Place:Devon, England

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NameDevon
Alt namesDEVsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Devonshiresource: Stroud, Sir John Soane (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates50.733°N 3.817°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Area
Dartmoor
Borough (county)
Devonport
Exeter ( - 1974 )
Plymouth
Torbay ( 1968 - )
Borough (municipal)
Barnstaple
Bideford
Dartmouth
Devonport
Great Torrington
Honiton
Okehampton ( 500 - )
South Molton
Tiverton
Torquay
Totnes
Civil parish
Bickington
Bridgerule
Combpyne
Crediton Hamlets
Haccombe-with-Combe ( 1885 - 1901 )
Holsworthy
Kerswells
Laira Green
North Petherwin ( 1844 - 1966 )
Northcott ( 1844 - 1966 )
Poughill
Sandford
Satterleigh and Warkleigh ( 1894 - )
Seaton and Beer ( - 1894 )
Sherwood Villa ( 1858 - 1894 )
St. Budeaux
St. Giles-on-the-Heath
Stokeinteignhead
Virginstow
Werrington ( 1844 - 1966 )
Weston Peverell
County town
Exeter ( - 1974 )
District municipality
East Devon District ( 1974 - )
Exeter District ( 1974 - )
Mid Devon District ( 1974 - )
North Devon District ( 1974 - )
South Hams District ( 1974 - )
Teignbridge District ( 1974 - )
Torridge District ( 1974 - )
West Devon District ( 1974 - )
Former parish
Charles (South Molton)
Haccombe ( 1885 - )
Knowstone
Newton Ferrers ( - 1935 )
Revelstoke ( - 1935 )
St. Petrox ( - 1835 )
St. Saviour ( - 1835 )
Townstall ( - 1835 )
Former village
St. Sidwells
Hamlet
Alfington
Charles (South Molton)
Clayhanger
Countisbury
Fairmile
Harford
Knowstone
Landcross
Metcombe
Poughill
Sherwood Villa ( 1858 - 1894 )
Tipton St. John
Wiggaton
Hundred
Axminster Hundred
Bampton Hundred
Black Torrington Hundred
Braunton Hundred
Cliston Hundred
Coleridge Hundred
Colyton Hundred
Crediton Hundred
East Budleigh Hundred
Ermington Hundred
Exminster Hundred
Fremington Hundred
Halberton Hundred
Hartland Hundred
Hayridge Hundred
Haytor Hundred
Hemyock Hundred
Lifton Hundred
North Tawton and Winkleigh Hundred
Ottery St. Mary Hundred
Plympton Hundred
Roborough Hundred
Shebbear Hundred
Shirwell Hundred
South Molton Hundred
Stanborough Hundred
Tavistock Hundred
Teignbridge Hundred
Tiverton Hundred
West Budleigh Hundred
Witheridge Hundred
Wonford Hundred
Inhabited place
Abbey
Abbots Bickington
Abbotskerswell
Abbotsleigh
Accott
Ackworthy
Adworthy
Afton
Aish
Aller
Allisland
Almistone Cross
Appledore (near Northam)
Ash Barton
Ash Thomas
Ashburton
Ashford
Ashleigh
Ashmansworthy
Ashprington
Aunk
Aveton Gifford
Axminster ( 1844 - )
Aylesbeare
Babbacombe
Bagton
Bampton
Bantham Cross
Barnstaple
Batson
Battisborough Cross
Battle Ford
Beaford
Beara Charter Barton
Beer
Belstone
Benton
Bere Alston
Bere Ferrers
Berry Pomeroy
Bickington
Bickleigh (near Plymouth)
Bickleton
Bideford
Black Torrington
Blackborough
Blagrove
Blaxton
Boasley Cross
Bolberry
Bolham Water
Bolham
Bovey Tracey
Bradaford
Bradninch
Bradwell
Braunton
Brayford
Bridford
Bridgetown
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Brixton
Broad Clyst
Broadhempston
Buck's Cross
Buckfast
Buckfastleigh
Buckland Monachorum
Buckland
Buckland-Tout-Saints
Buckland-in-the-Moor
Budleigh Salterton
Burn
Butterleigh
Cadbury
Chagford
Chardstock ( 1896 - )
Chawleigh
Cheriton
Chettiscombe
Chevithorne
Chichacott
Chilcombe
Chillington
Chitterley
Christow
Chudleigh Knighton
Chudleigh
Chudley Knighton
Churston Ferrers ( 1998 - )
Clifford
Clovelly
Clyst Hydon
Cockington
Coffinswell
Coldridge
Colebrooke
Coleton
Collaton
Colscott
Columbjohn
Colyton
Combe Fishacre
Combe Martin
Combe Pafford
Combe Raleigh
Combe
Comboyne
Cookbury Wick
Coombe
Copplestone
Crediton ( 100 - )
Crockernwell
Crownhill Down
Cruwys Morchard
Cullompton
Curtisknowle
Dartington
Dawlish
Denbury
Digby
Doddiscombleigh
Dodscott
Dolton
Down Thomas
Downicary
Drayford
Dunstone
East Ash
East Buckland
East Charleton
East Stonehouse
Eastleigh
Exbourne
Exeter ( - 1974 )
Exminster
Exmouth
Exwick
Ford (near Kingsbridge)
Fremington
Furze
Galmpton
Gappah
George Nympton
Great Barlington
Great Torrington
Hagginton Hill
Halberton
Harbourneford
Hartland
Hatherleigh
Hele
Hemyock
Henford
Highampton
Higher Aylescott
Higher Cheriton
Higher Warcombe
Hockworthy
Holcombe
Hole
Honeychurch
Honicknowle
Honiton
Horrabridge
Horwood
Huntshaw
Ide
Ilfracombe
Ingleigh Green
Inwardleigh
Ipplepen
Ivybridge
Kelly
Kenton
Kerswells
Killerton
Killington
Kimworthy
Kingsbridge
Kingskerswell
Kingswear
Langford
Langstone
Langtree
Larkbeare
Liddaton
Lincombe
Little Torrington
Littlehempston
Lobb
Lower Ashton
Lower Aylescott
Lower Cheriton
Lower Tale
Ludbrook
Luppitt
Lupridge
Lydford
Lympstone
Lynmouth
Lynton
Mackham
Manadon
Marldon
Mary Tavy
Membland
Middle Barlington
Middle Rocombe
Middlecott
Milford
Monkleigh
Monkokehampton
Morebath
Moreton Hampstead
Morwellham
Newton Abbot
Newton Ferrers ( - 1935 )
Newton St. Cyres
North Aller
North Buckland
North Petherwin ( 1844 - 1966 )
North Tawton
Northam
Oak Cross
Okehampton ( 500 - )
Orchard Hill
Ottery St. Mary
Paignton ( 1998 - )
Peters Marland
Plymtree
Polsloe
Ponsford
Popham
Postbridge
Princetown
Rawridge
Riddlecombe
Salcombe
Sampford Courtenay ( 1000 - )
Sandford
Satterleigh
Saunton
Seaton
Shebbear
Sidmouth
Sigford
Silverton
Smallridge
Soar
Sorley
South Aller
South Allington
South Bray
South Molton
South Tawton
South Zeal
Sowton
Spriddlestone
St. Giles-on-the-Heath
Starcross
Staverton
Stoke Fleming
Stokeinteignhead
Strete Ralegh
Taddiport
Talaton
Tavistock
Tawstock
Teignmouth
Thornbury
Thorncombe ( - 1844 )
Tillislow
Tiverton
Topsham
Torbryan
Torquay
Totnes
Umberleigh
Up Exe
Upottery
Upper Ashton
Walkhampton
Washbourne
Washford Pyne
Watcombe
West Ash
West Backstone
West Charleton
West Hill
West Panson
Westward Ho!
Weycroft
Whiddon Down
Whipton
Whitchurch
Whitford
Whitleigh
Whitnage
Wilmington
Winkleigh
Winsham
Winswell
Wolborough
Woodbury
Woodford
Woolacombe
Woolfardisworthy (Torridge)
Worlington
Wyke Green
Yarcombe
Yealmpton
Yelland
Yelverton
Island
Lundy Island
Parish
Abbots Bickington
Abbotsham
Alphington
Alverdiscott
Alwington
Arlington
Ashbury
Ashcombe
Ashreigney
Ashton
Ashwater
Atherington
Aveton Gifford
Awliscombe
Axminster Hamlets ( 1915 - 1953 )
Axmouth
Beaworthy
Bere Ferrers
Berrynarbor
Bickleigh (near Plymouth)
Bickleigh (near Tiverton)
Bicton
Bigbury
Bishop's Tawton
Bishops Nympton
Bishopsteignton
Bittadon
Black Torrington
Blackawton
Bondleigh
Bovey Tracey
Bow
Bradford
Bradninch
Bradstone
Bradworthy
Brampford Speke
Branscombe
Bratton Clovelly
Bratton Fleming
Braunton
Brendon
Brentor
Bridestowe
Bridford
Bridgerule East ( - 1950 )
Bridgerule West ( 1844 - 1950 )
Brixton
Broad Nymet
Broadhembury
Broadwood Kelly
Broadwoodwidger
Brushford
Buckerell
Buckland Brewer
Buckland Filleigh
Buckland Monachorum
Bulkworthy
Burlescombe
Burrington
Cadeleigh
Calverleigh
Chagford
Challacombe
Charleton
Chawleigh
Cheldon
Chelson Meadow
Cheriton Bishop
Cheriton Fitzpaine
Chittlehampton
Chivelstone
Christow
Chudleigh
Chulmleigh
Churchstanton
Churchstow
Clannaborough
Clawton
Clayhanger
Clayhidon
Clovelly
Clyst Honiton
Clyst St. George
Clyst St. Lawrence
Clyst St. Mary
Colaton Raleigh
Colebrooke
Colyton
Combeinteignhead
Combpyne Rousdon
Compton Gifford
Cookbury
Cornwood
Cornworthy
Coryton
Cotleigh
Countisbury
Creacombe
Cullompton
Culmstock
Dalwood ( 1844 - )
Dean Prior
Diptford
Dittisham
Dodbrooke
Doddiscombsleigh
Dolton
Dotton
Dowland
Down St. Mary
Drewsteignton
Dunchideock
Dunkeswell
Dunsford
Dunterton
East Allington
East Anstey
East Budleigh
East Down
East Ogwell
East Portlemouth
East Putford
East Worlington
Egg Buckland
Eggesford
Ermington
Exminster
Farringdon
Farway
Feniton
Filleigh
Fremington
Frithelstock
Georgeham
Germansweek
Gidleigh
Gittisham
Goodleigh
Halberton
Halwell
Halwill
Harberton
Harford
Harpford
Hartland
Hatherleigh
Hawkchurch ( 1896 - )
Heanton Punchardon
Hemyock
Hennock
High Bickington
High Bray
Highley St. Mary
Highweek
Hittisleigh
Holbeton
Holcombe Burnell
Holcombe Rogus
Hollacombe
Holne
Holsworthy Hamlets ( 1900 - )
Huish
Huntsham
Huxham
Iddesleigh
Ide
Ideford
Ilsington
Instow
Jacobstowe
Kelly
Kenn
Kennerleigh
Kentisbeare
Kentisbury
Kilmington
Kings Nympton
Kingsteignton
Kingston
Lamerton
Landcross
Landkey
Langtree
Lapford
Lewtrenchard
Lifton
Little Torrington
Littleham (near Exmouth)
Littleham
Loddiswell
Loxbeare
Loxhore
Luffincott
Lundy Island
Lustleigh
Lydford
Lympstone
Lynton
Malborough
Mamhead
Manaton
Mariansleigh
Martinhoe
Marwood
Mary Tavy
Marystow
Meavy
Meeth
Membury
Merton
Meshaw
Milton Abbot
Milton Damerel
Modbury
Molland
Monkleigh
Monkton
Morchard Bishop
Moreleigh
Moreton Hampstead
Mortehoe
Musbury
Nether Exe
Newton Poppleford
Newton St. Petrock
Newton Tracey
Newton and Noss ( 1935 - )
North Bovey
North Huish
North Molton
North Tamerton
North Tawton
Northleigh
Northlew
Nymet Rowland
Oakford
Offwell
Okehampton Hamlets ( 1894 - )
Otterton
Pancrasweek
Parkham
Parracombe
Payhembury
Peter Tavy
Peters Marland
Petrockstowe
Pilton
Pinhoe
Plympton St. Mary
Plympton St. Maurice
Plymstock
Plymtree
Poltimore
Powderham
Puddington
Pyworthy
Rackenford
Rattery
Rewe
Ringmore
Roborough
Rockbeare
Romansleigh
Rose Ash
Rousdon
Salcombe Regis
Sampford Courtenay ( 1000 - )
Sampford Peverell
Sampford Spiney
Shaugh Prior
Sheepstor
Sheepwash
Sheldon
Sherford
Shillingford St. George
Shirwell
Shobrooke
Shute
Sidbury
Silverton
Slapton
Sourton
South Brent
South Huish
South Milton
South Pool
South Tawton
Southleigh
Spreyton
St. Giles-in-the-Wood
St. Leonard
St. Mary Arches
St. Marychurch
St. Nicholas
St. Sidwells
St. Thomas-the-Apostle ( - 1900 )
Stockland ( 1844 - )
Stockleigh English
Stockleigh Pomeroy
Stoke Canon
Stoke Damerel
Stoke Gabriel
Stoke Rivers
Stokenham
Stoodleigh
Stowford
Sutcombe
Swimbridge
Sydenham Damerel
Talaton
Tamerton Foliot
Tedburn St. Mary
Teigngrace
Templeton
Tetcott
Thelbridge
Thorncombe ( - 1844 )
Thorverton
Throwleigh
Thrushelton
Thurlestone
Topsham
Tormoham
Torrington
Trentishoe
Trusham
Twitchen
Uffculme
Ugborough
Uplowman
Uplyme
Upton Helions
Upton Hellions
Upton Pyne
Venn Ottery
Warkleigh
Washfield
Weare Giffard
Wellcombe
Wembury
Wembworthy
West Alvington
West Anstey
West Buckland
West Down
West Ogwell
West Pilton ( 1894 - )
West Putford
West Worlington
Westleigh (near Bideford)
Whimple
Whitestone
Widecombe-in-the-Moor
Widworthy
Willand
Witheridge
Withycombe Raleigh
Woodbury
Woodleigh
Woolfardisworthy (Torridge)
Woolfardisworthy (near Crediton)
Yarnscombe
Yealmpton
Zeal Monachorum
Registration district
Axminster Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Barnstaple Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Bideford Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Crediton Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Devon Central Registration District ( 1936 - 1974 )
Devon Registration District ( 2007 - )
Devonport Registration District ( 1898 - 1937 )
East Devon Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
East Stonehouse Registration District ( 1837 - 1937 )
Exeter Registration District ( 1837 - 2007 )
Holsworthy Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Honiton Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Kingsbridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Mid Devon Registration District ( 1978 - 2007 )
Newton Abbot Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
North Devon Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Okehampton Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Plymouth Registration District ( 1837 - )
Plympton Registration District ( 1936 - 1974 )
Plympton St. Mary Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
South Hams Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
South Molton Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
St. Thomas Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Stoke Damerel Registration District ( 1837 - 1898 )
Tavistock Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Teignbridge Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Tiverton Registration District ( 1837 - 1978 )
Torbay Registration District ( 1968 - )
Torridge Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Torrington Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Totnes Registration District ( 1837 - 1968 )
West Devon Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Rural district
Axminster Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Barnstaple Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bideford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Broadwoodwidger Rural ( 1894 - 1966 )
Crediton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Culmstock Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Holsworthy Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Honiton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Kingsbridge Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Newton Abbot Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Okehampton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Plympton St. Mary Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
South Molton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
St. Thomas Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tavistock Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tiverton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Torrington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Totnes Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Settlement
Queens Nympton
Suburb
Cockington
Compton Gifford
East Stonehouse
Heavitree
Pilton
Plympton St. Mary
St. Budeaux
St. Marychurch
Unitary authority
Torbay ( 1968 - )
Unknown
Brooking
Cofton
Combinteignhead
Combrawleigh
Constantine
Cove
Lettleham
Loosebeare
Lympston
Mariston
Marland-Peters
Newport
Petton
Roosdown
Saint Thomas
Shaldon
South Normanton
Sticklepath
Torcross
Woodland
Urban district
Ashburton
Axminster ( 1844 - )
Bampton
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Buckfastleigh
Budleigh Salterton
Cockington
Crediton ( 100 - )
Dawlish
East Stonehouse
Exmouth
Heavitree
Holsworthy
Ilfracombe
Ivybridge
Kingsbridge
Lynton
Newton Abbot
Northam
Ottery St. Mary
Salcombe
Sidmouth
St. Marychurch
St. Thomas-the-Apostle ( - 1900 )
Tavistock
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Devon (historically also known as Devonshire) is a county in the southwest of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the northeast, and Dorset to the east. In its entirety, including sections which are unitary authorities or near unitary authorities, its area is 6,707 km2 (2,590 square miles), and its population is about 1.1 million.

The City of Exeter is the county town; seven other districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, and West Devon are under the jurisdiction of Devon County Council; the large conurbations of Plymouth and Torbay are each a part of Devon but administered as unitary authorities although Torbay is considered to be a county in its own right. Image:Devon districts titled.png

Devon derives its name from Dumnonia, which, during the British Iron Age and Roman Britain, was the homeland of the Dumnonii Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England thereafter.

Geographically, Devon is the only county of England to have non-continuous stretches of coastline to both the north and south. Both coastlines include both cliffs and sandy shores; Devon's bays have historically contained ports, fishing towns and seaside resorts. The county's inland terrain is rural, generally hilly, and has a low population density in comparison to many other parts of England. Dartmoor, the largest open space in southern England at 954 km2 (368 square miles), is covered with wide moorland and underlying granite geology; to its north are the Culm measures and Exmoor. In the valleys and lowlands of south and east Devon the soil is more fertile, traversed by rivers such as the Exe, the Culm, the Dart, and the Otter.

Today the economy of Devon is linked closely with tourism. The comparatively mild climate, coastline and landscape give rise to Devon as a destination for recreation and leisure in England, with visitors particularly attracted to the Dartmoor and Exmoor national parks; the coasts of north, south and east Devon which include the resort towns along the south coast known collectively as the English Riviera, the Jurassic Coast, and North Devon's UNESCO Biosphere Reserve; and the countryside including the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Toponymy

The name Devon derives from the name of the Britons who inhabited the southwestern peninsula of Britain at the time of the Roman conquest of Britain known as the Dumnonii, thought to mean "deep valley dwellers" from proto Celtic *dubnos 'deep'. In the Brittonic, Devon is known as , and , each meaning "deep valleys." (For an account of Celtic Dumnonia, see the separate article.)

William Camden, in his 1607 edition of Britannia, described Devon as being one part of an older, wider country that once included Cornwall:


The term "Devon" is normally used for everyday purposes e.g. "Devon County Council" but "Devonshire" continues to be used in the names of the "Devonshire and Dorset Regiment" and "The Devonshire Association". One erroneous theory is that the "shire" suffix is due to a mistake in the making of the original letters patent for the Duke of Devonshire, resident in Derbyshire. However, there are references to "Defenascire" in Anglo-Saxon texts from before 1000 AD (this would mean "Shire of the Devonians"), which translates to modern English as "Devonshire". The term Devonshire may have originated around the 8th century, when it changed from Dumnonia (Latin) to Defenascir.

Human occupation

Kents Cavern in Torquay had produced human remains from 30–40,000 years ago. Dartmoor is thought to have been occupied by Mesolithic hunter-gatherer peoples from about 6000 BC. The Romans held the area under military occupation for around 350 years. Later, the area began to experience Saxon incursions from the east around 600 AD, firstly as small bands of settlers along the coasts of Lyme Bay and southern estuaries and later as more organised bands pushing in from the east. Devon became a frontier between Brittonic and Anglo-Saxon Wessex, and it was largely absorbed into Wessex by the mid 9th century. The border with Cornwall was set by King Æthelstan on the east bank of the River Tamar in 936 AD. Danish raids also occurred sporadically along many coastal parts of Devon between around 800AD and just before the time of the Norman conquest, including the silver mint at Hlidaforda Lydford in 997 and Taintona (a settlement on the Teign estuary) in 1001.

Devon has also featured in most of the civil conflicts in England since the Norman conquest, including the Wars of the Roses, Perkin Warbeck's rising in 1497, the Prayer Book Rebellion of 1549, and the English Civil War. The arrival of William of Orange to launch the Glorious Revolution of 1688 took place at Brixham.

Devon has produced tin, copper and other metals from ancient times. Devon's tin miners enjoyed a substantial degree of independence through Devon's Stannary Parliament, which dates back to the 12th century. The last recorded sitting was in 1748.

Governance

Over time, the county of Devon, like most counties in England, has been divided into sections in four different ways. The first divisions were called hundreds and existed well into the 19th century. Each hundred included a number of parishes. Many parishes were divided into chapelries and [[wikipedia:township|townships. The township appears to be less prevalent in Devon than in other counties. Hundreds were basically a civil means of division, but the parishes within them were ecclesiastical parishes.

Hundreds

Historically Devon was divided into 32 hundreds which are listed on the column on the right.

Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts

These began to be established around 1837 when the system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths was introduced. The Registration Districts and (Sub Registration Districts) established where people were to go to advise the authorities that one of these events had occurred. The Registration Districts were also responsible for the censuses which occurred every ten years from 1841. The Poor Law Unions were unions of parishes responsible for caring for the destitute of an area, with the most distressed being brought together in workhouses. In 1866 national legislation established the civil parish structure.

Boroughs, Urban Districts and Rural Districts

Municipal boroughs had existed in some conurbations since the 1830s. Over the remainder of the 19th century they increased in number. County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in England to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control. There was a minimum population size of 50,000 for a county borough.

In 1894 the part of the country outside of boroughs was divided up into urban and rural district councils. Most urban districts were made up of only one civil parish (though two adjoining parishes sometimes merged to make one urban district), a rural district included, for the most part, a number of small civil parishes. The Poor Law Unions were gradually abolished as the urban and rural districts came into being. Registration district boundaries were redrawn as population densities changed. During the 1930s many changes occurred in the makeup of both urban and rural districts.

The Modern Districts

In 1974 boroughs, urban districts and rural districts were all abolished and counties were re-divided into non-metropolitan and metropolitan districts. Some counties, but not Devon, were divided into smaller counties. This was made possible by changes in technology and communication over the previous century. It was more possible to contact another person living miles away and to provide local governmental services to a much larger area. Whereas Devon had 32 hundreds at the beginning of the 19th century, by the end of the 20th century it had ten non-metropolitan districts and unitary authorities.

Research Tips

  • Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales - Revised: Devonshire Northand Devonshire South illustrate the parish boundaries of Devon when rural districts were still in existence. The maps publication year is 1931. The maps blow up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets. These maps are now downloadable for personal use.
  • GENUKI has a new map feature on its individual Devon parish pages. Each parish page includes an outline map of parishes in the region of the one under inspection. By clicking on this map the user is taken to a blow-up of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file] provided by R. J. P. Kain and R. R. Oliver of the History Data Service of Colchester, Essex (distributed by UK Data Archive).
  • Devon County Council's Record Offices and Local Studies Libraries are being reorganized and amalgamated to form the Devon Heritage Services, comprising the Devon Heritage Centre (Exeter) and the North Devon Record Office (Barnstaple). These developments, which are described in Historical Records: A New Future for Devon's Heritage, do not affect the other major Devon archive, the Plymouth & West Devon Record Office, or the Local Studies Library, which are located in Plymouth and come under the Plymouth City Council. (Devon FHS report that Plymouth Record Office has just aquired new premises.) There is a guide entitled Which heritage centre or record office should I visit? which is provided to explain the organization further.
  • Devon Family History Society Mailing address: PO Box 9, Exeter, EX2 6YP, United Kingdom. Specialized contacts for membership, publications, queries, etc. The society has branches in various parts of the county. It is the largest Family History Society in the United Kingdom.
  • Devon has a Online Parish Clerk (OPC) Project. Only about half of the parishes have a volunteer contributing local data. For more information, consult the website, especially the list at the bottom of the homepage.
  • GENUKI makes a great many suggestions as to other websites with worthwhile information about Devon as well as leading to a collection of 19th century descriptions of each of the ecclesiastical parishes. Devon is one of the counties on the GENUKI website that has recently (summer 2015) been updated. The maps described above are just one of the innovations.
  • The FamilySearch Wiki provides a similar information service to GENUKI which may be more up-to-date. An index of parishes leads to notes and references for each parish.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time has
  1. organization charts of the hierarchies of parishes within hundreds, registration districts and rural and urban districts of the 20th century
  2. excerpts from a gazetteer of circa 1870 outlining individual towns and parishes
  3. reviews of population through the time period 1800-1960
  • More local sources can often be found by referring to "What Links Here" in the column on the left.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Devon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.