Place:Andhra Pradesh, India

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NameAndhra Pradesh
Alt namesĀndhra Prādeshsource: Wikipedia
TypeState
Coordinates16.0°N 79.0°E
Located inIndia     (1956 - )
Contained Places
Deserted settlement
Golconda
District
Adilabad
Anantapur
Chittoor
East Godavari
Guntur
Hyderabad
Kadapa
Karimnagar
Khammam
Krishna
Kurnool
Mahbubnagar
Medak
Nalgonda
Nellore
Nizamabad
Prakasam
Rangareddi
Srikakulam
Visakhapatnam
Vizianagaram
Warangal
West Godavari
Inhabited place
Adoni
Allur
Alwal
Amalapuram
Anakapalle
Armur
Atmakur
Badvel
Banganapalle
Bapatla
Belampalli
Bhadrachalam
Bhainsa
Bhattiprolu
Bhongir
Bhrugubanda
Bimlipatan
Bobbili
Bodhan
Bollarum
Chilakalūrupet
Chodavaram
Cuddapah
Dharmavaram
Dhone
Elamanchili
Emmiganuru
Gadwal
Gajuwaka
Gandipalem
Giddalur
Gooty
Gudur
Gummadidala
Guntakal
Hasanparti
Hindupur
Jaggayyapeta
Jagtial
Jammalamadugu
Jangaon
Jannaram
Kadiri
Kalahasti
Kalyāndrug
Kamareddi
Kandukur
Kanigiri
Kapra
Kavali
Koilkuntla
Kolhāpur
Koratla
Kosigi
Kothapet
Kottagudem
Kovūr
Kukatpalle
L.B. Nagar
Macherla
Madhira
Mahbubabad
Malkajgiri
Malkapuram
Mancherāl
Mandapeta
Mangalagiri
Mantapampalle
Markapur
Miryalguda
Mothkur
Nagarkurnool
Nakrekal
Nandikotkur
Narasannapeta
Narasapur
Narasaraopet
Narayanpet
Narsipatnam
Nidadavole
Nirmal
North Vijayapuri
Pakala
Palakollu
Parlakimidi
Parvatipuram
Pedana
Peddapuram
Penna Ahobilam
Penugonda
Penukonda
Pithapuram
Ponnūru Nidubrolu
Proddatur
Pulimamidi
Punganuru
Pushpagiri
Puttūr
Pālkohda
Quthbullapur
Raikod
Rajampet
Ramachandrapuram
Ramagundam
Rayachoti
Rayadrug
Salur
Samalkot
Sangāreddi
Sattenapalle
Secunderabad
Serilingampalle
Siddipet
Sirsilla
Sompeta
South Vijayapuri
Sriharikota
Suluru
Suriapet
Sydapuram
Tadpatri
Tandur
Tanuku
Tekkali
Tenali
Tiruvur
Trimulgherry
Tuni
Tādepallegūdem
Upamaka
Uravakonda
Varshakonda
Vempalle
Venkatagiri
Vetapalemu
Vijayapuri
Vijayawada
Vikarabad
Vuyyuru
Wanparti
Yellandu
Zahirābād
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Andhra Pradesh, abbreviated A.P., is one of the 28 states of India, situated on the country's southeastern coast. It is India's fourth-largest state by area and fifth-largest by population. Its capital and largest city is Hyderabad. Andhra Pradesh is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west.

On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee adopted a resolution on the bifurcation of the state subject to parliamentary approval. This resolution, once approved by parliament, would bring the state of Telangana into existence with 10 districts, whilst the rest of the state would remain in Andhra Pradesh and comprise 13 districts. Hyderabad (part of Telangana) would be the common capital of both states for ten years.

On 5 December 2013, Cabinet approved the Telangana draft bill prepared by the Group of Ministers(GoM). The bill has to be approved by Parliament before Telangana becomes the 29th state of the union.

According to the Planning Commission of India, in the financial year 2011–12 the state was ranked second in nominal GDP, and fourth in GDP per capital. Andhra Pradesh's GDP in the financial year 2011 was . It is historically called the "Rice Bowl of India". More than 77% of its crop is rice; Andhra Pradesh produced of rice in 2006. Two of the mega cities of the state – Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam – were listed among the top 15 cities contributing to India's overall Gross domestic product.

Andhra Pradesh has the longest coastline (of ) among all the states of India. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna, run across the state. The small enclave of Yanam, a district of Pondicherry, lies in the Godavari delta to the northeast of the state. The state comprises three regions: Telangana, Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema. The state's most populous cities are Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Guntur, Vijayawada, Rajahmundry, Warangal and Nellore (2011 census).

The primary official language of Andhra Pradesh is Telugu and the co-official language is Urdu. Other languages often spoken in the state include Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Kannada and Oriya.

On 1 November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act formed Andhra Pradesh by merging the Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking areas of the already existing Hyderabad State. The Marathi-speaking areas of Hyderabad State merged with Bombay State and the Kannada-speaking areas were merged with Mysore State.

Contents

Prehistory

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia


History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Early history

The first historical records appear in the Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya, when what is now the Nizamabad and Adilabad districts of the Telangana region constituted parts of the Assaka Mahajanapada (700–300 BCE). An Andhra tribe was mentioned in the Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) and Mahabharata (400 BCE). The Natya Shastra written by Bharatha (1st century BCE) also mentions about the Andhra people. The roots of the Telugu language have been seen on inscriptions found near the Guntur district and from others dating to the rule of Renati Cholas in the 5th century CE.

Megasthenes, a Greek traveller and geographer who visited the Court of Chandragupta Maurya (322–297 BCE), mentioned that the region had three fortified towns and an army of 100,000 infantry, 200 cavalry, and 1,000 elephants. Buddhist books reveal that Andhras established their huts or tents near the Godavari River at that time.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Andhra Pradesh. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.