Place:Dorset, England

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NameDorset
Alt namesDORsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Dorsetshiresource: Wikipedia
Dorsitsource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates50.717°N 2.433°W
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Cemetery
St. Michael's Church
Civil parish
Beaminster
Deserted settlement
Ringstead Village
Hamlet
Fiddleford
Loscombe
Inhabited place
Abbotsbury
Abbott Street
Acton
Adber
Affpuddle
Alcester
Alderholt
Allington
Alton Pancras
Arne
Ashmore
Askerswell
Askerwell
Athelhampton
Atrim
Avon
Batcombe
Beaminster
Beer Hackett
Belchalwell
Bere Regis
Bettiscombe
Bincombe
Birch Close
Bishops Caundle
Blandford Forum
Blandford Saint Mary
Bloxworth
Boscombe ( 1974 - )
Bothenhampton
Bournemouth ( 1997 - )
Bourton
Boveridge
Bovington Camp
Bradford Abbas
Bradford Peverell
Bradpole
Branksome
Briantspuddle
Bridport
Broadmayne
Broadstone
Broadwey
Broadwindsor
Bryanston Blaneford
Bryanston
Buckham
Buckhorn Weston
Buckland Newton
Buckland Ripers
Burleston
Burstock
Burton Bradstock
Burton
Cann
Castleton
Catherston Leweston
Cattistock
Caundle Marsh
Cerne Abbas
Chalbury
Chaldon Herring
Charlestown
Charlton Marshall
Charminster
Charmouth
Chedington
Cheselbourne
Chetnole
Chettle
Chickerell
Chideock
Chilcombe
Child Okeford
Chilfrome
Christchurch
Church Knowle
Clifton Maybank
Colehill
Combe Almer
Compton Abbas
Compton Valence
Coombe Keynes
Corfe Castle
Corfe Mullen
Corscombe
Cranborne
Creech
Crossways
Cruxton
Dewlish
Dorchester
Dudsbury
Durweston
East Holme
East Lulworth
East Orchard
East Stoke
East Stour
Easton
Edmondsham
Evershot
Farnham
Ferndown
Fifehead Magdalen
Fifehead Neville
Fifehead Saint Quintin
Fleet
Folke
Fontmell Magna
Fordington
Fortuneswell
Frampton
Frome St Quintin
Gillingham
Glanvilles Wootton
Goathill
Godmanstone
Gold Hill
Gussage All Saints
Gussage Saint Michael
Gussage
Halstock
Hammoon
Hampreston
Hamworthy
Hazelbury Bryan
Hemsworth
Hermitage
Herston
Hewood
Highcliffe
Higher Bockhampton
Hilfield
Hillbourne
Hilton
Hinton Martell
Hinton Parva
Hinton St Mary
Holdenhurst
Holnest
Holt
Holwell
Hooke
Horton
Hurn
Ibberton
Iwerne Courtney
Iwerne Minster
Kimmeridge
Kingston
Kington Magna
Langton Herring
Langton Long Blandford
Langton Matravers
Leigh
Lillington
Littlebredy
Littlemoor
Littlewindsor
Litton Cheney
Loders
Long Bredy
Long Crichel
Longburton
Lydlinch
Lyme Regis
Lytchett Matravers
Lytchett Minster
Maiden Newton
Mannington
Manston
Mapperton
Mappowder
Marnhull
Marshwood
Melbury Abbas
Melbury Bubb
Melbury Osmond
Melbury Sampford
Melcombe Horsey
Melcombe Regis
Melplash
Merley
Milborne St Andrew
Milton Abbas
Milton on Stour
Minterne Magna
Moor Crichel
Moorbath
Morden
Moreton
Mosterton
Motcombe
Nether Compton
Netherbury
Nettlecombe
North Bowood
North Poorton
Oborne
Okeford Fitzpane
Osmington
Over Compton
Overcombe
Owermoigne
Pamphill
Pentridge
Piddlehinton
Piddletrenthide
Pimperne
Pokesdown
Poole
Portesham
Portland
Poundbury
Powerstock
Poyntington
Preston
Puddletown
Pulham
Purse Caundle
Radipole
Rampisham
Rushton
Ryme Intrinseca
Sandbanks
Sandford Orcas
Seaborough
Shaftesbury
Shapwick
Sherborne
Shillingstone
Shilvinghampton
Shipton Gorge
Silton
Sixpenny Handley
South Bowood
South Perrott
Spetisbury
St Ives
St Leonards
Stalbridge Weston
Stalbridge
Stanton St Gabriel
Steeple
Stinsford
Stoborough
Stoke Abbott
Stoke Wake
Stour Provost
Stour Row
Stourpaine
Stourton Caundle
Stratton
Stubhampton
Studland
Sturminster Marshall
Sturminster Newton
Sutton Poyntz
Sutton Waldron
Swanage
Swyre
Sydling St Nicholas
Symondsbury
Tarrant Crawford
Tarrant Gunville
Tarrant Hinton
Tarrant Kayneston
Tarrant Keyneston
Tarrant Launceston
Tarrant Monkton
Tarrant Rushton
Thorncombe
Thornford
Thornicombe
Tincleton
Todber
Toller Fratrum
Toller Porcorum
Toller Whelme
Tolpuddle
Trent
Turners Puddle
Turnworth
Tyneham
Up Cerne
Upton
Upwey
Verwood
Wakeham
Walditch
Wareham
Warmwell
West Bay
West Chelborough
West Compton
West Knighton
West Lulworth
West Milton
West Moors
West Orchard
West Parley
West Stafford
West Stour
Weston
Weymouth
Whitchurch Canonicorum
Whitcombe
Whitechurch Canonicorum
Wimborne Minster
Wimborne St Giles
Winfrith Newburgh
Winkton
Winterborne Houghton
Winterborne Kingston
Winterborne Monkton
Winterborne St Martin
Winterborne Stickland
Winterborne Whitechurch
Winterborne Zelston
Winterbourne Abbas
Winterbourne Steepleton
Witchampton
Woodlands
Woodsford
Woodyates
Wool
Woolgarston
Woolland
Wootton Fitzpaine
Worgret
Worth Matravers
Wyke Regis
Wynford Eagle
Yetminster
Island
Purbeck
Parish
Frome Vauchurch
Puncknowle
Unknown
Almer
Anderson
Bindon
Blackdown
Broadway
Broadwinsor
Brownsea
Bryanstone
Burlestone
Caundle-Purse
Caundle-Stourton
Cerne-Nether
Chardstock
Chardstock-All Saints
Chesilton
Chilfroome
Clayhidon
Compton-Vallence
Critchell-Moore
Drimpton
East Chelborough
East Dorset
East Stower
East Woodyates
Enmore-Green
Farrington
Fontmell
Froome-St. Quintin
Froome-Vauchurch
Great Canford
Grimstone
Handley
Hanford
Haselbury-Bryan
Hawkchurch
Haydon
Hook
Houghton-Winterborne
Iwerne-Courtnay
Iwerne-Steepleton
Kingston-Russell
Kingstone
Langton-Long-Blandford
Leweston
Long Critchell
Longfleet
Longham
Maiden Castle
Margaret-Marsh
Milborne-Stileham
Mintern-Magna
Monkton Wyld
Morcombelake
North Wootton
Parkstone
Pilsdon
Plush
Portisham
Poxwell
Ryme-Intrinsica
Shipton-George
Stock-Gayland
Stockwood
Stower-Provost
Tarrant-Keynston
Tarrant-Monckton
Tarrant-Rawston
Todbere
Upway
Wambrook
Watercombe
West Chickerell
West Compton-Abbas
West Fordington
West Stower
West Woodyates
Winterborne-Abbas
Winterborne-Came
Winterborne-Clenstone
Winterborne-Muston
Winterborne-Thomson
Winterborne-Whitchurch
Winterborne-Zelstone
Winterbourne-Herringstone
Winterbourne-Monkton
Winterbourne-St. Martin
Wootton-Glanville
Wraxall
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Dorset (or archaically, Dorsetshire), is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast. The ceremonial county comprises the non-metropolitan county, which is governed by Dorset County Council, and the unitary authorities of Poole and Bournemouth. Covering an area of , Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. The county town is Dorchester which is situated in the south. After the reorganisation of local government in 1974 the county's border was extended eastward to incorporate the Hampshire towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch. Around half of the population lives in the South East Dorset conurbation, while the rest of the county is largely rural with a low population density.

The county has a long history of human settlement stretching back to the Neolithic era. The Romans conquered Dorset's indigenous Celtic tribe, and during the early Middle Ages, the Saxons settled the area and made Dorset a shire in the 7th century. The first recorded Viking raid on the British Isles occurred in Dorset during the 8th century and the black death entered England at Melcombe Regis in 1348. Dorset has seen much civil unrest: during the English Civil War an uprising of vigilantes was crushed by Cromwell's forces in a pitched battle near Shaftesbury; the Duke of Monmouth's doomed rebellion began at Lyme Regis; and a group of farm labourers from Tolpuddle were instrumental in the formation of the trade union movement. During the Second World War, Dorset was heavily involved in the preparations for the invasion of Normandy and the large harbours of Portland and Poole were two of the main embarkation points on D-Day.

Dorset has a varied landscape featuring broad elevated chalk downs, steep limestone ridges and low-lying clay valleys. Over half the county is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and three-quarters of its coastline is a World Heritage Site that features notable landforms such as Lulworth Cove, the Isle of Portland, Chesil Beach and Durdle Door. Agriculture was traditionally the major industry of Dorset but is now in decline and tourism has become increasingly important to the economy. There are no motorways in Dorset but a network of A roads cross the county and two railway main lines connect to London. Dorset has ports at Poole, Weymouth and Portland and an international airport. The county has a variety of museums, theatres and festivals, and is host to one of Europe's largest outdoor shows. It is the birthplace of Thomas Hardy, who used the county as the principal setting of his novels, and William Barnes, whose poetry celebrates the ancient Dorset dialect.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The first human visitors to Dorset were Mesolithic hunters, from around 8000 BC. The first permanent Neolithic settlers appeared around 3000 BC and were responsible for the creation of the Dorset Cursus, a long monument constructed for ritual or ceremonial purposes. From 2800 BC onwards Bronze Age farmers cleared Dorset's woodlands for agricultural use and Dorset's high chalk hills provided a location for numerous round barrows. During the Iron Age, Celtic immigrants known as the Durotriges established a series of hill forts across the county—most notably Maiden Castle which is one of the largest in Europe.

The Romans arrived in Dorset during their conquest of Britain in AD 43. Maiden Castle was captured by a Roman legion under the command of Vespasian, and the Roman settlement of Durnovaria was established nearby. Bokerley Dyke, a large defensive ditch built by the county's post-Roman inhabitants near the border with modern-day Hampshire, delayed the advance of the Saxons into Dorset for almost 150 years. However, by the end of the 7th century Dorset had fallen under Saxon control and been incorporated into the Kingdom of Wessex. The Saxons established a diocese at Sherborne and Dorset was made a shire—an administrative district of Wessex and predecessor to the English county system—with borders that have changed little since. In 789 the first recorded Viking attack on the British Isles took place in Dorset on the Portland coast, and they continued to raid into the county for the next two centuries.

After the Norman Conquest in 1066, feudal rule was established in Dorset and the bulk of the land was divided between the Crown and ecclesiastical institutions. The Normans consolidated their control over the area by constructing castles at Corfe, Wareham and Dorchester in the early part of the 12th century. Over the next 200 years Dorset's population grew substantially and additional land was enclosed for farming to provide the extra food required. The wool trade, the quarrying of Purbeck Marble and the busy ports of Weymouth, Melcombe Regis, Lyme Regis and Bridport brought prosperity to the county. However, Dorset was devastated by the bubonic plague in 1348 which arrived in Melcombe Regis on a ship from Gascony. The disease, more commonly known as the Black Death, created an epidemic that spread rapidly and wiped out a third of the population of the country.

The dissolution of the monasteries (1536–1541) met little resistance in Dorset and many of the county's abbeys, including Shaftesbury, Cerne and Milton, were sold to private owners. In 1642, at the commencement of the English Civil War, the Royalists took control of the entire county apart from Poole and Lyme Regis. However, within three years their gains had been almost entirely reversed by the Parliamentarians. An uprising of Clubmen—vigilantes weary of the depredations of the war—took place in Dorset in 1645. Some 2,000 of these rebels offered battle to Lord Fairfax's Parliamentary army at Hambledon Hill but they were easily routed. Sherborne Castle was taken by Fairfax that same year and in 1646 Corfe Castle, the last remaining Royalist stronghold in Dorset, was captured after an act of betrayal: both were subsequently slighted.[1] The Duke of Monmouth's unsuccessful attempt to overthrow James II began when he landed at Lyme Regis in 1665. A series of trials known as the Bloody Assizes took place to punish the rebels. Over a five-day period in Dorchester, Judge Jeffreys presided over 312 cases: 74 of the accused were executed, 175 were transported, and nine were publicly whipped. In 1686, at Charborough Park, a meeting took place to plot the downfall of James II of England. This meeting was effectively the start of the Glorious Revolution.

During the 18th century, much smuggling took place along the Dorset coast; its coves, caves and sandy beaches provided opportunities for gangs such as the Hawkhursts to stealthily bring smuggled goods ashore. Poole became Dorset's busiest port and established prosperous trade links with the fisheries of Newfoundland which supported cloth, rope and net manufacturing industries in the surrounding towns and villages. However, the industrial revolution largely bypassed Dorset which lacked coal resources and as a consequence the county remained predominantly agricultural. Farming has always been central to the economy of Dorset and the county became the birthplace of the modern trade union movement when, in 1834, six farm labourers formed a union to protest against falling wages. The labourers, who are now known as the Tolpuddle Martyrs, were subsequently arrested for administering "unlawful oaths" and sentenced to transportation but they were pardoned following massive protests by the working classes.

The Dorsetshire Regiment were the first British unit to face a gas attack during the First World War (1914–1918) and they sustained particularly heavy losses at the Battle of the Somme. In total some 4,500 Dorset servicemen died in the war and of the county's towns and villages, only one, Langton Herring, known as a Thankful Village, had no residents killed.[2] During the Second World War (1939–1945) Dorset was heavily involved in the preparations for the invasion of Normandy: beach landing exercises were carried out at Studland and Weymouth and the village of Tyneham was requisitioned for army training. Tens-of-thousands of troops departed Weymouth, Portland and Poole harbours during D-Day and gliders from RAF Tarrant Rushton dropped troops near Caen to begin Operation Tonga. Dorset experienced an increase in holiday-makers after the war. First popularised as a tourist destination by George III's frequent visits to Weymouth, the county's coastline, seaside resorts and its sparsely populated rural areas attract millions of visitors each year.[3] With farming declining across the country, tourism has edged ahead as the primary revenue-earning sector.[4]

Research Tips

Dorset does not have good coverage in the IGI, but the Dorset OPC (Online Parish Clerks) are working to help, by extracting data from the original parish records and from the Census. Additionally the Dorset History Centre have extensive records for those willing or able to travel. Also with much information available are the Somerset and Dorset Family History Society.



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