Person:Canute the Great (1)

Knud Svendsen "the Great"
b.995 Denmark
Facts and Events
Name Knud Svendsen "the Great"
Alt Name Canute
Gender Male
Birth[1] 995 DenmarkHouse of Knýtlinga
Marriage Jul 1017 to Emma of Normandy
Death[1] 12 Nov 1035 Shaftesbury, Dorset, England
Reference Number[1] Q134128?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Cnut the Great (; ; ;  – 12 November 1035), also known as Canute, whose father was Sweyn Forkbeard (which gave him the patronym), was King of Denmark, England and Norway; together often referred to as the North Sea Empire. Yet after the deaths of his heirs within a decade of his own, and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, this legacy was lost. He is popularly invoked in the context of the legend of King Canute and the tide, which usually misrepresents him as a deluded monarch believing he has supernatural powers, contrary to the original legend which portrays a wise king who rebuked his courtiers for their fawning behaviour.

As a Danish prince, Cnut won the throne of England in 1016 in the wake of centuries of Viking activity in northwestern Europe. His later accession to the Danish throne in 1018 brought the crowns of England and Denmark together. Cnut sought to keep this power-base by uniting Danes and English under cultural bonds of wealth and custom, as well as through sheer brutality. After a decade of conflict with opponents in Scandinavia, Cnut claimed the crown of Norway in Trondheim in 1028. The Swedish city Sigtuna was held by Cnut (he had coins struck there that called him king, but there is no narrative record of his occupation).

Dominion of England lent the Danes an important link to the maritime zone between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, where Cnut, like his father before him, had a strong interest and wielded much influence among the Norse–Gaels. Cnut's possession of England's dioceses and the continental Diocese of Denmark—with a claim laid upon it by the Holy Roman Empire's Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen—was a source of great prestige and leverage within the Catholic Church and among the magnates of Christendom (gaining notable concessions such as one on the price of the pallium of his bishops, though they still had to travel to obtain the pallium, as well as on the tolls his people had to pay on the way to Rome). After his 1026 victory against Norway and Sweden, and on his way back from Rome where he attended the coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor, Cnut, in a letter written for the benefit of his subjects, deemed himself "King of all England and Denmark and the Norwegians and of some of the Swedes". The Anglo-Saxon kings used the title "king of the English". Cnut was —"king of all England". Medieval historian Norman Cantor called him "the most effective king in Anglo-Saxon history".

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Canute the Great, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   KNUD Svendsen, son of SVEND I "Tveskæg/Forkbeard" King of Denmark & his first wife [Gunhild] --- ([995]-Shaftesbury, Dorset 12 Nov 1035, bur Winchester Cathedral, Old Minster), in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3.   Cnut 3 (Male), in The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England.