Person:William I of England (1)

William I "the Conqueror" _____, King of England, Duke of Normandy
m. Abt 1023
  1. William I "the Conqueror" _____, King of England, Duke of Normandy1028 - 1087
  • HWilliam I "the Conqueror" _____, King of England, Duke of Normandy1028 - 1087
  • WMathilde van VlaanderenAbt 1031 - 1083
m. Bet 1050 and 1052
  1. Robert III "Curthose" _____, Duke of NormandyAbt 1054 - 1134
  2. Richard _____, Duke of BernayAbt 1054 - Bet 1069 & 1075
  3. Cecilia _____, de NormandieAbt 1055 - 1126
  4. Adelisa de NormandieAbt 1055 -
  5. William II "Rufus" _____, of EnglandAbt 1056 - 1100
  6. Constance de NormandieBet 1057 & 1061 - 1090
  7. Matilda de NormandieAbt 1059 - Bef 1112
  8. Agatha of NormandyEst 1064 - Bef 1074
  9. Adela of NormandyAbt 1066 - 1137
  10. Henry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
Facts and Events
Name[9][8] William I "the Conqueror" _____, King of England, Duke of Normandy
Alt Name Guillaume II De Normandie
Gender Male
Birth[9] 14 Oct 1028 Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, FranceHouse of Normandy
Title (nobility)? From 1035 to 9 Sep 1087 Normandie, FranceDuke of Normandy
Marriage Bet 1050 and 1052 Eu, Seine-Maritime, FranceCathedral of Notre Dame
to Mathilde van Vlaanderen
Other  Refuted child?: Gundred, Countess of Surrey (1) 
with Mathilde van Vlaanderen
Christening? 1066 Norman Conquest, as an adult;
Military[1] 14 Oct 1066 Battle, Sussex, England Combatant of Hastings
Other[11] 25 Dec 1066 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation as King of England
Title (nobility)? From 25 Dec 1066 to 9 Sep 1087 EnglandKing of England
Death[11] 9 Sep 1087 Rouen (arrondissement), Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, FrancePrioré de Saint-Gervais
Burial[11] Abbey of Saint-Étienne, Caen, Calvados, France
Physical Description? 5 ft. 10 in.
Reference Number[1] Q37594?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

William I (c. 1028 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard,[1] was the first Norman king of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. A descendant of Rollo, he was Duke of Normandy from 1035 onward. By 1060, following a long struggle to establish his throne, his hold on Normandy was secure. In 1066, following the death of Edward the Confessor, William invaded England, leading an army of Normans to victory over the Anglo-Saxon forces of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings, and suppressed subsequent English revolts in what has become known as the Norman Conquest. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands, and by difficulties with his eldest son, Robert Curthose.

William was the son of the unmarried Duke Robert I of Normandy and his mistress Herleva. His illegitimate status and his youth caused some difficulties for him after he succeeded his father, as did the anarchy which plagued the first years of his rule. During his childhood and adolescence, members of the Norman aristocracy battled each other, both for control of the child duke, and for their own ends. In 1047, William was able to quash a rebellion and begin to establish his authority over the duchy, a process that was not complete until about 1060. His marriage in the 1050s to Matilda of Flanders provided him with a powerful ally in the neighbouring county of Flanders. By the time of his marriage, William was able to arrange the appointment of his supporters as bishops and abbots in the Norman church. His consolidation of power allowed him to expand his horizons, and he secured control of the neighbouring county of Maine by 1062.

In the 1050s and early 1060s, William became a contender for the throne of England held by the childless Edward the Confessor, his first cousin once removed. There were other potential claimants, including the powerful English earl Harold Godwinson, whom Edward named as king on his deathbed in January 1066. Arguing that Edward had previously promised the throne to him and that Harold had sworn to support his claim, William built a large fleet and invaded England in September 1066. He decisively defeated and killed Harold at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066. After further military efforts, William was crowned king on Christmas Day, 1066, in London. He made arrangements for the governance of England in early 1067 before returning to Normandy. Several unsuccessful rebellions followed, but William's hold was mostly secure on England by 1075, allowing him to spend the majority of his reign in continental Europe.

William's final years were marked by difficulties in his continental domains, troubles with his son, Robert, and threatened invasions of England by the Danes. In 1086, he ordered the compilation of the Domesday Book, a survey listing all the land-holdings in England along with their pre-Conquest and current holders. He died in September 1087 while leading a campaign in northern France, and was buried in Caen. His reign in England was marked by the construction of castles, settling a new Norman nobility on the land, and change in the composition of the English clergy. He did not try to integrate his various domains into one empire but continued to administer each part separately. His lands were divided after his death: Normandy went to Robert, and England went to his second surviving son, William Rufus.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at William I of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
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  1. 1.0 1.1 William I of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   The Kings of Eng., Eng. 176, p. 1-12.
  3.   The Royal Daughters of England, Eng. 120, v. 1, p. 1-38.
  4.   The Royal Lines of Succession, A16A225, p. 8.
  5.   Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 252.
  6.   George's Gen. Tab., Eng. 102.
  7.   Anderson's Royal Gen., Eng. 132.
  8. Hansen, Charles M. The Barons of Woodhull: with Observations on the Ancestry of George Elkinton, Emigrant to New Jersey. The Genealogist. (1987).
  9. 9.0 9.1 Teck, Caroline Humby. Royalty of England. (London: Caroline Humby Designs, 1970).
  10.   William I 'the Conqueror', King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 GUILLAUME de Normandie, Guillaume de Nomandie, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  12.   William "the Conqueror" (Guillaume "le Conquérant"), in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  13.   William the Conqueror, in Find A Grave.
  14.   Child #5 Alice or Adelaide is the one claimed to have been betrothed to Harald II, King of England; even though there is some disputation as to when she died, Harald II makes a claim she died before the invasion of England in 1066.