Person:Heinrich Harman (2)

Capt. Henry "Old Skygusta" Harman, Sr
m. 8 Oct 1723
  1. Heinrich Adam Harman, Jr.1724 -
  2. Capt. Henry "Old Skygusta" Harman, Sr1726 - 1822
  3. George Harman1727 - 1749
  4. Scout Daniel Harman, Sr.1729 - 1820
  5. Christina Harmon1732 - 1784
  6. Phillipina Harman1735 - 1751
  7. Captain Mathias Tice Cutlif Harman, Sr.1739 - 1832
  8. Catherine Harman1740 -
  9. Valentine Harmon1744 -
  10. Daughter Harman1746 -
  11. Jacob Harman1748 -
m. 1759
  1. Thomas C. Harmon1757 - 1824
  2. Daniel Conrad Harman1760 - 1791
  3. Henry Adam Harman, Jr1763 - 1809
  4. Johan Asem Harmon1765 - 1831
  5. George Harman1767 -
  6. Mathias Harmon1769 -
  7. Hezekiah Harmon1771 -
  8. Rhoda Harman1773 - 1845
  9. Louise Harmon1775 -
  10. Elias Harmon1781 - 1856
Facts and Events
Name Capt. Henry "Old Skygusta" Harman, Sr
Alt Name Henry Harmon
Immigrant Name Heinrich Hermann
Gender Male
Birth[1] 1726 Isle of Man(as they were on their way from Germany to America according to family legend)
Residence? abt 1750 - 1770 Rowan, North Carolina, United Stateslived near the Moravian settlement in Rowan
Property[3] 1754 Tazewell, Virginia, United Statesowned lands in [what is now] Tazewell and other counties in Southwest Virginia
Military[3] 1756 appointed Captain of the 'King's Militia' by King George
Marriage 1759 Rowan County, North Carolina, USAin what is now Forsythe County, North Carolina
to Anna "Nancy" Wilburn
Baptism[4] 3 Oct 1762 Rowan, North Carolina, United Statesbrought his children into the Moravian settlement to be baptised
Military? 1774 Rowan, North Carolina, United StatesMember of the Committee of Safety
Other[5] 12 Nov 1788 McDowell, West Virginia, United Stateshe and his sons, George and Matthias, battled Black Wolf near modern day Thorpe
Residence[3] 1790 Bland County, Virginia, USA moved to Hollybrook Farm
Will[6] 18 Feb 1804
Death[7] 23 July 1822 Bland County, Virginia, USA Hollybrook Farm at the age of 96
Probate[6] 23 July 1822
Burial[1][7] Harman Cemetery at Hollybrook, Bland County, Virginia, USAon Kimberlin Creek in present day Bland Co., VA

Henry Harman (Harmon) was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia


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Will extract

HEINRICH (HENRY) HARMAN, SR. Will dated Feb. 18th, 1804. Probated July 23rd, 1822. Will Book No. 1, p. 167.
Devises his property as follows: "First to my son, Elias; second to each of the lawful heirs of my son Daniel, deceased; thirdly, to my sons, Henry, Adam, George and Hezekiah, and to my sons-in-law William Neel (husband of Rhoda) and James Davis (husband of Louisa)...Fourthly, to each of the children of my son Mathias, deceased..." Appoints his sons Hezekiah and Elias as Executors. Vol. I, p. 273, p. 274. S6

Records of Henry Harmon, Sr. in Augusta County, VA

From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:

  • Winn vs. Inglish's heirs--O. S. 48; N. S. 16. In 1771 Valentine Harmon took possession of a tract on Clinch River, in present Tazewell County and raised a cabin on it. In 1773 he sold to orator William Winn (Wynn) by writing executed September, 1800, acknowledged in Lincoln County, Ky. Orator lived on the land from 1773 until Commissioners sat to adjust titles, but a certain Wm. Inglish, since deceased, claimed the tract and got a certificate by a survey made for the Loyal County, which claim orator charges is fraudulent. Henry Harmon, Sr., had a son Henry Harmon, Jr.; also a son Hezekiah Harmon. William Christian and Daniel Trigg, executors of William Inglish; Abraham Trigg and Susannah, his wife, late Inglish; Bird Smith and Rhoda, his wife, late Inglish; John Gills (Grills) and Mary, his wife, late Inglish; John and Thomas Inglish, heirs and devisees of William; Henry Harmon, Sr., answers 27th October, 1804, that Obadiah Garwood made the first settlement in 1752. Henry was in the habit of collecting the men and fighting the Indians. On his return from such an expedition he called at his brother's (Valentine?), who lived near complainant. One of his sons named Daniel was killed by Indians. Henry Harman and Hezekiah Harman answer: In 1752 Obadiah Garwood and his two sons, Noah and Samuel, came from the Northward and settled; remained some time and then went to remove their families, but the Indian War broke out and the country became untenable. Valentine Harman removed to Kentucky about 1775-1776. William Inglish died in 1782 testate, leaving the land to his daughter Susannah, wife of Abraham Trigg. Jeremiah Pate deposes he helped the Garwoods improve the land. He says they were Samuel and his two sons, Obadiah and Noah. Thomas Pierie deposes 30th, May, 1805: Daniel Harman, Sr., is brother to Henry Harman, Sr., and uncle to Henry Harman, Jr., and his father-in-law and uncle to Hezekiah Harman. Jeremiah Pate, Sr., is a brother-in-law to Henry Harman, Sr., and an uncle to Henry Harman, Jr. Thomas Pierie's son married William Wynne's daughter. Col. James Maxwell deposes he went to Clinch in 1772. John Peerey deposes. Jesiah Wynne, son of William, deposes. Daniel Harman, Sr., deposes 30th May, 1805, that the spring he moved to the head of Clinch; Valentine Harman lived on the plantation where Henry Harman, Jr., now lives and Valentine sold to Wm. Wynne for a mare, a horse and a wagon. Samuel Walker deposes 30th May, 1805: In 1771 he came to the head of Clinch and met Valentine, who said he was coming to it or this country to see after "some Harres that run Hear." The following fall, deponent came again with Robert Moffitt. Shortly afterwards two men came out, viz: John Stutler and Uriah Stone, and the spring following, said Moffett moved his family out. Oliver Wynne deposes, son of William. Lawrence Murry deposes that the spring after the Chericee War he came into this country. William Wynne was in possession that and the next year, and then his son-in-law Peter Edwards was in possession 3 or 4 years, then Wynne occupied it one or two years, then a cropper named John Ridgel (Rigdgel) occupied it. Daniel Harman, Sr. (above), is brother of Henry Harman, Sr. Christopher Marrs, brother-in-law of Wm. Wynne, deposes Jeremiah Pate, Sr., of Little River in Montgomery County, is brother-in-law to Henry Harman, Sr., who is uncle to Henry Harman, Jr. Henry Harman, Sr., had one of his sons killed, skalped and massacred by the Indians in the attempt of settling the land who left a wife and four young children. John Peery (Blacksmith) deposes (there seem to have been two John Peerys).

Information on Henry Harman

Henry was called "Old Skygusta" by the Indians.

From "Bickley’s History of Tazewell County":

On the 12th of November, 1788, Henry Harman, and his two sons, George and Mathias, and George Draper left the settlement, to engage in a Bear hunt on Tug River. They were provided with pack horses, independent of those used for riding, and on which were to be brought in the game. The country in which their hunt was to take place, was penetrated by the "war-path" leading to and from the Ohio river; but as it was late in the season they did not expect to meet with Indians.

Arriving at the hunting grounds in the early part of the evening, they stopped and built their camp; a work executed generally by the old man, who might be said to be particular in having it constructed to his own taste. George and Mathias loaded, and put their guns in order, and started to the woods, to look for sign, and perchance kill a buck for the evening repast, while Draper busied himself in hobbling and caring for the horses.

In a short time, George returned with the startling intelligence of Indians! He had found a camp but a short distance from their own, in which partly consumed sticks were still burning. They could not, of course, be at any considerable distance, and might now be concealed near them, watching their every movement. George, while at the camp, had made a rapid search for sign, and found a pair of leggins, which he showed the old man. Now old Mr. Harman, was a type of frontiersman, in some things, and particularly that remarkable self-possession, which is so often to be met with in new countries, where dangers are ever in the path of the settler. So taking a seat on the ground, he began to interrogate his son on the dimensions, appearance, etc., of the camp. When he had fully satisfied himself, he remarked, that, "there must be from five to seven Indians", and that they must pack up and hurry back to the settlements, to prevent, if possible, the Indians from doing mischief; and, said he, "if we fall in with them, we must fight them."

Mathias was immediately called in, and the horses repacked. Mr. Harman and Draper, now began to load their guns, when the old man observing Draper, laboring under what is known to hunters as the "Buck Ague", being that state of excitement, which causes excessive trembling, remarked to him, "My son, I fear you cannot fight."

The plan was now agreed upon, which was, that Mr. Harman and Draper should lead the way, the pack horses follow them, and Mathias and George bring up the rear. After they had started, Draper remarked to Mr. Harman that he would go ahead, as he could see better than Mr. Harman, and that he would keep a sharp lookout. It is highly probable that he was cogitating a plan of escape, as he had not gone far before he declared he saw the Indians, which proved not to be true. Proceeding a short distance further, he suddenly wheeled his horse about, at the same time crying out, "Yonder they are - behind that log." As a liar is not to be believed when he speaks the truth, so Mr. Draper was not believed this time. Mr. Harman rode on, while a large dog, he had with him, ran up to the log and reared himself upon it, showing no sign of the presence of Indians. At this second, a sheet of fire and smoke from the Indians’ rifles, completely concealed the log from view, for Draper had really spoken the truth.

Before the smoke had cleared away, Mr. Harman and his sons were dismounted, while Draper had fled with all the speed of a swift horse. There were seven of the Indians, only four of whom had guns; the rest being armed with bows and arrows, tomahawks and scalping knives. As soon as they fired, they rushed on Mr. Harman, who fell back to where his two sons stood ready to meet the Indians.

They immediately surrounded the three white men, who had formed a triangle, each man looking out, or, what would have been, with men enough a hollow square. The old gentlemen bid Mathias to reserve his fire, while himself and George fired, wounding, as it would seem, two of the Indians. George was a lame man, from having had white-swelling in his childhood, and after firing a few rounds, the Indians noticed his limping, and one who had fired at him, rushed upon him thinking him wounded. George saw the fatal tomahawk raised, and drawing back his gun, prepared to meet it. When the Indian had got within striking distance, George let down upon his head with the gun, which brought him to the ground; he soon recovered, and made at him again, half-bent and head foremost, George sprang up and jumped across him, which brought the Indian to his knees. Feeling for his own knife, and not getting hold of it, he seized the Indians’ and plunged it deep into his side. Mathias struck him on the head with a tomahawk, and finished the work with him.

Two Indians had attacked the old man with bows, and were maneuvering around him, to get clear fire at his left breast. The Harmans, to a man, wore their bullet pouches on the left side, and with this and his arm he so completely shielded his breast, that the Indians did not fire till they saw the old gentleman’s gun nearly loaded again, when one fired on him, and struck his elbow near the joint, cutting one of the principal arteries. In a second more, the fearful string was heard to vibrate, and an arrow entered Mr. Harman’s breast and lodged against a rib. He had by this time loaded his gun, and was raising it to his face to shoot one of the Indians, when the stream of blood from the wounded artery flew into the pan, and so soiled his gun that it was impossible to make it fire. Raising his gun, however, had the effect to drive back the Indians, who retreated to where the others stood with their guns empty.

Mathias, who had remained an almost inactive spectator, now asked permission to fire, which the old man granted. The Indian at whom he fired appeared to be the chief, and was standing under a large beech tree. At the report of the rifle, the Indian fell, throwing his tomahawk high among the limbs of the tree under which he stood. As soon as the Indians retreated, the old man fell back on the ground exhausted and fainting from the loss of blood. The wounded arm being tied up and his face washed in cold water, soon restored him. The first words he uttered were, "We’ve whipped them, give me my pipe." This was furnished him, and he took a whiff, while the boys scalped one of the Indians.

When Draper saw the Indians pass him, he stealthily crept from his hiding place, and pushed on for the settlement, where he reported the whole party murdered. The people assembled and started soon the following morning to bury them; but they had not gone far before they met Mr. Harman, and his sons, in too good condition to need burying. Upon the tree, under which the chief was killed, is roughly carved an Indian, a bow and a gun, commemorative of the fight. The arrows which were shot into Mr. Harman, are in possession of some of his descendants.

  1. 1.0 1.1 Henry Harman, in Find A Grave.
  2.   Ancestor #: A050817, in Daughters of the American Revolution. Genealogical Research System.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 History of Bland County, Virginia. (Radford, Virginia: The Corporation, c1961), p.139-144.

    Excerpt: He owned lands in Tazewell and other counties in Southwest Virginia as early as 1754, and moved to one of these tracts, probably the large estate near High Rock, now Bland County, in 1775, moving to Holly Brook in 1790.

  4. (#03100) , in North Carolina. Division of Archives and History (Raleigh, North Carolina). Records of the Moravians in North Carolina. (Raleigh, North Carolina: Edwards and Broughton Print., 1922-1969, c2002), VOL. 1: 1752-1771, pg. 250.

    1762. October 3. Our neighbor, Henry Hermann, and his brother-in-law, Ulrich Richards, brought their children to us for baptism, and we could not refuse their request, so at noon Brother Ettwein baptised little Daniel Hermann, and Brother Groff baptised little Anna Richards.

  5. #29191413 Capt. Henry "Old Skygusta" Harman, Sr, in Find A Grave.
    • Photographs of monuments depicting 1788 battle with Black Wolf.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Harman, John Newton, and George W. L. Bickley. Annals of Tazewell County, Virginia, from 1800 to 1922: in two volumes. (Richmond, Virginia: WC Printing Company, 1922).
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Harmons
  8.   The Harman Family
  9.   McDowell and Wyoming Co, WV Families and Individuals