The Furneaux Group (indigenous name: Tayaritja) is a group of 78 islands at the eastern end of Bass Strait, between Victoria and Tasmania, Australia. The islands were named after British navigator Tobias Furneaux, who sighted the eastern side of these islands after leaving Adventure Bay in 1773 on his way to New Zealand to rejoin Captain James Cook. Navigator Matthew Flinders was the first Westerner to explore the Furneaux Islands group in the Francis in 1798, and later that year in the Norfolk.
The largest islands in the group are Flinders Island, Cape Barren Island and Clarke Island. The region contains five settlements,e, Emita, Lady Barron, Cape Barren Island and Whitemark on Flinders Island, which serves as the administrative center of the Municipality of Flinders local government area.
The Aboriginal woman Dolly Dalrymple was born in the area.
King Island, at the western end of Bass Strait, is not a part of the group.