Person:Edward England (1)

Edward "the Confessor"
b.bet 1002 and 1005 Islip, Oxfordshire, England
Facts and Events
Name Edward "the Confessor"
Alt Name Prince Edward III , of England
Gender Male
Birth[1] bet 1002 and 1005 Islip, Oxfordshire, EnglandHouse of Wessex
Other? bet 1042 and 1066 Reign
Marriage 23 Jan 1045 to Edith Godwinsdóttir, Queen of England
Death[1][4][5] 5 Jan 1066 London, London, England
Other? 1161 Vatican CityCanonization By Pope Alexander III
Reference Number? Q130005?
Burial[1][4] Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Edward the Confessor ( ;  ; 1003 – 5 January 1066), also known as Saint Edward the Confessor, was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. Usually considered the last king of the House of Wessex, he ruled from 1042 to 1066.

Edward was the son of Æthelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy. He succeeded Cnut the Great's son – and his own half brother – Harthacnut. He restored the rule of the House of Wessex after the period of Danish rule since Cnut (better known as Canute) conquered England in 1016. When Edward died in 1066, he was succeeded by Harold Godwinson, who was defeated and killed in the same year by the Normans under William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. Edgar the Ætheling, who was of the House of Wessex, was proclaimed king after the Battle of Hastings in 1066, but never ruled and was deposed after about eight weeks.

Historians disagree about Edward's fairly long (24-year) reign. His nickname reflects the traditional image of him as unworldly and pious. Confessor reflects his reputation as a saint who did not suffer martyrdom, as opposed to King Edward the Martyr. Some portray Edward the Confessor's reign as leading to the disintegration of royal power in England and the advance in power of the House of Godwin, due to the infighting that began after his heirless death. Biographers Frank Barlow and Peter Rex, on the other hand, portray Edward as a successful king, one who was energetic, resourceful and sometimes ruthless; they argue that the Norman conquest shortly after his death tarnished his image.[1] However, Richard Mortimer argues that the return of the Godwins from exile in 1052 "meant the effective end of his exercise of power", citing Edward's reduced activity as implying "a withdrawal from affairs".

About a century later, in 1161, Pope Alexander III canonised the late king. Saint Edward was one of England's national saints until King Edward III adopted Saint George as the national patron saint in about 1350. Saint Edward's feast day is 13 October, celebrated by both the Church of England and the Catholic Church in England and Wales.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Edward the Confessor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   EADWARD ([1005]-Palace of Westminster 5 Jan 1066, bur Westminster Abbey), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3.   Æthelred II "the Unready", in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Earle, John (ed.), and Charles (ed.) Plummer. Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892), 1:195-197.

    MS E s.a. 1066: "se cyng Eadward forðferde on twelfta mæsse æfen. & hine mann bebyrgede on twelftan mæssedæg. innan þære niwan halgodre circean on Westmynstre."

  5. Thorpe, Benjamin. Florentii Wigorniensis. (London: Sumptibus Societatis, 1848), p. 224.
  6.   Edward 15 (Male), in The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.