Place:Harlow, Essex, England

Alt namesHerlauasource: Domesday Book (1985) p 102
Harlow New Townsource: contemporary usage
TypeTown, Urban district
Coordinates51.783°N 0.133°E
Located inEssex, England
See alsoEpping Rural, Essex, Englandrural district of which it was part 1894-1955
Harlow (district), Essex, Englanddistrict municipality covering the area since 1974
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Harlow is a former Mark One New Town and local government district in the west of Essex, England. Situated on the border with Hertfordshire and London, it occupies a large area of land on the south bank of the upper Stort Valley, which has been made navigable through other towns and features a canal section near its watermill. Old Harlow is a village-size suburb founded by the early medieval age and most of its high street buildings are early Victorian and residential, mostly protected by one of the Conservation Areas in the district. In Old Harlow is a field named Harlowbury, a de-settled monastic area which has the remains of a chapel, a scheduled ancient monument.

The M11 motorway passes through the east of the district, entirely to the east of the town. Harlow has its own commercial and leisure economy. It is also an outer part of the London commuter belt and employment centre of the M11 corridor which includes Cambridge and London Stansted to the north. At the time of the 2011 Census, Harlow's population was recorded at 81,944 and its district had the third-highest proportion of social housing in England, 26.9%, a legacy of the 1947 commitment to re-house blitzed London families after World War II and provide a percentage of homes for other needy families who cannot afford market rents.

The original village, mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, developed as a typical rural community around what is now known as Old Harlow, with many of its buildings still standing. This includes for instance the Grade II listed St Mary's Church in Churchgate Street. Its former Chapel is in a ruinous state in a field which was once the Harlowbury Abbey part of Old Harlow. The chapel is a Grade I listed and a scheduled ancient monument.

The new town was built after World War II to ease overcrowding in London and surrounding areas due to the mass devastation caused by the bombing during the Blitz. Harlow was a 'Phase I' new town along with others such as Basildon, Stevenage, and Hemel Hempstead. New Towns were designated following the New Towns Act of 1946, with the master plan for Harlow drawn up in 1947 by Sir Frederick Gibberd. The development incorporated the market town of Harlow, now a neighbourhood known as Old Harlow, and the villages of Great Parndon, Latton, Little Parndon, Netteswell, Tye Green, Potter Street, and Churchgate Street. The town is divided into neighbourhoods, each self-supporting with their own shopping precincts, community facilities and pub. Harlow had a population of 4,500 when it became a new town in 1947. The original railway station, Burnt Mill, is now Harlow Town Station.

The parish was part of the Epping Rural District from 1894 until 1955 when it became an Urban District. Since 1974 it has been the centre of the Harlow District of Essex.

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