Place:Gwynedd, Wales

Watchers
NameGwynedd
Alt namesArvoniasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 30
GWNsource: Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Gwynsource: Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
Gwyndsource: BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Gwynethsource: Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) p 478
TypePreserved county, Principal area
Coordinates53.083°N 4°W
Located inWales     (1974 - )
See alsoAnglesey, Walescounty from which it was formed in 1974
Caernarvonshire, Walescounty from which it was formed in 1974
Merionethshire, Walescounty from which it was formed in 1974
Conwy, Walesdistrict municipality created from the eastern section in 1996
Isle of Anglesey, Walesunitary authority created from the former County of Anglesey in 1996
Contained Places
Borough (municipal)
Bangor ( 1974 - )
Beaumaris ( 1974 - 1996 )
Caernarfon ( 1974 - )
Conwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Pwllheli ( 1974 - )
Chapelry
Bodewryd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bodwrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Capel Curig ( 1974 - 1996 )
Ceirchiog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Coedana ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanallgo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbedr Goch ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddaniel Fab ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanedwen ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfaelog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Yn Neubwll ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Yng Nghornwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanffinan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfflewin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfigael ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfwrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangoed ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangwnnadl ( 1974 - )
Llangwyfan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanllibio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanrhwydrys ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanwenllwyfo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanynghenedl ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llechgynfarwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llechylched ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmon ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhyn Bay ( 1974 - 1996 )
Pentraeth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Pistyll ( 1974 - )
Rhodogeidio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Rhosbeirio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tregaean ( 1974 - 1996 )
Trewalchmai ( 1974 - 1996 )
Civil parish
Aber ( 1974 - )
Aberdaron ( 1974 - )
Abererch ( 1974 - )
Aberffro ( 1974 - 1996 )
Amlwch ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bangor ( 1974 - )
Bardsey Island ( 1974 - )
Beaumaris ( 1974 - 1996 )
Beddgelert ( 1974 - )
Bethesda ( 1974 - )
Betws Garmon ( 1974 - )
Betws y Coed ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bodedern ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bodewryd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bodferin ( 1974 - )
Bodwrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Botwnnog ( 1974 - )
Brithdir and Islawr Dref ( 1974 - )
Bryncroes ( 1974 - )
Buan ( 1974 - )
Caerhun ( 1974 - 1996 )
Caernarfon ( 1974 - )
Capel Curig ( 1974 - 1996 )
Carnguwch ( 1974 - )
Carreg Lefn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Ceidio ( 1974 - )
Ceirchiog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Cerrigceinwen ( 1974 - 1996 )
Clynnog ( 1974 - )
Coedana ( 1974 - 1996 )
Conwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Criccieth ( 1974 - )
Dolbenmaen ( 1974 - )
Dolgarrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Dolwyddelan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Edern ( 1974 - )
Eidda ( 1974 - 1996 )
Gwydir ( 1974 - 1996 )
Gyffin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Heneglwys ( 1974 - 1996 )
Henryd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Holyhead ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llan Rhos ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanaber ( 1974 - )
Llanaelhaearn ( 1974 - )
Llanallgo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanarmon ( 1974 - )
Llanbabo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbadrig ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbeblig ( 1974 - )
Llanbedr Goch ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbedr ( 1974 - )
Llanbedrog ( 1974 - )
Llanbedrycennin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanberis ( 1974 - )
Llanbeulan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandanwg ( 1974 - )
Llanddaniel Fab ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddeiniolen ( 1974 - )
Llanddeusant ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddona ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddwywe Is Y Graig ( 1974 - )
Llanddwywe Uwch Y Graig ( 1974 - )
Llanddyfnan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandecwyn ( 1974 - )
Llandegfan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandegwning ( 1974 - )
Llandrygarn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandudno ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandudwen ( 1974 - )
Llandwrog ( 1974 - )
Llandyfrydog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandygai ( 1974 - )
Llanedwen ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaneilian ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanelltyd ( 1974 - )
Llanenddwyn ( 1974 - )
Llanengan ( 1974 - )
Llanerchymedd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaneugrad ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfachreth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfachreth ( 1974 - )
Llanfaelog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfaelrhys ( 1974 - )
Llanfaethlu ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfaglan ( 1974 - )
Llanfair Is Gaer ( 1974 - )
Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Yn Neubwll ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Yng Nghornwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair ( 1974 - )
Llanfairfechan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfairpwllgwyngyll ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfechell ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanffinan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfflewin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfigael ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Bachellaeth ( 1974 - )
Llanfihangel Dinsylwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfrothen ( 1974 - )
Llanfwrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangadwaladr ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangaffo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangefni ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangeinwen ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangelynnin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangelynnin ( 1974 - )
Llangoed ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangristiolus ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangwnnadl ( 1974 - )
Llangwyfan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangwyllog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangybi ( 1974 - )
Llangystennin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangïan ( 1974 - )
Llanidan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaniestyn Rural (parish) ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaniestyn Urban ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaniestyn ( 1974 - )
Llanllechid ( 1974 - )
Llanllibio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanllyfni ( 1974 - )
Llannor ( 1974 - )
Llanrhuddlad ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanrhwydrys ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanrhychwyn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanrug ( 1974 - )
Llansadwrn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llantrisant ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanwenllwyfo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanwnda ( 1974 - )
Llanymawddwy ( 1974 - )
Llanynghenedl ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanystumdwy ( 1974 - )
Llechgynfarwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llechylched ( 1974 - 1996 )
Maenan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Maentwrog ( 1974 - )
Mallwyd ( 1974 - )
Mellteyrn ( 1974 - )
Menai Bridge ( 1974 - 1996 )
Nefyn ( 1974 - )
Newborough ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penllyn ( 1974 - )
Penmachno ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmon ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmynydd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhos ( 1974 - )
Penrhosllugwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhyn Bay ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhyndeudraeth ( 1974 - )
Pentir ( 1974 - )
Pentraeth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Pistyll ( 1974 - )
Porthmadog ( 1974 - )
Pwllheli ( 1974 - )
Rhodogeidio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Rhos Y Bol ( 1974 - 1996 )
Rhosbeirio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Rhoscolyn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tal Y Llyn ( 1974 - )
Talsarnau ( 1974 - )
Trawsfynydd ( 1974 - )
Trefdraeth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Trefriw ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tregaean ( 1974 - 1996 )
Trewalchmai ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tudweiliog ( 1974 - )
Waunfawr ( 1974 - )
County town
Caernarfon ( 1974 - )
Dolgellau ( 1974 - )
Llangefni ( 1974 - 1996 )
District municipality
Aberconwy District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Anglesey District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Arfon District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Dwyfor District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Meirionnydd District ( 1974 - 1996 )
Extra parochial area
Bardsey Island ( 1974 - )
Hamlet
Capel Curig ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangwnnadl ( 1974 - )
Historic county
Merionethshire ( 1974 - )
Inhabited place
Aberdyfi
Abergwyngregyn
Abergynolwyn
Bala ( 1974 - )
Benllech ( 1974 - 1996 )
Blaenau Ffestiniog
Bontddu
Bron-Y-Aur
Cemaes ( 1974 - 1996 )
Clynnog-fawr
Fairbourne
Gwalchmai ( 1974 - 1996 )
Harlech
Llan Ffestiniog
Llanddwywe ( 1974 - )
Llanuwchllyn
Maenybaidd
Morfa Nefyn
Pen-y-groes
Penisarwain
Pennal ( 1974 - )
Penrhyn Castle ( 1974 - )
Portmeirion ( 1974 - )
Rhosneigr ( 1974 - 1996 )
Talsarnau
Talybont
Tanygrisiau
Tregarth
Tremadoc
Valley ( 1974 - 1996 )
Locality
Creuddyn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Nantlle Valley ( 1974 - )
Parish
Ffestiniog ( 1974 - )
Llandudno cum Eglwys Rhos ( 1974 - 1996 )
Parish (ancient)
Aber ( 1974 - )
Aberdaron ( 1974 - )
Abererch ( 1974 - )
Aberffro ( 1974 - 1996 )
Amlwch ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bangor ( 1974 - )
Beaumaris ( 1974 - 1996 )
Beddgelert ( 1974 - )
Bethesda ( 1974 - )
Betws Garmon ( 1974 - )
Betws y Coed ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bodedern ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bodferin ( 1974 - )
Bodwrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Botwnnog ( 1974 - )
Bryncroes ( 1974 - )
Caerhun ( 1974 - 1996 )
Caernarfon ( 1974 - )
Carnguwch ( 1974 - )
Ceidio ( 1974 - )
Cerrigceinwen ( 1974 - 1996 )
Clynnog ( 1974 - )
Coedana ( 1974 - 1996 )
Conwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Criccieth ( 1974 - )
Dolbenmaen ( 1974 - )
Dolwyddelan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Edern ( 1974 - )
Gyffin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Heneglwys ( 1974 - 1996 )
Holyhead ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llan Rhos ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanaber ( 1974 - )
Llanaelhaearn ( 1974 - )
Llanallgo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanarmon ( 1974 - )
Llanbabo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbadrig ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbedr ( 1974 - )
Llanbedrog ( 1974 - )
Llanbedrycennin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanberis ( 1974 - )
Llanbeulan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandanwg ( 1974 - )
Llanddaniel Fab ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddeiniolen ( 1974 - )
Llanddeusant ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddona ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanddwywe ( 1974 - )
Llanddyfnan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandecwyn ( 1974 - )
Llandegfan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandegwning ( 1974 - )
Llandrygarn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandudno ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandudwen ( 1974 - )
Llandwrog ( 1974 - )
Llandyfrydog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandygai ( 1974 - )
Llaneilian ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanelltyd ( 1974 - )
Llanenddwyn ( 1974 - )
Llanengan ( 1974 - )
Llanerchymedd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaneugrad ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfachreth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfachreth ( 1974 - )
Llanfaelog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfaelrhys ( 1974 - )
Llanfaethlu ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfaglan ( 1974 - )
Llanfair Is Gaer ( 1974 - )
Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Yn Neubwll ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair Yng Nghornwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfair ( 1974 - )
Llanfairfechan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfairpwllgwyngyll ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfechell ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Bachellaeth ( 1974 - )
Llanfihangel Dinsylwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfrothen ( 1974 - )
Llangadwaladr ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangaffo ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangefni ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangeinwen ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangelynnin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangelynnin ( 1974 - )
Llangoed ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangristiolus ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangwnnadl ( 1974 - )
Llangwyllog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangybi ( 1974 - )
Llangystennin ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangïan ( 1974 - )
Llanidan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llaniestyn ( 1974 - )
Llanllechid ( 1974 - )
Llanllyfni ( 1974 - )
Llannor ( 1974 - )
Llanrhuddlad ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanrhychwyn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanrug ( 1974 - )
Llansadwrn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llantrisant ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanwnda ( 1974 - )
Llanymawddwy ( 1974 - )
Llanynghenedl ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanystumdwy ( 1974 - )
Llechgynfarwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llechylched ( 1974 - 1996 )
Maenan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Maentwrog ( 1974 - )
Mallwyd ( 1974 - )
Mellteyrn ( 1974 - )
Menai Bridge ( 1974 - 1996 )
Nefyn ( 1974 - )
Newborough ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmachno ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmon ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmynydd ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhos ( 1974 - )
Penrhosllugwy ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhyndeudraeth ( 1974 - )
Pentir ( 1974 - )
Pentraeth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Pistyll ( 1974 - )
Porthmadog ( 1974 - )
Pwllheli ( 1974 - )
Rhodogeidio ( 1974 - 1996 )
Rhos Y Bol ( 1974 - 1996 )
Rhoscolyn ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tal Y Llyn ( 1974 - )
Talsarnau ( 1974 - )
Trawsfynydd ( 1974 - )
Trefdraeth ( 1974 - 1996 )
Trefriw ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tregaean ( 1974 - 1996 )
Trewalchmai ( 1974 - 1996 )
Tudweiliog ( 1974 - )
Township
Cemaes ( 1974 - 1996 )
Dolgarrog ( 1974 - 1996 )
Eidda ( 1974 - 1996 )
Gwydir ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llan Rhos ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanbeblig ( 1974 - )
Llanddwywe Is Y Graig ( 1974 - )
Llanddwywe Uwch Y Graig ( 1974 - )
Maenan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penrhyn Bay ( 1974 - 1996 )
Trewalchmai ( 1974 - 1996 )
Unknown
Llanfihangel Y Pennant ( 1974 - )
Urban district
Amlwch ( 1974 - 1996 )
Bala ( 1974 - )
Barmouth ( 1974 - )
Bethesda ( 1974 - )
Betws y Coed ( 1974 - 1996 )
Criccieth ( 1974 - )
Dolgellau ( 1974 - )
Ffestiniog ( 1974 - )
Holyhead ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llandudno ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llanfairfechan ( 1974 - 1996 )
Llangefni ( 1974 - 1996 )
Mallwyd ( 1974 - )
Menai Bridge ( 1974 - 1996 )
Penmaenmawr ( 1974 - 1996 )
Porthmadog ( 1974 - )
Tywyn ( 1974 - )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gwynedd is a county in Wales, sharing borders with Powys, Conwy, Denbighshire, Anglesey over the Menai Strait, and Ceredigion over the River Dyfi. The scenic Llŷn Peninsula and most of Snowdonia National Park are in Gwynedd. Bangor is the home of Bangor University. In the northern part of the county, the other main settlements are Caernarfon, Bethesda, Ffestiniog, Llanddeiniolen, Llanllyfni, Porthmadog and Pwllheli. The largest settlement in the south is Tywyn.

As a local government area, it is the second largest in Wales in terms of land area and also one of the most sparsely populated. A majority of the population is Welsh-speaking. Gwynedd also refers to being one of the preserved counties of Wales, covering the two local government areas of Gwynedd and Anglesey. Named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd, both culturally and historically, Gwynedd can also be used for most of North Wales, such as the area that was policed by the Gwynedd Constabulary. The current area is 2,548 square km (983.78 sq miles) slightly smaller than Luxembourg, with a population of 121,874 as measured in the 2011 Census.

History, 1974 onwards

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Gwynedd was an independent kingdom from the end of the Roman period until the 13th century, when it was conquered by England. The modern Gwynedd was one of eight Welsh counties created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. It covered the entirety of the historic counties of Anglesey and Caernarfonshire, and all of Merionethshire apart from Edeirnion Rural District (which went to Clwyd); and also a few parishes of Denbighshire: Llanrwst, Llansanffraid Glan Conwy, Eglwysbach, Llanddoged, Llanrwst and Tir Ifan.

The county was divided into five districts: Aberconwy, Arfon, Dwyfor, Meirionnydd and Anglesey.

The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 abolished the 1974 county (and the five districts) on 1 April 1996, and its area was divided: the Isle of Anglesey became an independent unitary authority, and Aberconwy (which included the former Denbighshire parishes) passed to the new Conwy County Borough. The remainder of the county was constituted as a principal area, with the name Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire, as it covers most of the areas of those two historic counties. As one of its first actions, the Council renamed itself Gwynedd on 2 April 1996. The present Gwynedd local government area is governed by Gwynedd Council. As a unitary authority, the modern entity no longer has any districts, but Arfon, Dwyfor and Meirionnydd remain as area committees.

The pre-1996 boundaries were retained as a preserved county for a few purposes such as the Lieutenancy. In 2003, the boundary with Clwyd was adjusted to match the modern local government boundary, so that the preserved county now covers the two local government areas of Gwynedd and Anglesey. Conwy county borough is now entirely within Clwyd.

A Gwynedd Constabulary was formed in 1950 by the merger of the Anglesey, Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire forces. A further amalgamation took place in the 1960s when Gwynedd Constabulary was merged with the Flintshire and Denbighshire county forces, retaining the name Gwynedd. In one proposal for local government reform in Wales, Gwynedd had been proposed as a name for a local authority covering all of north Wales, but the scheme as enacted divided this area between Gwynedd and Clwyd. To prevent confusion, the Gwynedd Constabulary was therefore renamed the North Wales Police.

The Snowdonia National Park was formed in 1951. After the 1974 local authority reorganisation, the park fell entirely within the boundaries of Gwynedd, and was run as a department of Gwynedd County Council. After the 1996 local government reorganisation, part of the park fell under Conwy County Borough, and the park's administration separated from the Gwynedd council. Gwynedd Council still appoints nine of the eighteen members of the Snowdonia National Park Authority; Conwy County Borough Council appoints three; and the National Assembly for Wales appoints the remaining six.

Research Tips

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