Place:Wiltshire, England

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NameWiltshire
Alt namesWILsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002).
Wiltesciresource: Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
Wiltssource: Wikipedia
Wiltunscirsource: Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (1998)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.32°N 2.209°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Borough (municipal)
Calne
Chippenham
Devizes
Malmesbury
Marlborough
Salisbury ( 1220 - )
Swindon
Wilton
Chapelry
Alton Priors ( - 1934 )
Alvediston
Atworth
Avon ( - 1895 )
Baydon
Bemerton ( - 1934 )
Berwick Bassett
Broad Town ( 1884 - )
Brokenborough
Charlton All Saints
Cherhill
Chittoe ( - 1934 )
Devizes
Dilton Marsh
Easterton
Erlestoke
Etchilhampton
Fyfield
Grafton
Hindon
Kington Langley
Long Newnton ( - 1930 )
Martin ( - 1895 )
Monkton Deverill ( - 1934 )
Plaitford ( - 1895 )
Redlynch
Westwood
Worton
Zeals
Civil parish
Aldbourne
Alderbury
Alderton
All Cannings
Allington (near Amesbury)
Alton Barnes ( - 1934 )
Alton Priors ( - 1934 )
Alton ( 1834 - )
Alvediston
Amesbury
Ansty
Ashley ( - 1930 )
Ashton Keynes
Atworth
Avebury
Avon ( - 1895 )
Barford St. Martin
Baverstock ( - 1934 )
Baydon
Beechingstoke
Bemerton ( - 1934 )
Berwick Bassett
Berwick St. James
Berwick St. John
Berwick St. Leonard
Biddestone ( 1885 - )
Bishops Cannings
Bishopstone (near Salisbury)
Bishopstone (near Shrivenham)
Bishopstrow
Blunsdon
Box
Boyton
Bradford on Avon
Braydon
Brinkworth
Brixton Deverill
Broad Chalke
Broad Hinton (near Swindon)
Broad Hinton ( - 1844 )
Broad Town ( 1884 - )
Brokenborough
Bromham
Broughton Gifford
Bulford
Burbage
Buttermere
Calne Without ( 1890 - )
Calne
Castle Combe
Castle Eaton
Charlton (near Brinkworth)
Charlton St. Peter
Cherhill
Chicklade
Chilmark
Chilton Foliat
Chippenham Without ( 1894 - 1974 )
Chippenham
Chirton
Chiseldon
Chitterne All Saints ( - 1907 )
Chitterne St. Mary ( - 1907 )
Chitterne
Chittoe ( - 1934 )
Christian Malford
Chute Forest
Chute
Clarendon Park
Clyffe Pypard
Codford St. Mary ( - 1934 )
Codford St. Peter ( - 1934 )
Codford
Colerne
Coleshill ( - 1881 )
Collingbourne Ducis
Collingbourne Kingston
Compton Bassett
Compton Chamberlain
Coombe Bissett
Corsham
Corsley
Cricklade
Crudwell
Damerham ( - 1895 )
Dauntsey
Devizes
Dilton Marsh
Dinton
Donhead St. Andrew
Donhead St. Mary
Downton
Draycot Cerne
Durnford
Durrington
Earldoms ( - 1898 )
East Coulston
East Kennet
East Knoyle
East Tisbury
Easterton
Easton Grey
Easton Royal
Ebbesbourne Wake
Edington
Eisey
Enford
Erlestoke
Etchilhampton
Everleigh
Fifield Bavant
Figheldean
Fisherton Anger ( - 1905 )
Fisherton Delamere ( - 1934 )
Fittleton
Fonthill Bishop
Fonthill Gifford
Fovant
Foxley
Froxfield
Fugglestone St. Peter ( - 1894 )
Fyfield
Garsdon
Grafton
Great Bedwyn
Great Cheverell
Great Hinton
Great Somerford
Great Wishford
Grittleton
Ham
Hardenhuish ( - 1934 )
Heytesbury
Highworth
Hill Deverill ( - 1934 )
Hindon
Huish
Hullavington
Idmiston
Inglesham
Kemble ( - 1897 )
Kingston Deverill
Kingswood (near Wotton under Edge) ( - 1844 )
Kington Langley
Kington St. Michael
Lacock
Landford
Langley Burrell
Latton
Lea
Limpley Stoke ( 1894 - )
Little Chalfield with Cottles ( 1857 - 1885 )
Little Cheverell
Long Newnton ( - 1930 )
Longbridge Deverill
Luckington
Ludgershall
Lydiard Tregoze
Lyneham
Maiden Bradley
Market Lavington
Marston
Martin ( - 1895 )
Melchet Park ( - 1895 )
Melksham Without ( 1894 - )
Melksham
Mere
Milston
Monkton Deverill ( - 1934 )
Monkton Farleigh
Netheravon
Newton Toney
North Tidworth
Norton (near Malmesbury)
Plaitford ( - 1895 )
Potterne
Quidhampton
Ramsbury
Redlynch
Shalbourne
Sherston
Shorncote ( - 1897 )
Shrewton
Somerford Keynes ( - 1897 )
Standlynch with Charlton All Saints ( 1897 - )
Stockton
Stourton
Stratford sub Castle
Tilshead
Toyd Farm with Allenford ( - 1895 )
West Cholderton
West Wellow ( - 1895 )
Westwood
Whitsbury ( - 1895 )
Wilsford cum Lake
Wilsford
Winterbourne Dantsey
Winterbourne Earls
Winterbourne Gunner
Winterbourne Stoke
Winterbourne
Woodborough
Woodford
Worton
Wylye
Yatesbury ( - 1934 )
Yatton Keynell
Zeals
County town
Trowbridge
Deserted settlement
Old Sarum ( - 1875 )
District municipality
Kennet District ( 1974 - 2009 )
North Wiltshire District
Salisbury District ( 1974 - 2009 )
Thamesdown District ( 1974 - 2009 )
West Wiltshire District
Extra parochial area
Chute Forest
Clarendon Park
Earldoms ( - 1898 )
Limpley Stoke ( 1894 - )
Melchet Park ( - 1895 )
Toyd Farm with Allenford ( - 1895 )
Hamlet
Braydon
Broad Town ( 1884 - )
Gasper ( 1895 - )
Hundred
Alderbury Hundred
Amesbury Hundred
Bradford Hundred
Branch and Dole Hundred
Calne Hundred
Cawden and Cadworth Hundred
Chalk Hundred
Chippenham Hundred
Damerham Hundred
Downton Hundred
Dunworth Hundred
Elstub and Everleigh Hundred
Frustfield Hundred
Heytesbury Hundred
Highworth Cricklade and Staple Hundred
Kingsbridge Hundred
Kinwardstone Hundred
Malmesbury Hundred
Melksham Hundred
Mere Hundred
Potterne and Cannings Hundred
Ramsbury Hundred
Selkley Hundred
Swanborough Hundred
Underditch Hundred
Warminster Hundred
Westbury Hundred
Whorwellsdown Hundred
Inhabited place
Mildenhall
Minety
Netherhampton
Odstock
Orcheston
Petersfinger
Pewsey
Poole Keynes ( - 1897 )
Poulton ( - 1844 )
Purton
Rockley
Roundway
Rowde
Salisbury ( 1220 - )
Slaughterford
Somerford Keynes ( - 1897 )
South Tidworth
Southwick
Stanton Fitzwarren
Steeple Ashton
Stratton St. Margaret
Sutton Veny
Tidworth
Tisbury
Tollard Royal
Upavon
Wanborough
Warminster
West Dean
West Lavington
West Overton
Westbury Leigh
Westbury
Whiteparish
Winterbourne Bassett
Winterslow
Wootton Bassett
Wootton Rivers
Wroughton
Yarnbrook
Liberty (parochial)
Broad Hinton (near Swindon)
Locality
Ashridge ( - 1844 )
Parish
Bratton
Lydiard Millicent
Orcheston St. Mary
Poole Keynes ( - 1897 )
Stratford St. Anthony
Tollard Royal
Parish (ancient)
Aldbourne
Alderbury
Alderton
All Cannings
Allington (near Amesbury)
Alton Barnes ( - 1934 )
Amesbury
Ansty
Ashley ( - 1930 )
Ashton Keynes
Avebury
Barford St. Martin
Baverstock ( - 1934 )
Beechingstoke
Berwick St. James
Berwick St. John
Berwick St. Leonard
Bishops Cannings
Bishopstone (near Salisbury)
Bishopstone (near Shrivenham)
Bishopstrow
Blunsdon
Box
Boyton
Bradford on Avon
Brinkworth
Brixton Deverill
Broad Chalke
Bromham
Broughton Gifford
Bulford
Burbage
Buttermere
Calne
Castle Combe
Castle Eaton
Charlton All Saints
Charlton St. Peter
Chicklade
Chilmark
Chilton Foliat
Chippenham
Chirton
Chiseldon
Chitterne All Saints ( - 1907 )
Chitterne St. Mary ( - 1907 )
Christian Malford
Chute
Clyffe Pypard
Codford St. Mary ( - 1934 )
Codford St. Peter ( - 1934 )
Colerne
Coleshill ( - 1881 )
Collingbourne Ducis
Collingbourne Kingston
Compton Bassett
Compton Chamberlain
Coombe Bissett
Corsham
Corsley
Cricklade
Crudwell
Damerham ( - 1895 )
Dauntsey
Dinton
Donhead St. Andrew
Donhead St. Mary
Downton
Draycot Cerne
Durnford
Durrington
East Coulston
East Kennet
East Knoyle
Easton Grey
Easton Royal
Ebbesbourne Wake
Edington
Eisey
Enford
Everleigh
Fifield Bavant
Figheldean
Fisherton Anger ( - 1905 )
Fisherton Delamere ( - 1934 )
Fittleton
Fonthill Bishop
Fonthill Gifford
Fovant
Foxley
Froxfield
Fugglestone St. Peter ( - 1894 )
Garsdon
Great Bedwyn
Great Cheverell
Great Somerford
Great Wishford
Grittleton
Ham
Hardenhuish ( - 1934 )
Heytesbury
Highworth
Hill Deverill ( - 1934 )
Huish
Hullavington
Idmiston
Inglesham
Kemble ( - 1897 )
Kingston Deverill
Kingswood (near Wotton under Edge) ( - 1844 )
Kington St. Michael
Lacock
Landford
Langley Burrell
Latton
Lea
Little Cheverell
Longbridge Deverill
Luckington
Ludgershall
Lydiard Tregoze
Lyneham
Maiden Bradley
Market Lavington
Melksham
Mere
Milston
Monkton Farleigh
Netheravon
Newton Toney
North Tidworth
Norton (near Malmesbury)
Potterne
Ramsbury
Shalbourne
Sherston
Shorncote ( - 1897 )
Shrewton
Stockton
Tilshead
West Cholderton
West Wellow ( - 1895 )
Whitsbury ( - 1895 )
Wilsford cum Lake
Wilsford
Winterbourne Dantsey
Winterbourne Earls
Winterbourne Gunner
Winterbourne Stoke
Woodborough
Woodford
Wylye
Yatesbury ( - 1934 )
Yatton Keynell
Registration district
Alderbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1895 )
Amesbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Bradford on Avon Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Calne Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Chippenham Registration District ( 1938 - 2008 )
Cricklade Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Devizes Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Devizes and Marlborough Registration District ( 1998 - 2008 )
Highworth Registration District ( 1837 - 1899 )
Malmesbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1844 )
Marlborough Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Melksham Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Mere Registration District ( 1837 - 1977 )
Pewsey Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Salisbury Registration District (early) ( 1837 - 1869 )
Salisbury Registration District (late) ( 1895 - 2008 )
Swindon Registration District ( 1899 - )
Tisbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Trowbridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Warminster Registration District ( 1938 - 2008 )
Westbury Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Wilton Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Wiltshire Registration District ( 2008 - )
Rural district
Amesbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bradford and Melksham Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Bradford on Avon Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Bramshaw Rural ( 1894 - 1895 )
Calne Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Calne and Chippenham Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Chippenham Rural ( 1834 - 1934 )
Cricklade and Wootton Bassett Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Devizes Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Highworth Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Malmesbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Marlborough Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Marlborough and Ramsbury Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Melksham Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Mere Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Mere and Tisbury Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Pewsey Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ramsbury Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Salisbury Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Salisbury and Wilton Rural ( 1934 - 1974 )
Tetbury Rural ( 1894 - 1930 )
Tisbury Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Warminster Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Warminster and Westbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Westbury and Whorwellsdown Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Wilton Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Tything
Avon ( - 1895 )
Chittoe ( - 1934 )
Easterton
Grafton
Great Hinton
Kington Langley
Marston
Quidhampton
Worton
Unitary authority
Swindon District ( 2009 - )
Wiltshire District ( 2009 - )
Unknown
Boreham
Bower Chalke
Bradford Leigh
Bramshaw
Britford
Bulkington
Burcombe
Cannonhold
Chapmanslade
Charlcott
Chilton Foliatt
Chisenbury
Chisledon
Christchurch Derryhill
Cliffe Pypard
Cocklebury
Corston
Dilton
East Grimstead
East Harnham
East Tytherton
Elston
Farley
Fosbury
Foxham
Grey Easton
Hankerton
Hannington
Hazelbury
Heddington
Heywood
Highway
Hilcott
Hillmarton
Hilperton
Hippenscombe
Holt
Horningsham
Keevil
Langley Wood
Laverstock
Leigh
Liddiard Treegooze
Liddington
Little Bedwin
Little Hinton ( - 1934 )
Little Langford
Little Somerford
Maddington
Manningford Abbots
Manningford Bohun
Manningford Bruce
Marden
Marston Maisey
Midgehall
Milford
Milton Lilborne
Nether Hampton
Nettleton
No Mans Land
North Bradley
North Newnton
North Savernake
North Wraxall
Norton Bavant
Nunton with Bodenham
Oaksey
Oare
Ogbourne St. Andrew
Ogbourne St. George
Orcheston St. George
Overton
Overton-Heath
Patney
Pitton
Porton
Poulshot
Preshute
Road-Hill
Rodborne Cheney
Rodborne
Rollstone
Rushall
Savernake Forest
Savernake
Seagry
Sedghill
Seend
Semington
Semley
Sevenhampton
Shaw and Whitley
Sherrington
Sopworth
South Marston
South Newton
South Savernake with Brimslade and Cadley
South Wraxall
St. Thomas
Standlynch
Stanton St. Bernard
Stanton St. Quintin
Stapleford
Staverton
Steeple Langford
Stert
Sutton Benger
Sutton Mandeville
Swallowcliffe
Swindon St. Barnabas
Teffont Evias
Teffont Magna
Tidcombe
Tockenham
Tytherton Lucas
Upton Lovell
Upton Scudamore
Urchfont
Wardour
West Ashton
West Grimstead
West Harnham
West Kington
West Knoyle
West Tisbury
Westport St. Mary
Whaddon
Wilcot
Wilsford (near Pewsey)
Wingfield
Winsley
Winterbourne Monkton
Urban district
Bradford on Avon
Melksham
Trowbridge
Warminster
Westbury
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Wiltshire is a county in southwest England with an area of 3,485 km2 (1,346 square miles). It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The county town was originally Wilton, after which the county is named, but Wiltshire Council is now based in the county town of Trowbridge.

Wiltshire is characterised by its high downland and wide valleys. Salisbury Plain is noted for being the location of the Stonehenge and Avebury stone circles and other ancient landmarks, and as a training area for the British Army. The city of Salisbury is notable for its mediaeval cathedral. Important country houses open to the public include Longleat, near Warminster, and the National Trust's Stourhead, near Mere.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wiltshire is notable for its pre-Roman archaeology. The Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age people that occupied southern Britain built settlements on the hills and downland that cover Wiltshire. Stonehenge and Avebury are perhaps the most famous Neolithic sites in the UK.

In the 6th and 7th centuries Wiltshire was at the western edge of Saxon Britain, as Cranborne Chase and the Somerset Levels prevented the advance to the west. The Battle of Bedwyn was fought in 675 between Escuin, a West Saxon nobleman who had seized the throne of Queen Saxburga, and King Wulfhere of Mercia. In 878 the Danes invaded the county. Following the Norman Conquest, large areas of the country came into the possession of the crown and the church.

At the time of the Domesday Survey the industry of Wiltshire was largely agricultural; 390 mills are mentioned, and vineyards at Tollard and Lacock. In the succeeding centuries sheep-farming was vigorously pursued, and the Cistercian monasteries of Kingswood and Stanley exported wool to the Florentine and Flemish markets in the 13th and 14th centuries.

In the 17th century English Civil War Wiltshire was largely Parliamentarian. The Battle of Roundway Down, a decisive Royalist victory, was fought near Devizes.

In 1794 it was decided at a meeting at the Bear Inn in Devizes to raise a body of ten independent troops of Yeomanry for the county of Wiltshire, which formed the basis for what would become the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry, who served with distinction both at home and abroad, during the Boer War, World War I and World War II. The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry currently lives on as A (RWY) Squadron of the Royal Yeomanry, based in Swindon, and B (RWY) Squadron of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry, based in Salisbury.

Around 1800 the Kennet and Avon Canal was built through Wiltshire providing a route for transporting cargoes from Bristol to London until the development of the Great Western Railway.

Information on the 261 civil parishes of Wiltshire is available on the Wiltshire Community History website, run by the Libraries and Heritage services of Wiltshire County Council. This site includes maps, demographic data, historic and modern pictures and short histories.

The Moonrakers

The local nickname for Wiltshire natives is "moonrakers." This originated from a story of smugglers who managed to foil the local Excise men by hiding their alcohol, possibly French brandy in barrels or kegs, in a village pond. When confronted by the excise men they raked the surface to conceal the submerged contraband with ripples, and claimed that they were trying to rake in a large round cheese visible in the pond, really a reflection of the full moon. The officials took them for simple yokels or mad and left them alone, allowing them to continue with their illegal activities. Many villages claim the tale for their own village pond, but the story is most commonly linked with The Crammer in Devizes.

Research Tips

Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre

The unitary authorities of Wiltshire and Swindon have a joint history centre at Cocklebury Road, Chippenham SN15 3QN (telephone 01249 705500 from the UK (replace 01 with 441 from elsewhere). Its website, (Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre), outlines its holdings and includes its archive catalogue. Wiltshire Community History provides outlines for 261 Wiltshire communities. This site does not include the Swindon unitary authority area.

Wiltshire Family History Society

Wiltshire Family History Society For everyone worldwide who is researching Wiltshire roots and for all family historians living in and around Wiltshire. Wiltshire FHS Resource Centre, Unit 3, Bath Road Business Centre, Devizes SN10 1XA

A Vision of Britain through Time

A Vision of Britain through Time describes parishes and former parishes from a gazetteer of 1871; provides an outline of the historic administration links for parishes; OS map of 1900 and OS map of 1935 both show parish boundaries and settlements within parishes.

Wikipedia

Wikipedia has pages on most places in Wiltshire from small parishes up to the large towns. Its emphasis is on the present more than the past, but most articles include morsels from history as well as geographical co-ordinates and present-day population statistics at the local level.

Victoria County History of Wiltshire

British History Online provides the Victoria County History of Wiltshire online. This is a series of volumes originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1953, and is probably the most in depth study of Wiltshire to be found online. The geographical divisions used are the old hundreds. For reference, this is an outline map of the hundreds of Wiltshire indicating the many detached parts. The contents of its volumes are outlined below:
Volume 3 The religious houses of Wiltshire. It includes an account of Salisbury cathedral to the twentieth century.
Volume 4 A thematic account of the agricultural, industrial, social and sporting history of the county. Also includes an account of the royal forests.
Volume 5 Contains thematic accounts of the parliamentary and governmental history of the county, and of developments in medicine and public health.
Volume 6 Details the history of Old and New Salisbury, Wilton, and the parishes of Underditch hundred.
Volume 7 The parishes of Bradford, Melksham, and Potterne and Cannings hundreds.
Volume 8 Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds and the towns of Warminster and Westbury, and the parishes of the three hundreds.
Volume 9 Contains accounts of the parishes of the hundred of Kingsbridge, including the town of Swindon.
Volume 10 The parishes of Swanborough hundred, and the borough of Devizes.
Volume 11 Downton Hundred; Elstub and Everleigh Hundred and their parishes
Volume 12 Ramsbury and Selkley Hundreds and their parishes; the Borough of Marlborough
Volume 13 South-West Wiltshire: Chalke and Dunworth Hundreds and their parishes
Volume 14 Malmesbury Hundred and its parishes
Volume 15 Amesbury Hundred, Branch and Dole Hundred and their parishes, plus the towns of Amesbury and Ludgershall.
Volume 16 Kinwardstone Hundred and its parishes including Froxfield and Great and Little Bedwyn.
Volume 17 Calne Hundred and the town of Calne in north Wiltshire.
Volume 18 Nine parishes in northern Wiltshire, a block on the border with Gloucestershire to the north and which abuts Swindon; includes a long section on the town of Cricklade.


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Wiltshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.