Person:Henry I Beauclerc (1)

Henry I "Beauclerc" , King of England
  1. Robert FitzRoy, de Caen
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" , King of England
  • WEdith
  1. Mathilde FitzRoy, Countess of Perche
  1. Henry FitzRoy
  1. Robert FitzEdith, Lord Okehampton
  1. Isabel FitzRoy
m. 1121
Facts and Events
Name[11] Henry I "Beauclerc" , King of England
Gender Male
Birth[13] Sep 1068 Selby, Yorkshire, EnglandHouse of Normandy
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Unknown Unknown (5056)
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Edith
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Ansfride , of Abingdon Abbey
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Nest ferch Rhys, Princess of Wales
Title (nobility)[1][13] from 3 Aug 1100 to 1135 King of England
Other[13] 5 Aug 1100 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation
Reference Number[13] Q101384?
Marriage 11 Nov 1100 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandto Princess Eadgyth of Scotland
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Sibyl Corbet
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Edith Fitzforne
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Isabelle de Beaumont
Marriage Cohabitation?
to unknown mistresses (add)
Title (nobility)[1] from 1106 to 1135 Duke of Normandy
Marriage 1121 Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, EnglandRoyal Chapel
to Adeliza of Louvain
Death[1][13] 1 Dec 1135 Lyons-la-Forêt, Eure, FranceForest of Angers
Burial[16] 4 Jan 1136 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death in 1135. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's elder brothers Robert Curthose and William Rufus inherited Normandy and England, respectively, but Henry was left landless. Henry purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but William and Robert deposed him in 1091. Henry gradually rebuilt his power base in the Cotentin and allied himself with William against Robert. Henry was present when William died in a hunting accident in 1100, and he seized the English throne, promising at his coronation to correct many of William's less popular policies. Henry married Matilda of Scotland but continued to have a large number of mistresses by whom he had many illegitimate children.

Robert, who invaded in 1101, disputed Henry's control of England; this military campaign ended in a negotiated settlement that confirmed Henry as king. The peace was short-lived, and Henry invaded the Duchy of Normandy in 1105 and 1106, finally defeating Robert at the Battle of Tinchebray. Henry kept Robert imprisoned for the rest of his life. Henry's control of Normandy was challenged by Louis VI of France, Baldwin VII of Flanders and Fulk V of Anjou, who promoted the rival claims of Robert's son, William Clito, and supported a major rebellion in the Duchy between 1116 and 1119. Following Henry's victory at the Battle of Brémule, a favourable peace settlement was agreed with Louis in 1120.

Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices. Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Many of the officials who ran Henry's system were "new men" of obscure backgrounds rather than from families of high status, who rose through the ranks as administrators. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in 1101 with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in 1105. He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy.

Henry's only legitimate son and heir, William Adelin, drowned in the White Ship disaster of 1120, throwing the royal succession into doubt. Henry took a second wife, Adeliza of Louvain, in the hope of having another son, but their marriage was childless. In response to this, Henry declared his daughter, Empress Matilda, his heir and married her to Geoffrey of Anjou. The relationship between Henry and the couple became strained, and fighting broke out along the border with Anjou. Henry died on 1 December 1135 after a week of illness. Despite his plans for Matilda, the King was succeeded by his nephew, Stephen of Blois, resulting in a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry I of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
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  11. Hansen, Charles M. The Barons of Woodhull: with Observations on the Ancestry of George Elkinton, Emigrant to New Jersey. The Genealogist. (1987).
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  14.   Henry I, in Find A Grave.
  15.   Henry I, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  16. 1136 4th January, in English History Timeline.