- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
- the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia
Bittadon is a village, civil parish and former manor in the North Devon District of Devon, England. Before 1974 it was in the Barnstaple Rural District. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 45. The village is about seven miles north of Barnstaple.
Descent of the manor
During the reign of King John (1199-1216) the manor was held by the de Bittadon family, which took its surname from the manor. They remained seated there for six generations. The later descent of this family was as follows:
- Richard de Bittadon (fl.1242)
- Walter de Bittadon (fl.1295)
- John I de Bittadon (fl.1314)
- John II de Bittadon (fl.1345)
The Lovering family next acquired Bittadon, by means unknown. John Lovering held it during the reign of King Henry VI (1422-1461) and Thomas Lovering held it during the reign of King Henry VII (1485-1509). A possible descendant of this family was John I Lovering (died 1675) of Huxhill in the parish of Weare Giffard, and of Hudscott, Chittlehampton, a merchant.
The Luttrell family purchased Bittadon following the tenure of the Loverings. This was a junior branch of the Luttrells of Dunster Castle in Somerset, and also held in the 17th century the nearby Devonshire manor of Saunton, purchased from Arthur Chichester, 1st Baron Chichester (1563-1625), a younger son of the Chichester family of Raleigh, Pilton, near Barnstaple.
In about 1635 Bittadon was held by the Chichester family, the senior branch of which was seated at Raleigh, Pilton, near Barnstaple.
The Pointz family of Northcote, Bittadon, was a junior branch of the ancient and prominent Norman family of Poyntz, feudal barons of Curry Mallet in Somerset and later of Iron Acton in Gloucestershire. Little is known about the Pointz family of Devon. In the 16th century Edward Pointz, "son and heir of Richard Pointz" married Margaret Chichester, a daughter of Amias Chichester (1527-1577) of Arlington in North Devon, by his wife Jane Gifford. It is not recorded where Edward Pointz resided. A mural monument survives in Bittadon Church of a later Edward Pointz (d.1691). and shows the arms of Poyntz of Iron Acton, Barry of eight or and gules, and the Poyntz canting crest of a clenched fist (French: poing). The Pointz arms were later quartered by the Barbor family of Fremington, as is visible on several funeral hatchments in Fremington Church.
The Barbor family originated at Upcott in Somerset.
- William I Barbor, an eminent physician educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, was the first of the family to settle at Barnstaple. He married the daughter and heiress of the Pointz family of Northcote. It is not known whether the Barbors lived at Northcote, but certainly William I's son moved to Fremington House, near Barnstaple, having married the heiress of Fremington.
- William II Barbor (1723-1800), son and heir. He attended school at Barnstaple under Mr Lucke for six years, then attended Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, as had done his father and his brother John. He married in 1748 Susanna Acland, heiress of Fremington and other estates.
- George Barbor (1756-1817), youngest surviving brother and heir. His other two brothers were Richard Barbor, a captain in the British army who fought in the American War of Independence and died in Pennsylvania at the Battle of Brandywine in 1777; and Arthur Barbor, Chaplain to the East India Company, who died in India. George also owned the estate of Croscombe in the parish of Martinhoe, Devon. He served in the army of the East India Company in India and in 1810 held the rank of Major. He married (as his second wife) Jane Jeffreys (1779-1845), eldest daughter of Gabriel Jeffreys of Swansea, Wales, who survived him and died at nearby Raleigh House, Pilton, as is recorded by her mural monument in St Peter's Church, Fremington.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Bittadon. The remainder of the article explains the heraldic shields on the church at Fremington. References are given in Wikipedia.
- Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales - Revised: Devonshire Northand Devonshire South illustrate the parish boundaries of Devon when rural districts were still in existence. The maps publication year is 1931. The maps blow up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets. These maps are now downloadable for personal use.
- GENUKI has a new map feature on its individual Devon parish pages. Each parish page includes an outline map of parishes in the region of the one under inspection. By clicking on this map the user is taken to a blow-up of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file] provided by R. J. P. Kain and R. R. Oliver of the History Data Service of Colchester, Essex (distributed by UK Data Archive).
- Devon County Council's Record Offices and Local Studies Libraries are being reorganized and amalgamated to form the Devon Heritage Services, comprising the Devon Heritage Centre (Exeter) and the North Devon Record Office (Barnstaple). These developments, which are described in Historical Records: A New Future for Devon's Heritage, do not affect the other major Devon archive, the Plymouth & West Devon Record Office, or the Local Studies Library, which are located in Plymouth and come under the Plymouth City Council. (Devon FHS report that Plymouth Record Office has just aquired new premises.) There is a guide entitled Which heritage centre or record office should I visit? which is provided to explain the organization further.
- Devon Family History Society Mailing address: PO Box 9, Exeter, EX2 6YP, United Kingdom. Specialized contacts for membership, publications, queries, etc. The society has branches in various parts of the county. It is the largest Family History Society in the United Kingdom.
- Devon has a Online Parish Clerk (OPC) Project. Only about half of the parishes have a volunteer contributing local data. For more information, consult the website, especially the list at the bottom of the homepage.
- GENUKI makes a great many suggestions as to other websites with worthwhile information about Devon as well as leading to a collection of 19th century descriptions of each of the ecclesiastical parishes. Devon is one of the counties on the GENUKI website that has recently (summer 2015) been updated. The maps described above are just one of the innovations.
- The FamilySearch Wiki provides a similar information service to GENUKI which may be more up-to-date. An index of parishes leads to notes and references for each parish.
- A Vision of Britain through Time has
- organization charts of the hierarchies of parishes within hundreds, registration districts and rural and urban districts of the 20th century
- excerpts from a gazetteer of circa 1870 outlining individual towns and parishes
- reviews of population through the time period 1800-1960
- More local sources can often be found by referring to "What Links Here" in the column on the left.