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User pages

Michael Overton

en This user is a native speaker of English.


Genetic studies


Genetic ethnicity is determined by comparing a DNA sample to an ethnicity database containing a comprehensive world-wide collection of DNA samples. The markers in the DNA may reveal ethnicities that go back hundreds or thousands of years. This method of analysis will not necessarily produce a result that matches a person's known genealogical history.

According to AncestryDNA, the genetic ethnicity of this user is as follows:

  • England & Northwestern Europe 39% (range 37%–42%)—primarily located in England; also found in Belgium, Channel Islands, Denmark, Faroe Islands, France, Germany, Isle of Man, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland, and Wales. The history of Britain, the heart of our England and Wales region, is often presented as one group of invaders after another displacing the native population. The Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, and Normans all left their mark on Britain both politically and culturally. However, the story of Britain is far more complex. In fact, modern studies suggest the earliest populations weren’t wiped out, but adapted and absorbed the new arrivals.
  • Germanic Europe 37% (range 32%–68%)—primarily located in Germany; also found in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, France, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Slovakia, and Slovenia. The dramatic landscape of our Germanic Europe region rises from Dutch and German lowlands along the North Sea through forested uplands to the Austria’s Alps in the south. The German people were united by language and culture before Germany became a united country in 1871. Known as Das Land der Dichter und Denker (“the land of poets and thinkers”), Germany is home to some of the oldest universities in the world, and this region has a long tradition of producing world-class scientists, inventors, theologians, artists, and composers.
  • Scotland 7% (range 0%–7%)—primarily located in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Occupying roughly the northern third of the island of Great Britain and numerous smaller islands surrounding the country’s rugged coastline, our Scotland population region is known for its geographical beauty, medieval architecture, and folklore.
  • Ireland 7% (range 0%–10%)—primarily located in Ireland. Our Ireland population region is centered on this small island famed for its emerald-green landscape, vibrant Celtic folklore, and deep-rooted spirit of hospitality. The region’s Celtic heritage is notable in its culture, landscape, and the lyrical dialects of the Irish language spoken here.
  • Wales 6% (range 0%–12%)—primarily located in Wales. The rolling hills and steep cliffs bounded by England to the east and 870 miles of coastline on the north, west, and south make up our Wales population region—or Cymru in Welsh, which is still spoken there. First settled by Celtic tribes, the country’s ancient and medieval history has been preserved and woven into a modern sense of Welsh identity and pride, which is still visible in the country’s 600 castles, its Welsh-language media, and its Eistedfoddau, festivals that celebrate Wales’s long tradition of literature, poetry, and music.
  • Sweden 2% (range 0%–6%)—primarily located in Sweden. With its rocky coastline, wooded uplands, and subarctic, mountainous terrain, our Sweden region emerged from glacial ice as a rugged land of lakes and islands. The Swedish people share a common Norse heritage with Norway and, especially, Denmark that includes language, religion, and art, but they eventually developed a culture of their own. Situated north of the Baltic Sea, geographic isolation from conflicts raging on the European continent did not stop the Swedes from influencing the culture, trade, and politics of regions from the Volga River to Byzantium.
  • Norway 2% (range 0%–4%)—primarily located in Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Norway. The earliest inhabitants of our Norway region were strong, seafaring peoples. For centuries, hunter-gatherers slowly pushed north across the Baltic Sea, probing coastal fjords and inland stretches for arable land as ice melted off the untamed region. While Norwegians, Swedes, and Danes all share a common Norse heritage, over time, Norway’s resilient coastal communities evolved into a nation known for its seamanship, technology, artistry, and mythology.

Some ancestors were members of the following community:

  • Pennsylvania, Ohio & Indiana Settlers, specifically the Pennsylvania Dutch Country Settlers—English Quakers founded Pennsylvania as a bastion of religious freedom and tolerance. Thousands of German and Swiss Mennonites, Anabaptists, Anglicans, and Scottish Presbyterians followed, drawn by the promise of religious freedom—and acres of rich, available farmland. Their industry and success raised Pennsylvania to prominence among the American colonies. Their soldiers helped ensure a Union victory in the Civil War, and they went on to leave their indelible stamp on the settling and culture of the American Midwest.


Y-chromosome DNA tests can be used by people interested in their ancient ancestry and prehistoric migrations. Haplogroups and their subclades (branches) mark human migrations. Some Y-DNA subbranch markers, SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms), are restricted to a single family that is related in genealogical times (1 to 15 generations), and other SNPs are slightly older. However, both of those types of SNPs are uncommon.

According to Family Tree DNA, this user is a member of haplogroup R1b1a2-M269 (confirmed).

European R1b is dominated by SNP marker M269. The frequency of this clade is highest in parts of northern and western England, Spain, Portugal, Wales and Ireland. This clade may have arrived in Europe about 4,000 to a maximum of about 10,000 years ago, migrating from Western Asia via southeastern Europe.[1] R1b is one of the main subgroups of haplogroup R1. The origins of R1 remain unclear. It has been suggested the origin for R1 lies to the east of the Middle East, possibly in south or central Asia.[2] It may have arisen about 18,500 years ago. The parent haplogroup R is very common throughout Europe, Central Asia and South Asia, and also common in parts of the Middle East and Africa. This haplogroup is believed to have arisen around 20,000-34,000 years ago, somewhere in Central Asia or South Asia. Haplogroup R one of the two branches of the mega-haplogroup P.[3]

Haplogroup P contains the patrilineal ancestors of most Europeans, almost all of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and approximately one third to two thirds of the males among various populations of Central Asia and Southern Asia. It is believed to have arisen north of the Hindu Kush, in Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, or along the Silk Road in the region of Xinjiang, Gansu, or Ningxia, before being pressed North, approximately 35,000 years ago. An alternate postulated theory supported by Gansu, Ningxia is that this group moved along the opposite side of the Tibetan plateau along the Sichuan Mountains, before taking the silk route and Bering land bridge. The climate was much different and would have supported more life and grasslands in Tarim Basin, Mongolia, and Manchuria.[4]

Macro-haplogroup K, an ancestor of P, was established approximately 40,000-50,000 years ago and probably originated in Southwestern Asia or South Asia.[5] Its ancestor, haplogroup F, is a very common Y-chromosome haplogroup spanning all the continents. This haplogroup and its subclades contain more than 90% of the world's existing non-African male population. This suggests that its ancestral C-F chromosome may have been carried out of Africa very early in the modern human diaspora, and F may have appeared 38,700-55,700 years ago, probably in Eurasia. The presence of several subclusters of F and K that are largely restricted to the Indian subcontinent is consistent with the scenario that a coastal (southern route) of early human migration out of Africa carried ancestral Eurasian lineages first to the coast of the Indian subcontinent, or that some of them originated there. Other sources mention that this ancient haplogroup may have first appeared in North Africa, the Levant, or the Arabian Peninsula as much as 50,000 years ago. All of Haplogroup F's descendant haplogroups also show a pattern of radiation from South Asia or the Middle East. Several lineages derived from Haplogroup F appear to have migrated into Africa from a homeland in Southwest Asia sometime during prehistory.[6]



*Some ancestors of surname did not use a surname
List of surnames of great-grandparents
4 Delbert Joseph Overton and Irene Fay Van Peyma* James Frederick Jacobson* and Marian Frances Tolle Frank Adam Perry and Flora Elizabeth Scarlett John Leichty and Sarah Neuhouser
5 Boice, Norbey Spilman, Writer Dentelsbeck, Kaiser Swartz, Yoder
6 Darner, Hall, Hartmans,* Townsend Debolt, Kenison, Matthews Holmberg* Allen, Lampert, Payton, Unknown Kauffman
7 Bundy, Rogers Askew, Pask, Posthumus,* Schregardus* Barnhiser, Carpenter, Carraway, Peden, Rogers, Unknown Poole, Trenary, Wilkin  
8 Hartley, Owens, Snyder Broof (Brough), Burley, Simpson Anderson, Bentley, Brown, Elliot, McGrath, McKeeby, Parkison, Rice, Stewart, Turner Ball, Franks, King  
9 Flagler, Osborne, Perisho, Price, Simcock Capps, Knowles, Tindall Campbell, Crenshaw, Harkness, Kortright,* Miller, Rider, Simms, Smith, Tappen, Weiser Peacock, Stone  
10 Harvye, Hobin, Southwick, Trask, Unknown Hird, Johnson, Rolls Carter, Delamater, Menzies, Overmire, Teagarden, Weivel, Unknown Farmer, Johnson, Lamb, Rogers  
11 Margerum, Meacham, Parkman, Waln, Unknown Atkinson, Bullcock, Unknown Bussing, Parker, Waldron, Unknown   Bigelow, Carrico, Kittredge, Rugg  
12 Bayless, Harrison, Maris, Plover, Prisse, Turner Bee, Markes, Preston, Unknown Bowden, Deckart, Lubberts, Van Ness,* Unknown Buchanan Edsall, Foster, Prescott, Waite, Unknown  
13 Unknown Jackson, Rudd, Webster, Unknown, Unknown Dubois Macgregor Aylett, Gawkroger, Littlefield, Willis  
14 Arnold, Thorpe, Unknown   Drummond Hill Ainsworth, Scarborough  
15 Unknown     Parker Aston, Austin, Fairbanks  
16     McLarin   Unknown, Unknown, Wade  
17         Jennet, Unknown  
18     Campbell   Unknown  
19     Stirling    
20     Stewart    
21     Unknown    
22     Unknown    
23     Mure    
24     Bruce    
27     de Clare    

Royal descent

Probable lines of royal descent from the Magna Charta Sureties (requires further research):

  1. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford (and a Magna Charta Surety), had son
  2. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford (and a Magna Charta Surety), had dau.
  3. Isabel de Clare, m. Robert de Brus, Earl of Annandale, had son
  4. Robert de Brus, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, had son
  5. Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, had dau.
  6. Margery Bruce, m. Walter Stewart, Lord High Steward, had son
  7. Robert II, King of Scotland, m. Lady Elizabeth Muir of Rowallan, Countess of Atholl, had son
  8. Robert III, King of Scotland, had (illegitimate) son
  9. John Stewart of Blackhall, had dau.
  10. Margaret Stewart, m. Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell of Argyle, had a son
  11. Sir Colin Campbell, 1st Laird of Glenorchy, m. Margaret Stirling, had dau.
  12. Mariot Campbell, m. William Stewart of Balquhidder and Baldoran (Balendivan), had son
  13. John Stewart (2nd son) of Glenbucky, m. - Buchanan, had son
  14. Duncan Stewart of Glenbucky, m. - McLarin, had son
  15. Alexander Stewart of Glenbucky, m. - Stuart (2nd cousin), had son
  16. Patrick Stewart (1st son) of Glenbucky (rights sold to brother Duncan), m. Christian Drummond, had son
  17. William Stewart of Stronslany (or Translarry, Perth) and Ledcreich, m. Mary Macgregor, had son
  18. Patrick Stuart of Ledcreich, m. Margaret Buchanan, had son
  19. Alexander Stuart of Ledcreich, m. Catherine Stewart, had son
  20. Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich, m. Elizabeth Menzies, came to America and had daus.
  21. on parallel lines:
    1. Margaret Stewart, m. John Carraway, had son
    2. Elizabeth Stewart, m. James Stewart, had dau.
  22. Thomas Carraway, m. Catherine Stewart (1st cousin), had dau.
  23. Margaret Carraway, m. James Spilman, had son
  24. Alexander Spilman, m. Mary Kenison, had dau.
  25. May Spilman, m. Andrew Jacobson, had son
  26. James Jacobson, m. Marian Tolle, ...


Transcripts of Lincolnshire parish marriage registers, 1754–1837:

Transcripts of English census Enumeration Schedules, Lincoln, 1841:

Transcripts of U.S. census Population Schedules, Ohio, 1820:

Transcripts of Cokayne's Complete Baronetage and Complete Peerage, and building out the trees of the nobility.


  • Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States [7]
  • James Madison University Libraries - Genealogy [8]
  • Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends [9]

Dutch translation

Besides the Google translator, these online dictionaries are available:

  • Wilcocke, Samuel Hull. A New and Complete Dictionary of the English and Dutch Languages. (Printed for C. Dilly, 1798) [10]
  • Bomhoff, Dirk. New Dictionary of the English and Dutch Language. (J. F. Thieme, 1851) [11]
  • Hoogvliet, J. M. Elements of Dutch. (Martinus Nijhoff, 1908) [12]
  • Understanding Dutch genealogy resources [13]
  • Verzameling van Trefwoorden en begrippen voorkomend in Doop-, Trouw- en Begraafboeken en andere Genealogie bronnen (Collection of words and terms used in Baptismal, Marriage and Burial Books and other Genealogy resources) [14]