Person:Philip II of Spain (1)

Felipe II , de España
m.
  1. Felipe II , de España1527 - 1598
  2. Maria , of Austria, Holy Roman Empress1528 - 1603
  3. Archduchess Joanna of Austria1535 - 1573
  1. Ferdinand , Prince of Asturias1571 - 1578
  2. Diego , Prince of Asturias1575 - 1582
  3. Philip III of Spain1578 - 1621
m. 1554
m. 2 Feb 1560
  1. Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain1566 - 1633
  2. Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain1567 - 1597
  1. Carlos , Prince of Asturias1545 - 1568
Facts and Events
Name Felipe II , de España
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 21 May 1527 Valladolid, Castilla y León, SpainHouse of Habsburg
Marriage 1554 to Queen Mary of England
Marriage 2 Feb 1560 Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Castilla-La Mancha, Spainto Élisabeth de France
Death[1][2] 13 Sep 1598 El Escorial, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Reference Number? Q34417?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Philip II (; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58). He was also Duke of Milan. From 1555 he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands.

The son of Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip was called "Felipe el Prudente" ("Philip the Prudent") in Spain; his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age. The expression "the empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his dominion.

During Philip's reign there were separate state bankruptcies in 1557, 1560, 1569, 1575, and 1596. This was partly the cause of the declaration of independence that created the Dutch Republic in 1581. On 31 December 1584 Philip signed the Treaty of Joinville, with Henry I, Duke of Guise signing on behalf of the Catholic League; consequently Philip supplied a considerable annual grant to the League over the following decade to maintain the civil war in France, with the hope of destroying the French Calvinists. A devout Catholic, Philip saw himself as the defender of Catholic Europe against the Ottoman Empire and the Protestant Reformation. He sent a large armada to invade Protestant England in 1588, with the strategic aim of overthrowing Elizabeth I of England and the establishment of Protestantism in England. He hoped to stop both English interference in the Spanish Netherlands and the harm caused to Spanish interests by English and Dutch privateering.

Philip was described by the Venetian ambassador Paolo Fagolo in 1563 as "slight of stature and round-faced, with pale blue eyes, somewhat prominent lip, and pink skin, but his overall appearance is very attractive". The Ambassador went on to say "He dresses very tastefully, and everything that he does is courteous and gracious." Besides Mary I, Philip was married three other times and widowed four times.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Philip II of Spain, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.