Place:Dutchess, New York, United States

Watchers
NameDutchess
Alt namesDutchesssource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates41.767°N 73.733°W
Located inNew York, United States     (1683 - )
See alsoPutnam, New York, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Contained Places
Cemetery
Evergreen Cemetery
Kelly Cemetery ( - 1812 )
Maple Avenue Cemetery ( - 1812 )
Old Amenia Burying Ground
Pawling Cemetery
Rhinebeck Reformed Dutch Church Cemetery
Saint Lukes Church Cemetery ( 1833 - )
Smithfield Cemetery
Thompson Family Graveyard
Census-designated place
Arlington
Brinckerhoff
Crown Heights
Dover Plains
Fairview
Haviland
Hillside Lake
Hopewell Junction
Myers Corner
Spackenkill
Staatsburg
Titusville
District
Crum Elbow
Former village
Matteawan ( - 1913 )
Hamlet
Lagrangeville
Pulvers Corners
Smithfield
Inhabited place
Amenia Union
Amenia
Annandale-on-Hudson
Arthursburg
Attlebury
Bains Corner
Baker Corner
Bangall
Barnegat
Barrytown
Beacon Hills
Beacon
Beekman
Bethel
Billings
Brockway
Bulls Head
Camby
Castle Point
Charlotte Precinct ( 1761 - 1788 )
Chelsea
Chestnut Ridge
Clinton Corners
Clinton Hollow
Clinton
Clove Valley
Clove
Cokertown
Coleman Station
College Park
DeWitt Mills
Diddell
Dogtail Corners
Dover Furnace
Dover
Dutchess Junction
East Fishkill
Eighmyville
Fishkill (town)
Fishkill Plains
Fishkill
Fraleighs
Fredericksburg
Frederickstown
Freedom Plains
Glenham
Green Haven
Gretna
Hammertown
Hibernia
Holmes
Hope Farm
Howland
Hoxie Corner
Hughsonville
Hurd Corners
Hyde Park
Irondale
Jackson Corners
Kerleys Corners
Knapps Corner
LaGrange
Lafayetteville
Leedsville
Linden Acres
Line
Lithgow
Littlerest
Mabbettsville
Manchester Bridge
Market
McIntyre
Milan
Millbrook Heights
Millbrook
Millerton
Moores Mill
Mount Riga
Mount Ross
Netherwood
New Hackensack
New Hamburg
Norrie Heights
North Clove
North East
Northeast Center
Oblong
Oniontown
Pachin Mills
Pawling (town)
Pawling
Pecksville
Pine Plains
Pleasant Plains
Pleasant Ridge
Pleasant Valley
Poughkeepsie (town)
Poughkeepsie ( 1600 - )
Poughquag
Quaker Hill
Red Hook (town)
Red Hook Mills
Red Hook
Red Oaks Mill
Rhinebeck (town)
Rhinebeck
Rhinecliff
Rochdale
Rock City
Rudco
Salt Point
Sharon Station
Shekomeko
Shenandoah
Shunpike
South Amenia
South Dover
South Millbrook
Spencer Corners
Stanford
Stanfordville
Stissing
Stormville
Swartoutville
Sylvan Lake
Timothy Heights
Tivoli
Union Vale
Upper Red Hook
Van Keurens
Verbank Village
Verbank
Wappinger
Wappingers Falls
Washington Hollow
Washington
Wassaic
Webatuck
West Pawling
Whitehouse Crossing
Wiccopee
Wiley Shelter
Willow Brook
Wingdale
Woodinville
Wurtemburg
Unknown
Clinton Precinct
Hopewell
Rumbout
Schultzville
South Precinct
Wicopee
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Dutchess County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, in the state's Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley. As of the 2010 census, the population was 297,488. The county seat is Poughkeepsie.

Dutchess County is part of the Poughkeepsie–NewburghMiddletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New YorkNewarkBridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Prior to Anglo-Dutch settlement, what is today Dutchess County was a leading center for the native Wappinger peoples. They had their council-fire at what is now present-day Fishkill Hook, and also held gatherings along the Danskammer. On November 1, 1683, the Province of New York established its first twelve counties, with Dutchess County being one of them. Its boundaries at that time included the present Putnam County, and a small portion of the present Columbia County (the towns of Clermont and Germantown). The county was named for Mary of Modena, Duchess of York, second wife of James, Duke of York (later James II, King of England). "Dutchess" is an archaic form of duchess.

Until 1713, Dutchess was administered by Ulster County. On October 23, 1713 the Queen gave permission for Dutchess County to elect its own officers from among their own population including a Supervisor, Tax Collector, Tax Assessor and Treasurer. In 2013, Dutchess County celebrated its 300th anniversary of democracy based upon a legislative resolution sponsored by County Legislator Michael Kelsey from Salt Point. In 1812, Putnam County was detached from Dutchess.

The patents

In the twelve years 1685–1697 lawful patents had been granted securing for their purchasers every foot of Hudson River shoreline in the original county. Three additional patents, to 1706, laid claim to the remaining interior lands.

  1. 1685 Rondout (Beacon/ Fishkill Area)
  2. 1686 Minisink
  3. 1686 Kip
  4. 1688 Schuyler (Poughkeepsie)
  5. 1688 Schuyler (Red Hook)
  6. 1688 Ærtsen-Roosa-Elton
  7. 1696 Pawling-Staats
  8. 1697 Rhinebeck
  9. 1697 (Great) Nine Partners
  10. 1697 Philipse Patent
  11. 1697 Cuyler
  12. 1703 Fanconnier
  13. 1703 Beekman (Back Lots)
  14. 1706 (Little) Nine Partners

Early settlement

From 1683 to 1715 most of the settlers in Dutchess County were Dutch. Many of these moved in from Albany and Ulster Counties. They settled along the Fishkill River and in the areas that are now Poughkeepsie and Rhinebeck.

From 1715 to 1730 most of the new settlers in Dutchess county were Germans. From 1730 until 1775 New Englanders were the main new settlers in Dutchess County.

20th century

Franklin D. Roosevelt lived in his family home in Hyde Park, overlooking the Hudson River. His family's home is now the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, managed by the National Park Service.

Prior to the 1960s, Dutchess County was primarily agricultural. Since then the southwestern part (from Poughkeepsie south and From the Taconic State Parkway westward) of the county has developed into a largely residential area, suburban in character, with many of its residents commuting to jobs in New York City. The northern and eastern regions of the county are still very much rural with large farmlands but at the same time developed residences used during the summer and or on weekends by people living in the New York City urban area.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1683 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1718 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1790 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1820 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1790 45,266
1800 47,775
1810 51,363
1820 46,615
1830 50,926
1840 52,398
1850 58,992
1860 64,941
1870 74,041
1880 79,184
1890 77,879
1900 81,670
1910 87,661
1920 91,747
1930 105,462
1940 120,542
1950 136,781
1960 176,008
1970 222,295
1980 245,055
1990 259,462

Research Tips

External links

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Dutchess County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.