Person:David I of Scotland (1)

     
Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim
b.bet abt 1080 and 1085 Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Facts and Events
Name[4] Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim
Alt Name[2] David I Mac Malcolm, King of Scotland I
Alt Name[4] David I of Scotland
Alt Name Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim
Gender Male
Birth[1][4] bet abt 1080 and 1085 Edinburgh, Midlothian, ScotlandHouse of Dunkeld
Title (nobility)[4] 1113 Prince of the Cumbrians
Marriage 1113 Carlisle, Cumbria, Englandto Maud of Huntingdon
Title (nobility)[4] 1124 King of Scots
Death[2][4] 24 May 1153 Carlisle, Cumbria, England
Ancestral File Number Q216787?
Military? Battle of the Standard
Burial? Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim; – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of the Scots from 1124 to 1153. The youngest son of Malcolm III and Margaret of Wessex, David spent most of his childhood in Scotland, but was exiled to England temporarily in 1093. Perhaps after 1100, he became a dependent at the court of King Henry I. There he was influenced by the Anglo-French culture of the court.

When David's brother Alexander I died in 1124, David chose, with the backing of Henry I, to take the Kingdom of Scotland (Alba) for himself. He was forced to engage in warfare against his rival and nephew, Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair. Subduing the latter seems to have taken David ten years, a struggle that involved the destruction of Óengus, Mormaer of Moray. David's victory allowed expansion of control over more distant regions theoretically part of his Kingdom. After the death of his former patron Henry I, David supported the claims of Henry's daughter and his own niece, Empress Matilda, to the throne of England. In the process, he came into conflict with King Stephen and was able to expand his power in northern England, despite his defeat at the Battle of the Standard in 1138.

The term "Davidian Revolution" is used by many scholars to summarise the changes which took place in Scotland during his reign. These included his foundation of burghs and regional markets, implementation of the ideals of Gregorian Reform, foundation of monasteries, Normanisation of the Scottish government, and the introduction of feudalism through immigrant French and Anglo-French knights.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at David I of Scotland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. Jiri Louda (tables), Michael Maclagan, CVO, Richmond Herald, (i)Lines of Succession - Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe(/i) (London: Li.
  2. 2.0 2.1 David I 'the Saint', King of Scotland, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   Nancy L Kuehl, A Seale Anthology Second Edition, 683.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 David I of Scotland, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  5.   DAVID, son of MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland & his wife Margaret of England ([1080]-Carlisle 24 May 1153, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  6.   David I, king of Scots (d.1153), in Amanda Beam, John Bradley, Dauvit Broun, John Reuben Davies, Matthew Hammond, Michele Pasin (with others). The People of Medieval Scotland, 1093 – 1314, PoMS No. 130.