Place:Anglesey, Wales

Watchers
NameAnglesey
Alt namesAngle's Eyesource: NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Anglesagasource: Orbis Latinus (1971) p 20
Angleseasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 34
Monasource: Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 34; Orbis Latinus (1971) p 20
Ynys Mônsource: Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 August 2004
Ynys Mônsource: Wikipedia
TypeHistoric county, Principal area
Coordinates53.25°N 4.333°W
Located inWales     ( - 1974)
See alsoGwynedd, Walesdistrict municipality into which it was transferred in 1974
Contained Places
Borough (municipal)
Beaumaris ( - 1974 )
Chapelry
Bodewryd ( - 1974 )
Bodwrog ( - 1974 )
Ceirchiog ( - 1974 )
Coedana ( - 1974 )
Llanallgo ( - 1974 )
Llanbedr Goch ( - 1974 )
Llanddaniel Fab ( - 1974 )
Llanedwen ( - 1974 )
Llanfaelog ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Cwmmwd ( - 1933 )
Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Yn Neubwll ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Yng Nghornwy ( - 1974 )
Llanffinan ( - 1974 )
Llanfflewin ( - 1974 )
Llanfigael ( - 194 )
Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd ( - 1974 )
Llanfwrog ( - 1974 )
Llangoed ( - 1974 )
Llangwyfan ( - 1974 )
Llanllibio ( - 1974 )
Llanrhwydrys ( - 1974 )
Llanwenllwyfo ( - 1974 )
Llanynghenedl ( - 1974 )
Llechgynfarwy ( - 1974 )
Llechylched ( - 1974 )
Penmon ( - 1974 )
Pentraeth ( - 1974 )
Rhodogeidio ( - 1974 )
Rhosbeirio ( - 1974 )
Tregaean ( - 1974 )
Trewalchmai ( - 1974 )
Civil parish
Aberffro ( - 1974 )
Amlwch ( - 1974 )
Beaumaris ( - 1974 )
Bodedern ( - 1974 )
Bodewryd ( - 1974 )
Bodwrog ( - 1974 )
Carreg Lefn ( - 1974 )
Ceirchiog ( - 1974 )
Cerrigceinwen ( - 1974 )
Coedana ( - 1974 )
Heneglwys ( - 1974 )
Holyhead Rural (parish) ( - 1974 )
Holyhead ( - 1974 )
Llanallgo ( - 1974 )
Llanbabo ( - 1974 )
Llanbadrig ( - 1974 )
Llanbedr Goch ( - 1974 )
Llanbeulan ( - 1974 )
Llanddaniel Fab ( - 1974 )
Llanddeusant ( - 1974 )
Llanddona ( - 1974 )
Llanddyfnan ( - 1974 )
Llandegfan ( - 1974 )
Llandrygarn ( - 1974 )
Llandyfrydog ( - 1974 )
Llanedwen ( - 1974 )
Llaneilian ( - 1974 )
Llanerchymedd ( - 1974 )
Llaneugrad ( - 1974 )
Llanfachreth ( - 1974 )
Llanfaelog ( - 1974 )
Llanfaethlu ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Cwmmwd ( - 1933 )
Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Yn Neubwll ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Yng Nghornwy ( - 1974 )
Llanfairpwllgwyngyll ( - 1974 )
Llanfechell ( - 1974 )
Llanffinan ( - 1974 )
Llanfflewin ( - 1974 )
Llanfigael ( - 194 )
Llanfihangel Dinsylwy ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog ( - 1974 )
Llanfwrog ( - 1974 )
Llangadwaladr ( - 1974 )
Llangaffo ( - 1974 )
Llangefni ( - 1974 )
Llangeinwen ( - 1974 )
Llangoed ( - 1974 )
Llangristiolus ( - 1974 )
Llangwyfan ( - 1974 )
Llangwyllog ( - 1974 )
Llanidan ( - 1974 )
Llaniestyn Rural (parish) ( 1894 - 1974 )
Llaniestyn Urban ( 1894 - 1974 )
Llanllibio ( - 1974 )
Llanrhuddlad ( - 1974 )
Llanrhwydrys ( - 1974 )
Llansadwrn ( - 1974 )
Llantrisant ( - 1974 )
Llanwenllwyfo ( - 1974 )
Llanynghenedl ( - 1974 )
Llechgynfarwy ( - 1974 )
Llechylched ( - 1974 )
Menai Bridge ( - 1974 )
Newborough ( - 1974 )
Penmon ( - 1974 )
Penmynydd ( - 1974 )
Penrhosllugwy ( - 1974 )
Pentraeth ( - 1974 )
Rhodogeidio ( - 1974 )
Rhos Y Bol ( - 1974 )
Rhosbeirio ( - 1974 )
Rhoscolyn ( - 1974 )
Trefdraeth ( - 1974 )
Tregaean ( - 1974 )
Trewalchmai ( - 1974 )
County town
Llangefni ( - 1974 )
Hundred
Dindaethwy Commute
Dindaethwy Hundred
Llifon Commute
Llifon Hundred
Malltraeth Commute
Malltraeth Hundred
Menai Commute
Menai Hundred
Talybolion Commute
Talybolion Hundred
Twrcelyn Commute
Twrcelyn Hundred
Inhabited place
Benllech ( - 1974 )
Cemaes ( - 1974 )
Gwalchmai ( - 1974 )
Rhosneigr ( - 1974 )
Valley ( - 1974 )
Parish (ancient)
Aberffro ( - 1974 )
Amlwch ( - 1974 )
Beaumaris ( - 1974 )
Bodedern ( - 1974 )
Bodwrog ( - 1974 )
Cerrigceinwen ( - 1974 )
Coedana ( - 1974 )
Heneglwys ( - 1974 )
Holyhead ( - 1974 )
Llanallgo ( - 1974 )
Llanbabo ( - 1974 )
Llanbadrig ( - 1974 )
Llanbeulan ( - 1974 )
Llanddaniel Fab ( - 1974 )
Llanddeusant ( - 1974 )
Llanddona ( - 1974 )
Llanddyfnan ( - 1974 )
Llandegfan ( - 1974 )
Llandrygarn ( - 1974 )
Llandyfrydog ( - 1974 )
Llaneilian ( - 1974 )
Llanerchymedd ( - 1974 )
Llaneugrad ( - 1974 )
Llanfachreth ( - 1974 )
Llanfaelog ( - 1974 )
Llanfaethlu ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Yn Neubwll ( - 1974 )
Llanfair Yng Nghornwy ( - 1974 )
Llanfairpwllgwyngyll ( - 1974 )
Llanfechell ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Dinsylwy ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd ( - 1974 )
Llanfihangel Ysgeifiog ( - 1974 )
Llangadwaladr ( - 1974 )
Llangaffo ( - 1974 )
Llangefni ( - 1974 )
Llangeinwen ( - 1974 )
Llangoed ( - 1974 )
Llangristiolus ( - 1974 )
Llangwyllog ( - 1974 )
Llanidan ( - 1974 )
Llaniestyn ( - 1894 )
Llanrhuddlad ( - 1974 )
Llansadwrn ( - 1974 )
Llantrisant ( - 1974 )
Llanynghenedl ( - 1974 )
Llechgynfarwy ( - 1974 )
Llechylched ( - 1974 )
Menai Bridge ( - 1974 )
Newborough ( - 1974 )
Penmon ( - 1974 )
Penmynydd ( - 1974 )
Penrhosllugwy ( - 1974 )
Pentraeth ( - 1974 )
Rhodogeidio ( - 1974 )
Rhos Y Bol ( - 1974 )
Rhoscolyn ( - 1974 )
Trefdraeth ( - 1974 )
Tregaean ( - 1974 )
Trewalchmai ( - 1974 )
Registration district
Anglesey East Registration District ( 1937 - 1968 )
Anglesey Registration District (early) ( 1837 - 1937 )
Anglesey Registration District (late) ( 1868 - 1974 )
Anglesey West Registration District ( 1937 - 1968 )
Holyhead Registration District ( 1885 - 1937 )
Rural district
Aethwy Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Dwyran Rural ( 1894 - 1933 )
Twrcelyn Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Valley Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Township
Cemaes ( - 1974 )
Trewalchmai ( - 1974 )
Urban district
Amlwch ( - 1974 )
Holyhead ( - 1974 )
Llangefni ( - 1974 )
Menai Bridge ( - 1974 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Anglesey is an island off the north coast of Wales with an area of . Anglesey is by far the largest island in Wales and the seventh largest in the British Isles. Anglesey is also the largest island in the Irish Sea by area, and the second most populous island (after the Isle of Man). The ferry port of Holyhead (on the nearby Holy Island) handles more than 2 million passengers each year. The Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, and the Britannia Bridge span the Menai Strait to connect Anglesey with the mainland.

Anglesey, one of the historic counties of Wales, was administered as part of Gwynedd, but along with Holy Island and other smaller islands, it is now governed by the Isle of Anglesey County Council. Much of this article covers the whole of this administrative area. The majority of Anglesey's inhabitants are Welsh speakers and , the Welsh name for the island, is used for the UK Parliament and National Assembly constituencies. The population at the 2011 census was 69,751. The island falls within the LL postcode area, covering LL58 to LL78.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

There are numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs on Anglesey, testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory. Plas Newydd is near one of 28 cromlechs that remain on uplands overlooking the sea. The Welsh Triads claim that Anglesey was once part of the mainland.

Historically, Anglesey has long been associated with the druids. In AD 60 the Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, determined to break the power of the druids, attacked the island using his amphibious Batavian contingent as a surprise vanguard assault and then destroying the shrine and the nemeta (sacred groves). News of Boudica's revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating his conquest. The island was finally brought into the Roman Empire by Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the Roman governor of Britain, in AD 78. During the Roman occupation, the area was notable for the mining of copper. The foundations of Caer Gybi, a fort in Holyhead, are Roman, and the present road from Holyhead to Llanfairpwllgwyngyll was originally a Roman road. The island was grouped by Ptolemy with Ireland ("Hibernia") rather than with Britain ("Albion").

British Iron Age and Roman sites have been excavated and coins and ornaments discovered, especially by the 19th century antiquarian William Owen Stanley. After the Roman departure from Britain in the early 5th century, pirates from Ireland colonised Anglesey and the nearby Llŷn Peninsula. In response to this, Cunedda ap Edern, a Gododdin warlord from Scotland, came to the area and began to drive the Irish out. This was continued by his son Einion Yrth ap Cunedda and grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion; the last Irish invaders were finally defeated in battle in 470. As an island, Anglesey was in a good defensive position, and so Aberffraw became the site of the court, or Llys, of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. Apart from a devastating Danish raid in 853 it remained the capital until the 13th century, when improvements to the English navy made the location indefensible. Anglesey was also briefly the most southerly possession of the Norwegian Empire.

After the Irish, the island was invaded by Vikings — some of these raids were noted in famous sagas (see Menai Strait History) — and by Saxons, and Normans, before falling to Edward I of England in the 13th century.

Anglesey (together with Holy Island) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales. In medieval times, before the conquest of Wales in 1283, Môn often had periods of temporary independence, as it was frequently bequeathed to the heirs of kings as a sub-kingdom of Gwynedd. The last times this occurred were a few years after 1171, following the death of Owain Gwynedd, when the island was inherited by Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd, and between 1246 and c. 1255, when it was granted to Owain Goch as his share of the kingdom. Following the conquest of Wales by Edward I, Anglesey was created a county under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284. Prior to this it had been divided into the cantrefi of Aberffraw, Rhosyr and Cemaes.

20th century

During the First World War, the Presbyterian minister and celebrity preacher John Williams toured the island as part of an effort to recruit young men to volunteer for a “just war”. German POWs were kept on the island.[1]

By the end of the war, some 1,000 of the island's men had died while on active service.[1]

In 1936 the NSPCC opened its first branch on Anglesey.

During the Second World War, Anglesey received Italian POWs.[1] The island was designated a reception zone, and was home to evacuee children from Liverpool and Manchester.[1] The island's location made it an ideal place to monitor German U-Boats based in the Irish Sea. Around half a dozen airships operated out of Mona airfield to monitor German submarine activity.[1]

In 1974, Anglesey became a district of the new large county of Gwynedd. The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 abolished the 1974 county and the five districts on 1 April 1996. Anglesey became a separate unitary authority. In 2011, the Welsh Government appointed a panel of commissioners to administer the council, thus the elected members were not in control. The commissioners remained in control until an election was held in May 2013, restoring an elected Council. Before the period of direct administration, there had been a majority of independent councillors. Though members did not generally divide along party lines, these were organised into five non-partisan groups on the council, containing a mix of party and independent candidates. The position remains substantially unchanged since the election, although the Labour Party has formed a governing coalition with the independents.

The principal offices of the Isle of Anglesey County Council are in Llangefni, the county town.

Research Tips

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