Place:Victoria, Australia


NameVictoria
Alt namesVicsource: common abbreviation
TypeState
Coordinates34.25°S 141.5°E
Located inAustralia     (1901 - )
Contained Places
Area
Clover Flat
Cemetery
Eldorado Cemetery
County
Bourke
Dundas
Heytesbury
Wannon
General region
Sunset Country
Inhabited place
Alberton
Albion
Alexandra
Anglesea
Apollo Bay
Ararat
Areegra
Arthurs Creek
Avoca
Avondale Heights
Axedale
Baddaginnie
Bairnsdale
Ballan
Ballarat ( 1851 - )
Balmoral
Bangholme
Bannockburn
Barkly ( 1859 - )
Bealiba
Beaufort
Beeac
Beech Forest
Beechworth
Bell
Bellarine
Benalla
Bendigo ( 1800 - )
Bennettswood
Beulah
Birregurra
Black Springs
Blackwood
Bolangum
Boort
Braeside
Branxholme
Briagolong
Bridgewater on Loddon
Bright
Broadford
Browns Plains
Bruthen
Buangor
Bulla
Bullioh
Buninyong
Bunyip
Campbells Creek
Camperdown
Cann River
Caramut
Carisbrook
Carpolac
Castlemaine
Cathkin
Cavendish
Charlton
Cherokee
Chewton
Chiltern ( 1853 - )
Chilwell
Chinkapook ( 1910 - )
Clunes
Cobden
Cobram
Cohuna
Colac
Colbinabbin
Coldstream
Coleraine
Corindhap
Corinella
Corryong
Cowes
Cravensville
Cressy
Creswick
Crib Point
Croydon
Cudgewa
Darebin Creek
Darlington
Dartmoor
Daylesford
Daytrap
Dergholm
Derrinallum
Dimboola
Dingee
Dingley
Donald
Doveton
Dromana
Drouin
Drysdale
Dunkeld
Dunolly
Echuca
Edithvale
Eganstown ( 1861 - )
Eildon
Elaine
Elmhurst
Elmore
Emerald
Ensay
Erica
Euroa
Fentons Creek
Ferny Creek
Forrest
Foster
Fryerstown
Galvin
Geelong West
Geelong
Gellibrand
Gembrook
Genoa
Gisborne
Gisgarre
Glenhuntly
Glenluce ( 1868 - 1969 )
Glenmaggie
Glenroy
Greensborough
Gymbowen
Hadfield
Hallam
Hamilton
Hampton Park
Hampton
Harcourt
Harkaway
Harrisfield
Harrow ( 1849 - )
Hastings
Healesville
Heathcote
Heatherton
Heathmont
Heidelberg
Hepburn Springs
Heywood
Highett
Holmesglen
Hopetoun
Horsham
Hurstbridge
Indented Head
Inglewood
Inverleigh
Inverloch
Ivanhoe
Jacana
Jan Juc
Jeparit
Kalkallo
Kallista
Kalorama
Kangaroo Ground
Kaniva
Katyil
Keilor North
Keilor
Keon Park
Kerang
Kew
Keysborough
Kilmore
Kilsyth
Kingsville
Koo-Wee-Rup
Kooloonong
Koondrook
Koorooman
Kooyong
Koriella
Koroit
Korumburra
Kulwin
Kyabram
Kyneton
Lake Bolac
Lake Marmal ( 1878 - 1959 )
Lakes Entrance
Lancaster
Lancefield
Lara
Lavers Hill
Laverton
Leongatha
Leopold
Lexton
Lilydale
Linton
Lismore
Little River
Llanelly
Loch Sport
Loch
Lockwood ( 1855 - )
Longford
Longwarry
Longwood
Lorne
Lower Plenty
Lyndhurst
Lysterfield
Macedon
Macleod
Maffra
Maidstone
Maldon
Malmsbury
Manangatang
Mansfield
Maribyrnong
Maryborough
Marysville
Meerlieu West ( 1882 - 1964 )
Meerlieu ( 1965 - )
Melbourne ( 1835 - )
Melton
Merbein
Meredith
Meringur
Merlynston
Merrigum
Merton
Mickleham
Milawa
Mildura
Mirboo North
Mitcham
Mitiamo
Moe
Monbulk
Mont Park
Montmorency
Montrose
Moorabbin
Mooroolbark
Mooroopna
Mordialloc
Moreland
Mornington
Mortlake
Morwell
Mount Buller
Mount Dandenong
Mount Evelyn
Mount Martha
Mount Waverley
Muntham
Murchison ( 1854 - )
Murtoa
Myrtleford
Nagambie
Napoleons
Nar Nar Goon
Nariel
Nathalia
Natimuk
Navarre
Neerim South
Neerim
Newborough
Newbridge
Newlyn
Newport
Newstead
Nhill
Noojee
Noorat
Norlane
Notting Hill
Nowingi
Numurkah
Nyah West
Oak Park
Officer
Olinda
Omeo
Orbost
Ormond
Outtrim
Ouyen
Paisley
Pakenham
Park Orchards
Pascoe Vale
Patchewollock
Penshurst
Pimpinio
Point Cook
Poowong
Porepunkah
Port Campbell
Port Fairy ( 1828 - )
Portarlington
Portland ( 1834 - 1834 )
Portsea
Preston
Pyalong
Quambatook
Queenscliff
Raglan
Ravenswood
Red Cliffs
Red Jacket ( 1865 - 1939 )
Reedy Creek
Regent
Research
Richmond
Riddells Creek
Ringwood North
Ringwood
Robinvale
Rochester
Rockbank
Rokewood Junction
Rokewood
Romsey
Rosanna
Rosebud
Rowville
Rutherglen
Rye
Sale
San Remo
Sandringham
Sassafras
Scarsdale
Scoresby
Sea Lake
Seaholme
Sebastopol
Sedgwick
Selby
Serpentine ( 1863 - )
Serviceton
Seymour
Shelbourne
Shepparton
Skipton
Smythesdale
Snake Valley
Somerville
Sorrento
South Barwon
St Albans
St Arnaud
Staughton Vale
Stawell
Stony Crossing
Stony Point
Streatham
Stuart Mill
Sunbury
Sunshine
Swan Hill
Sydenham West
Sydenham
Syndal
Talbot
Tallangatta
Tally Ho
Tarnagulla
Tarneit
Tecoma
Terang
The Basin
Thomastown
Thornbury
Timboon
Tintaldra
Tongala
Toolamba
Toora
Torquay
Torrumbarry
Trafalgar
Traralgon
Trawalla
Trentham
Truganina
Tullamarine
Tungamah
Tyabb
Tyrrell Downs
Ultima
Upper Beaconsfield
Upper Ferntree Gully
Upwey
Vaughan
Vermont
Violet Town
Wahgunyah
Walpeup
Wandiligong
Wangaratta
Wangoom
Warburton
Warracknabeal
Warragul
Warrnambool
Watsonia
Watsons Creek
Wattle Glen
Waubra
Wedderburn
Weeribee
Welshpool
Werribee South
Werrimull
Whitfield
Whittlesea
Whroo ( 1857 - 1955 )
Williamstown
Winchelsea
Wodonga
Wonthaggi
Woodend
Woods Point
Woodside
Woomelang ( 1900 - )
Wycheproof
Wymah
Yaapeet
Yallourn North
Yallourn
Yanac
Yarra Glen
Yarra Junction
Yarragon
Yarram
Yarrawonga
Yea
Yering
Island group
Furneaux Group
Land district
The Leigh ( 1861 - 1994 )
Locality
Amherst
Ardmona ( 1891 - )
Bambra ( 1892 - 1973 )
Barongarook
Barrabool ( 1892 - 1973 )
Barraport
Boonah ( 1887 - )
Broomfield ( 1875 - )
Browns
Cambrian Hill ( 1865 - )
Cape Bridgewater
Cape Horn
Carngham ( 1856 - )
Carwarp
Cashmore
Ceres
Chatsworth
Connewarre
Cororooke
Dargalong
Devenish
Glenalbyn ( 1886 - 1973 )
Glenloth
Grassy Flat
Jeruk ( 1880 - 1930 )
Jumbunna
Jung ( 1879 - 1994 )
Kalkee
Koyuga South
Laanecoorie ( 1869 - )
Lake Hawthorn
Lalbert
Minjah
Mittyack
Moorabool
Mortchup
Mt Arapiles
Nerring ( 1866 - )
Purnim
Red Jacket Gully ( 1855 - )
Rheola ( 1889 - )
Simmie
Strathkellar
Tarranginnie
Undera
Waanyarra ( 1856 - 1969 )
Wangoon
Winlaton
Yangery
Region
Gippsland
Wimmera
Rural district
Langi Kal Kal
Settlement
Bailieston
Coy's Diggings ( 1865 - 1974 )
Diggora West
Sailors Gully
Shire
Shire of Barrabool ( 1853 - 1994 )
Talbot and Clunes ( 1860 - 1994 )
Suburb
Abbotsford
Airport West
Albert Park
Alphington
Altona North
Altona
Ascot Vale
Ashburton
Aspendale
Balaclava
Balwyn
Bayswater North
Bayswater
Beaconsfield
Beaumaris
Belgrave South
Belgrave
Belmont
Berwick
Black Rock
Blackburn
Bonbeach
Boronia
Box Hill
Braybrook
Brighton
Broadmeadows
Brown Hill
Brunswick East
Brunswick West
Brunswick
Bundoora
Burnley
Burwood East
Burwood
Camberwell
Campbellfield
Canterbury
Carlton North
Carrum Downs
Carrum North
Carrum
Chadstone
Chelsea
Cheltenham
Clayton
Coburg North
Coburg
Corio
Cranbourne
Dandenong ( 1500 - )
Deer Park
Diamond Creek
Doncaster East
Doncaster
Eaglehawk
East Malvern
East Melbourne ( 1837 - )
Eltham
Elwood
Epping
Essendon
Fairfield
Fawkner
Ferntree Gully
Footscray
Forest Hill
Frankston
Gardenvale
Glen Iris
Glen Waverley
Golden Square
Greenvale
Hawthorn
Kangaroo Flat
Kensington
Long Gully
Malvern
Marshall
Mentone
Mulgrave
Narre Warren North
Narre Warren
Nerrina
Newtown
Noble Park
North Balwyn
North Box Hill
North Essendon
North Melbourne ( 1860 - )
Northcote
Nunawading
Sailors Gully
South Melbourne
South Yarra
Springvale South
Springvale
St Kilda East
Strathfieldsaye
Surry Hills
Templestowe
Toorak
Wantirna South
Wantirna
Warrandyte South
Warrandyte
Waverley
West Heidelberg
Wheelers Hill
Wonga Park
Township
Berringa
Casterton
Coonooer Bridge
Fyansford
Huntly ( 1860 - )
Kenmare
Landsborough ( 1860 - )
Moliagul
Rushworth
Unknown
Clarke Island
Clifton Springs
Condah
Cundare
Darnum
Deans Marsh
Drik Drik
Eastville
Eldorado
Flinders
Foxhow
Germantown
Glenfalloch
Goorambat
Grantville
Greendale
Greta
Grovedale
Happy Valley
Hawkesdale
Henty
Hesket
Heyfield
Highton
Hill End
Irishtown
Kerford
Kerrie
Kialla
Kingower
Lake Rowan
Lang Lang
Lara Lake
Lethbridge
Lindenow
Log Hut
Macarthur
Marong
Meeniyan
Milltown
Modewarre
Moorooduc
Mount Duneed
Mount Rouse
Muckleford
Munro
Myamyn
Mystic Park
Narrawong
Nilma
Ondit
Ovens
Paynesville
Phillip Island
Piggoreet
Pine Lodge
Pitfield ( 1867 - )
Point Lonsdale
Port Albert
Port Phillip
Rainbow
Raymond Island
Rosedale
Ross Creek
Sarsfield
Shelford
Spring Hill
Springhurst
St. Helena
St. Leonards
Stanley
Steiglitz
Stratford
Strathbogie
Sutton Grange
Taradale
Tarraville
Tarrawingee
Tarwin
Tatura
Teesdale
Thoona
Toongabbie
Tower Hill
Tullaroop
Tylden
Tyntynder Central
Tyntynder South
Tyrendarra
Upotipotpon
Wail
Walhalla
Wallacedale
Wesburn
Western Port
White Hills
Willowmavin
Windsor
Winton
Yackandandah
Yambuk
Yan Yean
Yaugher
Yea - Cemeteries
Urban area
Bacchus Marsh
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Victoria (abbreviated as Vic.) is a state in the south-east of Australia. Victoria is Australia's most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall. Most of its population is concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its capital and largest city, Melbourne, which is Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south, New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.

Prior to European settlement, the area now constituting Victoria was inhabited by a large number of Aboriginal peoples, collectively known as the Koori. With Great Britain having claimed the entire Australian continent east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria was included in the wider colony of New South Wales. The first settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, and much of what is now Victoria was included in the Port Phillip District in 1836, an administrative division of New South Wales. Victoria was officially created a separate colony in 1851, and achieved self-government in 1855. The Victorian gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s significantly increased both the population and wealth of the colony, and by the Federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne had become the largest city & leading financial centre in Australasia. Melbourne also served as capital of Australia until the construction of Canberra in 1927, with the Federal Parliament meeting in Melbourne's Parliament House and all principal offices of the federal government being based in Melbourne.

Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate. At state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly (the lower house) and the Legislative Council (the upper house). Victoria is currently governed by a coalition between the Liberal Party and the National Party, with the Liberals' Denis Napthine the current premier. The personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria, currently Alex Chernov. Local government is concentrated in 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, which are administered directly by the state.

The economy of Victoria is highly diversified: service sectors including financial and property services, health, education, wholesale, retail, hospitality and manufacturing constitute the majority of employment. Victoria's total gross state product (GSP) is ranked second in Australia, although Victoria is ranked fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne is home to a number of museums, art galleries and theatres and is also described as the "sporting capital of Australia". The Melbourne Cricket Ground is the largest stadium in Australia, and the host of the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The ground is also considered the "spiritual home" of Australian cricket and Australian rules football, and hosts the grand final of the Australian Football League (AFL) each year, usually drawing crowds of over 95,000 people. Victoria includes eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, having been founded in 1853.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney. The first European settlement in the area later known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. It consisted of 402 people (5 Government officials, 9 officers of marines, 2 drummers, and 39 privates, 5 soldiers' wives, and a child, 307 convicts, 17 convicts' wives, and 7 children). They had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, who had been exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.

In the year 1826 Colonel Stewart, Captain S. Wright, and Lieutenant Burchell were sent in H.M.S. Fly (Captain Wetherall) and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point (now Corinella), on the eastern side of the bay, which was the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the instance of Governor Darling about twelve months afterwards.[1]

Victoria's next settlement was at Portland, on the south west coast of what is now Victoria. Edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834.

Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner. From settlement the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales.

Creation of separate colony of Victoria

On 1 July 1851, writs were issued for the election of the first Victorian Legislative Council, and the absolute independence of Victoria from New South Wales was established proclaiming a new Colony of Victoria. Days later, still in 1851 gold was discovered near Ballarat, and subsequently at Bendigo. Later discoveries occurred at many sites across Victoria. This triggered one of the largest gold rushes the world has ever seen. The colony grew rapidly in both population and economic power. In ten years the population of Victoria increased sevenfold from 76,000 to 540,000. All sorts of gold records were produced including the "richest shallow alluvial goldfield in the world" and the largest gold nugget. Victoria produced in the decade 1851–1860 20 million ounces of gold, one third of the world's output.


Immigrants arrived from all over the world to search for gold, especially from Ireland and China. Many Chinese miners worked in Victoria, and their legacy is particularly strong in Bendigo and its environs. Although there was some racism directed at them, there was not the level of anti-Chinese violence that was seen at the Lambing Flat riots in New South Wales. However, there was a riot at Buckland Valley near Bright in 1857. Conditions on the gold fields were cramped and unsanitary; an outbreak of typhoid at Buckland Valley in 1854 killed over 1,000 miners.

In 1854 at Ballarat there was an armed rebellion against the government of Victoria by miners protesting against mining taxes (the "Eureka Stockade"). This was crushed by British troops, but the discontents prompted colonial authorities to reform the administration (particularly reducing the hated mining licence fees) and extend the franchise. Within a short time, the Imperial Parliament granted Victoria responsible government with the passage of the Colony of Victoria Act 1855. Some of the leaders of the Eureka rebellion went on to become members of the Victorian Parliament.

The first foreign military action by the colony of Victoria was to send troops and a warship to New Zealand as part of the Māori Wars. Troops from New South Wales had previously participated in the Crimean War.

In 1901 Victoria became a state in the Commonwealth of Australia. As a result of the gold rush, Melbourne had by then become the financial centre of Australia and New Zealand. Between 1901 and 1927, Melbourne was the capital of Australia while Canberra was under construction. It was also the largest city in Australia at the time.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Victoria (Australia). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.