The Town of Wappinger is located in Dutchess County, New York. The population was 27,048 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from the Wappinger Indians who inhabited the area. Wappinger's boundaries are Fishkill to the south, Sprout Creek to the east, the Hudson River to the west,and the Wappinger Creek and LaGrange to the north. Wappinger is centrally located being just 70 miles north of New York City and boasting a large waterfront along the Hudson River.
The town of Wappinger, originally a part of the town of Fishkill, was formed on May 20, 1875, and lies wholly within the limits of the historic Rombout Patent, granted in 1685. The town was first settled around 1714.
The Wappinger People were a loose confederation of tribes living from the eastern banks of the Hudson River, from modern northern Dutchess County, south into Westchester County, and eastward into north-central Connecticut into the Connecticut River valley south to the Long Island Sound. They spoke an eastern-Algonkian Native American language. Culturally they are closely related to the Lenape People (Delaware Indians) to the west and south of Wappinger lands; also related to the Mahican People to their immediate north and to the Metoac Peoples of Long Island. “Wappinger” means “easterner” in most Algonkian languages. The town is made up of many historic hamlets that makes up the whole history of Wappinger. The population of the Town of Wappinger was 4,389 in 1900. The town historians of Wappinger are Brenda VonBurg and Joey Cavaccini.