Visakhapatnam (often abbreviated to Vizag) is a port city on the east coast of India and Second largest city in Andhra Pradesh. It often called "The Jewel of the East Coast". With a population of 2,190,000 and occupying . It is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district, and the second largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh and the third largest city on the east coast of India(after Chennai and Kolkata).
Visakhapatnam is located east of the state capital, Hyderabad. The city is home to several state-owned heavy industries and a steel plant; it is one of India's largest seaports and has the country's oldest shipyard. Visakhapatnam has the only natural harbour on the east coast of India. It is nestled among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of Bengal on the east. Visakhapatnam is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy.
Visakhapatnam was ruled by King Thankappan Chettiyar before it was a part of the Kalinga Kingdom under Ashoka's rule in 260 BC, and until the 16th century AD it was part of the Utkala Kingdom. The city passed later to the Andhra Kings of Vengi, Reddy and after that to the Pallavas. Another story is it was named after Subrahmanyeswara, the deity of valour and second son of Lord Shiva. His beauty was compared to that of Sakhi Viśakha. Legend has it that Radha and Viśakha were born on the same day, and were equally beautiful. Local residents believe that an Andhra king, impressed by their beauty, built a temple to pay homage to his family deity Viśakha. This is now inundated under sea water near R K Beach. Later it was ruled by Qutb Shahis, Mughal Empire (between 1689–1724), Nizam (1724–1757) and France (1757–1765) before being captured by the British in 1765.
Timeline of Vizag's history