Place:Slough Borough, Buckinghamshire, England

Watchers
NameSlough Borough
TypeUrban district
Coordinates51.51°N 0.59°W
Located inBuckinghamshire, England     (1863 - 1974)
See alsoUpton-cum-Chalvey, Buckinghamshire, Englandoriginal parishes making up Slough
Colnbrook, Buckinghamshire, Englandparish merged into Slough
Slough, Buckinghamshire, Englandtown which included the better part of the borough.
Wexham, Buckinghamshire, Englandparish part merged into Slough
Langley Marish, Buckinghamshire, Englandparish part merged into Slough
Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, Englandparish part merged into Slough


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Slough was, from 1863 to 1974, a local government district in southern Buckinghamshire, England. It became an urban district in 1894 and was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1938. It was abolished in 1974 and now forms part of the borough of Slough in Berkshire.

Formation

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Local Government Act 1858 was adopted in 1863 for town of Slough, that was partly in the parishes of Upton cum Chalvey and Stoke Poges, creating a local government district governed by Slough Local Board of Health.

Following the Local Government Act 1894, its area was reconstituted as an urban district consisting of the civil parishes of Slough and Stoke-in-Slough. The local authority became Slough Urban District Council. Slough absorbed Stoke-in-Slough in 1896.[1] The remaining portions of Upton cum Chalvey and Stoke Poges became part of Eton Rural District.

Boundary Changes

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Local Government Act 1858 was adopted in 1863 for town of Slough, that was partly in the parishes of Upton cum Chalvey and Stoke Poges, creating a local government district governed by Slough Local Board of Health.

Following the Local Government Act 1894, its area was reconstituted as an urban district consisting of the civil parishes of Slough and Stoke-in-Slough. The local authority became Slough Urban District Council. Slough absorbed Stoke-in-Slough in 1896.[1] The remaining portions of Upton cum Chalvey and Stoke Poges became part of Eton Rural District.

Incorporation

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

In 1938, under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1882, the urban district was incorporated by royal charter as a municipal borough and the local authority became Slough Borough Council.

Abolition

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The borough was abolished in 1974 and its former area was combined with part of Eton Rural District to form the borough of Slough in Berkshire.[1]

Areas of Slough which were originally separate villages or hamlets include Chalvey, Cippenham, Colnbrook, Langley, Poyle, Upton, and Wexham. Wexham and Langley (under the name Langley Marish) were at one time, independent civil parishes. Parts of Slough which have been named as neighbourhoods include: Brands Hill, Britwell, Huntercombe, Manor Park, Salt Hill, Upton Lea, and Windsor Meadows.

The urban area (but not the borough council area) merges into the neighbouring parishes of Burnham, Datchet, Farnham Royal, and Stoke Poges. Of these only Datchet was transferred to Berkshire in 1974.


Research Tips

Maps

  • An outline map of the current civil parishes of Buckinghamshire (post 1974 and omitting Milton Keynes unitary authority) is provided by the Boundaries Commission.
  • Another map which gives no source, appears to have been drawn to show the county in the late 19th century and labels the parishes directly. However, the map does not show towns and villages (unless they are parishes using the same name) and some parishes have been found to be missing from this map.
  • A map provided by the Open University (a British university based in Milton Keynes) gives the locations of the old civil parishes and the new communities that make up Milton Keynes. It can be expanded to read the labels.

Registration Offices

Birth, marriage and death certificates can now be ordered online from Buckinghamshire County Council. The full postal address is Buckinghamshire Register Office, County Hall, Walton Street, Aylesbury, HP20 1YU.

The Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies (County Hall, Walton Street, Aylesbury, HP20 1UU) holds

  • Church of England and Nonconformist churches including registers of baptism, marriage and burial.
  • Around 35,000 wills proved by the Archdeaconry of Buckingham.
  • County and District Councils (lists of councillors, minutes of meetings, etc).
  • Quarter and Petty Session courts.
  • Landed estates of families including the Aubrey-Fletchers, Hampdens, Carringtons and Fremantles.
  • Historic maps including OS, tithe and inclosure maps
  • A wide range of local history books, some for loan.
  • Pamphlets and articles of local history interest.
  • Local newspapers
  • Computers for access to family history resources like Ancestry and FreeBMD.
  • Published material is listed in the Library Catalogue.
  • Catalogues to some of our manuscript material is available through Access to Archives, part of The National Archives (TNA). Their database contains catalogues describing archives held locally in England and Wales and dating from the eighth century to the present day.

In Buckinghamshire, as with other counties in England and Wales, the location of offices where Births, Marriages and Deaths were registered has altered with other changes in local government. A list of the location of Registration Offices since civil registration began in 1837 has been prepared by GENUKI (Genealogy: United Kingdom and Ireland). The table also gives details of when each Registration Office was in existence. In the case of Buckinghamshire, the same registration offices were used for the censuses since 1851.

Nineteenth Century Local Administration

English Jurisdictions is a webpage provided by FamilySearch which analyses every ecclesiastical parish in England at the year 1851. It provides, with the aid of outline maps, the date at which parish records and bishops transcripts begin, non-conformist denominations with a chapel within the parish, the names of the jurisdictions in charge: county, civil registration district, probate court, diocese, rural deanery, poor law union, hundred, church province; and links to FamilySearch historical records, FamilySearch Catalog and the FamilySearch Wiki. Two limitations: only England, and at the year 1851.

During the 19th century two bodies, the Poor Law Union and the Sanitary District, had responsibility for governmental functions at a level immediately above that covered by the civil parish. In 1894 these were replace by Rural and Urban Districts. These were elected bodies, responsible for setting local property assessments and taxes as well as for carrying out their specified duties. Thses districts continued in operation until 1974. Urban districts for larger municipalities were called "Municipal Boroughs" and had additional powers and obligations.

Poor Law Unions, established nationally in 1834, combined parishes together for the purpose of providing relief for the needy who had no family support. This led to the building of '"union poorhouses" or "workhouses" funded by all the parishes in the union. The geographical boundaries established for the individual Poor Law Unions were employed again when Registration Districts were formed three years later. In 1875 Sanitary Districts were formed to provide services such as clean water supply, sewage systems, street cleaning, and the clearance of slum housing. These also tended to follow the same geographical boundaries, although there were local alterations caused by changes in population distribution.

Online Historical References

  • GENUKI for Buckinghamshire provides a lot of material on the county history from a variety of aspects. The maps of the hundreds are reproduced from 19th century publications and show the topology as well as the locations of the various parishes. There is also a schematic map covering the whole county. GENUKI does not contain much information about the 20th century and beyond.
  • Local History Online provides a list of local historical organizations. Each of these societies and organizations has its own website.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki on Buckinghamshire explains the jurisdictions relating to civil affairs, parishes and probate (wills and testaments) for each parish in the county and also outlines when these jurisdictions were in existence. The data does not cover the post-1974 period.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Municipal Borough of Slough. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.