Bishop's Caundle is a small village and civil parish in the West Dorset district of Dorset in South West England; situated south-east of Sherborne. The local travel links are located from the village to Sherborne railway station and to Bournemouth International Airport. The main road running through the village is the A3030, connecting Bishop's Caundle to Sherborne. Dorset County Council's 2013 mid-year estimate of the population of the civil parish is 390.
Older documents sometimes refer to the village as Caundle Bishop.
The original settlements that are still present within Bishop's Caundle parish are Bishop's Caundle and Wake Caundle. Until 1886 the parish contained parts of the neighbouring parish of Caundle Marsh, and there were parts of Bishop's Caundle parish within Caundle Marsh and Folke parishes.
Bishop's Caundle is the largest settlement in the electoral ward of Queen Thorne which surrounds Sherborne and includes Nether Compton and Trent plus Sherborne Golf Club and the surrounding area. The total population of this ward at the 2011 census was 2,011.
According to Douglas Adams' humorous 1983 dictionary "The Meaning of Liff", a Bishop's Caundle is "An opening gambit before a game of chess whereby the missing pieces are replaced by small ornaments from the mantelpiece."