Place:Hampshire, England

NameHampshire
Alt namesHAMsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Hantssource: Wikipedia
Southamptonshiresource: Wikipedia
Hamptonshiresource: Wikipedia
Southamptonsource: Family History Library Catalog
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.06°N 1.31°W
Located inEngland
See alsoIsle of Wight, Englandpart of Hampshire until 1890
Contained Places
Borough (county)
Bournemouth ( - 1974 )
Portsmouth ( 900 - )
Southampton
Borough (municipal)
Andover
Basingstoke
Christchurch ( - 1974 )
Eastleigh
Gosport
Lymington
Romsey ( 500 - )
Winchester ( 500 - )
Civil parish
Abbots Ann
Alverstoke
Amport
Andover
Ashe
Ashmansworth
Barton Stacey
Baughurst
Bentley
Bentworth
Binsted (near Alton)
Bradley
Bramshott
Burghclere
Burton ( - 1974 )
Chawton
Cheriton
Coldrey
Colemore and Priors Dean ( 1932 - )
Colemore
Deane
Denny Lodge
Dockenfield ( - 1894 )
East Tisted
East Woodhay
East Worldham
Ecchinswell and Sydmonton ( 1932 - )
Ecchinswell
Empshott
Eversley
Farringdon
Four Marks
Freefolk
Froyle
Grayshott
Greatham
Hampreston ( 1860 - )
Hannington
Hartley Mauditt
Hartley Wespall
Hawkley
Headbourne Worthy
Headley
Heckfield
Highclere
Holybourne
Hurstbourne Priors
Kings Worthy
Kingsclere
Kingsley
Laverstoke
Mattingley
Milland
Monk Sherborne
Mortimer West End
Neatham
Newtown near Newbury
North Waltham
Oakley
Odiham
Over Wallop
Pamber
Priors Dean
Selborne
Shalden
Silchester
St. Mary Bourne
Steventon
Stratfield Saye
Stratfield Turgis
Tufton
Upper Clatford
West Worldham
Whitchurch
Whitehill ( - 1929 )
Winchester St. Bartholomew Hyde
Winchester St. John
Winchester St. Michael
Winchester St. Peter Cheesehill
Winchester St. Swithin
Winnall
Wonston
Woodmancott
Wootton St. Lawrence
Worldham ( 1932 - )
Worting
District municipality
Basingstoke and Deane District ( 1974 - )
East Hampshire District ( 1974 - )
Eastleigh District ( 1974 - )
Fareham District ( 1974 - )
Gosport District ( 1974 - )
Hart District ( 1974 - )
Havant District ( 1974 - )
New Forest District ( 1974 - )
Portsmouth District ( 1974 - )
Rushmoor District ( 1974 - )
Southampton District ( 1974 - )
Test Valley District ( 1974 - )
Winchester District ( 1974 - )
Former administrative division
Alresford Liberty
Alverstoke Liberty
Beaulieu Liberty
Bentley Liberty
Breamore Liberty
Dibden Liberty
East Medina Liberty
Havant Liberty
Portsmouth and Portsea Island Liberty
West Medina Liberty
Westover Liberty
Winchester Soke
Former community
Chineham
Hamlet
Blackwater
Hale Common
Hundred
Alton Hundred
Andover Hundred
Barton Stacey Hundred
Basingstoke Hundred
Bermondspit Hundred
Bishops Sutton Hundred
Bishops Waltham Hundred
Bosmere Hundred
Bountisborough Hundred
Buddlesgate Hundred
Christchurch Hundred
Chuteley Hundred
Crondall Hundred
East Meon Hundred
Evingar Hundred
Fareham Hundred
Fawley Hundred
Finchdean Hundred
Fordingbridge Hundred
Hambledon Hundred
Holdshot Hundred
Kings Somborne Hundred
Kingsclere Hundred
Mainsbridge Hundred
Mainsbrough Hundred
Meonstoke Hundred
Micheldever Hundred
New Forest Hundred
Odiham Hundred
Overton Hundred
Pastrow Hundred
Portsdown Hundred
Redbridge Hundred
Ringwood Hundred
Selborne Hundred
Thorngate Hundred
Titchfield Hundred
Wherwell Hundred
Inhabited place
Abbots Worthy
Abbotstone
Abbotswood
Aldershot
Alton
Ampfield
Andwell
Ansty
Appleshaw
Arreton
Ashley
Ashurst
Avington
Avon
Awbridge
Barton Stacey
Bashley
Basing
Battramsley Cross
Battramsley
Baybridge
Beaulieu
Bedhampton
Bembridge
Bentley
Bickton
Bighton
Binstead (near Ryde)
Bishops Sutton
Bishops Waltham
Bishopstoke
Bisterne
Bitterne
Boarhunt
Boldre
Bonchurch
Bordon
Boscombe ( 1974 - )
Botley
Bowcombe
Brading
Braishfield
Brambridge
Bramdean
Bramley
Bramshaw
Bramshill
Bransgore
Breamore
Brighstone
Brockenhurst
Brook
Broughton
Brown Candover
Bucklers Hard
Bursledon
Burton ( - 1974 )
Cadnam
Calbourne
Calshot
Carisbrooke
Chale
Chalton
Chandlers Ford
Chilbolton
Chilcomb
Chillerton
Chilton Candover
Chilworth
Church Crookham
Clanville
Cliddesden
Combe ( - 1895 )
Coombe
Corhampton
Cowes
Cowplain
Crawley
Crondall
Crow Hill Top
Crow Hill
Crow
Crux Easton
Damerham
Dartmouth
Denmead
Dibden
Dogmersfield
Droxford
Dummer
Dunbridge
East Dean
East Meon
East Stratton
East Tytherley
East Wellow
Easton
Ellingham
Ellisfield
Elson
Emsworth
Enham Alamein
Exbury
Exton
Faccombe
Fareham
Farleigh Wallop
Farnborough
Fawley
Fleet
Fordingbridge
Foxcotte
Freshwater
Fullerton
Fyfield
Gatcombe
Godshill
Goodworth Clatford
Great Shoddesden
Hale
Hamble le Rice
Hamble
Hambledon
Harbridge
Hardley
Hart Plain
Havant ( 500 - )
Hedge End
Herrell
Highcliffe ( 1974 - )
Hill Head
Hinton Ampner
Holbury
Hook
Hordle
Horndean
Houghton
Hound
Hurn ( - 1974 )
Hursley
Hurstbourne Tarrant
Hyde
Hythe
Ibsley
Idsworth
Itchen Abbas
Itchen Stoke
Johnsons Corner
Kilmeston
Kimpton
Kings Somborne
Langley
Langstone
Lasham
Leckford
Lee on the Solent
Linkenholt
Liphook
Liss
Litchfield
Little Shoddesden
Little Somborne
Lockerley
Locks Heath
Long Sutton
Longstock
Lovedean
Lower Burgate
Lyndhurst
Mapledurwell
Marchwood
Martyr Worthy
Medina
Medstead
Meon
Meonstoke
Micheldever
Middleton
Milford on Sea
Minstead
Monxton
Mottisfont
Mottistone
Nately Scures
Nether Wallop
Netley
New Alresford
New Milton
Newnham
Newton Valence
Niton
North Baddesley
North Charford
North Gorley
North Hayling
Northington
Northwood
Nursling
Nutley
Oakhanger
Old Alresford
Old Basing
Old Milton
Otterbourne
Otterwood
Outwick
Over Wallop
Overton
Ower
Parkhurst
Penton Grafton
Penton Mewsey
Petersfield
Pilley
Popham
Portchester
Preston Candover
Purbrook
Quarley
Ramsdell
Ringwood
Ripley
Rockbourne
Rockford
Ropley
Rownhams
Ryde
Saint Helens
Sandown
Segensworth
Shalfleet
Shanklin
Sheet
Sherborne St. John
Sherfield English
Sherfield on Loddon
Shipton Bellinger
Shirrell Heath
Shorwell
Soberton
Sopley
South Baddesley
South Gorley
South Hayling
South Warnborough
Southsea
Spanish Green
St. Ives ( - 1974 )
St. Leonards ( 1974 - )
Steep
Stockbridge
Stubbington
Swanwick
Sway
Sydmonton
Tadley
Tangley
Thorley
Thruxton
Tichborne
Timsbury
Titchfield
Totton and Eling
Totton
Tunworth
Turgis Green
Twyford
Up Nately
Upham
Upper Burgate
Upper Canterton
Upton
Vernham Dean
Walhampton
Wallington
Warnford
Warsash
Waterlooville
West Meon
West Tisted
West Tytherley
West Wellow
Weston Patrick
Weyhill
Wherwell
Whippingham
Whiteley
Wickham
Winchester ( 500 - )
Winchfield
Winkton ( - 1974 )
Winslade
Wootton
Wroxall
Yarmouth
Yateley
Yaverland
Island
Hayling
Portsea Island
Locality
St. Faith
Winchester St. Cross Hospital Precincts
Military base
Aldershot
Parish
East Cowes
Foxcott
Holdenhurst ( - 1974 )
Hurn ( - 1974 )
North Stoneham
Totlands Bay
Parish (ancient)
Abbots Ann
Abbots Worthy
Alverstoke
Amport
Andover
Ashe
Baughurst
Bentworth
Bradley
Bramshott
Burghclere
Chawton
Cheriton
Colemore
Deane
East Tisted
East Woodhay
East Worldham
Empshott
Eversley
Farringdon
Froyle
Greatham
Hannington
Hartley Mauditt
Hartley Wespall
Headbourne Worthy
Headley
Heckfield
Highclere
Holybourne
Hurstbourne Priors
Kings Worthy
Kingsclere
Kingston
Laverstoke
Monk Sherborne
North Waltham
Oakley
Odiham
Selborne
Shalden
Silchester
Steventon
Stratfield Saye
Stratfield Turgis
Upper Clatford
West Worldham
Whitchurch
Winchester St. Bartholomew Hyde
Winchester St. John
Winchester St. Michael
Winchester St. Peter Cheesehill
Winchester St. Swithin
Wonston
Wootton St. Lawrence
Worting
Registration district
Aldershot Registration District ( 1932 - 1974 )
Alresford Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Alton Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Alverstoke Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Andover Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Basingstoke Registration District ( 1837 - 2000 )
Bournemouth Registration District ( 1932 - 1974 )
Bournemouth and Christchurch Registration District ( 1925 - 1932 )
Bradfield Registration District ( 1837 - 1879 )
Catherington Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Christchurch Registration District (early) ( 1837 - 1925 )
Christchurch Registration District (late) ( 1932 - 1974 )
Droxford Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Eastleigh Registration District ( 1927 - 1932 )
Fareham Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Farnborough Registration District
Farnham Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Fordingbridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Gosport Registration District ( 1932 - 1974 )
Hampshire North Registration District ( 2001 - 2008 )
Hampshire Registration District ( 2008 - )
Hartley Wintney Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Havant Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Hungerford Registration District ( 1837 - 1895 )
Hursley Registration District ( 1837 - 1838 )
Isle of Wight (Hampshire) Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Isle of Wight Registration District
Kingsclere Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Kingsclere and Whitchurch Registration District ( 1932 - 2000 )
Lymington Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
New Forest Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
North East Hampshire Registration District ( 1974 - 2008 )
Petersfield Registration District ( 1837 - )
Portsea Island Registration District ( 1837 - 1900 )
Portsmouth Registration District ( 1900 - )
Ringwood Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Ringwood and Fordingbridge Registration District ( 1974 - 1999 )
Romsey Registration District (early) ( 1837 - 1932 )
Romsey Registration District (late) ( 1974 - 2008 )
Romsey and Stockbridge Registration District ( 1932 - 1974 )
South East Hampshire Registration District ( 1974 - 2008 )
South Stoneham Registration District ( 1837 - 1927 )
Southampton Registration District ( 1837 - )
Stockbridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Whitchurch Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Winchester Registration District ( 1837 - 2008 )
Rural district
Alresford Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Alton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Andover Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Basingstoke Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Catherington Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Christchurch Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Droxford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Fareham Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Fordingbridge Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Hartley Wintney Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Havant Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Hursley Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Kingsclere Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Kingsclere and Whitchurch Rural ( 1932 - 1974 )
Lymington Rural ( 1894 - 1926 )
New Forest Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Petersfield Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Portsea Island Rural ( 1894 - 1895 )
Ringwood Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Ringwood and Fordingbridge Rural ( 1932 - 1974 )
Romsey Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Romsey and Stockbridge Rural ( 1932 - 1974 )
South Stoneham Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Stockbridge Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Whitchurch Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Winchester Rural ( 1898 - 1974 )
Winton Rural ( 1898 - 1901 )
Settlement
Eastney
North Stoneham
Suburb
Bar End
Highcliffe ( 1974 - )
Holdenhurst ( - 1974 )
Pokesdown ( - 1974 )
Shirley
Winnall
Unitary authority
Southampton District ( 1974 - )
Winchester District ( 1974 - )
Unknown
Abshot House
Anstey
Ashley Walk
Barton
Beaurepaire
Beauworth
Bittern
Blackfield
Blackmoor
Blendworth
Bossington
Brockhampton
Broomy Walk
Broxhead Warren
Buckholt
Bucklershard
Bullington
Buriton
Burley
Cadlands
Catherington
Catisfield
Charlton
Clanfield
Colbury
Colden Common
Combe
Compton
Copythorne
Cove
Crofton
Crookham
Crowdhill
Curdridge
Droxfield
Dunwood
Durley
East Hoe
Eastrop
Eldon
Eling
Elvetham
Emery Down
Ewhurst
Ewshott
Farley Chamberlayne
Farlington
Forton
Freemantle
Frenchmoor
Froxfield
Godsfield
Grateley
Great Salterns
Grewell
Hartley Wintney
Hatherden
Haven Street
Hawley
Herriard
Hill
Hinton Admiral
Itchel Manor
Itchin Abbas
Knights Enham
Lainston
Langrish
Leigh
Limerston
Little Sombourn
Littleton
Longparish
Maplederwell
Mapledurham
Marwell Hall
Merston
Michelmersh
Millbrook
Milton
Minley
Mitchelmersh
Moordown
Morestead
Mortimer
Mountjoy
New Forest
Newchurch
North Eling
Oakfield
Osborne house
Ovington
Owslebury
Pennington
Pittleworth
Plaitford ( 1932 - Present )
Porchfield
Portsdown
Portsea
Portswood
Privett
Redbridge
Rhinefield
Rotherwick
Rowner
Sarisbury
Shawford
Sherborne St. Peter
Shidfield
South Charford
South Stoneham
South Tidworth
Southwick
Sparkford
Sparsholt
St. Mary Extra
St. Nicholas Castlehold
Swanmore
Swarraton
Toyd Farm with Allenford
Upton Gray
Warboys
Weeke
Westend
Weston Corbett
Weston
Whitsbury
Whitway
Whitwell
Wicor
Widley
Wield
Wolverton
Wood Green
Woodcott
Woodland
Woolston
Wymering
Urban district
Aldershot
Alton
Fareham
Farnborough
Fleet
Havant and Waterloo ( 1932 - 1974 )
Petersfield
Pokesdown ( - 1974 )
Warblington ( 1894 - 1932 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Hampshire (abbreviated Hants., formerly known as the County of Southampton) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom. The county town of Hampshire is Winchester which was the capital city of England until the 14th century, vying with London for the title since the Norman Conquest. Hampshire is the most populous "ceremonial county" in the United Kingdom (excluding the metropolitan counties) with almost half of the county's population living within the conurbation known as South Hampshire which includes the cities of Southampton and Portsmouth. The county population was estimated at 1,322,300 in 2015.

Hampshire is notable for housing the birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force. It is bordered by Dorset to the west, Wiltshire to the northwest, Berkshire to the north, Surrey to the northeast, and West Sussex to the east. The southern boundary is the coastline of the English Channel and the Solent which faces the Isle of Wight.

Contents

History

the text in this section is a condensation of an article in Wikipedia

[A sub-section entitled "Prehistory until the Norman Conquest" has been omitted.]

Middle Ages Onwards

By the Norman conquest, London had overtaken Winchester as the largest city in England, thanks in part to Alfred the Great's investments in infrastructure, and after the Norman Conquest William the Conqueror made it his capital. The centre of political power moved away from Hampshire, although Winchester remained a city of importance: it was the proximity of the area known as the "New Forest" to Winchester that made it such a prized royal hunting forest; indeed King William Rufus (son of William the Conqueror) was famously killed in suspicious circumstances while hunting there. The county was recorded in the Domesday Book as divided into 44 hundreds. From the 12th century the ports grew in importance, fuelled by trade with the continent, wool and cloth manufacture in the county, and the fishing industry. A shipbuilding industry was established. By 1523 at the latest, the population of Southampton had outstripped that of Winchester.

Over several centuries a series of castles and forts were constructed along the coast of the Solent to defend the harbours at Southampton and Portsmouth. These include the Roman Portchester Castle which overlooks Portsmouth Harbour, and a series of forts built by Henry VIII including Hurst Castle, situated on a sand spit at the mouth of the Solent, Calshot Castle on another spit at the mouth of Southampton Water, and Netley Castle. Southampton and Portsmouth remained important harbours when rivals, such as Poole and Bristol declined, as they are amongst the few locations that combine shelter with deep water. Southampton has been host to many famous ships, including the Mayflower.

In the 17th century Hampshire was the departure point of some of those later to settle on the east coast of what is now the United States. It gave its name to the state of New Hampshire. The counties of Isle of Wight and Southampton in Virginia reflect the origins of some of the earliest Jamestown settlers.

World War II

Hampshire played a crucial role in the Second World War due to the large Royal Navy harbour at Portsmouth, the army camp at Aldershot and the military Netley Hospital on Southampton Water, as well as its proximity to the army training ranges on Salisbury Plain and the Isle of Purbeck. Supermarine, the designers of the Spitfire and other military aircraft, were based in Southampton, which led to severe bombing of the city. Aldershot remains one of the British Army's main permanent camps. Farnborough is a major centre for the aviation industry.

Isle of Wight

Although the Isle of Wight has at times been part of Hampshire, it has been administratively independent for over a century, obtaining a county council of its own in 1890. The Isle of Wight became a full ceremonial county in 1974. Apart from a shared police force there are now no formal administrative links between the Isle of Wight and Hampshire, though many organisations still combine Hampshire and the Isle of Wight.

Bournemouth and Christchurch

The towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch also fall within the traditional county of Hampshire, but were transferred to Dorset in the local government reorganisation of 1974. The boundary was changed again in 1992, when South Tidworth was transferred to Wiltshire.

Research Tips

  • GENUKI has a list of archive holders in Hampshire including the Hampshire Record Office, various museums in Portsmouth and Southhampton, the Isle of Wight Record Office and Archives.
  • The Hampshire Online Parish Clerk project has a large collection of transcriptions from Parish Registers across Hampshire.
  • A listing of all the Registration Districts in England and Wales since their introduction in 1837 together with tables listing the parishes that were part of each district and the time period covered, along with detailed notes on changes of parish name, mergers, etc. Do respect the copyright on this material.
  • The three-storey City Museum in Winchester covers the Iron Age and Roman periods, the Middle Ages, and the Victorian period.
  • Volumes in The Victoria County History Series are available for Hampshire through British History Online. There are three volumes and the county is covered by parishes within the old divisions of "hundreds".
A collection of maps on the A Vision of Britain through Time website illustrating the English county of Hampshire over the period 1832-1932 (the last two are expandible):
  • A group of maps of the post-1974 municipal districts or boroughs of Hampshire on Wikipedia Commons
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Hampshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.