Person:James Garfield (1)

President James Abram Garfield
m. 3 Feb 1820
  1. Mehitable Garfield1821 - 1911
  2. Thomas Garfield1822 - 1910
  3. Mary Garfield1824 - 1884
  4. James Ballou Garfield1826 - 1829
  5. President James Abram Garfield1831 - 1881
m. 11 Nov 1858
  1. Eliza Trot Garfield
  2. Eliza Arabella Garfield1860 - 1863
  3. James Abram Garfield1863 - 1950
  4. Harry Augustus Garfield1863 - 1942
  5. James Rudolph Garfield1865 - 1950
  6. Mary Garfield1867 - 1947
  7. Irvin McDowell Garfield1870 - 1951
  8. Abram Garfield1872 - 1958
  9. Edward Garfield1874 - 1876
Facts and Events
Name President James Abram Garfield
Gender Male
Birth[1] 19 Nov 1831 Moreland Hills, Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States
Marriage 11 Nov 1858 Hiram, Portage, Ohio, USAto Lucretia Rudolph
Death[1] 19 Sep 1881 Elberon, Monmouth, New Jersey, United States
Burial[1] Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States
Reference Number? Q34597?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his death six months later, two months after he was shot by an assassin. A lawyer and Civil War general, he served nine terms in the House of Representatives and was the only sitting member of the House to be elected president. Before his candidacy for the White House, he had been elected to the U.S. Senate by the Ohio General Assembly, a position he declined when he became president-elect.

Garfield was born into poverty in a log cabin and grew up in northeastern Ohio. After graduating from Williams College, he studied law and became an attorney. He was elected as a Republican member of the Ohio State Senate in 1859, serving until 1861. He opposed Confederate secession, was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and fought in the battles of Middle Creek, Shiloh, and Chickamauga. Garfield was elected to Congress in 1862 to represent Ohio's 19th district. Throughout his congressional service, he firmly supported the gold standard and gained a reputation as a skilled orator. He initially agreed with Radical Republican views on Reconstruction, but later favored a moderate approach to civil rights enforcement for freedmen. Garfield's aptitude for mathematics extended to a notable proof of the Pythagorean theorem, which he published in 1876.

At the 1880 Republican National Convention, delegates chose Garfield, who had not sought the White House, as a compromise presidential nominee on the 36th ballot. In the 1880 presidential election, he conducted a low-key front porch campaign and narrowly defeated Democratic nominee Winfield Scott Hancock. Garfield's accomplishments as president included his resurgence of presidential authority against senatorial courtesy in executive appointments, a purge of corruption in the Post Office, and his appointment of a Supreme Court justice.

A member of the intraparty "Half-Breed" faction, Garfield used the powers of the presidency to defy the powerful "Stalwart" New York senator Roscoe Conkling by appointing Blaine faction leader William H. Robertson to the lucrative post of Collector of the Port of New York, triggering a fracas that resulted in Robertson's confirmation and the resignations of Conkling and Thomas C. Platt from the Senate. Garfield advocated agricultural technology, an educated electorate, and civil rights for African Americans. He also proposed substantial civil service reforms, which were passed by Congress in 1883 as the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act and signed into law by his successor, Chester A. Arthur.

On July 2, 1881, Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed and delusional office seeker, shot Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington. The wound was not immediately fatal, but he died on September 19, 1881, from infections caused by his doctors.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 James A. Garfield, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Matowitz, Thomas G. Mentor. (Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2015)
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at James A. Garfield. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.