Place:Devon, England

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NameDevon
Alt namesDEVsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Devonshiresource: Stroud, Sir John Soane (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates50.733°N 3.817°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Area
Dartmoor
Borough (county)
Devonport
Exeter
Plymouth
Torbay ( 1968 - )
Borough (municipal)
Barnstaple
Bideford
Devonport
Great Torrington
Honiton
Okehampton ( 500 - )
South Molton
Tiverton
Torquay
Totnes
Civil parish
Bickington
Bridgerule
Combpyne
Haccombe-with-Combe
Holsworthy
Kerswells
North Petherwin ( 1844 - 1966 )
Northcott ( 1844 - 1966 )
Seaton and Beer ( - 1894 )
St. Budeaux
St. Giles-on-the-Heath
Stokeinteignhead
Virginstow
Werrington ( 1844 - 1966 )
County town
Exeter
District municipality
East Devon District ( 1974 - )
Mid Devon District ( 1974 - )
North Devon District ( 1974 - )
South Hams District ( 1974 - )
Teignbridge District ( 1974 - )
Torridge District ( 1974 - )
West Devon District ( 1974 - )
Former village
St. Sidwells
Hamlet
Alfington
Appledore (near Tiverton)
Bircham
Fairmile
Metcombe
Tipton St. John
Wiggaton
Hundred
Axminster Hundred
Bampton Hundred
Black Torrington Hundred
Braunton Hundred
Cliston Hundred
Coleridge Hundred
Colyton Hundred
Crediton Hundred
East Budleigh Hundred
Ermington Hundred
Exminster Hundred
Fremington Hundred
Halberton Hundred
Hartland Hundred
Hayridge Hundred
Haytor Hundred
Hemyock Hundred
Lifton Hundred
North Tawton and Winkleigh Hundred
Ottery St. Mary Hundred
Plympton Hundred
Roborough Hundred
Shebbear Hundred
Shirwell Hundred
South Molton Hundred
Stanborough Hundred
Tavistock Hundred
Teignbridge Hundred
Tiverton Hundred
West Budleigh Hundred
Witheridge Hundred
Wonford Hundred
Inhabited place
Abbey
Abbots Bickington
Abbotsham
Abbotskerswell
Abbotsleigh
Accott
Ackworthy
Adworthy
Afton
Aish
Aller
Allisland
Almistone Cross
Alphington
Alverdiscott
Alwington
Appledore (near Northam)
Arlington
Ash Barton
Ash Thomas
Ashburton
Ashcombe
Ashford
Ashleigh
Ashmansworthy
Ashprington
Ashreigney
Ashwater
Aunk
Aveton Gifford
Awliscombe
Axminster
Axmouth
Aylesbeare
Ayshford
Babbacombe
Bagton
Bampton
Bantham Cross
Barnstaple
Batson
Battisborough Cross
Battle Ford
Beaford
Beara Charter Barton
Beaworthy
Beer
Belstone
Benton
Bere Alston
Bere Ferrers
Berry Pomeroy
Berrynarbor
Bickington
Bickleigh
Bickleton
Bideford
Bigbury
Bishop's Nympton
Bishop's Tawton
Bittadon
Black Torrington
Blackawton
Blackborough
Blagrove
Blaxton
Boasley Cross
Bolberry
Bolham Water
Bolham
Bondleigh
Bovey Tracey
Bradaford
Bradford
Bradninch
Bradstone
Bradwell
Bradworthy
Brampford Speke
Branscombe
Bratton Clovelly
Bratton Fleming
Braunton
Brayford
Bridestowe
Bridford
Bridgetown
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Brixton
Broad Clyst
Broadhembury
Broadhempston
Broadwood Kelly
Broadwoodwidger
Brushford
Buck's Cross
Buckfast
Buckfastleigh
Buckland Brewer
Buckland Filleigh
Buckland Monachorum
Buckland
Buckland-Tout-Saints
Buckland-in-the-Moor
Budleigh Salterton
Bulkworthy
Burlescombe
Burn
Burrington
Butterleigh
Cadbury
Cadeleigh
Calverleigh
Chagford
Challacombe
Chardstock
Charles
Chawleigh
Cheldon
Cheriton Bishop
Cheriton
Chettiscombe
Chevithorne
Chichacott
Chilcombe
Chillington
Chilsworthy
Chitterley
Chivelstone
Christow
Chudleigh Knighton
Chudleigh
Chudley Knighton
Chulmleigh
Churchill
Churston Ferrers ( 1998 - )
Clawton
Clayhanger
Clayhidon
Clifford
Clovelly
Clyst Hydon
Clyst St. George
Clyst St. Lawrence
Clyst St. Mary
Cockington
Coffinswell
Colaton Raleigh
Coldridge
Colebrooke
Coleton
Collaton
Colscott
Columbjohn
Colyton
Combe Fishacre
Combe Martin
Combe Pafford
Combe Raleigh
Combe
Comboyne
Cookbury Wick
Cookbury
Coombe
Copplestone
Cornwood
Cornworthy
Cotleigh
Countisbury
Creacombe
Crediton ( 100 - )
Crockernwell
Crownhill Down
Croyde
Cruwys Morchard
Cullompton
Culm Davy
Culmstock
Curtisknowle
Dartington
Dartmouth
Dawlish
Dean Prior
Denbury
Digby
Diptford
Dittisham
Dodbrooke
Doddiscombleigh
Dodscott
Dolton
Dowland
Down Thomas
Downicary
Drayford
Drewsteignton
Dunchideock
Dunkeswell
Dunsford
Dunstone
Dunterton
East Allington
East Anstey
East Ash
East Buckland
East Budleigh
East Charleton
East Down
East Putford
East Stonehouse
East Worlington
Eastleigh
Eggbuckland
Ermington
Exbourne
Exeter
Exminster
Exmouth
Exwick
Farringdon
Farway
Feniton
Ford
Fremington
Frithelstock
Furze
Galmpton
Gappah
George Nympton
Georgeham
Germansweek
Gidleigh
Gittisham
Goodleigh
Goosewell
Great Barlington
Great Torrington
Hagginton Hill
Halberton
Halwell
Halwill
Harbourneford
Harford
Hartland
Hatherleigh
Heanton Punchardon
Hele
Hemerdon
Hemyock
Henford
Hennock
High Bickington
High Bray
Highampton
Higher Aylescott
Higher Cheriton
Higher Warcombe
Hockworthy
Holcombe Rogus
Holcombe
Hole
Hollacombe
Holne
Honeychurch
Honicknowle
Honiton
Hooe
Horrabridge
Horwood
Huntshaw
Iddesleigh
Ide
Ideford
Ilfracombe
Ilsington
Ingleigh Green
Instow
Inwardleigh
Ipplepen
Ivybridge
Kelly
Kenn
Kentisbeare
Kentisbury
Kenton
Kerswells
Killerton
Killington
Kilmington
Kimworthy
King's Nympton
Kingsbridge
Kingskerswell
Kingsteignton
Kingswear
Knowstone
Landcross
Landkey
Langford
Langstone
Langtree
Lapford
Larkbeare
Lewtrenchard
Liddaton
Lifton
Lincombe
Little Torrington
Littleham
Littlehempston
Lobb
Loddiswell
Lower Ashton
Lower Aylescott
Lower Cheriton
Lower Creedy
Lower Tale
Loxbeare
Loxhore
Ludbrook
Lundy Island
Luppitt
Lupridge
Lustleigh
Lydford
Lympstone
Lynmouth
Lynton
Mackham
Manadon
Manaton
Mariansleigh
Marldon
Martinhoe
Marwood
Mary Tavy
Meavy
Meddon
Meeth
Membland
Membury
Merton
Meshaw
Middle Barlington
Middle Rocombe
Middlecott
Milford
Milton Abbot
Milton Damerel
Modbury
Molland
Monkleigh
Monkokehampton
Morchard Bishop
Morebath
Moreleigh
Moretonhampstead
Morwellham
Musbury
Mutley
Nether Exe
Newton Abbot
Newton Ferrers
Newton Saint Cyres
Newton St. Petrock
Newton Tracey
North Aller
North Bovey
North Buckland
North Huish
North Molton
North Petherwin ( 1844 - 1966 )
North Tawton
Northam
Northlew
Nymet Rowland
Nymet Tracey
Oak Cross
Offwell
Okehampton ( 500 - )
Orchard Hill
Otterton
Ottery St. Mary
Paignton ( 1998 - )
Parkham
Parracombe
Patchole
Payhembury
Peter Tavy
Peters Marland
Petrockstowe
Pilton
Pinhoe
Plympton
Plymstock
Plymtree
Polsloe
Poltimore
Ponsford
Popham
Postbridge
Powderham
Princetown
Puddington
Pyworthy
Rackenford
Raleigh
Rattery
Rawridge
Riddlecombe
Ringmore
Roborough
Rockbeare
Romansleigh
Rose Ash
Rousdon
Salcombe Regis
Salcombe
Sampford Courtenay ( 1000 - )
Sampford Peverell
Sampford Spiney
Satterleigh
Saunton
Seaton
Shaugh Prior
Shebbear
Sheldon
Sherford
Shirwell
Shobrooke
Sidbury
Sidmouth
Sigford
Silverton
Slapton
Smallridge
Soar
Sorley
Sourton
South Aller
South Allington
South Bray
South Brent
South Huish
South Milton
South Molton
South Pool
South Tawton
South Zeal
Southleigh
Sowton
Spreyton
Spriddlestone
Staddiscombe
Starcross
Staverton
Stockland
Stockleigh English
Stockleigh Pomeroy
Stoke Canon
Stoke Fleming
Stoke Rivers
Stoke
Stokeinteignhead
Stonehouse
Stowford
Strete Ralegh
Sutcombe
Swimbridge
Sydenham Damerel
Taddiport
Talaton
Tamerton Foliot
Tavistock
Tawstock
Teigngrace
Teignmouth
Tetcott
Thornbury
Throwleigh
Thrushelton
Thurlestone
Tillislow
Tiverton
Topsham
Torbryan
Torquay
Totnes
Trentishoe
Trusham
Uffculme
Ugborough
Umberleigh
Up Exe
Uplowman
Uplyme
Upottery
Upper Ashton
Walkhampton
Washbourne
Washfield
Washford Pyne
Watcombe
Weare Giffard
Wembury
Wembworthy
West Alvington
West Anstey
West Ash
West Backstone
West Buckland
West Charleton
West Down
West Hill
West Panson
West Putford
West Worlington
Westleigh
Westward Ho!
Weycroft
Whiddon Down
Whimple
Whipton
Whitchurch
Whitestone
Whitford
Whitleigh
Whitnage
Widworthy
Willand
Wilmington
Winkleigh
Winsham
Winswell
Witheridge
Withycombe Raleigh
Wolborough
Wonford
Woodbury
Woodford
Woolacombe
Woolfardisworthy
Worlington
Wyke Green
Yarcombe
Yarnscombe
Yealmpton
Yelland
Yelverton
Zeal Monachorum
Parish
Bere Ferrers
Bishopsteignton
Brentor
Broad Nymet
Buckland Monachorum
Cheriton Fitzpaine
Chittlehampton
Combeinteignhead
Compton Gifford
Down St. Mary
Highley St. Mary
Holcombe Burnell
Huish
North Tamerton
Northleigh
Plymouth Charles
Plymouth St. Andrew
Plympton St. Maurice
Sparkwell
St. Mary Arches
St. Marychurch
St. Petrox
St. Saviour
St. Sidwells
St. Thomas-the-Apostle ( - 1900 )
Stoke Damerel
Stoke Gabriel
Tedburn St. Mary
Tormoham
Torrington
Townstall
Upton Helions
Upton Pyne
Ven-Ottery
Widecombe-in-the-Moor
Rural district
Axminster Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Barnstaple Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bideford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Broadwoodwidger Rural ( 1894 - 1966 )
Crediton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Culmstock Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Holsworthy Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Honiton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Kingsbridge Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Newton Abbot Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Okehampton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Plympton St. Mary Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
South Molton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
St Thomas Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tavistock Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tiverton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Torrington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Totnes Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Suburb
Cockington
Compton Gifford
East Stonehouse
Heavitree
Plympton
St. Budeaux
St. Marychurch
Unitary authority
Torbay ( 1968 - )
Unknown
Ashbury
Ashton
Atherington
Bickleigh (near Tiverton)
Bicton
Bishop-Morchard
Bishops-Nympton
Bishops-Tawton
Bow
Brendon
Bridestow
Brooking
Buckerell
Charleton
Chelson Meadow
Churchstanton
Churchstow
Clannaborough
Clist-Honiton
Clist-St. Lawrence
Clist-St. Mary
Cofton
Combinteignhead
Combrawleigh
Constantine
Coryton
Cove
Cruwys-Morchard
Dalwood
Doddiscombsleigh
Dotton
East Ogwell
East Portlemouth
Egg-Buckland
Eggesford
Filleigh
Halwell (near Totnes)
Harberton
Harpford
Highweek
Hittisleigh
Holbeton
Huntsham
Huxham
Jacobstowe
Kennerley
Kings-Nympton
Kingston
Laira Green
Lamerton
Lettleham
Littleham (near Exmouth)
Loosebeare
Loxbear
Luffincott
Lympston
Malborough
Mamhead
Mariston
Marland-Peters
Marystow
Monkton
Mortehoe
Newport
Newton-Poppleford
Oakford
Pancrasweek
Pennycross
Petrockstow
Petton
Revelstoke
Rewe
Roosdown
Saint Thomas
Sandford
Shaldon
Sheepstor
Sheepwash
Sherwood Villa
Shillingford St. George
Shute
South Normanton
St. Giles-in-the-Wood
St. Leonard
St. Nicholas
Sticklepath
Stokenham
Stoodleigh
Templeton
Thelbridge
Thorverton
Torcross
Twitchen
Warkleigh
Wellcombe
West Ogwell
Withycombe-Rawleigh
Woodland
Woodleigh
Woolfardisworthy (near Crediton)
Urban district
Ashburton
Axminster
Bampton
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Buckfastleigh
Budleigh Salterton
Cockington
Crediton ( 100 - )
East Stonehouse
Exmouth
Heavitree
Holsworthy
Ilfracombe
Ivybridge
Kingsbridge
Newton Abbot
Northam
Ottery St. Mary
Sidmouth
St. Marychurch
St. Thomas-the-Apostle ( - 1900 )
Tavistock
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Devon (historically also known as Devonshire) is a county in the southwest of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the northeast, and Dorset to the east. In its entirety, including sections which are unitary authorities or near unitary authorities, its area is 6,707 km2 (2,590 square miles), and its population is about 1.1 million.

The City of Exeter is the county town; seven other districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, and West Devon are under the jurisdiction of Devon County Council; the large conurbations of Plymouth and Torbay are each a part of Devon but administered as unitary authorities although Torbay is considered to be a county in its own right.

Devon derives its name from Dumnonia, which, during the British Iron Age and Roman Britain, was the homeland of the Dumnonii Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England thereafter.

Geographically, Devon is the only county of England to have non-continuous stretches of coastline to both the north and south. Both coastlines include both cliffs and sandy shores; Devon's bays have historically contained ports, fishing towns and seaside resorts. The county's inland terrain is rural, generally hilly, and has a low population density in comparison to many other parts of England. Dartmoor, the largest open space in southern England at 954 km2 (368 square miles), is covered with wide moorland and underlying granite geology; to its north are the Culm measures and Exmoor. In the valleys and lowlands of south and east Devon the soil is more fertile, traversed by rivers such as the Exe, the Culm, the Dart, and the Otter.

Today the economy of Devon is linked closely with tourism. The comparatively mild climate, coastline and landscape give rise to Devon as a destination for recreation and leisure in England, with visitors particularly attracted to the Dartmoor and Exmoor national parks; the coasts of north, south and east Devon which include the resort towns along the south coast known collectively as the English Riviera, the Jurassic Coast, and North Devon's UNESCO Biosphere Reserve; and the countryside including the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Toponymy

The name Devon derives from the name of the Celts who inhabited the southwestern peninsula of Britain at the time of the Roman conquest of Britain known as the Dumnonii, thought to mean "deep valley dwellers" from proto Celtic *dubnos 'deep'. In the Brittonic Celtic languages, Devon is known as , and , each meaning "deep valleys." (For an account of Celtic Dumnonia, see the separate article.)

William Camden, in his 1607 edition of Britannia, described Devon as being one part of an older, wider country that once included Cornwall:


The term "Devon" is normally used for everyday purposes e.g. "Devon County Council" but "Devonshire" continues to be used in the names of the "Devonshire and Dorset Regiment" and "The Devonshire Association". One erroneous theory is that the "shire" suffix is due to a mistake in the making of the original letters patent for the Duke of Devonshire, resident in Derbyshire. However, there are references to "Defenascire" in Anglo-Saxon texts from before 1000 AD (this would mean "Shire of the Devonians"), which translates to modern English as "Devonshire". The term Devonshire may have originated around the 8th century, when it changed from Dumnonia (Latin) to Defenascir.

Human occupation

Kents Cavern in Torquay had produced human remains from 30–40,000 years ago. Dartmoor is thought to have been occupied by Mesolithic hunter-gatherer peoples from about 6000 BC. The Romans held the area under military occupation for around 350 years. Later, the area began to experience Saxon incursions from the east around 600 AD, firstly as small bands of settlers along the coasts of Lyme Bay and southern estuaries and later as more organised bands pushing in from the east. Devon became a frontier between Brittonic Dumnonia and Anglo-Saxon Wessex, and it was largely absorbed into Wessex by the mid 9th century. The border with Cornwall was set by King Æthelstan on the east bank of the River Tamar in 936 AD. Danish raids also occurred sporadically along many coastal parts of Devon between around 800AD and just before the time of the Norman conquest, including at Taintona (a settlement on the Teign estuary) in 1001.

Devon has also featured in most of the civil conflicts in England since the Norman conquest, including the Wars of the Roses, Perkin Warbeck's rising in 1497, the Prayer Book Rebellion of 1549, and the English Civil War. The arrival of William of Orange to launch the Glorious Revolution of 1688 took place at Brixham.

Devon has produced tin, copper and other metals from ancient times. Devon's tin miners enjoyed a substantial degree of independence through Devon's Stannary Parliament, which dates back to the 12th century. The last recorded sitting was in 1748.

Governance

Over time, the county of Devon, like most counties in England, has been divided into sections in four different ways. The first divisions were called hundreds and existed well into the 19th century. Each hundred included a number of parishes. Many parishes were divided into chapelries and [[wikipedia:township|townships. The township appears to be less prevalent in Devon than in other counties. Hundreds were basically a civil means of division, but the parishes within them were ecclesiastical parishes.

Hundreds

Historically Devon was divided into 32 hundreds:

  1. Axminster
  2. Bampton,
  3. Black Torrington
  4. Braunton
  5. Cliston
  6. Coleridge
  7. Colyton
  8. Crediton
  9. East Budleigh
  10. Ermington
  11. Exminster
  12. Fremington
  13. Halberton
  14. Hartland
  15. Hayridge
  16. Haytor
  17. Hemyock
  18. Lifton
  19. North Tawton and Winkleigh
  20. Ottery
  21. Plympton
  22. Roborough
  23. Shebbear
  24. Shirwell
  25. South Molton
  26. Stanborough
  27. Tavistock
  28. Teignbridge
  29. Tiverton
  30. West Budleigh
  31. Witheridge
  32. Wonford

Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts

These began to be established around 1837 when the system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths was introduced. The Registration Districts and (Sub Registration Districts) established where people were to go to advise the authorities that one of these events had occurred. The Registration Districts were also responsible for the censuses which occurred every ten years from 1841. The Poor Law Unions were unions of parishes responsible for caring for the destitute of an area, with the most distressed being brought together in workhouses. In 1866 national legislation established the civil parish structure.

Boroughs, Urban Districts and Rural Districts

Municipal boroughs had existed in some conurbations since the 1830s. Over the remainder of the 19th century they increased in number. County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in England to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control. There was a minimum population size of 50,000 for a county borough.

In 1894 the part of the country outside of boroughs was divided up into urban and rural district councils. Most urban districts were made up of only one civil parish (though two adjoining parishes sometimes merged to make one urban district), a rural district included, for the most part, a number of small civil parishes. The Poor Law Unions were gradually abolished as the urban and rural districts came into being. Registration district boundaries were redrawn as population densities changed. During the 1930s many changes occurred in the makeup of both urban and rural districts.

The Modern District

In 1974 boroughs, urban districts and rural districts were all abolished and counties were re-divided into non-metropolitan and metropolitan districts. Some counties, but not Devon, were divided into smaller counties. This was made possible by changes in technology and communication over the previous century. It was more possible to contact another person living miles away and to provide local governmental services to a much larger area. Whereas Devon had 32 hundreds at the beginning of the 19th century, by the end of the 20th century it had ten non-metropolitan districts and unitary authorities.

Research Tips


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