Chetnole is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It lies within the West Dorset administrative district, approximately southsouthwest of Sherborne and southeast of Yeovil in Somerset. It is sited on Oxford clay by the small Wriggle River at the western end of the Blackmore Vale. There are around 128 houses in the village. It has a railway station on the Heart of Wessex Line operated by First Great Western trains. Dorset County Council estimate that in 2013 the population of the parish was 330. In the 2011 census the population of Chetnole parish combined with the small parish of Stockwood to the west was 344.
Chetnole was not recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086.