Person:Henry I Beauclerc (1)

     
Henry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England
m. Bet 1050 and 1052
  1. Robert III "Curthose" _____, Duke of NormandyAbt 1054 - 1134
  2. Richard _____, Duke of BernayAbt 1054 - Bet 1069 & 1075
  3. Cecilia _____, de NormandieAbt 1055 - 1126
  4. Adelisa de NormandieAbt 1055 -
  5. William II "Rufus" _____, of EnglandAbt 1056 - 1100
  6. Constance de NormandieBet 1057 & 1061 - 1090
  7. Matilda de NormandieAbt 1059 - Bef 1112
  8. Agatha of NormandyEst 1064 - Bef 1074
  9. Henry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  10. Adela of Normandy1167 - 1137
m.
  1. Robert FitzRoy, de CaenEst 1090 - 1147
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  • WEdith _____
m.
  1. Mathilde FitzRoy, Countess of PercheEst 1091 - 1120
m.
  1. Juliane FitzRoyEst 1090 - Aft 1136
  2. Fulk FitzRoyEst 1092 -
  3. Richard of LincolnEst 1094 - 1120
m.
  1. Henry FitzRoyEst 1100 - Abt 1157
m. 11 Nov 1100
  1. Euphemia of England1101 -
  2. Empress Matilda _____, of England, Empress of the Holy Roman EmpireAbt 1102 - 1167
  3. William "Adelin" _____, Duke of NormandyBef 1103 - 1120
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  • WSibyl CorbetEst 1093 - Aft 1157
m.
  1. Gundred UnknownEst 1108 -
  2. Rainald de Dunstanville, Earl of CornwallEst 1110 - 1175
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  • WEdith FitzforneEst 1090 - 1173
m.
  1. Robert FitzEdith, Lord OkehamptonEst 1112 - 1172
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  • WIsabelle de BeaumontEst 1103 - Aft 1172
m.
  1. Isabel FitzRoyEst 1118 -
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  • W.  unknown mistresses (add)
m.
  1. _____ FitzRoyEst 1088 -
  2. Sibyl FitzRoyEst 1092 - 1122
  3. William FitzRoyEst 1094 - Aft 1129
  4. William de TracyEst 1097 - Abt 1136
  5. Matilda FitzRoy, Duchess of BrittanyEst 1098 -
  6. Alix FitzRoyEst 1112 - Bef 1141
  7. Gilbert FitzRoyEst 1114 - Aft 1142
  8. Constance FitzRoyEst 1119 - Aft 1173
  9. Matilda FitzRoyEst 1120 -
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England1068 - 1135
  • WAdeliza of Louvain1103 - 1151
m. 1121
Facts and Events
Name[11] Henry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England
Gender Male
Birth[13] Sep 1068 Selby, Yorkshire, EnglandHouse of Normandy
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Unknown Unknown (5056)
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Edith _____
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Ansfride _____, of Abingdon Abbey
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Nest ferch Rhys, Princess of Wales
Title (nobility)[1][13] From 3 Aug 1100 to 1135 King of England
Other[13] 5 Aug 1100 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation
Marriage 11 Nov 1100 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandto Princess Eadgyth of Scotland
Title (nobility)[1] From 1106 to 1135 Duke of Normandy
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Sibyl Corbet
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Edith Fitzforne
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Isabelle de Beaumont
Marriage Cohabitation?
to unknown mistresses (add)
Marriage 1121 Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, EnglandRoyal Chapel
to Adeliza of Louvain
Death[1][13] 1 Dec 1135 Lyons-la-Forêt, Eure, FranceForest of Angers
Burial[16] 4 Jan 1136 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England
Reference Number[13] Q101384?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death in 1135. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's elder brothers Robert Curthose and William Rufus inherited Normandy and England, respectively, but Henry was left landless. Henry purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but William and Robert deposed him in 1091. Henry gradually rebuilt his power base in the Cotentin and allied himself with William against Robert. Henry was present when William died in a hunting accident in 1100, and he seized the English throne, promising at his coronation to correct many of William's less popular policies. Henry married Matilda of Scotland but continued to have a large number of mistresses by whom he had many illegitimate children.

Robert, who invaded in 1101, disputed Henry's control of England; this military campaign ended in a negotiated settlement that confirmed Henry as king. The peace was short-lived, and Henry invaded the Duchy of Normandy in 1105 and 1106, finally defeating Robert at the Battle of Tinchebray. Henry kept Robert imprisoned for the rest of his life. Henry's control of Normandy was challenged by Louis VI of France, Baldwin VII of Flanders and Fulk V of Anjou, who promoted the rival claims of Robert's son, William Clito, and supported a major rebellion in the Duchy between 1116 and 1119. Following Henry's victory at the Battle of Brémule, a favourable peace settlement was agreed with Louis in 1120.

Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices. Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Many of the officials who ran Henry's system were "new men" of obscure backgrounds rather than from families of high status, who rose through the ranks as administrators. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in 1101 with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in 1105. He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy.

Henry's only legitimate son and heir, William Adelin, drowned in the White Ship disaster of 1120, throwing the royal succession into doubt. Henry took a second wife, Adeliza of Louvain, in the hope of having another son, but their marriage was childless. In response to this, Henry declared his daughter, Empress Matilda, his heir and married her to Geoffrey of Anjou. The relationship between Henry and the couple became strained, and fighting broke out along the border with Anjou. Henry died on 1 December 1135 after a week of illness. Despite his plans for Matilda, the King was succeeded by his nephew, Stephen of Blois, resulting in a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry I of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Henry I of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Scottish Kings, Scot. 28, p. 1-50.
  3.   Scots Peerage, Scot 2b, v. 1, p. 2.
  4.   Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 252, 286.
  5.   The Royal Lines of Succession, A16A225, p. 8.
  6.   The Kings of England, Eng. 176, p. 24-33.
  7.   The Royal Daughters of England, Eng. 120, v. 1, p. 39.
  8.   Royal Fam. of Eng., Scot., and Wales, Eng. 260, v. 1, p. 33-46, gen. p. 9-15.
  9.   Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 6.
  10.   Buck, J. Orton; Marcellus Donald Alexander von Redlich; Aileen Lewers Langston; and Timothy Field Beard. Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne's descendants. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1974-1978, 1979)
    2:285.
  11. Hansen, Charles M. The Barons of Woodhull: with Observations on the Ancestry of George Elkinton, Emigrant to New Jersey. The Genealogist. (1987).
  12.   Henry I 'Beauclerc', King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 HENRY of England, son of WILLIAM I "the Conqueror", in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  14.   Henry I, in Find A Grave.
  15.   Henry I, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  16. 1136 4th January, in English History Timeline.