Place:West Thurrock, Essex, England

NameWest Thurrock
Alt namesTurocsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 105
Turochasource: Domesday Book (1985) p 105
Turrocsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 105
Turrucsource: Domesday Book (1985) p 105
TypeInhabited place
Coordinates51.483°N 0.267°E
Located inEssex, England
See alsoOrsett Rural, Essex, Englandrural district of which it was part 1894-1921
Purfleet, Essex, Englandurban district of which West Thurrock was a part 1921-1936
Thurrock, Essex, Englandurban district in which it was located 1936-1974
Thurrock (district), Essex, Englanddistrict municipality/unitary authority in which it has been situated since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

West Thurrock is a traditional Church of England parish and town in Thurrock, Essex, England, located 17.5 miles (28.1 km) east south-east of Charing Cross, London (a point for measuring distances from the centre of London).

The parish was part of the Orsett Rural District from 1894 until 1921, the Purfleet urban district from 1921 until 1936, and the Thurrock Urban District from 1936 until 1974. Since 1974 it has been located in the Thurrock District in Essex (a unitary authority since 1998). It had a population of 7,795 in the 2001 UK Census.

Industry and Commercial Provision

Industry along the Thames includes a Unilever chilled distribution centre for all its chilled food products. A Procter & Gamble (originally Hedley's) plant manufactures detergents and soaps.

The large coal-burning West Thurrock Power Station closed in 1993, and was replaced by a plant making industrial chemicals, particularly the raw materials for detergent manufacture. The 190-metre tall electricity pylons of 400 kV Thames Crossing, the tallest electricity pylons in the UK, remain. Just upstream of the pylons the tunnel of High Speed 1 passes under the Thames.

West Thurrock was formerly the site of a large chalk quarrying and cement making industry, today represented only by the works of Lafarge below the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge. A new plant for the production of aluminous cement was completed in 2003.

West Thurrock is the location of the Lakeside Shopping Centre, a very large group of retail outlets.

A nineteenth century description

A Vision of Britain through Time provides the following description of West Thurrock from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870-72:

"THURROCK (West), a parish in Orsett [registration] district, Essex; on the Thames, 1¼ mile W by S of Grays [railway] station. It includes Purfleet; and it has a post-office under Romford. Acres: 3,607; of which 700 are water. Real property: £6,131. Population: in 1851, 835; in 1861, 1,039. Houses: 122. The increase of population arose partly from augmentation of the Ordnance establishment at Purfleet. The property is not much divided. Much of the land is marsh. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester. Value: £306. Patron: S. Whitbread, Esq. The church is Saxon or Early Norman."

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