Place:North Korea


NameNorth Korea
Alt namesChosonsource: CIA, World Fact Book (1999) accessed 03/30/00
Chosŏn M.I.K.source: FDA Worksheet; Getty Vocabulary Program
Chosŏn Minjujuŭi In'min Konghwaguksource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguksource: Wikipedia
Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmīn-konghwaguksource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Corea del Nortesource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Corée du Nordsource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Coréia do Nortesource: Rand McNally Atlas (1994) p 319
Democratic People's Republic of Koreasource: Wikipedia
DPRKsource: Wikipedia
Noord Koreasource: Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 382
Nordkoreasource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Coordinates40°N 127°E
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK; Chosŏn'gŭl: ; Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. The capital and largest city is Pyongyang. North Korea shares a land border with China to the north and north-west, along the Amnok (Yalu) and Tumen rivers. A small section of the Tumen River also forms North Korea's border with Russia to the northeast. The Korean Demilitarized Zone marks the boundary between North Korea and South Korea. The legitimacy of this border is not accepted by either side, as both states claim to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula.

The Empire of Japan annexed Korea in 1910. In 1945, when Japan was defeated in World War II, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south by the United States. Negotiations on unification failed, and in 1948 two separate governments were formed: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the Republic of Korea in the south. The conflicting claims of sovereignty led to the Korean War in 1950. An armistice in 1953 committed both to a cease-fire, but the two countries remain officially at war because a formal peace treaty was never signed. Both states were accepted into the United Nations in 1991.

The DPRK holds elections and describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state, but it is widely considered a dictatorship and has been described as totalitarian and Stalinist, with an elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family. Human rights violations in North Korea are in a category of their own, with no parallel in the contemporary world as assessed by international human rights organizations. The Workers' Party of Korea, led by a member of the ruling family,[1] holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be a member.

Over time North Korea has gradually distanced itself from the world Communist movement. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution as a "creative application of Marxism–Leninism" in 1972. In 2009, the constitution was amended again, quietly removing the brief references to communism (Chosŏn'gŭl: ).

The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms, and most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are state funded or subsidized. In the 1990s North Korea suffered from a famine and continues to struggle with food production.

North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy. It is the world's most militarized society, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the 4th largest in the world, after China, the U.S., and India. It also possesses nuclear weapons.


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