Place:Essex, England

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NameEssex
Alt namesESSsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county, Modern county
Coordinates51.583°N 0.55°E
Located inEngland
Contained Places
Area
Aldborough Hatch ( - 1965 )
Barkingside ( - 1965 )
Beckton ( - 1965 )
Becontree ( - 1965 )
Canning Town ( - 1965 )
Chadwell Heath ( - 1965 )
Clayhall ( - 1965 )
Custom House ( - 1965 )
East End of London ( - 1965 )
Emerson Park ( - 1965 )
Epping Forest
Fairlop ( - 1965 )
Forest Gate ( - 1965 )
Gallows Corner ( - 1965 )
Gants Hill ( - 1965 )
Hainault ( - 1965 )
Little Ilford ( - 1965 )
Manor Park ( - 1965 )
Monkhams ( - 1965 )
Newbury Park ( - 1965 )
Pilgrims Hatch
Redbridge ( - 1965 )
Seven Kings ( - 1965 )
Silvertown ( - 1965 )
Snaresbrook ( - 1965 )
Victoria Docks ( - 1965 )
Wanstead Slip
West Silvertown ( - 1965 )
Borough (county)
East Ham ( - 1965 )
Southend on Sea
West Ham ( - 1965 )
Borough (municipal)
Barking ( - 1965 )
Chelmsford
Colchester
Dagenham ( - 1965 )
Harwich ( 100 - )
Ilford ( - 1965 )
Maldon ( 913 - )
Romford ( - 1965 )
Saffron Walden
Walthamstow ( - 1965 )
Wanstead and Woodford ( 1937 - 1965 )
Cemetery
City of London Cemetery and Crematorium ( - 1965 )
Chapelry
Aldborough Hatch ( - 1965 )
Chappel
Goldhanger
Havering ( - 1965 )
Hornchurch ( - 1965 )
Romford ( - 1965 )
Civil parish
Abbess Beauchamp and Berners Roding ( 1946 - )
Alphamstone
Arkesden
Ashdon
Ashen
Ballingdon ( - 1896 )
Barling Magna ( 1946 - )
Beaumont cum Moze
Belchamp Otten
Belchamp St. Paul
Belchamp Walter
Berden
Birchanger
Birdbrook
Black Notley
Bocking ( - 1934 )
Bradfield
Bradwell next Coggeshall
Bulmer
Bulphan
Bures
Castle Hedingham
Chickney
Chignal St. James
Chignal
Chrishall
Coggeshall ( 1949 - )
Colne Engaine
Cressing
Debden
Elmdon
Elmstead
Epping Upland
Fairstead
Faulkbourne
Feering
Felsted
Finchingfield
Foxearth
Frating
Frinton and Walton ( 1934 - )
Frinton on Sea
Gestingthorpe
Gosfield
Great Bardfield
Great Bentley
Great Bromley
Great Chesterford
Great Coggeshall ( - 1949 )
Great Hallingbury
Great Henny
Great Maplestead
Great Parndon
Great Saling
Great Stambridge ( - 1929 )
Great and Little Leighs ( 1946 - )
Great and Little Wigborough ( 1953 - 1974 )
Halstead Rural (parish)
Halstead
Hatfield Broad Oak ( 1136 - )
Hatfield Peverel
High Laver
High Ongar
High Roding
Highwood
Hockley
Kedington ( - 1895 )
Kelvedon
Kirby le Soken
Lamarsh
Latton
Lawford
Leaden Roding
Liston
Little Bentley
Little Bromley
Little Canfield
Little Chesterford
Little Coggeshall ( - 1949 )
Little Dunmow
Little Easton
Little Hallingbury
Little Henny
Little Holland
Little Laver
Little Maplestead
Little Sampford
Little Stambridge ( - 1929 )
Little Yeldham
Littlebury
Manningtree
Markshall
Messing cum Inworth ( 1934 - )
Messing
Middleton
Mistley
Moreton
Mountnessing
Navestock
Nazeing
Netteswell
North Wood
Norton Mandeville
Ongar ( 1965 - )
Ovington
Panfield
Pattiswick
Pebmarsh
Pentlow
Pitsea
Quendon and Rickling ( 1946 - )
Quendon ( - 1946 )
Rawreth
Rayne
Rettendon
Ridgewell
Rivenhall
Romford Rural (parish) ( - 1965 )
Roydon
Runwell
Shalford
Sheering
Shelley
Sible Hedingham
Stambourne
Stambridge ( 1934 - )
Stanford Rivers
Stansted Mountfitchet
Stapleford Tawney
Steeple Bumpstead
Stisted
Stondon Massey
Strethall
Sturmer
Tendring
Terling
Theydon Bois
Theydon Garnon
Theydon Mount
Tilbury juxta Clare
Toppesfield
Twinstead
Wendon Lofts
West Bergholt
Wethersfield
White Colne
Wicken Bonhunt
Wickham St. Paul
Widdington
Willingale ( 1946 - )
Wix
District
Maryland ( - 1965 )
District municipality
Basildon District ( 1974 - )
Braintree District ( 1974 - )
Brentwood District ( 1974 - )
Castle Point District ( 1974 - )
Chelmsford District ( 1974 - )
Colchester District ( 1974 - )
Epping Forest District ( 1974 - )
Harlow District ( 1974 - )
Maldon District ( 1974 - )
Rochford District ( 1974 - )
Tendring District ( 1974 - )
Thurrock District ( 1974 - )
Uttlesford District ( 1974 - )
Former parish
Willingale Doe ( - 1846 )
Willingale Spain ( - 1946 )
Hamlet
Dunton
Greenstead (near Colchester)
Greenstead-Green
Lee Chapel
Noak Bridge
Hundred
Barstable Hundred
Becontree Hundred
Chafford Hundred
Chelmsford Hundred
Clavering Hundred
Dengie Hundred
Dunmow Hundred
Freshwell Hundred
Harlow Hundred
Havering Liberty ( - 1965 )
Hinckford Hundred
Lexden Hundred
Ongar Hundred
Rochford Hundred
Tendring Hundred
Thurstable Hundred
Uttlesford Hundred
Waltham Hundred
Winstree Hundred
Witham Hundred
Inhabited place
Ashingdon
Barling
Basildon
Battlesbridge
Beauchamp Roding
Bentfield Bury
Berners Roding
Bicknacre
Bigods
Billericay
Birchanger
Bobbingworth
Borley
Bradfield
Braintree
Brentwood ( 500 - )
Brightlingsea
Broadley Common
Brook Street
Buckhurst Hill
Bulphan
Bumbles Green
Canewdon
Castle Hedingham
Chatham Green
Chigwell Row
Chigwell
Chipping Ongar
Chrishall
Clacton on Sea
Cock Clarks
Coggeshall ( 1949 - )
Colchester
Colne Valley
Cooksmill Green
Coopersale Common
Coryton
Cowick
Crawley End
Curling Tye Green
Debden Green
Debden
Doddinghurst
Duddenhoe End
Earls Colne
Eastwood
Elsenham
Epping
Feering
Felsted
Frinton on Sea
Fyfield
Galleyend
Gestingthorpe
Gosfield
Grange Hill
Grays Thurrock
Great Bardfield
Great Bentley
Great Bromley
Great Burstead
Great Holland
Great Oakley
Great Oxney Green
Great Yeldham
Greenstead (near Ongar)
Hadleigh
Hadstock
Halstead
Harlow
Harwich ( 100 - )
Hatfield Broad Oak ( 1136 - )
Hatfield Peverel
Havering atte Bower ( - 1965 )
Havering's Grove
Hawkwell
High Laver
Hockley
Horndon on the Hill
Housham Tye
Howe Green
Hullbridge
Ingatestone ( - 1894 )
Jaywick
Kelvedon Hatch
Lakeside
Lambourne
Lawford
Leigh on Sea
Linford
Little Bardfield
Little Clacton
Little End
Little Hallingbury
Little Oakley
Little Parndon
Little Totham
Little Wakering
Loughton
Magdalen Laver
Manningtree
Margaret Roding
Matching
Mill Green
Mistley
Mountnessing
Mundon Hill
Navestock Side
Navestock
Newport
Nine Ashes
North Shoebury
Norton Heath
Panfield
Pebmarsh
Pitsea
Prittlewell
Purfleet
Radwinter
Ramsey
Rawreth
Rayleigh
Rettendon Place
Rickling ( - 1946 )
Ridgewell
Rochford
Rowhedge
Roydon
Saffron Walden
Shoeburyness
Silver End
South Fambridge
South Green
South Woodham Ferrers
Southchurch
Southend on Sea
St. Osyth
Stanford Rivers
Stansted Mountfitchet
Stapleford Abbotts
Stebbing
Stondon Massey
Stratford ( - 1965 )
Sturmer
Takeley
Terling
Thames Haven
Thorpe le Soken
Thorrington
Tilbury
Toot Hill
Toppesfield
Ugley
Waltham Abbey
Walton on the Naze
Weeley
Wendens Ambo
West Bergholt
West Thurrock
Westcliff on Sea
White Notley
Wicken Bonhunt
Willingale Doe ( - 1846 )
Willingale Spain ( - 1946 )
Wimbish
Witham
Wrabness
Island
Mersea
Wallasea Island
Parish
Abberton
Abbess Roding
Aldham
Alresford
Althorne
Ardleigh
Asheldham
Aveley
Aythorpe Roding
Bardfield Saling
Barking ( - 1965 )
Barnston
Bartlow End ( 1866 - 1946 )
Birch
Blackmore
Boreham
Bowers Gifford
Boxted
Bradwell on Sea
Broomfield
Broxted
Burnham on Crouch
Buttsbury
Chadwell St. Mary
Chappel
Chelmsford
Chignal Smealy
Childerditch
Chingford ( - 1965 )
Clavering
Cold Norton
Copford
Corringham
Cranham ( - 1965 )
Creeksea ( - 1934 )
Dagenham ( - 1965 )
Danbury
Dedham
Dengie
Downham
East Donyland
East Ham ( - 1965 )
East Hanningfield
East Horndon
East Mersea
East Tilbury
Easthorpe
Eight Ash Green ( 1949 - )
Farnham
Fingringhoe
Fobbing
Fordham
Foulness
Fryerning
Goldhanger
Good Easter
Great Baddow
Great Braxted
Great Canfield
Great Chishill ( - 1895 )
Great Dunmow
Great Easton
Great Horkesley
Great Sampford
Great Tey
Great Totham
Great Wakering
Great Waltham
Great Warley
Great Wigborough ( - 1953 )
Hazeleigh
Helions Bumpstead
Hempstead
Henham on the Hill
Heybridge
High Easter
Hornchurch ( - 1965 )
Hutton
Ilford ( - 1965 )
Ingatestone and Fryerning ( 1889 - )
Ingrave
Inworth ( - 1934 )
Laindon
Langdon Hills
Langenhoe
Langford
Langham
Langley
Latchingdon
Layer Breton
Layer Marney
Layer de la Haye
Lee Chapel
Leyton ( - 1965 )
Lindsell
Little Baddow
Little Braxted
Little Burstead
Little Horkesley
Little Tey
Little Thurrock
Little Waltham
Little Warley
Little Wigborough ( - 1953 )
Manuden
Margaretting
Marks Tey
Mashbury
Mayland
Mount Bures
Mucking
Mundon
Nevendon
Noak Hill ( - 1965 )
North Benfleet
North Fambridge
North Ockendon ( - 1965 )
North Weald Bassett
Orsett
Peldon
Pleshey
Purleigh
Rainham ( - 1965 )
Ramsden Bellhouse ( - 1934 )
Ramsden Crays
Romford ( - 1965 )
Roxwell
Salcot
Sandon
Shellow Bowells
Shenfield
South Benfleet
South Hanningfield
South Ockendon
South Weald
Southminster
Springfield
St. Lawrence
Stanford le Hope
Stanway
Steeple
Stifford
Stock
Stow Maries
Stratford ( - 1965 )
Thaxted
Thundersley
Tillingham
Tilty
Tiptree
Tollesbury
Tolleshunt D'Arcy
Tolleshunt Knights
Tolleshunt Major
Ulting
Upminster ( - 1965 )
Vange
Virley
Wakes Colne
Walthamstow ( - 1965 )
Wanstead ( - 1965 )
Warley
Wennington ( - 1965 )
West Ham ( - 1965 )
West Hanningfield
West Horndon
West Mersea
West Tilbury
White Roding
Wickford
Wickham Bishops
Widford ( - 1934 )
Wivenhoe
Woodford ( - 1965 )
Woodham Ferrers
Woodham Mortimer
Woodham Walter
Wormingford
Writtle
Parish (ancient)
Great Stambridge ( - 1929 )
Havering ( - 1965 )
Little Stambridge ( - 1929 )
Snoreham
Region
East London ( - 1965 )
Registration district
Barking Registration District
Basildon Registration District ( 1974 - 1974 )
Billericay Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Braintree Registration District ( 1837 - 2010 )
Brentwood Registration District ( 1939 - 2010 )
Castle Point & Rochford Registration District ( 1998 - 2010 )
Chelmsford Registration District ( 1837 - 2010 )
Colchester Registration District
Dunmow Registration District ( 1937 - 1967 )
East Ham Registration District ( 1935 - 1965 )
Edmonton Registration District ( 1837 - 1965 )
Epping Forest Registration District ( 1974 - 2010 )
Epping Registration District
Essex Registration District ( 2010 - )
Essex South Western Registration District ( 1935 - 1965 )
Halstead Registration District ( 1837 - 1972 )
Harlow Registration District ( 1974 - 2010 )
Harwich Registration District ( 1939 - 1957 )
Ilford Registration District ( 1939 - 1965 )
Lexden Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Maldon Registration District ( 1837 - 1972 )
Ongar Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Orsett Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Rochford Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Romford Registration District ( 1837 - 1965 )
Saffron Walden Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Southend on Sea Registration District ( 1939 - )
Tendring Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Thurrock Registration District ( 1939 - )
Uttlesford Registration District ( 1974 - 2010 )
West Ham Registration District ( 1837 - 1967 )
Witham Registration District ( 1837 - 1880 )
Rural district
Belchamp Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Billericay Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Braintree Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bumpstead Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Chelmsford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Dunmow Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Epping Rural ( 1894 - 1955 )
Epping and Ongar Rural ( 1955 - 1974 )
Halstead Rural ( - 1974 )
Lexden and Winstree Rural ( - 1974 )
Maldon Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ongar Rural ( 1894 - 1955 )
Orsett Rural ( 1894 - 1936 )
Rochford Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Romford Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Saffron Walden Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Stansted Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Tendring Rural ( - 1974 )
Settlement
Little Walden
Suburb
Ardleigh Green ( - 1965 )
Black Notley
Buckhurst Hill
Dovercourt
Elm Park ( - 1965 )
Goodmayes ( - 1965 )
Hainault ( - 1965 )
Harold Hill ( - 1965 )
Havering atte Bower ( - 1965 )
Lexden
Parkeston
Plaistow ( - 1865 )
Wanstead ( - 1965 )
Township
Laindon
Langdon Hills
Unitary authority
Southend on Sea (district) ( 1974 - )
Thurrock District ( 1974 - )
Unknown
Ballingdon-cum-Brundon
Berechurch
Coopersale
Cornish-Hall-End
Forest-Gate
Great Notley
Havengore
Haydon
Heydon ( - 1895 )
High Beech
High Garrett
Higham-Bensted
Leigh
Little Chishill ( - 1895 )
Little Hadham
Paglesham
Sewardstone
Shopland
Shrub End
South Shoebury
St. Lawrence-Newland
Stanway-All Saints
Sutton
Tilbury-Fort
Upshire
Uptown Park
Wharwich
Urban district
Barking ( - 1965 )
Basildon
Benfleet ( 1929 - 1974 )
Braintree
Brentwood ( 500 - )
Brightlingsea
Burnham on Crouch
Canvey Island ( 1926 - 1974 )
Chigwell
Clacton on Sea
Dagenham ( - 1965 )
East Ham ( - 1965 )
Epping
Frinton and Walton ( 1934 - )
Grays Thurrock
Halstead
Harlow
Hornchurch ( - 1965 )
Ilford ( - 1965 )
Purfleet
Rayleigh
Romford ( - 1965 )
Thurrock ( 1936 - 1974 )
Tilbury
Waltham Holy Cross ( - 1974 )
Walthamstow ( - 1965 )
Wanstead ( - 1965 )
West Mersea
Witham
Wivenhoe
Woodford ( - 1965 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region.

Essex occupies the eastern part of the ancient Kingdom of Essex, which united with the other Anglian and Saxon kingdoms to make England a single nation state. As well as rural areas, the county also includes London Stansted Airport, the new towns of Basildon and Harlow, Lakeside Shopping Centre, the port of Tilbury and the borough of Southend-on-Sea.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The name Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages and has its root in the Anglo-Saxon (Old English) name Ēastseaxe ("East Saxons"), the eastern kingdom of the Saxons who had come from the continent and settled in Britain (cf. Middlesex, Sussex and Wessex) during the Heptarchy. Originally recorded in AD 527, Essex occupied territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating all of what later became Middlesex (which probably included Surrey) and most of what later became Hertfordshire. Its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lea.

Colchester in the north-east of the county is Britain's oldest recorded town, dating from before the Roman conquest, when it was known as Camulodunum and was sufficiently well-developed to have its own mint. In AD 824, following the Battle of Ellandun, the kingdoms of the East Saxons, the South Saxons and the Jutes of Kent were absorbed into the kingdom of the West Saxons, uniting Saxland under King Alfred's grandfather Ecgberht. Before the Norman conquest the East Saxons were subsumed into the Kingdom of England. After the Norman conquest, Essex became a county.

During the medieval period, much of the area was designated a Royal forest, including the entire county in a period to 1204, when the area "north of the Stanestreet" was disafforested. Gradually, the areas subject to forest law diminished, but at various times they included the forests of Becontree, Chelmsford, Epping, Hatfield, Ongar and Waltham.

County-wide administration

Essex County Council was formed in 1889. However, County Boroughs of West Ham (1889–1965), Southend-on-Sea (1914–1974) and East Ham (1915–1965) formed part of the county but were unitary authorities (not under county council control). 12 boroughs and districts provide more localised services such as rubbish and recycling collections, leisure and planning, as shown in the map on the right.

Parish-level administration – changes

A few Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties. Before 1889, small areas were transferred to Hertfordshire near Bishops Stortford and Sawbridgeworth. At the time of the main changes around 1900, parts of Helions Bumpstead, Sturmer, Kedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk; and Great Chishill, Little Chishill and Heydon were transferred to Cambridgeshire. Later, part of Hadstock, part of Ashton and part of Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk; and several other small parcels of land were transferred to all those counties.

Boundaries

The boundary with Greater London was established in 1965, when East Ham and West Ham county boroughs and the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham, Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and Woodford districts[1] were transferred to form the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest. Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in 1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999, having previously been part of the South East England region.

Two unitary authorities

In 1998, the boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were granted autonomy from the administrative county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities (numbered 13 and 14 on the map to the right).

Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary authorities. The county council chamber and main headquarters is at the County Hall in Chelmsford. Before 1938, the council regularly met in London near Moorgate, which with significant parts of the county close to that point and the dominance of railway travel had been more convenient than any place in the county. It currently has 75 elected councillors. Before 1965, the number of councillors reached over 100. The County Hall, made a listed building in 2007, dates largely from the mid-1930s and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds.

Research Tips

  • Essex Record Office handles Essex archives within the county. The address is Wharf Road, Chelmsford, Essex CM2 6YT.
  • The Essex Society for Family History covers topics of genealogical interest throughout the present County of Essex (i.e. excluding the western area now in Greater London). Subscription necessary.
  • GENUKI provides a list of towns and parishes leading to pages for individual parishes with useful local information for genealogists and family historians.
  • Wikimedia Commons has a set of maps of the old hundreds of Essex. These do not show the individual parishes within the hundreds.
  • For very detailed investigation Wikimedia Commons also has a series of 176 part maps of the Ordnance Survey 1st series 1:10560, Map of Essex
  • FamilySearch lists its collections of church records and vital records along with those provided by other organizations, both commercial and voluntary.
  • The commercial website FindMyPast also has a collection of wills and newspaper transcriptions, as well as the "1939 Register" (an equivalent to the census gathered at the beginning of World War 2).
  • A Vision of Britain through Time is a website produced by the Department of Geography of the University of Portsmouth. It outlines all parishes as they were in the 19th century.
  • British History Online has transcribed eight volumes of the Victoria County History project for Essex. Seven of these cover the history of parts of the county in great detail, although the project is incomplete for Essex as a whole. Ownership of land through the centuries can often be traced here. The volumes of note are as follows:
Volume 4, Ongar Hundred, including Chipping and High Ongar, Chigwell, Stondon Massey and Theydon Bois (26 parishes in all).
Volume 5, Becontree Hundred outside Greater London. A thematic account of the growth of metropolitan Essex since 1850. Also contains topographical accounts of Barking, Ilford, Dagenham and other areas of Essex now within Greater London.
Volume 6, parishes of Becontree Hundred now within the London boroughs of Newham, Waltham Forest and Redbridge. These include West and East Ham, Walthamstow and Wanstead.
Volume 7, Covers the ancient parishes, formerly within the Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower and now within the London borough of Havering, and those in Chafford hundred in western Essex now bordering London. It includes accounts of Hornchurch, Romford, Havering.
Volume 8, accounts of the parishes of Chafford and Harlow Hundreds, including Brentwood, Harlow and Thurrock.
Volume 9, the Borough of Colchester, describes the life of the oldest and for long the largest town in Essex from the Iron Age to 1990.
Volume 10, Lexden Hundred (part), includes Dedham, Earls Colne and Wivenhoe and other parishes to the north and west of Colchester.
  • As of June 2019 Ancestry (Worldwide subscription required) includes Essex, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812, these early records are from parish registers of baptisms and burials during the years 1538–1812, and marriages during the years 1538-1754. These are in addition to their previous holdings:
  • Essex, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1918: 3,937,941 records
  • Essex, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1935: 1,968,439 records
  • Essex, England, Church of England Deaths and Burials, 1813-1994: 730,118 records
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Essex. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.