Beaconsfield is a market town and civil parish in the South Bucks District of Buckinghamshire, England. It is centred west-northwest of London and south-southeast of the county town of Aylesbury. Four towns of a similar size or larger are within five miles: Slough, Amersham, Gerrards Cross and High Wycombe.
Beaconsfield Urban District was from 1894 to 1974 a local government district in the administrative county of Buckinghamshire, England. The urban district took over the responsibilities of the disbanded Beaconsfield Local Board District. The district contained the whole of the town and civil parish of Beaconsfield. The population of the urban district was 1,570 in 1901 and 11,881 in 1971 (UK census figures).
In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972 Beaconsfield Urban District merged with parts of Eton Rural District to form the "Beaconsfield District" which in April 1980 was renamed the South Bucks District.
The former villages of Holtspur and Ledborough were absorbed into Beaconsfield Urban District during the 20th century. Holtspur was originally within the boundaries of the neighbouring parish of Wooburn, and Ledborough may have been in Penn or Jordans, but it is now contiguous with Beaconsfield.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Beaconsfield.
Birth, marriage and death certificates can now be ordered online from Buckinghamshire County Council. The full postal address is Buckinghamshire Register Office, County Hall, Walton Street, Aylesbury, HP20 1YU.
The Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies (County Hall, Walton Street, Aylesbury, HP20 1UU) holds
In Buckinghamshire, as with other counties in England and Wales, the location of offices where Births, Marriages and Deaths were registered has altered with other changes in local government. A list of the location of Registration Offices since civil registration began in 1837 has been prepared by GENUKI (Genealogy: United Kingdom and Ireland). The table also gives details of when each Registration Office was in existence. In the case of Buckinghamshire, the same registration offices were used for the censuses since 1851.
Nineteenth Century Local Administration
English Jurisdictions is a webpage provided by FamilySearch which analyses every ecclesiastical parish in England at the year 1851. It provides, with the aid of outline maps, the date at which parish records and bishops transcripts begin, non-conformist denominations with a chapel within the parish, the names of the jurisdictions in charge: county, civil registration district, probate court, diocese, rural deanery, poor law union, hundred, church province; and links to FamilySearch historical records, FamilySearch Catalog and the FamilySearch Wiki. Two limitations: only England, and at the year 1851.
During the 19th century two bodies, the Poor Law Union and the Sanitary District, had responsibility for governmental functions at a level immediately above that covered by the civil parish. In 1894 these were replace by Rural and Urban Districts. These were elected bodies, responsible for setting local property assessments and taxes as well as for carrying out their specified duties. Thses districts continued in operation until 1974. Urban districts for larger municipalities were called "Municipal Boroughs" and had additional powers and obligations.
Poor Law Unions, established nationally in 1834, combined parishes together for the purpose of providing relief for the needy who had no family support. This led to the building of '"union poorhouses" or "workhouses" funded by all the parishes in the union. The geographical boundaries established for the individual Poor Law Unions were employed again when Registration Districts were formed three years later. In 1875 Sanitary Districts were formed to provide services such as clean water supply, sewage systems, street cleaning, and the clearance of slum housing. These also tended to follow the same geographical boundaries, although there were local alterations caused by changes in population distribution.
Online Historical References