Place:Oxfordshire, England

redirected from Place:Oxford, England
NameOxfordshire
Alt namesOXFsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Oxfordsource: Family History Library Catalog
Oxonsource: Wikipedia
Oxoniasource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.75°N 1.167°W
Located inEngland
See alsoBerkshire, Englandparts of Berkshire transferred to Oxfordshire in 1974
Contained Places
Borough (county)
Oxford ( 500 - )
Borough (municipal)
Banbury ( 1000 - )
Chipping Norton
Henley on Thames
Woodstock
Civil parish
Abingdon St. Helen Without ( 1974 - )
Adderbury
Alkerton
Alvescot
Appleford ( 1974 - )
Appleton with Eaton ( 1974 - )
Ardington ( 1974 - )
Ashbury ( 1974 - )
Asthall
Aston and Cote
Bampton
Barford St. John and St. Michael ( 1932 - )
Barford St. John
Baulking ( 1974 - )
Besselsleigh ( 1974 - )
Bicester
Bix
Black Bourton
Blewbury ( 1974 - )
Bloxham
Bodicote
Bourton ( 1974 - )
Bourton
Brighthampton
Brightwell-cum-Sotwell ( 1974 - )
Brize Norton
Broadwell
Broughton Poggs ( 1870 - )
Broughton
Buckland ( 1974 - )
Burford
Buscot ( 1974 - )
Charlbury
Charney Bassett ( 1974 - )
Childrey ( 1974 - )
Chilton ( 1974 - )
Chimney
Cholsey ( 1974 - )
Clanfield
Clattercote
Claydon
Coleshill ( 1974 - )
Compton Beauchamp ( 1974 - )
Cornbury Park
Crawley
Cropredy
Cumnor ( 1974 - )
Curbridge
Denchworth ( 1974 - )
Drayton (near Banbury)
Drayton ( 1974 - )
Ducklington
East Challow ( 1974 - )
East Hanney ( 1974 - )
East Hendred ( 1974 - )
East Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Eaton Hastings ( 1974 - )
Enstone
Epwell
Eye and Dunsden
Fawler (near Charlbury)
Fernham ( 1974 - )
Filkins
Finstock
Frilford ( 1974 - )
Fyfield and Tubney ( 1974 - )
Garford
Goosey ( 1974 - )
Goring-on-Thames
Grafton
Great Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Great Faringdon ( 1974 - )
Grimsbury
Grove ( 1974 - )
Hailey
Hanwell
Hardwick (near Witney)
Harpsden
Harwell ( 1974 - )
Hatford ( 1974 - )
Hinton Waldrist ( 1974 - )
Holwell
Horley
Hornton
Kelmscot
Kencott
Kennington ( 1974 - )
Kingston Bagpuize with Southmoor ( 1974 - )
Langford
Letcombe Bassett ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Regis ( 1974 - )
Lew
Little Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Longcot ( 1974 - )
Longworth ( 1974 - )
Lyford ( 1974 - )
Marcham ( 1974 - )
Milcombe
Milton (near Adderbury)
Milton ( 1974 - )
Mollington
Neithrop
North Hinksey ( 1974 - )
North Newington
Prescote
Pusey ( 1974 - )
Radcot
Radley ( 1974 - )
Rotherfield Greys
Rotherfield Peppard
Shellingford ( 1974 - )
Shenington ( 1844 - )
Shifford
Shilton
Shiplake
South Hinksey ( 1974 - )
Sparsholt ( 1974 - )
Standlake
Stanford in the Vale ( 1974 - )
Steventon ( 1974 - )
Stokenchurch ( - 1895 )
Sunningwell ( 1974 - )
Swalcliffe
Towersey ( 1934 - )
Uffington ( 1974 - )
Upton and Signet
Upton ( 1974 - )
Wardington
Watchfield ( 1974 - )
West Challow ( 1974 - )
West Hanney ( 1974 - )
West Hendred ( 1974 - )
West Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Westwell
Wheatley
Widford ( 1844 - )
Witney
Wootton ( 1974 - )
Yelford
Deserted settlement
Alchester
District municipality
Cherwell District ( 1974 - )
City of Oxford District ( 1974 - )
South Oxfordshire District ( 1974 - )
Vale of White Horse District ( 1974 - )
West Oxfordshire District
Former parish
Bagley Wood ( 1974 - )
Fyfield ( 1974 - )
Kingston Bagpuize ( 1974 - )
Tubney ( 1974 - )
Former village
Eaton Hastings ( 1974 - )
Seacourt ( 1974 - )
Hamlet
Aston and Cote
Bayworth ( 1974 - )
Brighthampton
Cleveley
Compton Beauchamp ( 1974 - )
Crawley
Curbridge
Fawler (near Charlbury)
Filkins
Finstock
Frilford ( 1974 - )
Henton
Idstone ( 1974 - )
Lew
Milton (near Adderbury)
Radcot
Upton and Signet
Hundred
Bampton Hundred
Banbury Hundred
Binfield Hundred
Bloxham Hundred
Bullingdon Hundred
Chadlington Hundred
Dorchester Hundred
Ewelme Hundred
Langtree Hundred
Lewknor Hundred
Ploughley Hundred
Pyrton Hundred
Thame Hundred
Wootton Hundred
Inhabited place
Abingdon ( 1974 - )
Adwell
Ambrosden
Appleton ( 1974 - )
Ardington ( 1974 - )
Ashbury ( 1974 - )
Aston Tirrold
Aston Upthorpe
Baulking ( 1974 - )
Benson
Berinsfield
Besselsleigh ( 1974 - )
Blewbury ( 1974 - )
Botley ( 1974 - )
Bourton ( 1974 - )
Brightwell-cum-Sotwell ( 1974 - )
Brill
Buckland ( 1974 - )
Buscot ( 1974 - )
Carterton
Cassington
Chadlington
Charney Bassett ( 1974 - )
Checkendon
Childrey ( 1974 - )
Chilton ( 1974 - )
Chinnor
Chipping Norton
Churchill
Coleshill ( 1974 - )
Combe
Cornwell
Cowley
Crowmarsh Gifford
Culham ( 1974 - present )
Cumnor ( 1974 - )
Deddington
Denchworth ( 1974 - )
Didcot ( 1974 - )
Ditchley
Dorchester
Drayton ( 1974 - )
Duxford
East Challow ( 1974 - )
East Ginge
East Hagbourne ( 1974 - present )
East Hanney ( 1974 - )
East Hendred ( 1974 - )
East Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Eaton ( 1974 - )
Enstone
Eynsham
Faringdon ( 1974 - )
Fernham ( 1974 - )
Fyfield ( 1974 - )
Garford
Garsington
Goosey ( 1974 - )
Goring-on-Thames
Great Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Great Milton
Great Tew
Grove ( 1974 - )
Harwell ( 1974 - )
Hatford ( 1974 - )
Hinton Waldrist ( 1974 - )
Hook Norton
Iffley
Islip
Kidlington
Kingsey ( - 1934 )
Kingston Bagpuize ( 1974 - )
Kingston Lisle ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Bassett ( 1974 - )
Letcombe Regis ( 1974 - )
Little Coxwell ( 1974 - )
Little Wittenham
Littlemore
Long Wittenham
Longcot ( 1974 - )
Longworth ( 1974 - )
Lyford ( 1974 - )
Marcham ( 1974 - )
Marston
Merton
Middle Barton
Milton ( 1974 - )
Minster Lovell
Nettlebed
Newington
North Hinksey ( 1974 - )
North Moreton
North Stoke
Nuneham Courtenay
Oddington
Oxford ( 500 - )
Pusey ( 1974 - )
Radford
Radley ( 1974 - )
Roke
Rousham
Sandford-on-Thames ( 1974 - )
Sarsden
Shellingford ( 1974 - )
Shippon ( 1974 - )
Shipton-under-Wychwood
Shorthampton
Shrivenham ( 1974 - )
Shutford
Sibford Gower
South Hinksey ( 1974 - )
South Leigh
South Moreton
South Newington
South Stoke
Southmoor ( 1974 - )
Sparsholt ( 1974 - )
Stanford in the Vale ( 1974 - )
Stanton Harcourt
Steeple Aston
Steventon ( 1974 - )
Stokenchurch ( - 1895 )
Stonesfield
Sunningwell ( 1974 - )
Sutton Courtenay ( 1974 - present )
Thame
Towersey ( 1934 - )
Tubney ( 1974 - )
Uffington ( 1974 - )
Upton ( 1974 - )
Wallingford ( 1974 - )
Wantage ( 1974 - )
Watchfield ( 1974 - )
Waterstock
Watlington
West Challow ( 1974 - )
West Ginge
West Hagbourne
West Hanney ( 1974 - )
West Hendred ( 1974 - )
West Lockinge ( 1974 - )
Whitchurch-on-Thames
Woodperry
Woodstock
Woolstone ( 1974 - )
Wootton ( 1974 - )
Wroxton
Wytham ( 1974 - )
Locality
Chandlings Farm ( 1974 - )
Draycot Moor ( 1974 - )
Sutton Wick ( 1974 - )
Parish
Assendon
Parish (ancient)
Adderbury
Alkerton
Alvescot
Asthall
Bampton
Banbury ( 1000 - )
Bix
Black Bourton
Bloxham
Brize Norton
Broadwell
Broughton Poggs ( 1870 - )
Broughton
Burford
Charlbury
Clanfield
Cropredy
Drayton (near Banbury)
Ducklington
Hanwell
Harpsden
Henley on Thames
Horley
Hornton
Kencott
Langford
Rotherfield Greys
Rotherfield Peppard
Shenington ( 1844 - )
Shilton
Shiplake
Standlake
Swalcliffe
Westwell
Widford ( 1844 - )
Witney
Yelford
Registration district
Abingdon Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Banbury Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Bicester Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Bullingdon Registration District ( 1964 - 2001 )
Chipping Norton Registration District ( 1837 - 1982 )
Headington Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Henley Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Oxford Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Oxfordshire Registration District ( 2001 - )
Ploughley Registration District ( 1964 - 2001 )
Ploughley and Bullingdon Registration District ( 1932 - 1964 )
Thame Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Wallingford Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
Wantage Registration District ( 1837 - 2001 )
West Oxfordshire Registration District ( 1982 - 2001 )
Witney Registration District ( 1837 - 1982 )
Woodstock Registration District ( 1837 - 1932 )
Rural district
Banbury Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bicester Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Bullingdon Rural ( 1932 - 1974 )
Chipping Norton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Crowmarsh Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Culham Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Goring Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Headington Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Henley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ploughley Rural ( 1932 - 1974 )
Thame Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Witney Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Woodstock Rural ( 1894 - 1932 )
Settlement
Clattercote
Fawler (near Shrivenham) ( 1974 - )
Stonelands
Suburb
Botley ( 1974 - )
Caversham ( - 1911 )
Emmer Green ( - 1911 )
Headington
Township
Bourton
Grafton
North Newington
Unknown
Albury
Ardley
Arncott
Ascott
Ascott-under-Wychwood
Ashampstead
Asterley
Aston-Rowant
Attington
Baldon-Marsh
Baldon-Toot
Balscott
Bampton Lew
Barford St. Michael
Barton-Steeple
Barton-Westcot
Beckley
Begbrooke
Berrick-Salome
Bicester King's End
Binsey
Blackthorn
Bladon
Blenheim Park
Bletchington
Bolney
Brightwell Baldwin
Brightwell-Prior
Brightwell-Salome
Bruern
Bucknell
Burcott
Caversfield
Chalford
Chalgrove
Charlton-upon-Otmoor
Chastleton
Chesterton
Chilworth
Chippinghurst
Chislehampton
Clifton-Hampden
Cogges
Coton
Cottesford
Crowell
Cuddesden
Cutteslowe
Cuxham
Dean
Denton
Drayton (near Wallingford)
Duns Tew
Easington
Elsfield
Emmington
Ewelme
Fencott and Murcott
Fifield
Finmere
Forest Hill with Shotover
Forest-Hill
Freeland
Fringford
Fritwell
Fulbrook
Fulwell
Glympton
Goddington
Goring-Heath
Gosford
Great Bourton
Great Haseley
Great Rollright
Hagbourne ( 1974 - present )
Hampton Gay
Hampton-Poyle
Handborough
Hardwick (near Bicester)
Heath
Hensington
Heythrop
Holton
Horsepath
Horton-cum-Studley
Idbury
Ipsden
Kiddington
Kingham
Kirtlington
Langley
Launton
Leadwell
Leafield
Lewknor
Lewknor-Uphill
Little Bourton
Little Faringdon
Little Milton
Little Rollright
Little Tew
Littlemoor
Long Combe
Lower Heyford
Lyneham
Mapledurham
Middle-Aston
Middleton-Stoney
Milton (near Shipton)
Milton Common
Mixbury
Mongewell
Nether Worton
Newnham-Murren
Newton-Purcell
Noke
North Aston
North Leigh
Northmoor
Nuffield
Nuneham-Courtney
Osney Hill
Osney
Over Norton
Over Worton
Piddington
Pirton
Pishill
Ramsden
Salford
Sandford (near Deddington)
Seacourt
Shelswell
Shipton-upon-Cherwell
Shirburn
Sibford Ferris
Sibford
Somerton
Souldern
South Hinksey
South Weston
Spelsbury
Stadhampton
Stanton-St. John
Stoke-Lyne
Stoke-Talmage
Stokenchurch
Stonor
Stow-Wood
Stratton-Audley
Studley
Summertown
Swerford
Swinbrook
Swincombe
Sydenham
Tackley
Tadmarton
Taston
Taynton
Tetsworth
Thomley
Thrup
Tiddington
Tusmore
Upper Heyford
Warborough
Warpsgrove
Water-Eaton
Waterperry
Wendlebury
Westcott-Barton
Weston-on-the-Green
Wheatfield
Whitchurch
Wigginton
Wilcote
Williamscote
Wood-Eaton
Woodcote
Woodcott
Woolvercott
Wootton
Wychwood
Yarnton
Urban district
Bicester
Caversham ( - 1911 )
Headington
Thame
Wheatley
Witney
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Oxfordshire ( or ; abbreviated Oxon) is a county in South East England bordering on Warwickshire (to the north/north-west), Northamptonshire (to the north/north-east), Buckinghamshire (to the east), Berkshire (to the south), Wiltshire (to the south-west) and Gloucestershire (to the west).

The county has major education and tourist industries and is noted for the concentration of performance motorsport companies and facilities. Oxford University Press is the largest firm among a concentration of print and publishing firms; the University of Oxford is also linked to the concentration of local biotechnology companies.

The main centre of population is the city of Oxford. Other significant settlements are Banbury, Bicester, Kidlington and Chipping Norton to the north of Oxford; Carterton and Witney to the west; Thame and Chinnor to the east; and Abingdon, Wantage, Didcot, Wallingford and Henley-on-Thames to the south.

The highest point is White Horse Hill, in the Vale of White Horse, reaching .

Oxfordshire's county flower is the Snake's-head Fritillary.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Oxfordshire was recorded as a county in the early years of the 10th century and is situated on land between the River Thames to the south, the Cotswolds to the west, the Chilterns to the east and the Midlands to the north, with spurs running south to Henley-on-Thames and north to Banbury.

Historically the area has always had some importance, since it contains valuable agricultural land in the centre of the county. Largely ignored by the Romans, it was not until the formation of a settlement at Oxford in the eighth century that the area grew in importance. Alfred the Great was born across the Thames in Wantage, Vale of White Horse. The University of Oxford was founded in 1096, though its collegiate structure did not develop until later on. The university in the county town of Oxford (whose name came from Anglo-Saxon Oxenaford = "ford for oxen") grew in importance during the Middle Ages and early modern period. The area was part of the Cotswolds wool trade from the 13th century, generating much wealth, particularly in the western portions of the county in the Oxfordshire Cotswolds. Morris Motors was founded in Oxford in 1912, bringing heavy industry to an otherwise agricultural county. The importance of agriculture as an employer has declined rapidly in the 20th century though; currently under one percent of the county's population are involved due to high mechanisation.

Throughout most of its history the county was divided into fourteen hundreds, namely Bampton, Banbury, Binfield, Bloxham, Bullingdon, Chadlington, Dorchester, Ewelme, Langtree, Lewknor, Pyrton, Ploughley, Thame and Wootton.

The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, the main army unit in the area, was based at Cowley Barracks on Bullingdon Green, Cowley.

The Vale of the White Horse district and parts of the South Oxfordshire administrative district south of the River Thames were historically part of Berkshire, but were added to the administrative county of Oxfordshire in 1974. Conversely, the Caversham area of Reading, now administratively in Berkshire, was historically part of Oxfordshire as was the parish of Stokenchurch, now administratively in Buckinghamshire.

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