Person:Thomas Jefferson (8)

     
President Thomas Jefferson
m. 03 Oct 1739
  1. Jane Jefferson1740 -
  2. Mary Jefferson1741 -
  3. President Thomas Jefferson1743 - 1826
  4. Elizabeth Jefferson1744 -
  5. Martha Jefferson1746 - 1811
  6. Peter Field Jefferson1748 -
  7. Son Jefferson1750 -
  8. Lucy Jefferson1752 - 1810
  9. Ann Scott Jefferson1755 - 1828
  10. Randolph Jefferson1755 - 1815
  • HPresident Thomas Jefferson1743 - 1826
  • WMartha Wayles1748 - 1782
m. 01 Jan 1772
  1. Martha Jefferson1772 - 1836
  2. Jane Randolph Jefferson1774 - 1775
  3. Peter Jefferson1777 - 1777
  4. Mary Jefferson1778 - 1804
  5. Lucy Elizabeth Jefferson1780 - 1781
  6. Lucy Elizabeth Jefferson1782 - 1785
  • HPresident Thomas Jefferson1743 - 1826
  • WSally Hemings1773 - 1835
m. bef. 1795
  1. Harriet Hemings1795 -
  2. Beverly Hemings1798 -
  3. Daughter Hemings1799 -
  4. Harriet Hemings1801 - aft 1863
  5. Madison Hemings1805 - 1877
  6. Eston Hemings1808 - 1856
Facts and Events
Name President Thomas Jefferson
Gender Male
Birth[1] 2 Apr 1743 Shadwell, Albemarle, Virginia
Marriage 01 Jan 1772 Virginia, USA
to Martha Wayles
Marriage bef. 1795 Cohabitation?
to Sally Hemings
Death[1] 4 Jul 1826 Charlottesville, Albemarle, Virginia, United States
Reference Number? Q11812?
Burial? Charlottesville, Albemarle, Virginia, United StatesMonticello


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. Previously, he had served as the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. The principal author of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights motivating American colonists to break from the Kingdom of Great Britain and form a new nation; he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level.

Jefferson was mainly of English ancestry, born and educated in colonial Virginia. He graduated from the College of William & Mary and briefly practiced law, with the largest number of his cases concerning land ownership claims. During the American Revolution, he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress that adopted the Declaration, drafted the law for religious freedom as a Virginia legislator, and served as the 2nd Governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781, during the American Revolutionary War. He became the United States Minister to France in May 1785, and subsequently the nation's first secretary of state under President George Washington from 1790 to 1793. Jefferson and James Madison organized the Democratic-Republican Party to oppose the Federalist Party during the formation of the First Party System. With Madison, he anonymously wrote the controversial Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions in 1798 and 1799, which sought to strengthen states' rights by nullifying the federal Alien and Sedition Acts.

As president, Jefferson pursued the nation's shipping and trade interests against Barbary pirates and aggressive British trade policies. He also organized the Louisiana Purchase, almost doubling the country's territory. As a result of peace negotiations with France, his administration reduced military forces. He was reelected in 1804. Jefferson's second term was beset with difficulties at home, including the trial of former vice president Aaron Burr. American foreign trade was diminished when Jefferson implemented the Embargo Act of 1807, responding to British threats to U.S. shipping. In 1803, Jefferson began a controversial process of Indian tribe removal to the newly organized Louisiana Territory, and he signed the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves in 1807.

Jefferson, while primarily a planter, lawyer and politician, mastered many disciplines, which ranged from surveying and mathematics to horticulture and mechanics. He was an architect in the classical tradition. Jefferson's keen interest in religion and philosophy led to his presidency of the American Philosophical Society; he shunned organized religion but was influenced by both Christianity and deism. A philologist, Jefferson knew several languages. He was a prolific letter writer and corresponded with many prominent people. His only full-length book is Notes on the State of Virginia (1785), considered perhaps the most important American book published before 1800. After retiring from public office, Jefferson founded the University of Virginia.

Although regarded as a leading spokesman for democracy and republicanism in the era of the Enlightenment, Jefferson's historical legacy is mixed. Some modern scholarship has been critical of Jefferson's private life, pointing out the contradiction between his ownership of the large numbers of slaves that worked his plantations and his famous declaration that "all men are created equal." Another point of controversy stems from the evidence that after his wife Martha died in 1782, Jefferson fathered children with Martha's half-sister, Sally Hemings, who was his slave. Despite this, presidential scholars and historians generally praise his public achievements, including his advocacy of religious freedom and tolerance in Virginia. Jefferson continues to rank highly among U.S. presidents.

Jefferson's Relationship with Sally Hemings

Sarah "Sally" Hemings (Shadwell, Albemarle County, Virginia, circa 1773 – Charlottesville, Virginia, 1835) was a mixed-race slave owned by President Thomas Jefferson through inheritance by his wife. She was the half-sister of Jefferson's wife, Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson by their father John Wayles. She was notable because most historians now widely believe that the widower Jefferson took her as a concubine, had six children with her. [Source: Wikipedia]

Sally Hemings was not married to Thomas Jefferson, thus her children took her surname. According to the Report of the Research Committee on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation in January 2000:

The DNA study, combined with multiple strands of currently available documentary and statistical evidence, indicates a high probability that Thomas Jefferson fathered Eston Hemings, and that he most likely was the father of all six of Sally Hemings's children appearing in Jefferson's records. Those children are Harriet, who died in infancy; Beverly; an unnamed daughter who died in infancy; Harriet; Madison; and Eston. [Source: Thomas Jefferson's Monticello Website].

External links

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas Jefferson, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
Signers of U.S. Declaration of Independence
John AdamsSamuel AdamsJosiah BartlettCarter BraxtonCharles CarrollSamuel ChaseAbraham ClarkGeorge ClymerWilliam ElleryWilliam FloydBen FranklinElbridge GerryButton GwinnettLyman HallJohn HancockBenjamin HarrisonJohn HartJoseph HewesThomas HeywardWilliam HooperStephen HopkinsFrancis HopkinsonSamuel HuntingtonThomas JeffersonFrancis Lightfoot LeeRichard Henry LeeFrancis LewisPhilip LivingstonThomas LynchThomas McKeanArthur MiddletonLewis MorrisRobert MorrisJohn MortonThomas Nelson, Jr.William PacaRobert Treat PaineJohn PennGeorge ReadCaesar RodneyGeorge RossBenjamin RushEdward RutledgeRoger ShermanJames SmithRichard StocktonThomas StoneGeorge TaylorMatthew ThorntonGeorge WaltonWilliam WhippleWilliam WilliamsJames WilsonJohn WitherspoonOliver WolcottGeorge Wythe




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