Place:Rowan, North Carolina, United States

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Description

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Rowan County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 138,428. Its county seat is Salisbury. Located to the northeast of Charlotte, Rowan County is included in its metropolitan area.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The first Europeans to enter what is now Rowan County were the Spanish expedition of Juan Pardo in 1567. They established a fort and a mission in the native village of Guatari, believed to be located near the Yadkin River and inhabited by the Wateree. At the time, the area was ruled by a female chief whom the Spaniards called Guatari Mico (Mico was the Wateree's term for chief). The Spaniards called the village Salamanca in honor of the city of Salamanca in western Spain, and established a mission, headed by a secular priest named Sebastián Montero. The Spaniards abandoned the area; Pardo returned to Spain in 1568. The surviving Spanish left after Native Americans killed all but one soldier at the six forts Pardo established in the interior. The Spanish did not return to the interior of this territory.

English colonial settlement of North Carolina came later, starting in the coastal areas, with some migrants coming from Virginia. Explorers and fur traders were the first to reach the Piedmont, followed by settlers. The county was formed in 1753 by British colonists, from the northern part of Anson County. It was named for Matthew Rowan, acting governor of North Carolina from 1753 to 1754. It was intended to incorporate all of the lands of the Granville District that had heretofore been included in Anson County.

As was typical at the time, Rowan County was originally a vast territory with an indefinite western boundary. Reductions in its extent began in 1770, when the eastern part of it was combined with the western part of Orange County to become Guilford County. In 1771 the northeastern part of what remained of Rowan County became Surry County. In 1777 the western part of Rowan County became Burke County.

After the American Revolutionary War, in 1788 the western part of the now much smaller Rowan County was organized as Iredell County. In 1822 the eastern part became Davidson County. Finally, in 1836 the part of Rowan County north of the South Yadkin River became Davie County.

The area was developed for cotton cultivation and mixed farming in the antebellum period. Cotton continued as a commodity crop for some time. Following Reconstruction, there was continuing change in the county, with industrialization following the construction of railways and textile mills here and elsewhere in the Piedmont. Urban populations increased. A total of six lynchings of African Americans were recorded here in this period, which extended into the early 20th century. This was the second-highest total in the state, a number of extrajudicial murders that two other counties also had.

At the turn of the 20th century, the state had passed a new constitution and laws erecting barriers to voter registration that effectively disenfranchised most blacks, ending their political progress for decades, after African Americans had been elected to Congress from this state and there had been a Republican-Populist fusionist slate. Both governors Charles Aycock and Robert Glenn, elected in 1900 and 1904, respectively, ran campaigns to appeal to whites.

The racial terrorism of lynchings enforced white suppression of African Americans. In 1902 brothers James and Harrison Gillespie, aged 11 (eleven) and 13 (thirteen), were lynched by a white mob for allegedly killing a young white woman working in a field.[1] In August 1906, six African-American men were arrested as suspects in the murder of a farm family. That evening, a white mob stormed the county jail in Salisbury, freeing all the white prisoners, interrogating the black ones, and taking out Jack Dillingham, Nease Gillespie, and his son John. The mob hanged the three men from a tree in a field, mutilated and tortured them, and shot them numerous times.[1]

It was not until after passage of civil rights legislation that most African American recovered the ability to vote; they had never lost their constitutional right as citizens. The county has worked to attract new industries since much of the textile industry moved offshore in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The "250 Fest", celebrating the 250th anniversary of Rowan County, was held in 2003.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1743 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1753 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1753 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1753 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1753 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1840 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1913 Birth records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 15,828
1800 20,060
1810 21,543
1820 26,009
1830 20,786
1840 12,109
1850 13,870
1860 14,589
1870 16,810
1880 19,965
1890 24,123
1900 31,066
1910 37,521
1920 44,062
1930 56,665
1940 69,206
1950 75,410
1960 82,817
1970 90,035
1980 99,186
1990 110,605

Research Tips

External links

www.co.rowan.nc.us

Sources

source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Rowan County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.