Place:Milton Abbas, Dorset, England


NameMilton Abbas
Alt namesMideltonasource: Domesday Book (1985) p 94
Mideltunesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 94
Milton-Abbassource: Family History Library Catalog
Coordinates50.8°N 2.267°W
Located inDorset, England
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Milton Abbas is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in South West England. It lies in the North Dorset administrative district, approximately south-west of the market town of Blandford Forum and north-east of Dorchester. In the 2011 Census the population of the parish was 755. The village is sometimes considered the first planned settlement in England.

In 1780, Joseph Damer, Lord Milton, the first Earl of Dorchester and owner of Milton Abbey, decided that the adjacent market town, Middleton, was disturbing his vision of rural peace. He commissioned architect Sir William Chambers and landscape gardener Capability Brown (both of whom had already worked on the Abbey building and grounds) to design a new village, Milton Abbas, in a wooded valley (Luccombe Bottom) to the south of the Abbey. Most of the existing villagers were relocated here, and the previous village was demolished and the site landscaped.

The original abbey and House is now Milton Abbey School, a co-educational independent school, with around 250 pupils.

The village features on many picture postcards of rural Dorset. The 36 almost identical thatched cottages were intended to house two families each. They were built from cob and previously were painted yellow, with each house fronted by a lawn; originally a horse chestnut tree was planted between each dwelling. Almshouses and a church were also provided for the new village, sited opposite each other. The almshouses were moved from the old town, where they had originally been built in 1674. The church, consecrated in 1786, is in Georgian Gothic style, with late 19th-century additions.[1]

Some house-names give clues to some of the original inhabitants of the village: baker, blacksmith, brewery, etc. Today the houses are white-washed, and the main street also features a public house (the Hambro Arms), a Post Office/shop, a now redundant school building, and a Weslyan chapel. In 1953 the original horse chestnut trees were judged unsafe and a danger to the houses and removed.[1] Above the eastern end of the valley, the village has been extended with more modern housing and other facilities, including a doctor's surgery.

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