Person:Eadgyth of Scotland (1)

Princess Eadgyth of Scotland
b.Est 1079 Scotland
m. Bet 1067 and 1069
  1. Eadweard _____Abt 1068 - 1093
  2. Edmund of ScotlandAbt 1070 - Aft 1097
  3. Ethelred of ScotlandAbt 1072 - 1093
  4. Edgar of Scotland1074 - 1106/07
  5. Margaret Stewart1077 -
  6. Alexander I _____, of ScotlandAbt 1078 - 1124
  7. Princess Eadgyth of ScotlandEst 1079 - 1118
  8. Dauíd mac Maíl CholuimAbt 1080 & 1085 - 1153
  9. Mary of Scotland1082 - 1116
Facts and Events
Name[8] Princess Eadgyth of Scotland
Alt Name[4][10] Edith of Scotland
Married Name[9] Queen Matilda _____
Gender Female
Birth[8] Est 1079 Scotland
Marriage 11 Nov 1100 Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandWestminster Abbey,
to Henry I "Beauclerc" _____, King of England
Death[6][8] 1 May 1118 Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandWestminster Palace,
Burial[8] Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandWestminster Abbey
Reference Number? Q232761?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Matilda of Scotland (c. 1080 – 1 May 1118), originally christened Edith, was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry I. She acted as regent of England in the absence of her spouse on several occasions.

Matilda was the daughter of the English princess Saint Margaret and the Scottish king Malcolm III. She was descended from Alfred the Great. At the age of about six Matilda was sent with her sister to be educated in a convent in southern England, where her aunt Cristina was abbess. It is not clear if she spent much time in Scotland thereafter. In 1093, when she was about 13, she was engaged to an English nobleman when her father and brother Edward were killed in a minor raid into England, and her mother died soon after; her fiancé then abandoned the proposed marriage. In Scotland a messy succession conflict followed between Matilda's uncle Donald III, her half-brother Duncan II and brother Edgar until 1097. Matilda's whereabouts during this no doubt difficult period are uncertain.

But after the suspicious death of William II of England in 1100 and accession of his brother Henry I, Matilda's prospects improved. Henry moved quickly to propose to her. It is said that he already knew and admired her, and she may indeed have spent time at the English court. Edgar was now secure on the Scottish throne, offering the prospect of better relations between the two countries, and Matilda also had the considerable advantage of Anglo-Saxon royal blood, which the Norman dynasty largely lacked. There was a difficulty about the marriage; a special church council was called to be satisfied that Matilda had not taken vows as a nun, which her emphatic testimony managed to convince them of.

Matilda and Henry married in late 1100. They had two children who reached adulthood and two more who died young. Matilda led a literary and musical court, but was also pious. She was "a women of exceptional holiness, in piety her mother's rival, and in her own character exempt from all evil influence." She embarked on building projects for the church, and took a role in government when her husband was away; many surviving charters are signed by her. Matilda lived to see her daughter Matilda become Holy Roman Empress but died two years before the drowning of her son William. Henry remarried, but had no further legitimate children, which caused a succession crisis known as The Anarchy. Matilda is buried in Westminster Abbey and was fondly remembered by her subjects as "Matilda the Good Queen" and "Matilda of Blessed Memory". There was an attempt to have her canonized, which was not pursued.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Matilda of Scotland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1.   The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999 (13)
    161-9.
  2.   Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999 (17)
    1-23.
  3.   Tompsett, Brian. Directory of Royal Genealogical Data (3). (Name: 1994-1999; http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal ,;).
  4. Matilda of Scotland, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  5.   Editha of Scotland, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  6. Eadgyth/Matilda of Scotland, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  7.   Matilda, queen of England (d.1118), in Amanda Beam, John Bradley, Dauvit Broun, John Reuben Davies, Matthew Hammond, Michele Pasin (with others). The People of Medieval Scotland, 1093 – 1314
    PoMS No. 1683.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 HENRY of England, EADGYTH, in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  9. She adopted the name "Matilda" on her marriage. (Cawley, cited above.)
  10. Latinization of Eadgyth