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Michael Overton

en This user is a native speaker of English.


Genetic studies


Genetic ethnicity is determined by comparing a DNA sample to an ethnicity database containing a comprehensive world-wide collection of DNA samples. The markers in the DNA may reveal ethnicities that go back hundreds or thousands of years. This method of analysis will not necessarily produce a result that matches a person's known genealogical history.

According to AncestryDNA, the genetic ethnicity of this user is as follows:

  • British Isles 56%—(England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales) The history of the region was defined by periodic invasions and settlements by various groups: the Celts from central Europe spread throughout the Northwest Isles about 2500 years ago; the Romans followed later; after the Romans withdrew, tribes from northern Germany and Denmark (the Angles, Saxons and Jutes) conquered much of what is now England; about the same time, the Vikings left their imprint, particularly in southern Scotland, Ireland and western England; and the Normans invaded from northern France. English is a Germanic language that was brought by the Angles.
  • Scandinavian 34%—(Norway, Sweden, Denmark) As the glaciers retreated from Northern Europe, roaming groups of hunter-gatherers from Southern Europe followed reindeer herds inland and marine resources along the Scandinavian coast. Neolithic farmers eventually settled the region beginning about 6,000 years ago. The rise of the Viking culture spread Scandinavian ancestry far throughout Europe. Their earliest coastal voyages took them to Scotland, northeastern England and established the settlement of Dublin, Ireland. As their power continued to grow, the Vikings spread farther afield, down the Volga River in Russia, to the coast of France and Spain. The Vikings were well-travelled merchants and ambitious explorers. They raided the Mediterranean coast of Africa, settled areas as far south as the Black Sea, and traded with the Byzantine Empire. In the days of the mighty Roman Empire, the Goths, originally from Sweden, wandered south and settled in what is now eastern Germany. In the year 410, they invaded and sacked Rome, setting the stage for the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire.
  • Persian/Turkish/Caucasus 10%—(Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan) About 45,000 years ago, the modern humans first occupied the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding region from a source in the Middle East and continued to serve as a destination for migrations throughout history. This was particularly evident during the Neolithic period when farming spread to the Caucasus Mountains and later when Jewish populations also moved north into the region. Despite their intermediate position between Eastern Europe and the Middle East, Caucasian populations seem to have rarely been a thoroughfare for migration. Although the Caucasus Mountains have long been a proposed route for the early agriculturalists to settle to Eastern Europe 8,000 years ago, current genetic data indicate Caucasians and Eastern Europeans have remained relatively isolated. The Caucasus region has been the homeland of some of the world's most famous civilizations and empires. Turkey, in particular, has historically been at the crossroads of Eastern and Western cultures.


Y-chromosome DNA tests can be used by people interested in their ancient ancestry and prehistoric migrations. Haplogroups and their subclades (branches) mark human migrations. Some Y-DNA subbranch markers, SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms), are restricted to a single family that is related in genealogical times (1 to 15 generations), and other SNPs are slightly older. However, both of those types of SNPs are uncommon.

According to Family Tree DNA, this user is a member of haplogroup R1b1a2-M269 (confirmed).

European R1b is dominated by SNP marker M269. The frequency of this clade is highest in parts of northern and western England, Spain, Portugal, Wales and Ireland. This clade may have arrived in Europe about 4,000 to a maximum of about 10,000 years ago, migrating from Western Asia via southeastern Europe.[1] R1b is one of the main subgroups of haplogroup R1. The origins of R1 remain unclear. It has been suggested the origin for R1 lies to the east of the Middle East, possibly in south or central Asia.[2] It may have arisen about 18,500 years ago. The parent haplogroup R is very common throughout Europe, Central Asia and South Asia, and also common in parts of the Middle East and Africa. This haplogroup is believed to have arisen around 20,000-34,000 years ago, somewhere in Central Asia or South Asia. Haplogroup R one of the two branches of the mega-haplogroup P.[3]

Haplogroup P contains the patrilineal ancestors of most Europeans, almost all of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, and approximately one third to two thirds of the males among various populations of Central Asia and Southern Asia. It is believed to have arisen north of the Hindu Kush, in Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, or along the Silk Road in the region of Xinjiang, Gansu, or Ningxia, before being pressed North, approximately 35,000 years ago. An alternate postulated theory supported by Gansu, Ningxia is that this group moved along the opposite side of the Tibetan plateau along the Sichuan Mountains, before taking the silk route and Bering land bridge. The climate was much different and would have supported more life and grasslands in Tarim Basin, Mongolia, and Manchuria.[4]

Macro-haplogroup K, an ancestor of P, was established approximately 40,000-50,000 years ago and probably originated in Southwestern Asia or South Asia.[5] Its ancestor, haplogroup F, is a very common Y-chromosome haplogroup spanning all the continents. This haplogroup and its subclades contain more than 90% of the world's existing non-African male population. This suggests that its ancestral C-F chromosome may have been carried out of Africa very early in the modern human diaspora, and F may have appeared 38,700-55,700 years ago, probably in Eurasia. The presence of several subclusters of F and K that are largely restricted to the Indian subcontinent is consistent with the scenario that a coastal (southern route) of early human migration out of Africa carried ancestral Eurasian lineages first to the coast of the Indian subcontinent, or that some of them originated there. Other sources mention that this ancient haplogroup may have first appeared in North Africa, the Levant, or the Arabian Peninsula as much as 50,000 years ago. All of Haplogroup F's descendant haplogroups also show a pattern of radiation from South Asia or the Middle East. Several lineages derived from Haplogroup F appear to have migrated into Africa from a homeland in Southwest Asia sometime during prehistory.[6]



*Some ancestors of surname did not use a surname
List of surnames of great-grandparents
4 Delbert Joseph Overton and Irene Fay Van Peyma* James Frederick Jacobson* and Marian Frances Tolle Frank Adam Perry and Flora Elizabeth Scarlett John Leichty and Sarah Neuhouser
5 Boice, Norbey Spilman, Writer Dentelsbeck, Kaiser Yoder
6 Darner, Hall, Hartmans,* Townsend Debolt, Kenison, Matthews Allen, Lampert, Payton, Unknown Kauffman
7 Bundy, Rogers Askew, Pask, Posthumus,* Schregardus* Barnhiser, Carpenter, Carraway, Peden, Rogers, Unknown Poole, Trenary, Wilkin  
8 Hartley, Owens, Snyder Broof (Brough), Burley, Simpson Anderson, Bentley, Elliot, McGrath, McKeeby, Parkison, Rice, Stewart, Turner Ball, Franks, King  
9 Flagler, Osborne, Perisho, Price, Simcock Capps, Knowles, Tindall Campbell, Crenshaw, Kortright,* Miller, Rider, Simms, Smith, Weiser Peacock, Stone  
10 Harvye, Hobin, Southwick, Trask, Unknown Hird, Johnson, Rolls Carter, Delamater, Menzies, Overmire, Teagarden, Weivel Farmer, Johnson, Rogers  
11 Margerum, Meacham, Parkman, Waln, Unknown Atkinson, Bullcock, Unknown Bussing, Parker   Carrico, Kittredge, Rugg  
12 Bayless, Harrison, Maris, Plover, Prisse, Turner Bee, Markes, Preston, Unknown Bowden, Deckart Buchanan Edsall, Foster, Prescott, Unknown  
13 Webster, Unknown Jackson, Rudd, Unknown, Unknown   Macgregor Aylett, Gawkroger, Littlefield, Willis  
14 Arnold, Thorpe   Drummond Hill Ainsworth, Scarborough  
15 Unknown     Parker Aston, Austin, Fairbanks  
16     McLarin   Unknown, Unknown, Wade  
17         Jennet, Unknown  
18     Campbell   Unknown  
19     Stirling    
20     Stewart    
21     Unknown    
22     Unknown    
23     Mure    
24     Bruce    
27     de Clare    

Royal descent

Probable lines of royal descent from the Magna Charta Sureties (requires further research):

  1. Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford (and a Magna Charta Surety), had son
  2. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford (and a Magna Charta Surety), had dau.
  3. Isabel de Clare, m. Robert de Brus, Earl of Annandale, had son
  4. Robert de Brus, Earl of Annandale and Carrick, had son
  5. Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, had dau.
  6. Margery Bruce, m. Walter Stewart, Lord High Steward, had son
  7. Robert II, King of Scotland, m. Lady Elizabeth Muir of Rowallan, Countess of Atholl, had son
  8. Robert III, King of Scotland, had (illegitimate) son
  9. John Stewart of Blackhall, had dau.
  10. Margaret Stewart, m. Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, 1st Lord Campbell of Argyle, had a son
  11. Sir Colin Campbell, 1st Laird of Glenorchy, m. Margaret Stirling, had dau.
  12. Mariot Campbell, m. William Stewart of Balquhidder and Baldoran (Balendivan), had son
  13. John Stewart (2nd son) of Glenbucky, m. - Buchanan, had son
  14. Duncan Stewart of Glenbucky, m. - McLarin, had son
  15. Alexander Stewart of Glenbucky, m. - Stuart (2nd cousin), had son
  16. Patrick Stewart (1st son) of Glenbucky (rights sold to brother Duncan), m. Christian Drummond, had son
  17. William Stewart of Stronslany (or Translarry, Perth) and Ledcreich, m. Mary Macgregor, had son
  18. Patrick Stuart of Ledcreich, m. Margaret Buchanan, had son
  19. Alexander Stuart of Ledcreich, m. Catherine Stewart, had son
  20. Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich, m. Elizabeth Menzies, came to America and had daus.
  21. on parallel lines:
    1. Margaret Stewart, m. John Carraway, had son
    2. Elizabeth Stewart, m. James Stewart, had dau.
  22. Thomas Carraway, m. Catherine Stewart (1st cousin), had dau.
  23. Margaret Carraway, m. James Spilman, had son
  24. Alexander Spilman, m. Mary Kenison, had dau.
  25. May Spilman, m. Andrew Jacobson, had son
  26. James Jacobson, m. Marian Tolle, ...


Dutch translation

Besides the Google translator, these online dictionaries are available:

  • Wilcocke, Samuel Hull. A New and Complete Dictionary of the English and Dutch Languages. (Printed for C. Dilly, 1798) [7]
  • Bomhoff, Dirk. New Dictionary of the English and Dutch Language. (J. F. Thieme, 1851) [8]
  • Hoogvliet, J. M. Elements of Dutch. (Martinus Nijhoff, 1908) [9]
  • Understanding Dutch genealogy resources [10]
  • Verzameling van Trefwoorden en begrippen voorkomend in Doop-, Trouw- en Begraafboeken en andere Genealogie bronnen (Collection of words and terms used in Baptismal, Marriage and Burial Books and other Genealogy resources) [11]