Place:Monmouthshire, Wales

Watchers
NameMonmouthshire
Alt namesMonmouthsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Sir Fynwysource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Principal area
Coordinates51.833°N 2.75°W
Located inWales
Also located inEngland    
Contained Places
Ancient parish
Aberystruth
Babell
Bedwelty ( - 1996 )
Bwlch-Trewyn
Donewall
Llebenydd
St. Kingsmark
St. Pierre
Tregare
Welsh Bicknor ( - 1974 )
Cemetery
Abersychan ( - 1974 )
Castell-y-Bwch ( - 1997 )
Coed Aughred
Cwmbran ( - 1996 )
Gilwern ( 1974 - )
Pontypool ( - 1996 )
Tintern-Abbey
Varteg ( - 1974 )
District
St. Mellons ( - 1997 )
Hamlet
Caerleon-Ultra-Pontem ( - 1996 )
Castleton ( - 1997 )
Clytha
Craig-y-Master
Dinham
Dixton-Newton
Earleswood Common
Fforest
Hengwrt
Llandevand ( - 1997 )
Llangattock Lingoed
Llangibby
Pen-y-Cae
Peterstone ( - 1997 )
Trelleck-Grange
Inhabited location
Llanarth
Inhabited place
Abergavenny
Abertillery ( - 1996 )
Bedwas ( - 1974 )
Bettws ( - 1997 )
Bettws-Newydd
Bryngwyn
Brynmawr ( - 1974 )
Caerwent
Caldicot
Cefnycrib ( - 1996 )
Chepstow
Christchurch ( - 1997 )
Coedkernew
Crick
Cross Keys ( - 1996 )
Crumlin ( - 1996 )
Cwmcarvan
Cwmffrwdoer ( - 1974 )
Devaudon
Dingestow
Garndiffaith ( - 1997 )
Gellygroes ( - 1974 )
Gilwern
Glascoed
Goldcliff ( - 1997 )
Goytrey
Graig ( - 1997 )
Grosmont
Gwernesney
Henllys ( - 1997 )
Howick
Ifton
Itton
Kemeys-Commander
Langstone ( - 1979 )
Liswerry ( - 1974 )
Llandegveth ( - 1974 )
Llandenny
Llandevenny
Llandgveth
Llandogo
Llanellen
Llanelly
Llanfair Kilgeddin
Llanfoist
Llangattock ( - 1997 )
Llangattock-nigh-Usk
Llangoven
Llangua
Llangwm
Llanhiddel ( - 1974 )
Llanishen
Llanllowell
Llanmartin ( - 1974 )
Llanover
Llanrhymni ( - 1974 )
Llansaintfraed
Llansoy
Llanthewy-Rytherch
Llanthewy-Skirrid
Llanthewy-Vach ( - 1974 )
Llanthony-Abbey
Llantillio-Crossenny
Llantillio-Pertholey
Llantrisant
Llantrissent
Llanvaches ( - 1974 )
Llanvair-Discoed
Llanvapley
Llanvetherine
Llanvihangel Crucorney
Llanvihangel Pont-y-moile ( - 1974 )
Llanvihangel-Llantarnam ( 1179 - 2009 )
Llanvihangel-Tor-Y-Mynydd
Llanvihangel-Ystern-Llewern
Llanvrechva ( - 1974 )
Llanwern ( - 1974 )
Machen ( - 1974 )
Magor
Malpas ( - 1974 )
Mamhilad ( - 1974 )
Marshfield ( - 1974 )
Mathern
May Hill
Michaelstone-y-Vedw ( - 1974 )
Mitchel-Troy
Monkswood
Monmouth
Monnow Over
Mounton
Mynyddyslwyn ( - 1974 )
Nantyglo ( - 1974 )
Nash ( - 1997 )
Newbridge ( - 1974 )
Newchurch
Newport ( - 1996 )
Newton-Wolves
Oldcastle
Pandy
Panteague ( - 1974 )
Penhow
Perthir
Pill-Gwenlly ( - 1974 )
Pont-Llanfraith ( - 1974 )
Pontnewydd ( - 1974 )
Pontrhydyrn ( - 1974 )
Pontymoyle ( - 1974 )
Pontywain ( - 1974 )
Portskewett
Raglan
Redbrook
Redwick ( - 1974 )
Rhymney ( - 1996 )
Risca ( - 1996 )
Rockfield
Rogerstone ( - 1996 )
Roggiett
Saint Arvans
Shire-Newton
Skenfrith
Talywain ( - 1974 )
Tintern Parva
Tredegar ( - 1974 )
Tredunnock
Trelleck
Trinant ( - 1974 )
Trosnant ( - 1974 )
Trostrey
Twyncarno ( - 1974 )
Undy
Usk
Wentsland ( - 1974 )
Whitebrook
Witson ( - 1974 )
Wonastow
Wyesham
Land
Edlogan
Locality
Bigsweir
Parish
Bishton ( - 1997 )
Caldicott
Chapel-Hill
Cwm Tillery ( - 1974 )
Cwmcillyn
Cwmyoy
Gracedieu Park
Gwehellog
Kemeys-Inferior ( - 1997 )
Kilgwrrwg
Llanbaddock
Llanddewi Ysgyryd
Llanfihangel Nigh Usk
Llangattock-Llingoed
Llangattock-Vibon-Avel
Llangeview
Llanhennock ( - 1974 )
Llanvair-Kilgidin
Llanvihangel-Roggiett
Llanvihangel-near-Roggiett
Llanvihangel-nigh-Usk
Llanwenarth
Mamhole ( - 1974 )
Matherne
Penalth
Penmain ( - 1974 )
Penrose
Penterry
Penyclawdd
Rumney ( - 1974 )
St. Arvans Grange
St. Brides-Netherwent
St. Brides-Wentllooge ( - 1974 )
St. Maughans
St. Pierre and Runstone
St. Woollos ( - 1974 )
Whitechurch
Wilerick
Registration district
Chepstow Registration District ( 1837 - )
Monmouth Registration District ( 1837 - )
Uninhabited hamlet
Portcasseg
Unknown
Coalbrook Vale ( - 1974 )
Parc Lettice
Penycoed
Redcastle
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Monmouthshire is a county in south east Wales. The name derives from the historic county of Monmouthshire of which it covers the eastern 60%. The largest town is Abergavenny. Other towns and large villages are Caldicot, Chepstow, Monmouth, Magor and Usk.

the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Monmouthshire, also known as the County of Monmouth, is one of thirteen ancient counties of Wales and a former administrative county.

It corresponds approximately to the present principal areas of Monmouthshire, Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen, and Newport and those parts of Caerphilly and Cardiff east of the Rhymney River.

The eastern part of the county is mainly agricultural, while the western valleys had rich mineral resources. This led to the area becoming highly industrialised with coal mining and iron working being major employers from the 18th century to the late 20th century.

Monmouthshire's Welsh status was ambiguous between the 16th and 20th centuries, with it considered by some to be part of England during this time.

Contents

Formation

The "county or shire of Monmouth" was formed from parts of the Welsh Marches by the Laws in Wales Act 1535. According to the Act the shire consisted of all Honours, Lordships, Castles, Manors, Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments, lying or being within the Compass or Precinct of the following Lordships, Townships, Parishes, Commotes and Cantrefs... in the Country of Wales:

  • Monmouth
  • Chepstow
  • Matherne (Mathern)
  • Llanvihangel (Llanfihangel Rogiet)
  • Magour (Magor)
  • Goldcliffe (Goldcliff)
  • Newport
  • Wentlooge
  • Llanwerne (Llanwern)
  • Caerlion (Caerleon)
  • Usk
  • Treleck (Trellech)
  • Tintern
  • Skenfrith
  • Grosmont
  • Witecastle (White Castle)
  • Raglan
  • Calicote (Caldicot)
  • Biston (Bishton)
  • Abergavenny
  • Penrose (Penrhos)
  • Grenefield (Maesglas)
  • Maghen (Machen)
  • Hochuyslade (possessions of Llanthony Priory)

The Act also designated Monmouth as the "Head and Shire town of the said county or shire of Monmouth", and ordered that the Sheriff's county or shire court be held alternately in Monmouth and Newport.

Historic boundaries and subdivisions

The historic boundaries are the River Wye on the east, dividing it from Gloucestershire and the Rhymney River to the west dividing it from Glamorganshire or Glamorgan, with the Bristol Channel to the south. The boundaries with Herefordshire to the northeast and Brecknockshire to the north were less well-defined. The parish of Welsh Bicknor, was an exclave of Monmouthshire, sandwiched between Gloucestershire and Herefordshire. The area was considered part of Monmouthshire until it was made part of Herefordshire "for all purposes" by the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844, while the Herefordshire hamlet of Fwthog adjoining the Honddu Valley remained an exclave within Monmouthshire until 1891. (See Map of the hundreds of Monmouthshire by Thomas Moule, c. 1831 in Wikipedia.) The county was divided into six hundreds in 1542:

  • Abergavenny
  • Caldicot
  • Raglan
  • Skenfrith
  • Usk
  • Wentloog

The county contained the three boroughs of Monmouth, Newport and Usk.

Municipal reform

Monmouth and Newport were reformed as municipal boroughs with elected town councils by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. Usk continued as an unreformed borough until its final abolition in 1886.

New forms of local government were established in the urban areas of the county with the setting of local boards under the Public Health Act 1848 and Local Government Act 1858. The Public Health Act 1875 divided the rural areas into rural sanitary districts.

An administrative county of Monmouthshire, governed by an elected county council, was formed in 1889 under the terms of the Local Government Act 1888. The administrative county had similar boundaries, but included the Beaufort, Dukestown, Llechryd and Rassau areas of south Breconshire. The county council was based in Newport, rather than the historic county town of Monmouth. In 1891 the borough of Newport achieved county borough status and therefore left the administrative county, although the Shire Hall continued to be based there. In the same year the parish of Fwthog was transferred to both the administrative and geographic county of Monmouthshire.

Under the Local Government Act 1894 Monmouthshire was divided into urban and rural districts, based on existing sanitary districts.

In 1899 Abergavenny was incorporated as a borough. Two further urban districts were formed, Mynyddislwyn in 1903, and Bedwas and Machen in 1912. The County of Monmouth Review Order 1935 revised the number and boundaries of the urban and rural districts in the administrative county. A new Cwmbran urban district was formed by the abolition of Llanfrechfa Upper and Llantarnam UDs, Abersychan and Panteg UDs were absorbed by Pontypool urban district, and Magor and St Mellons RD was formed by a merger of two rural districts.

The last major boundary change to affect the administrative and geographic county was in 1938 when the parish of Rumney was removed to be included in the county borough of Cardiff, and therefore the geographic county of Glamorgan.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Monmouthshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Monmouthshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.