Person:James Madison (1)

m. 15 SEP 1749
  1. Pres. James Madison1751 - 1836
  2. Francis Madison1753 -
  3. Frances Madison1753 - 1800
  4. Ambrose Madison1755 - 1793
  5. Catlett Madison1758 - 1758
  6. Nellie Conway Madison1760 - 1802
  7. Gen. William Taylor Madison1762 - 1843
  8. Sarah Madison1764 - 1843
  9. Infant Madison1766 - 1766
  10. Elizabeth Madison1768 - 1775
  11. Infant Madison1770 - 1770
  12. Rueben Madison1771 - 1771
  13. Frances Taylor Madison1774 - 1843
  • HPres. James Madison1751 - 1836
  • WDolley Payne1768 - 1849
m. 14 Sep 1794
Facts and Events
Name Pres. James Madison
Gender Male
Birth[1] 5 Mar 1751 Port Conway, King George, Virginia, United States
Marriage 14 Sep 1794 Harewood, Jefferson, West Virginia, USAHarewood
to Dolley Payne
Death[1] June 28, 1836 Montpelier Estate, Orange, Virginia
Reference Number? Q11813?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the United States Bill of Rights. He also co-wrote The Federalist Papers, co-founded the Democratic-Republican Party, and served as the fifth United States Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809.

Born into a prominent Virginia planting family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War. He became dissatisfied with the weak national government established by the Articles of Confederation and helped organize the Constitutional Convention, which produced a new constitution to supplant the Articles of Confederation. Madison's Virginia Plan served as the basis for the Constitutional Convention's deliberations, and he was one of the most influential individuals at the convention. Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, and he joined with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in writing The Federalist Papers, a series of pro-ratification essays that is widely considered to be one of the most influential works of political science in American history.

After the ratification of the Constitution, Madison emerged as an important leader in the United States House of Representatives and served as a close adviser to President George Washington. He was the main force behind the ratification of the United States Bill of Rights, which enshrines guarantees of personal freedoms and rights within the Constitution. During the early 1790s, Madison came to oppose the economic program and accompanying centralization of power favored by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Along with Thomas Jefferson, Madison organized the Democratic-Republican Party, which was, alongside Hamilton's Federalist Party, one of the nation's first major political parties. After Jefferson won the 1800 presidential election, Madison served as Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809. In that position, he supervised the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the size of the United States.

Madison succeeded Jefferson with a victory in the 1808 presidential election. After diplomatic protests and a trade embargo failed to end British attacks against American shipping, he led the United States into the War of 1812. The war was an administrative morass and ended inconclusively, but many Americans saw it as a successful "second war of independence" against Britain. The war convinced Madison of the necessity of a stronger federal government, and he presided over the creation of the Second Bank of the United States and the enactment of the protective Tariff of 1816. He retired from public office in 1817 and died in 1836. He is generally considered to be one of the most important Founding Fathers of the United States, and historians have generally ranked Madison as an above-average president.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 James Madison, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
Signers of the U.S. Constitution
Baldwin • Bassett • Gunning BedfordBlairWilliam Blount • Brearley • Jacob BroomPierce Butler Daniel CarrollGeorge ClymerJonathan DaytonJohn Dickinson • Few • Thomas FitzsimonsBen FranklinNicholas GilmanNathaniel GorhamAlexander Hamilton • Ingersoll • William Jackson Daniel of St.Thomas Jenifer • Johnson • Rufus King • Langdon • William Livingston James Madison • McHenry • Mifflin • Gouverneur Morris Robert MorrisWilliam PatersonCharles Cotesworth PinckneyCharles PinckneyGeorge ReadJohn Rutledge Roger Sherman • Spaight • George WashingtonHugh Williamson James Wilson

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