Place:Devon, England

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NameDevon
Alt namesDEVsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Devonshiresource: Stroud, Sir John Soane (1984); Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates50.733°N 3.817°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Area
Dartmoor
Borough
Newton Abbot
Borough (county)
Devonport
Exeter ( - 1974 )
Plymouth
Torbay ( 1968 - )
Borough (municipal)
Barnstaple
Bideford
Dartmouth ( 1835 - )
Devonport
Great Torrington
Honiton
Okehampton ( 500 - )
South Molton
Tiverton
Torquay
Totnes
Cemetery
Exeter St. Peter
St Peter Churchyard
St Petrock Churchyard
Chapelry
Beer
Buckland Tout Saints
Buckland in the Moor
Churston Ferrers
Coffinswell
Compton Gifford
Cookbury
Dartmouth St. Petrox ( - 1835 )
Dartmouth St. Saviour ( - 1835 )
East Stonehouse
Exeter Holy Trinity
Exeter St. David
Exeter St. Sidwell
Harpford ( - 1968 )
Highweek
Kennerleigh
Kilmington
Kingskerswell ( - 1935 )
Kingston
Kingswear
Malborough
Marldon
Membury
Nether Exe
Newton Poppleford ( - 1968 )
Sampford Spiney
Sandford
Sheepstor
Sherford
Shute
South Huish
South Milton
St. Budeaux
Strete
Venn Ottery ( - 1935 )
Weston Peverell
Withycombe Raleigh
Woodland
Civil parish
Abbots Bickington
Abbotskerswell ( - 1935 )
Alphington (by Exeter)
Ashburton
Ashbury
Ashcombe
Ashford
Ashprington
Ashton
Ashwater
Aveton Gifford
Axminster ( 1844 - )
Axmouth
Aylesbeare
Bampton
Barnstaple
Beaworthy
Beer
Belstone
Bere Ferrers
Berry Pomeroy
Berrynarbor
Bickington
Bickleigh (near Plymouth)
Bicton
Bigbury
Bishopsteignton
Bittadon
Black Torrington
Blackawton
Bovey Tracey
Bradford
Brampford Speke
Branscombe
Bratton Fleming
Braunton
Bridford
Bridgerule East ( 1866 - 1950 )
Bridgerule West ( 1844 - 1950 )
Bridgerule
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Broad Clyst
Broadhempston
Broadwood Kelly
Buckfastleigh
Buckland Monachorum
Buckland Tout Saints
Buckland in the Moor
Burlescombe
Butterleigh
Chagford
Charleton
Cheriton Bishop
Chivelstone
Christow
Chudleigh
Churston Ferrers
Clawton
Clayhanger
Clayhidon
Clyst Honiton
Clyst Hydon
Clyst St. George
Clyst St. Lawrence
Clyst St. Mary
Cockington
Coffinswell
Colaton Raleigh
Colebrooke
Colyton
Combe Martin
Combe Raleigh
Combeinteignhead
Combpyne
Compton Gifford
Cookbury
Cornwood
Cornworthy
Cotleigh
Crediton Hamlets
Crediton
Dalwood ( 1844 - )
Dartmouth St. Petrox ( - 1835 )
Dartmouth St. Saviour ( - 1835 )
Dartmouth Townstall
Dartmouth ( 1835 - )
Dawlish
Devonport
Dittisham
Dodbrooke
Doddiscombsleigh
Dotton ( - 1894 )
Dunchideock
Dunsford
East Buckland
East Budleigh
East Down
East Ogwell ( - 1894 )
East Pilton
East Portlemouth
East Stonehouse
Egg Buckland
Ermington
Exbourne
Exeter All Hallows on the Walls
Exeter Allhallows Goldsmith Street
Exeter Holy Trinity
Exeter St. David
Exeter St. Edmund
Exeter St. George the Martyr
Exeter St. John
Exeter St. Kerrian
Exeter St. Lawrence
Exeter St. Martin
Exeter St. Mary Arches
Exeter St. Mary Major
Exeter St. Mary Steps
Exeter St. Olave
Exeter St. Pancras
Exeter St. Paul
Exeter St. Petrock
Exeter St. Sidwell
Exeter St. Stephen
Exminster
Farringdon
Farway
Filleigh
Fremington
Georgeham
Gittisham
Goodleigh
Haccombe with Combe ( 1885 - 1901 )
Halwell
Halwill
Harberton
Harford
Harpford ( - 1968 )
Hatherleigh
Heanton Punchardon
Heavitree
Hennock
Highampton
Highweek
Hockworthy
Holbeton
Holcombe Burnell
Holcombe Rogus
Holsworthy
Honeychurch
Honiton
Huxham
Ide
Ideford
Ilfracombe
Ilsington
Inwardleigh
Ipplepen
Jacobstowe
Kenn
Kennerleigh
Kentisbeare
Kentisbury
Kenton
Kerswells
Kilmington
Kingsbridge
Kingskerswell ( - 1935 )
Kingsteignton
Kingston
Kingswear
Laira Green ( - 1896 )
Littleham (near Bideford)
Littleham (near Exmouth)
Littlehempston
Loddiswell
Luffincott
Luppitt
Lustleigh
Lydford
Lympstone
Malborough
Mamhead
Manaton
Marldon
Marwood
Meavy
Membury
Milton Damerel
Modbury
Monkokehampton
Monkton
Morebath
Moreton Hampstead
Mortehoe
Musbury
Nether Exe
Newton Ferrers ( - 1935 )
Newton Poppleford and Harpford ( 1968 - )
Newton Poppleford ( - 1968 )
Newton St. Cyres
North Bovey
North Huish
North Petherwin ( 1844 - 1966 )
Northcott ( 1844 - 1966 )
Northleigh
Northlew
Offwell
Ogwell ( 1894 - )
Okehampton ( 500 - )
Otterton
Ottery St. Mary
Paignton
Pancrasweek
Peter Tavy
Pilton
Pinhoe
Plymouth
Plymstock
Poltimore
Poughill
Powderham
Pyworthy
Rattery
Rewe
Ringmore
Rockbeare
Rousdon ( - 1939 )
Salcombe Regis
Sampford Courtenay ( 1000 - )
Sampford Spiney
Sandford
Satterleigh and Warkleigh ( 1894 - )
Seaton and Beer ( - 1894 )
Seaton
Sheepstor
Sherford
Sherwood Villa ( 1858 - 1894 )
Shillingford St. George
Shute
Sidmouth
Slapton
South Brent
South Huish
South Milton
South Pool
Southleigh
Sowton
St. Budeaux
St. Giles in the Wood
St. Giles on the Heath
St. Leonard
St. Marychurch
St. Thomas the Apostle ( - 1900 )
Staverton
Stockland ( 1844 - )
Stoke Canon
Stoke Fleming
Stoke Gabriel
Stokeinteignhead
Stokenham
Strete
Sutcombe
Tamerton Foliot
Tavistock Hamlets ( 1898 - )
Tawstock
Tedburn St. Mary
Teigngrace
Tetcott
Thornbury
Thorncombe ( - 1844 )
Thurlestone
Topsham
Torbryan
Totnes
Trentishoe
Trusham
Uffculme
Ugborough
Uplyme
Upottery
Upton Pyne
Venn Ottery ( - 1935 )
Virginstow
Walkhampton
Werrington ( 1844 - 1966 )
West Alvington
West Buckland
West Dawlish ( 1894 - 1974 )
West Down
West Ogwell ( - 1894 )
West Pilton ( 1894 - )
West Putford
Weston Peverell
Whimple
Whitchurch
Whitestone
Widecombe in the Moor
Widworthy
Withycombe Raleigh
Wolborough
Woodbury
Woodland
Woodleigh
Yarcombe
County town
Exeter ( - 1974 )
District municipality
East Devon District ( 1974 - )
Exeter District ( 1974 - )
Mid Devon District ( 1974 - )
North Devon District ( 1974 - )
South Hams District ( 1974 - )
Teignbridge District ( 1974 - )
Torridge District ( 1974 - )
West Devon District ( 1974 - )
Extra parochial area
Dotton ( - 1894 )
Laira Green ( - 1896 )
Mew Stone and Cod Rock Islands ( - 1966 )
Slapton
Former parish
Charles (South Molton)
Haccombe ( 1885 - )
Knowstone
Revelstoke ( - 1935 )
Former village
St. Sidwells
Hamlet
Charles (South Molton)
Countisbury
Dalwood ( 1844 - )
Knowstone
Landcross
Northcott ( 1844 - 1966 )
Poughill
Sherwood Villa ( 1858 - 1894 )
Hundred
Axminster Hundred
Bampton Hundred
Black Torrington Hundred
Braunton Hundred
Cliston Hundred
Coleridge Hundred
Colyton Hundred
Crediton Hundred
East Budleigh Hundred
Ermington Hundred
Exminster Hundred
Fremington Hundred
Halberton Hundred
Hartland Hundred
Hayridge Hundred
Haytor Hundred
Hemyock Hundred
Lifton Hundred
North Tawton and Winkleigh Hundred
Ottery St. Mary Hundred
Plympton Hundred
Roborough Hundred
Shebbear Hundred
Shirwell Hundred
South Molton Hundred
Stanborough Hundred
Tavistock Hundred
Teignbridge Hundred
Tiverton Hundred
West Budleigh Hundred
Witheridge Hundred
Wonford Hundred
Inhabited place
Abbey
Abbotsleigh
Accott
Ackworthy
Adworthy
Afton
Aish
Allisland
Almistone Cross
Appledore (near Northam)
Ash Barton
Ash Thomas
Ashleigh
Ashmansworthy
Aunk
Bagton
Bantham Cross
Batson
Battisborough Cross
Battle Ford
Beaford
Beara Charter Barton
Benton
Bere Alston
Bickington
Bickleton
Bideford
Blackborough
Blagrove
Blaxton
Boasley Cross
Bolberry
Bolham Water
Bolham
Bradaford
Bradninch
Bradwell
Brayford
Bridgetown
Brixton
Buck's Cross
Buckfast
Buckland
Budleigh Salterton
Burn
Cadbury
Chardstock ( 1896 - )
Chawleigh
Cheriton
Chettiscombe
Chevithorne
Chichacott
Chilcombe
Chitterley
Chudleigh Knighton
Chudley Knighton
Clifford
Clovelly
Coldridge
Coleton
Colscott
Columbjohn
Combe Fishacre
Combe
Comboyne
Cookbury Wick
Copplestone
Crockernwell
Crownhill Down
Cruwys Morchard
Cullompton
Curtisknowle
Dartington
Denbury
Digby
Doddiscombleigh
Dodscott
Dolton
Down Thomas
Downicary
Drayford
East Ash
Eastleigh
Exeter ( - 1974 )
Exmouth
Exwick
Ford (near Kingsbridge)
Furze
Gappah
George Nympton
Great Barlington
Great Torrington
Halberton
Harbourneford
Hartland
Hele
Hemyock
Henford
Higher Aylescott
Higher Cheriton
Higher Warcombe
Holcombe
Hole
Honicknowle
Horrabridge
Horwood
Huntshaw
Ingleigh Green
Ivybridge
Kelly
Kerswells
Killerton
Killington
Langford
Langstone
Langtree
Liddaton
Lincombe
Little Torrington
Lobb
Lower Ashton
Lower Aylescott
Lower Cheriton
Lower Tale
Ludbrook
Lupridge
Lynmouth
Lynton
Mackham
Manadon
Mary Tavy
Membland
Middle Barlington
Middle Rocombe
Middlecott
Milford
Monkleigh
Morwellham
North Aller
North Buckland
North Tawton
Northam
Oak Cross
Orchard Hill
Peters Marland
Plymtree
Polsloe
Ponsford
Popham
Postbridge
Princetown
Rawridge
Riddlecombe
Salcombe
Satterleigh
Saunton
Shebbear
Sigford
Silverton
Smallridge
Soar
Sorley
South Aller
South Bray
South Molton
South Tawton
South Zeal
Spriddlestone
Starcross
Taddiport
Talaton
Tavistock
Teignmouth
Tillislow
Tiverton
Torquay
Umberleigh
Up Exe
Upper Ashton
Washbourne
Washford Pyne
West Ash
West Backstone
West Panson
Westward Ho!
Weycroft
Whiddon Down
Whipton
Whitford
Whitleigh
Whitnage
Wilmington
Winkleigh
Winsham
Winswell
Woodford
Woolfardisworthy (Torridge)
Worlington
Wyke Green
Yealmpton
Yelland
Yelverton
Island
Lundy Island
Mew Stone and Cod Rock Islands ( - 1966 )
Parish
Abbotsham
Alverdiscott
Alwington
Arlington
Ashreigney
Atherington
Awliscombe
Axminster Hamlets ( 1915 - 1953 )
Bickleigh (near Tiverton)
Bishop's Tawton
Bishops Nympton
Bondleigh
Bow
Bradninch
Bradstone
Bradworthy
Bratton Clovelly
Brendon
Brentor
Bridestowe
Brixton
Broad Nymet
Broadhembury
Broadwoodwidger
Brushford
Buckerell
Buckland Brewer
Buckland Filleigh
Bulkworthy
Burrington
Cadeleigh
Calverleigh
Challacombe
Chawleigh
Cheldon
Chelson Meadow
Cheriton Fitzpaine
Chittlehampton
Chulmleigh
Churchstanton
Churchstow
Clannaborough
Clovelly
Combpyne Rousdon
Coryton
Countisbury
Creacombe
Cullompton
Culmstock
Dean Prior
Diptford
Dolton
Dowland
Down St. Mary
Drewsteignton
Dunkeswell
Dunterton
East Allington
East Anstey
East Putford
East Worlington
Eggesford
Feniton
Frithelstock
Germansweek
Gidleigh
Halberton
Hartland
Hawkchurch ( 1896 - )
Hemyock
High Bickington
High Bray
Highley St. Mary
Hittisleigh
Hollacombe
Holne
Holsworthy Hamlets ( 1900 - )
Huish
Huntsham
Iddesleigh
Instow
Kelly
Kings Nympton
Lamerton
Landcross
Landkey
Langtree
Lapford
Lewtrenchard
Lifton
Little Torrington
Loxbeare
Loxhore
Lundy Island
Lynton
Mariansleigh
Martinhoe
Mary Tavy
Marystow
Meeth
Merton
Meshaw
Milton Abbot
Molland
Monkleigh
Morchard Bishop
Moreleigh
Newton St. Petrock
Newton Tracey
Newton and Noss ( 1935 - )
North Molton
North Tawton
Nymet Rowland
Oakford
Okehampton Hamlets ( 1894 - )
Parkham
Parracombe
Payhembury
Peters Marland
Petrockstowe
Plympton St. Mary
Plympton St. Maurice
Plymtree
Puddington
Rackenford
Roborough
Romansleigh
Rose Ash
Sampford Peverell
Shaugh Prior
Sheepwash
Sheldon
Shirwell
Shobrooke
Sidbury
Silverton
Sourton
South Tawton
Spreyton
St. Mary Arches
St. Nicholas
St. Sidwells
Stockleigh English
Stockleigh Pomeroy
Stoke Damerel
Stoke Rivers
Stoodleigh
Stowford
Swimbridge
Sydenham Damerel
Talaton
Templeton
Thelbridge
Thorverton
Throwleigh
Thrushelton
Torrington
Twitchen
Uplowman
Upton Helions
Upton Hellions
Warkleigh
Washfield
Weare Giffard
Wellcombe
Wembury
Wembworthy
West Anstey
West Worlington
Westleigh (near Bideford)
Willand
Witheridge
Woolfardisworthy (Torridge)
Woolfardisworthy (near Crediton)
Yarnscombe
Yealmpton
Zeal Monachorum
Parish (ancient)
Abbots Bickington
Abbotskerswell ( - 1935 )
Alphington (by Exeter)
Ashburton
Ashbury
Ashcombe
Ashford
Ashprington
Ashton
Ashwater
Aveton Gifford
Axminster ( 1844 - )
Axmouth
Aylesbeare
Bampton
Barnstaple
Beaworthy
Belstone
Bere Ferrers
Berry Pomeroy
Berrynarbor
Bickleigh (near Plymouth)
Bicton
Bigbury
Bishopsteignton
Bittadon
Black Torrington
Blackawton
Bovey Tracey
Bradford
Brampford Speke
Branscombe
Bratton Fleming
Braunton
Bridford
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Broad Clyst
Broadhempston
Broadwood Kelly
Buckfastleigh
Buckland Monachorum
Burlescombe
Butterleigh
Chagford
Charleton
Cheriton Bishop
Chivelstone
Christow
Chudleigh
Clawton
Clayhanger
Clayhidon
Clyst Honiton
Clyst Hydon
Clyst St. George
Clyst St. Lawrence
Clyst St. Mary
Cockington
Colaton Raleigh
Colebrooke
Colyton
Combe Martin
Combe Raleigh
Combeinteignhead
Combpyne
Cornwood
Cornworthy
Cotleigh
Crediton
Dartmouth Townstall
Dartmouth ( 1835 - )
Denbury
Devonport
Dittisham
Dodbrooke
Doddiscombsleigh
Dunchideock
Dunsford
East Buckland
East Budleigh
East Down
East Ogwell ( - 1894 )
East Portlemouth
Egg Buckland
Ermington
Exbourne
Exeter All Hallows on the Walls
Exeter Allhallows Goldsmith Street
Exeter Holy Trinity
Exeter St. David
Exeter St. Edmund
Exeter St. George the Martyr
Exeter St. John
Exeter St. Kerrian
Exeter St. Lawrence
Exeter St. Martin
Exeter St. Mary Arches
Exeter St. Mary Major
Exeter St. Mary Steps
Exeter St. Olave
Exeter St. Pancras
Exeter St. Paul
Exeter St. Peter
Exeter St. Petrock
Exeter St. Sidwell
Exeter St. Stephen
Exminster
Farringdon
Farway
Filleigh
Fremington
Georgeham
Gittisham
Goodleigh
Halwell
Halwill
Harberton
Harford
Hatherleigh
Heanton Punchardon
Heavitree
Hennock
Highampton
Hockworthy
Holbeton
Holcombe Burnell
Holcombe Rogus
Holsworthy
Honeychurch
Honiton
Huxham
Ide
Ideford
Ilfracombe
Ilsington
Inwardleigh
Ipplepen
Jacobstowe
Kenn
Kentisbeare
Kentisbury
Kenton
Kingsbridge
Kingsteignton
Littleham (near Bideford)
Littleham (near Exmouth)
Littlehempston
Loddiswell
Luffincott
Luppitt
Lustleigh
Lydford
Lympstone
Mamhead
Manaton
Marwood
Meavy
Milton Damerel
Modbury
Monkokehampton
Monkton
Morebath
Moreton Hampstead
Mortehoe
Musbury
Newton Ferrers ( - 1935 )
Newton St. Cyres
North Bovey
North Huish
North Petherwin ( 1844 - 1966 )
Northleigh
Northlew
Offwell
Okehampton ( 500 - )
Otterton
Ottery St. Mary
Paignton
Pancrasweek
Peter Tavy
Pilton
Pinhoe
Plymstock
Poltimore
Powderham
Pyworthy
Rattery
Rewe
Ringmore
Rockbeare
Rousdon ( - 1939 )
Salcombe Regis
Sampford Courtenay ( 1000 - )
Seaton and Beer ( - 1894 )
Seaton
Shillingford St. George
Sidbury
Sidmouth
Slapton
South Brent
South Pool
Southleigh
Sowton
St. Giles in the Wood
St. Giles on the Heath
St. Leonard
St. Marychurch
St. Thomas the Apostle ( - 1900 )
Staverton
Stockland ( 1844 - )
Stoke Canon
Stoke Fleming
Stoke Gabriel
Stokeinteignhead
Stokenham
Sutcombe
Tamerton Foliot
Tawstock
Tedburn St. Mary
Teigngrace
Tetcott
Thornbury
Thorncombe ( - 1844 )
Thurlestone
Topsham
Torbryan
Totnes
Trentishoe
Trusham
Uffculme
Ugborough
Uplyme
Upottery
Upton Pyne
Walkhampton
Werrington ( 1844 - 1966 )
West Alvington
West Buckland
West Down
West Ogwell ( - 1894 )
West Putford
Whimple
Whitchurch
Whitestone
Widecombe in the Moor
Widworthy
Wolborough
Woodbury
Woodleigh
Yarcombe
Registration district
Axminster Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Barnstaple Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Bideford Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Crediton Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Devon Central Registration District ( 1936 - 1974 )
Devon Registration District ( 2007 - )
Devonport Registration District ( 1898 - 1937 )
East Devon Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
East Stonehouse Registration District ( 1837 - 1937 )
Exeter Registration District ( 1837 - 2007 )
Holsworthy Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Honiton Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Kingsbridge Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Mid Devon Registration District ( 1978 - 2007 )
Newton Abbot Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
North Devon Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Okehampton Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Plymouth Registration District ( 1837 - )
Plympton Registration District ( 1936 - 1974 )
Plympton St. Mary Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
South Hams Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
South Molton Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
St. Thomas Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Stoke Damerel Registration District ( 1837 - 1898 )
Tavistock Registration District ( 1837 - 1998 )
Teignbridge Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Tiverton Registration District ( 1837 - 1978 )
Torbay Registration District ( 1968 - )
Torridge Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Torrington Registration District ( 1837 - 1936 )
Totnes Registration District ( 1837 - 1968 )
West Devon Registration District ( 1998 - 2007 )
Rural district
Axminster Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Barnstaple Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bideford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Broadwoodwidger Rural ( 1894 - 1966 )
Crediton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Culmstock Rural ( 1894 - 1935 )
Holsworthy Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Honiton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Kingsbridge Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Newton Abbot Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Okehampton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Plympton St. Mary Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
South Molton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
St. Thomas Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tavistock Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Tiverton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Torrington Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Totnes Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Settlement
Queens Nympton
Suburb
Cockington
East Stonehouse
Heavitree
Pilton
Plympton St. Mary
St. Budeaux
St. Marychurch
Unitary authority
Plymouth District ( 1967 - )
Torbay ( 1968 - )
Unknown
Bickington in Fremlington
Brooking
Cnubeston
Cofton
Combinteignhead
Combrawleigh
Constantine
Corypole
Cove
Lettleham
Loosebeare
Mariston
Marland Peters
Newport
Petton
Roosdown
Shaldon
South Normanton
Thewborough
Urban district
Ashburton
Axminster ( 1844 - )
Bampton
Brixham ( 1200 - )
Buckfastleigh
Budleigh Salterton
Cockington
Crediton
Dawlish
East Stonehouse
Exmouth
Heavitree
Holsworthy
Ilfracombe
Ivybridge
Kingsbridge
Lynton
Newton Abbot
Northam
Ottery St. Mary
Salcombe
Seaton
Sidmouth
St. Marychurch
St. Thomas the Apostle ( - 1900 )
Tavistock
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Devon (historically also known as Devonshire) is a county in the southwest of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the northeast, and Dorset to the east. In its entirety, including sections which are unitary authorities or near unitary authorities, its area is 6,707 km2 (2,590 square miles), and its population is about 1.1 million.

The City of Exeter is the county town; seven other districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge, and West Devon are under the jurisdiction of Devon County Council; the large conurbations of Plymouth and Torbay are each a part of Devon but administered as unitary authorities although Torbay is considered to be a county in its own right. Image:Devon districts wikimedia revised.png

Devon derives its name from Dumnonia, which, during the British Iron Age and Roman Britain, was the homeland of the Dumnonii Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England thereafter.

Geographically, Devon is the only county of England to have non-continuous stretches of coastline to both the north and south. Both coastlines include both cliffs and sandy shores; Devon's bays have historically contained ports, fishing towns and seaside resorts. The county's inland terrain is rural, generally hilly, and has a low population density in comparison to many other parts of England. Dartmoor, the largest open space in southern England at 954 km2 (368 square miles), is covered with wide moorland and underlying granite geology; to its north are the Culm measures and Exmoor. In the valleys and lowlands of south and east Devon the soil is more fertile, traversed by rivers such as the Exe, the Culm, the Dart, and the Otter.

Today the economy of Devon is linked closely with tourism. The comparatively mild climate, coastline and landscape give rise to Devon as a destination for recreation and leisure in England, with visitors particularly attracted to the Dartmoor and Exmoor national parks; the coasts of north, south and east Devon which include the resort towns along the south coast known collectively as the English Riviera, the Jurassic Coast, and North Devon's UNESCO Biosphere Reserve; and the countryside including the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Toponymy

The name Devon derives from the name of the Britons who inhabited the southwestern peninsula of Britain at the time of the Roman conquest of Britain known as the Dumnonii, thought to mean "deep valley dwellers" from proto Celtic *dubnos 'deep'. In the Brittonic, Devon is known as , and , each meaning "deep valleys." (For an account of Celtic Dumnonia, see the separate article.)

William Camden, in his 1607 edition of Britannia, described Devon as being one part of an older, wider country that once included Cornwall:


The term "Devon" is normally used for everyday purposes e.g. "Devon County Council" but "Devonshire" continues to be used in the names of the "Devonshire and Dorset Regiment" and "The Devonshire Association". One erroneous theory is that the "shire" suffix is due to a mistake in the making of the original letters patent for the Duke of Devonshire, resident in Derbyshire. However, there are references to "Defenascire" in Anglo-Saxon texts from before 1000 AD (this would mean "Shire of the Devonians"), which translates to modern English as "Devonshire". The term Devonshire may have originated around the 8th century, when it changed from Dumnonia (Latin) to Defenascir.

Human occupation

Kents Cavern in Torquay had produced human remains from 30–40,000 years ago. Dartmoor is thought to have been occupied by Mesolithic hunter-gatherer peoples from about 6000 BC. The Romans held the area under military occupation for around 350 years. Later, the area began to experience Saxon incursions from the east around 600 AD, firstly as small bands of settlers along the coasts of Lyme Bay and southern estuaries and later as more organised bands pushing in from the east. Devon became a frontier between Brittonic and Anglo-Saxon Wessex, and it was largely absorbed into Wessex by the mid 9th century. The border with Cornwall was set by King Æthelstan on the east bank of the River Tamar in 936 AD. Danish raids also occurred sporadically along many coastal parts of Devon between around 800AD and just before the time of the Norman conquest, including the silver mint at Hlidaforda Lydford in 997 and Taintona (a settlement on the Teign estuary) in 1001.

Devon has also featured in most of the civil conflicts in England since the Norman conquest, including the Wars of the Roses, Perkin Warbeck's rising in 1497, the Prayer Book Rebellion of 1549, and the English Civil War. The arrival of William of Orange to launch the Glorious Revolution of 1688 took place at Brixham.

Devon has produced tin, copper and other metals from ancient times. Devon's tin miners enjoyed a substantial degree of independence through Devon's Stannary Parliament, which dates back to the 12th century. The last recorded sitting was in 1748.

Governance

Over time, the county of Devon, like most counties in England, has been divided into sections in four different ways. The first divisions were called hundreds and existed well into the 19th century. Each hundred included a number of parishes. Many parishes were divided into chapelries and townships. The township appears to be less prevalent in Devon than in other counties. Hundreds were basically a civil means of division, but the parishes within them were ecclesiastical parishes.

Hundreds

Historically Devon was divided into 32 hundreds which are listed on the column on the right.

Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts

These began to be established around 1837 when the system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths was introduced. The Registration Districts and (Sub Registration Districts) established where people were to go to advise the authorities that one of these events had occurred. The Registration Districts were also responsible for the censuses which occurred every ten years from 1841. The Poor Law Unions were unions of parishes responsible for caring for the destitute of an area, with the most distressed being brought together in workhouses. In 1866 national legislation established the civil parish structure.

Boroughs, Urban Districts and Rural Districts

Municipal boroughs were local governments for large towns and cities since the 1830s. Over the remainder of the 19th century they increased in number. County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in England to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control. There was a minimum population size of 50,000 for a county borough.

In 1894 the part of the country outside of boroughs was divided up into urban and rural district councils. Most urban districts were made up of only one civil parish (though two adjoining parishes sometimes merged to make one urban district), a rural district included, for the most part, a number of small civil parishes. The Poor Law Unions were gradually abolished as the urban and rural districts came into being. Registration district boundaries were redrawn as population densities changed. During the 1930s many changes occurred in the makeup of both urban and rural districts.

The Modern Districts

In 1974 boroughs, urban districts and rural districts were all abolished and counties were re-divided into non-metropolitan, metropolitan districts and unitary authorities. Some counties, but not Devon, were divided into smaller counties. All this was made possible by changes in technology and communication over the previous century. It was more possible to contact another person living miles away and to provide local governmental services to a much larger area. Whereas Devon had 32 hundreds at the beginning of the 19th century, by the end of the 20th century it had ten non-metropolitan districts and unitary authorities.

Research Tips

(revised Nov 2018)

  • For a quick view of all the parishes in Devon, download this map from Devon County Council and save it to your computer. It is in pdf format and expansion to 200% allows viewing of all the parishes by name. Modern "district" and parish boundaries are shown.
  • Ordnance Survey Map of Devonshire North and Devonshire South are large-scale maps covering the whole of Devon between them. They show the parish boundaries when Rural Districts were still in existence and before the mergers of parishes that took place in 1935 and 1974. When expanded the maps can show many of the small villages and hamlets inside the parishes. These maps are now downloadable for personal use but they can take up a lot of computer memory.
  • GENUKI has a selection of maps showing the boundaries of parishes in the 19th century. The contribution from "Know Your Place" on Devon is a huge website yet to be discovered in detail by this contributor.
  • Devon has three repositories for hands-on investigation of county records. Each has a website which holds their catalog of registers and other documents.
  • Devon Family History Society Mailing address: PO Box 9, Exeter, EX2 6YP, United Kingdom. The society has branches in various parts of the county. It is the largest Family History Society in the United Kingdom. The website has a handy guide to each of the parishes in the county and publishes the registers for each of the Devon dioceses on CDs.
  • This is the home page to the GENUKI Devon website. It has been updated since 2015.
  • Devon has a Online Parish Clerk (OPC) Project which can be reached through GENUKI. Only about half of the parishes have a volunteer contributing local data. For more information, consult the website, especially the list at the bottom of the homepage.
  • Magna Britannia, Volume 6 by Daniel Lysons and Samuel Lysons. A general and parochial history of the county. Originally published by T Cadell and W Davies, London, 1822, and placed online by British History Online. This is a volume of more than 500 pages of the history of Devon, parish by parish. It is 100 years older than the Victoria County Histories available for some other counties, but equally thorough in its coverage. Contains information that may have been swept under the carpet in more modern works.
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