Warangal ; (also known as Orugallu and Ekasila Nagaram) is a city and district headquarters of Warangal district in the Indian state of Telangana. Warangal is located at towards northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad and is the administrative headquarters of Warangal District. Warangal city is cluster of Warangal, Hanmakonda and Kazipet areas. It is the second-biggest city after Hyderabad in Telangana. It is well known for heritage and has been included in the scheme of Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) along with eleven other cities of the country and also selected in the finalized list of 100 proposed smart cities by NDA government with the view of developing urban infrastructure and industrial investment in the listed cities.
Warangal is the fastest growing city in Telangana state. Its population is about to exceed 1 million, considering the growth of city and its historical significance, warangal is tagged as the second Metropolitan city next to Hyderabad after issuing the Government Order no.40, according Greater status to Warangal Municipal Corporation.
Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries CE. Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724, which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state, which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.