Poor Law Union areas. These locate the individual parishes and indicate the urban and rural districts to which each belonged. There are many other maps listed, some covering specific parts of the county.
  • Wikipedia's outline map of the unitary authorities, shown on many of their Berkshire pages, shows how the new divisions of government relate to the former districts. It has to be remembered that the county was reshaped in 1974 with the urban and rural districts of Abingdon and Faringdon and part of Wantage going to Oxfordshire, and the Borough of Slough (with Eton) coming in from Buckinghamshire. Every attempt is being made to indicate here in WeRelate the civil parishes, towns and villages for which these transfers occurred. Currently there are maps to be found on place pages that deal with civil parishes that transferred from Buckinghamshire into Berkshire. It is planned to provide maps within WeRelate for places that transferred from Berkshire to Oxfordshire--a much wider geographical area.
  • The extensive collection provided by Genmaps is provided free of charge online (currently offline, March 2016).
  • The Ordnance Survey has produced an up-to-date map of the boundaries of all the post-1974 districts throughout the country. This also shows the electoral constituency boundaries which are destined to change before 2020.

Online Historical References

  • Berkshire Record Office. The Berkshire Record Office [BRO] was established in 1948 to locate and preserve records relating to the county of Berkshire and its people, and anyone who is interested in the county's past. As well as original documents, catalogues and indexes, there is a library at the Record Office.
  • Berkshire Family History Society Research Centre. "The Berks FHS Centre can help you - wherever your ancestors came from. There is a Research Centre Library open to all."
  • West Berkshire Museum, Newbury, is housed in a building with an interesting past, but is currently closed for redevelopment. No information on their collections.
  • The GENUKI provision for Berkshire has been updated more recently than that for some of the other counties. A member of the Berkshire Family History Society is credited with this revision.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki on Berkshire explains the jurisdictions relating to civil affairs, parishes and probate (wills and testaments) for each parish in the county and also outlines when these jurisdictions were in existence. Alterations required to cover the post-1974 period have not been carried out for every parish concerned.
  • Brett Langston's list of Registration Districts in Berkshire will lead to specific parishes with dates.
  • Local History Online is a compilation of websites from Berkshire local history clubs, societies and associations.
  • The Berkshire section of The Victoria History of the Counties of England, in four volumes, is provided by British History Online. Volumes 3 and 4 provide an extensive history of the county, parish by parish, up to the end of the 19th century. There are local maps illustrating the text. Manors and their owners are discussed. Parishes are arranged in their original "hundreds"; the hundred for each placename in the Berkshire section of WeRelate will eventually be available.

Nineteenth Century Local Administration

English Jurisdictions is a webpage provided by FamilySearch which analyses every ecclesiastical parish in England at the year 1851. It provides, with the aid of outline maps, the date at which parish records and bishops transcripts begin, non-conformist denominations with a chapel within the parish, the names of the jurisdictions in charge: county, civil registration district, probate court, diocese, rural deanery, poor law union, hundred, church province; and links to FamilySearch historical records, FamilySearch Catalog and the FamilySearch Wiki. Two limitations: only England, and at the year 1851.

During the 19th century two bodies, the Poor Law Union and the Sanitary District, had responsibility for governmental functions at a level immediately above that covered by the civil parish. In 1894 these were replace by Rural and Urban Districts. These were elected bodies, responsible for setting local property assessments and taxes as well as for carrying out their specified duties. Thses districts continued in operation until 1974. Urban districts for larger municipalities were called "Municipal Boroughs" and had additional powers and obligations.

Poor Law Unions, established nationally in 1834, combined parishes together for the purpose of providing relief for the needy who had no family support. This led to the building of '"union poorhouses" or "workhouses" funded by all the parishes in the union. The geographical boundaries established for the individual Poor Law Unions were employed again when Registration Districts were formed three years later. In 1875 Sanitary Districts were formed to provide services such as clean water supply, sewage systems, street cleaning, and the clearance of slum housing. These also tended to follow the same geographical boundaries, although there were local alterations caused by changes in population distribution.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at West Hanney. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.