Person:Harry Truman (1)

m. 28 Dec 1881
  1. Harry Truman1884 - 1972
m. 28 Jun 1919
Facts and Events
Name Harry Truman
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 8 May 1884 Lamar, Barton, Missouri, United States
Marriage 28 Jun 1919 Independence, Jackson, Missouri, United Statesto Elizabeth Virginia "Bess" Wallace
Death[1][3] 26 Dec 1972 Independence, Clay, Missouri, United States
Reference Number? Q11613?

Harry Truman was a U.S. Senator from Missouri before being elected Vice President to Franklin Roosevelt when he ran for a fourth term. Roosevelt died less than three months into his term, and Truman became the 33rd President.

Public Career

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.

Truman was elected to the United States Senate in 1934 and gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee aimed at waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. Soon after succeeding to the presidency he authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman's administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term.

Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948. When Communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he gained United Nations approval for the very large policy action known as the Korean War. It saved South Korea but the Chinese intervened, driving back the UN/US forces and preventing a rollback of Communism in North Korea. On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman faced opposition from a conservative Congress, but his administration successfully guided the U.S. economy through the post-war economic challenges. In 1948 he submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation and issued Executive Orders to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies.

Allegations of corruption in the Truman administration became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election and accounted for Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower's electoral victory against Democrat Adlai Stevenson II. Truman's financially difficult retirement was marked by the founding of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs. When he left office, Truman's presidency was criticized, but scholars rehabilitated his image in the 1960s and he is ranked as one of the best presidents.


References
  1. 1.0 1.1 White House Presidential Biographies, Harry Truman.
  2. Missouri, United States. Missouri Birth Records, 1851-1910.

    Harry S. Truman ("name recorded 9/5/1942") b. 5 May 1884 Lamar. Parents John Anderson Truman and Mattie Ellen Young.

  3. "TRUMAN, 33D PRESIDENT IS DEAD; SERVED IN TIME OF FIRST A-BOMB, MARSHALL PLAN, NATO AND KOREA", in The New York Times. (New York, New York), p. 1 [1].

    "KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec 26 -- Harry S. Truman, the 33d President of the United States, died this morning. He was 88 years old. ..."

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Harry S. Truman. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.